Global Markets and Technologies for Compound Semiconductors -- Focus on Asia-Pacific

NEW YORK, Oct. 11, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Global Markets and Technologies for Compound Semiconductors -- Focus on Asia-Pacific

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INTRODUCTION

Compound semiconductors have captured the attention of researchers, semiconductor device makers, and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) for several years on account of their superior physical and chemical attributes in relation to silicon, the mainstream semiconductor material. The greatest value that they bring to the table is that of variety and customization. It is not surprising that compound semiconductors are the prime ingredients of some of the most complex semiconductor components ever synthesized.

Compound semiconductors occupy important places in the scheme of the manufacturing of lasers, optical components, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), filters, mixers, power amplifiers, solar panels, and other devices. The advantages that compound semiconductors offer are higher operating speed, lower power consumption, lower noise, higher operating temperature, light emission/detection, and superior photovoltaic attributes compared to silicon. Additionally, these attributes change from compound to compound, offering considerable design flexibility.

On the flip side, the variety of compounds works unfavorably in terms of scale and consequent pricing. Considering that these materials are pitted against silicon, the most widely available material with the most refined and cost-efficient fabrication process, there is a real danger of the competition being rendered lop-sided in favor of silicon.

However, it is not entirely accurate to compare and confine compound semiconductors to the benchmarks set by silicon. Compound semiconductors have a distinct character of their own and they spawn several use-cases of application that can be catered to only by them. This report is an attempt to capture the value added by compound semiconductors to the larger semiconductor component industry. The value is assessed at two levels in the component manufacturing process: the material stage and the component stage. The report assesses the value of compound semiconductor material sold to component manufacturers as well as the value of the components manufactured by these companies. The focus of the report is on the component, which has a perfect balance in the unitary nature of its composition and the diverse nature of its application.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES This study has the following goals and objectives:

Measuring and forecasting the global market size for compound semiconductor–based components in value (dollar sales) and volume (shipment sales) terms.

Breaking down the global compound semiconductor component market along the following individual components in value and volume terms: lasers and optical components; LEDs; radio frequency (RF) front end and power amplifier chipsets; and solar/ photovoltaic (PV) panels and cells.

Breaking down the market for individual compound semiconductor components along the following end applications in value and volume terms: telecommunications; instrumentation and scientific research; medicine; energy, defense, and surveillance; computing and entertainment; industrial and automotive; retail; and others.

Breaking down the market for individual compound semiconductor components along the following regions in value and volume terms: the Americas; Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA); and Asia Pacific (APAC).

Breaking down the market for individual compound semiconductor components along the following compound semiconductor families in value and volume terms: binary II-VI, binary III-V, binary IV-IV, and others.

Breaking down the market for individual compound semiconductor components along relevant individual compound semiconductors in value terms.

Breaking down the market for individual compound semiconductor components along the following countries in value and volume terms: U.S., Brazil, Canada, Mexico, Germany, U.K., France, Italy, Spain, Russia, The Netherlands, Turkey, China, Japan, India, Indonesia, and South Korea.

Breaking down the market for compound semiconductor materials used in individual compound semiconductor components along the following compound semiconductor families in value terms: binary II-VI, binary III-V, binary IV-IV, and others. Analyzing the stakeholder landscape in the compound semiconductor component value chain.Analyzing the patenting activity involving compound semiconductor components.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

Compound semiconductors provide a welcome departure from the cut-throat cost-competitive scheme of silicon fabrication. It will not be out of place to mention that the bulk of innovation on the process and device front is driven by compound semiconductors and that they occupy a disproportionately large share of this activity. It is undisputable that compound semiconductors win hands down in terms of physical and chemical attributes over silicon. It is equally clear that silicon will continue to enjoy a substantial competitive advantage in terms of operating scale and availability for the foreseeable future.

This report aims to provide a quantitative point of view with regard to the tightrope traversed by compound semiconductors. The report tries to bring out the quantitative contribution of compound semiconductors to the components driven by them, in terms of plain bill of materials (BoMs). At the same time, the report examines the value added by compound semiconductors in qualitative terms.

