Countering the Iranian Threat: Diplomatic, Military, and Political Options
PARIS, Feb. 1 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- On 1 February 2008, Professor Raymond Tanter, a former member of the White House National Security Council staff and current President of the Iran Policy Committee spoke at a press conference at the Hotel Parc Hyatt Paris Vendome. Invited by French dignitaries, Prof. Tanter led a delegation of the Iran Policy Committee to brief French government officials, Middle East specialists at think tanks, and members of the media. Co-presidents du European American Press Club, Christian Malar, Editorialiste a FRANCE 3 TV, and Jim Bittermann, Senior Correspondant CNN Europe, invited members of the European American Press Club to the event. On 1 February, Prof. Tanter told members of the media that "There is a need to create a cocktail of diplomatic, military, and political options to counter the Iranian threat. Regarding diplomatic options, the West has already reached out to the Iranian regime with positive offers; the West should continue to balance those benefits with negative incentives in the form of economic sanctions against Tehran, as well as extending a hand to Iran's main opposition. Only an even-handed policy can compel compliance." Regarding sanctions, Prof. Tanter said, "It is essential that the United Nations Security Council pass a third resolution to reinforce UNSC Resolutions 1737 and 1747. Even if the Iranian regime allows increased inspections or the International Atomic Energy Agency reports enhanced cooperation by Tehran, movement toward a third Resolution should stay on course. France should take the lead to develop consensus among a coalition of like-minded states to reinforce U.S. unilateral designations of Iranian individuals and entities of 'proliferation concern' issued in October 2007." Concerning military options, Prof. Tanter stated, "Despite evidence that Tehran resumed weaponizing its nuclear energy research and development in 2004, the U.S. National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) of November 2007 gives the impression that such weaponization may have ceased in 2003 and not resumed: The NIE diminishes credibility of the threat of military action against the Iranian regime and makes it necessary to find other points of leverage against Tehran to motivate it to cease uranium enrichment and other means for acquiring nuclear weapons." Prof. Tanter concluded that the mix of international policies lacks a tough political component that can act as leverage against Tehran: "Reaching out to the Iranian opposition by delisting the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) from the U.S. Foreign Terrorist Organizations list would motivate the regime to choose between pursuit of the Bomb and survival of the regime. Extending a hand to the NCRI would also bring Washington in line with the European Union, which has never listed that group as a terrorist organization. The EU should also follow the finding of its own Court of First Instance, of 12 December 2006, as well as the 1 December 2007 ruling by the UK Proscribed Organisations Appeals Commission and remove the largest member organization of the NCRI -- the People's Mujahedeen Organization of Iran (PMOI) -- from the EU terrorist list. Once the EU Commission follows its own judiciary and delists the PMOI, Paris would be in a unique position to help Washington follow the EU, and remove all Iranian opposition groups from its terrorist lists."
SOURCE Iran Policy Committee
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