Essentially, the report focuses on components, which can be easily quantified and whose physical attributes can be compared, contrasted, tracked and analyzed.

Each component has its own dynamics, benefits and challenges with respect to levels of adoption of compound semiconductors. On a larger note, each component has its own market momentum dictated by the health of the end-application verticals as well as relevant macroeconomic factors. When these aspects are mapped for individual countries, they produce a fascinating collage of local market conditions that add to the larger picture. This report provides a granular view of individual country markets in volume and value terms for 17 key nations spanning all global regions. There are several variables to be considered: preferred compounds, cost benefits of competing compounds, entry-level barriers, level of fragmentation, state of innovation, and attitude of governments in terms of support, as well as future avenues for market expansion. This report attempts to look at all of these factors and quantify their impact on the state of the demand for compound semiconductors and their components.

SCOPE OF THE REPORT

The report measures and forecasts the size of the market in current U.S. dollars as well as in millions of shipment units for components that contain compound semiconductors as primary parts. This report also measures and forecasts dollar sales of compound semiconductor materials from 2012 through 2017.

The report forecasts the market size for the following:

Individual compound semiconductor components such as lasers and optical components; LEDs; RF power amplifier and front-end chipsets; and solar/PV cells and panels. It should be noted that in solar panel shipments one square meter of the panel is considered to be a unit. It also should be noted that the component market sizes in this report do not reflect the total market for such components, but only those portions that contain compound semiconductors as primary parts.

The above forecasts are classified in terms of vertical end applications, geographical regions, compound semiconductor families, and countries on volume and value bases; in terms of value chain contributors on a value basis; and in terms of individual key compound semiconductors on a value basis.

Additionally, the report forecasts the sales of compound semiconductor family materials for each of the individual compound semiconductor components.

The Executive Summary provides a snapshot of key findings of the report.

The chapter on theory of compound semiconductors highlights important technology concepts behind compound semiconductors. It also introduces the reader to the various categories and types of compound semiconductor materials and components, as well as manufacturing and fabrication technologies.

The chapter on global markets for compound semiconductor components provides a thorough breakdown of the market for compound semiconductor materials and components. The breakdown focuses on the components that employ compound semiconductors as primary parts. This chapter also provides a comprehensive, quantitative view of the compound semiconductor material and component market.

The chapter on regional analysis for APAC presents an overview of the region and the overall market metrics, followed by analyses of individual major countries such as China, Japan, India, South Korea and Indonesia.

The chapter on stakeholders highlights stakeholder categories and analyzes the activities in this domain. It also clarifies where and how stakeholders fit in the larger picture.

The U.S. Patent Analysis chapter highlights the patenting activity underway in the area of compound semiconductor components. The chapter classifies the patents awarded according to categories such as LEDs, lasers and optical components, solar panels, and RF power amplifier and front-end chipsets.

INTENDED AUDIENCE This report will be relevant to the following audiences:

Laser and optical component makers in order to analyze the market prospects for their offerings broken down by compound semiconductor families, individual compound semiconductor end applications, geographical regions, and key country markets.

LED makers in order to analyze the market prospects for their offerings broken down by compound semiconductor families, individual compound semiconductor end applications, geographical regions, and key country markets.

RF power amplifier and front end makers in order to analyze the market prospects for their offerings broken down by compound semiconductor families, individual compound semiconductor end applications, geographical regions, and key country markets.

Solar/PV panel and cell makers in order to analyze the market prospects for their offerings broken down by compound semiconductor families, individual compound semiconductor end applications, geographical regions, and key country markets.

Compound semiconductor material suppliers in order to identify the potential of their output across leading component industries in the semiconductor domain.

Original equipment manufacturers and other integrators to analyze the prospects of the compound semiconductor components employed by them in their devices, equipment and products

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in this study. Industry experts were interviewed as primary sources; secondary sources included industry consortia, individual company financial statements, published opinions, and other published sources including technical dissertations.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Kaustubha Parkhi has worked in a broad range of functional roles with leading telecommunications operators and service providers such as Reliance Infocomm, Ramco Systems, and BPL Cellular. He has written on an array of telecommunications and electronics-related subjects based on his critical analysis of the underlying technology and its business impact. Kaustubha holds a Bachelor of Engineering (equivalent to a Bachelor of Science) in Electronics and Telecommunications and a Master of Business Administration in Systems.

TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2

SCOPE OF THE REPORT 3

INTENDED AUDIENCE 4

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES 4

ABOUT THE AUTHOR 4

RELATED BCC REPORTS 5

BCC ON-LINE SERVICES 5

DISCLAIMER 5

CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 7

SUMMARY TABLE DOLLAR SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR

COMPONENTS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 7

SUMMARY FIGURE DOLLAR SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR

COMPONENTS, BY REGION, 2010-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 8

CHAPTER 3 THEORY OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS 11

OVERVIEW 11

WHAT ARE SEMICONDUCTORS? 11

THE CHEMISTRY OF SEMICONDUCTOR ELEMENTS 12

MECHANICS OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS 13

LATTICE PARAMETER 14

BAND GAP ENGINEERING 14

HETEROSTRUCTURE AND HETEROJUNCTIONS 15

ADVANTAGES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS 15

TABLE 1 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF MAJOR COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS

(COMPARED TO SILICON) 16

INTRODUCTION TO TYPES 16

GROUP III-V: NITRIDES, ANTIMONIDES, PHOSPHIDES AND ARSENIDES 16

TABLE 2 GROUP III-V COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS BY CHEMICAL COMPOSITION 17

Gallium Arsenide 17

Indium Phosphide 18

Gallium Nitride 18

GROUP II-VI: OXIDES, SULFIDES, SELENIDES AND TELLURIDES 18

TABLE 3 GROUP II-VI COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS BY CHEMICAL COMPOSITION 19

Zinc Selenide 19

Cadmium Telluride 19

Cadmium Zinc Telluride 19

Mercury Cadmium Telluride 20

GROUP IV: SILICON-BASED COMPOUNDS AND ALLOYS 20

TABLE 4 GROUP IV COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS 20

Silicon Germanium 20

Silicon Carbide 21

OTHERS 21

TABLE 5 OTHER COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS BY CHEMICAL COMPOSITION 22

MANUFACTURING TECHNIQUES 22

SINGLE-CRYSTAL PRODUCTION 22

Czochralski (CZ) Method 22

Liquid-Encapsulated Czochralski (LEC) Method 23

Vertical Gradient Freeze (VGF) Method 23

WAFER MANUFACTURING 23

DEPOSITION TECHNOLOGIES 23

Metal-Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD) 23

Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) 24

CHAPTER 4 GLOBAL MARKETS FOR COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR-BASED COMPONENTS 26

OVERALL MARKET FORECASTS 27

REGIONAL BREAKDOWN 27

TABLE 6 SHIPMENT SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS, BY

REGION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 27

END APPLICATIONS 28

TABLE 7 DOLLAR SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS, BY

END APPLICATION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 28

TABLE 8 SHIPMENT SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS, BY

END APPLICATION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 29

MATERIAL CATEGORY 30

TABLE 9 DOLLAR SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS, BY

MATERIAL CATEGORY, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 30

TABLE 10 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS FOR GLOBAL

COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS, BY MATERIAL CATEGORY, THROUGH 2017

($ MILLIONS)

31

COMPONENTS 32

TABLE 11 DOLLAR SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS, BY

COMPONENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 32

TABLE 12 SHIPMENT SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS,

BY COMPONENT, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 32

TABLE 13 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS FOR GLOBAL

COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS, BY COMPONENTS, THROUGH 2017 ($

MILLIONS)

33

LASERS AND OPTICAL COMPONENTS 34

MARKET DYNAMICS 34

Regions 34

TABLE 14 DOLLAR SALES FOR LASERS AND OPTICAL COMPONENTS, BY REGION, THROUGH

2017 ($ MILLIONS) 35

TABLE 15 SHIPMENT SALES FOR LASERS AND OPTICAL COMPONENTS, BY REGION,

THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 35

End Applications 36

TABLE 16 DOLLAR SALES FOR LASERS AND OPTICAL COMPONENTS, BY END APPLICATION,

THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 36

TABLE 17 SHIPMENT SALES FOR LASERS AND OPTICAL COMPONENTS, BY END

APPLICATION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 37

Material Category 38

TABLE 18 DOLLAR SALES FOR LASERS AND OPTICAL COMPONENTS, BY MATERIAL

CATEGORY, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 38

TABLE 19 DOLLAR SALES OF KEY INDIVIDUAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS FOR

LASERS AND OPTICAL COMPONENTS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 39

TABLE 20 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS FOR LASERS AND

OPTICAL COMPONENTS, BY MATERIAL CATEGORY, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 40

TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW 41

OPERATING PRINCIPLE OF LASERS 41

POPULATION INVERSION 42

COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS IN LASER AND OPTICAL COMPONENTS-DIODE

LASERS 42

Why Are Compound Semiconductors Preferred over Silicon? 43

Activation Methodologies of Diode Lasers 45

Changes in Diode Laser Operations 45

Vertical Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser (VCSEL) 47

LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) 48

MARKET DYNAMICS 48

Regions 49

TABLE 21 DOLLAR SALES FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) BY REGION, THROUGH

2017 ($ MILLIONS) 49

TABLE 22 SHIPMENT SALES FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) BY REGION, THROUGH

2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 49

End Applications 50

TABLE 23 DOLLAR SALES FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) BY END APPLICATION,

THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 50

TABLE 24 SHIPMENT SALES FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) BY END APPLICATION,

THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 51

Material Category 52

TABLE 25 DOLLAR SALES FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) BY MATERIAL CATEGORY,

THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 52

TABLE 26 DOLLAR SALES OF KEY INDIVIDUAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR

COMPONENTS FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS), THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 53

TABLE 27 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS FOR

LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS), THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 54

TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW 55

Appealing Factors 55

COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS AND LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) 55

High-Brightness Light-Emitting Diode (HB LED) 56

RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIERS AND FRONT END CHIPSETS 56

MARKET DYNAMICS 56

Regions 56

TABLE 28 DOLLAR SALES FOR RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIER AND FRONT

END CHIPSETS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 57

TABLE 29 SHIPMENT SALES FOR RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIER AND FRONT

END CHIPSETS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 57

End Applications 58

TABLE 30 DOLLAR SALES FOR RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIER AND FRONT

END CHIPSETS, BY END APPLICATION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 58

TABLE 31 SHIPMENT SALES FOR RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIER AND FRONT

END CHIPSETS BY END APPLICATION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 59

Material Category 60

TABLE 32 DOLLAR SALES FOR RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIER AND FRONT

END CHIPSETS BY MATERIAL CATEGORY, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 60

TABLE 33 DOLLAR SALES OF KEY INDIVIDUAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR

COMPONENTS FOR RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIER AND FRONT END

CHIPSETS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS)

61

TABLE 34 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS FOR RADIO

FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIER AND FRONT END CHIPSETS, THROUGH 2017 ($

MILLIONS)

62

TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW 62

OPERATING PRINCIPLE 63

ROLE PLAYED BY COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS 63

SOLAR/PV PANELS 63

MARKET DYNAMICS 63

Regions 63

TABLE 35 DOLLAR SALES FOR SOLAR PANELS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 63

Feed-in Tariff (FIT)'Tying Governments in Knots 64

TABLE 36 SHIPMENT SALES FOR SOLAR PANELS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS

OF SQ. METERS) 64

End Applications 65

TABLE 37 DOLLAR SALES FOR SOLAR PANELS, BY END APPLICATION, THROUGH 2017 ($

MILLIONS) 65

TABLE 38 SHIPMENT SALES FOR SQUARE METER AREA OF SOLAR PANELS, BY END

APPLICATION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 66

Material Category 67

TABLE 39 DOLLAR SALES FOR SOLAR PANELS, BY SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL, THROUGH

2017 ($ MILLIONS) 67

TABLE 40 DOLLAR SALES OF KEY INDIVIDUAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR

COMPONENTS FOR SOLAR PANELS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 68

TABLE 41 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL FOR SOLAR

PANELS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 69

TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW 69

Traditional Solar Cells 69

COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS AND SOLAR CELLS 70

Thin-Film Solar Cells 70

Multi-Junction Solar Cells 71

Concentrated Photovoltaic (PV) Cells 71

CHAPTER 5 REGIONAL ANALYSIS-APAC 73

SNAPSHOT OF KEY COUNTRY MARKETS IN THE REGION 73

TABLE 42 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO MAJOR

COUNTRY MARKETS IN THE APAC REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 73

TABLE 43 SHIPMENT SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO MAJOR

COUNTRY MARKETS IN THE APAC REGION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 74

OVERALL MARKET METRICS 74

TABLE 44 SALES OF LASERS AND OPTICAL COMPONENTS TO THE APAC REGION,

THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/MILLIONS OF UNITS) 75

TABLE 45 SALES OF LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) TO THE APAC REGION, THROUGH

2017 ($ MILLIONS/MILLIONS OF UNITS) 75

TABLE 46 SALES OF RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIERS AND FRONT END

CHIPSETS TO THE APAC REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/MILLIONS OF UNITS) 76

TABLE 47 SALES OF SOLAR PANELS TO THE APAC REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($

MILLIONS/MILLIONS OF UNITS) 76

CHINA 77

Quantitative Data 77

TABLE 48 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO CHINA,

THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 77

TABLE 49 SHIPMENT SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO CHINA,

THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 78

Macroeconomic Overview and Health of End-User Application Verticals 78

Market Dynamics for Lasers and Optical Components 79

Market Dynamics for Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) 80

Market Dynamics for Radio Frequency (RF) Power Amplifiers and Front End

Chipsets 80

Market Dynamics for Solar/Photovoltaic (PV) Panels 80

JAPAN 81

Quantitative Data 81

TABLE 50 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO JAPAN,

THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 81

TABLE 51 SHIPMENT SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO JAPAN,

THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 82

Macroeconomic Overview and Health of End-User Application Verticals 82

Market Dynamics for Lasers and Optical Components 83

Market Dynamics for Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) 83

Market Dynamics for Radio Frequency (RF) Power Amplifiers and Front End

Chipsets 83

Market Dynamics for Solar/Photovoltaic (PV) Panels 84

INDIA 84

Quantitative Data 84

TABLE 52 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO INDIA,

THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 84

TABLE 53 SHIPMENT SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO INDIA,

THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 85

Macroeconomic Overview and Health of End User Application Verticals 85

Market Dynamics for Lasers and Optical Components 85

Market Dynamics for Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) 86

Market Dynamics for Radio Frequency (RF) Power Amplifiers and Front End

Chipsets 86

Market Dynamics for Solar/Photovoltaic (PV) Panels 86

INDONESIA 87

Quantitative Data 87

TABLE 54 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO INDONESIA,

THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 87

TABLE 55 SHIPMENT SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO

INDONESIA, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 87

Macroeconomic Overview and Health of End-User Application Verticals 88

Market Dynamics for Lasers and Optical Components 88

Market Dynamics for Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) 88

Market Dynamics for Radio Frequency (RF) Power Amplifiers and Front End

Chipsets 88

Market Dynamics for Solar/Photovoltaic (PV) Panels 89

SOUTH KOREA 89

Quantitative Data 89

TABLE 56 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO SOUTH

KOREA, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 89

TABLE 57 SHIPMENT SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO SOUTH

KOREA, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 90

Macroeconomic Overview and Health of End-User Application Verticals 90

Market Dynamics for Lasers and Optical Components 90

Market Dynamics for Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) 91

Market Dynamics for Radio Frequency (RF) Power Amplifiers and Front End

Chipsets 91

Market Dynamics for Solar/Photovoltaic (PV) Panels 91

CHAPTER 6 MAJOR STAKEHOLDERS AND KEY COMPANIES 93

COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL SUPPLIERS 93

PROCESS SPECIALISTS 94

LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE (LED) MAKERS 94

SOLAR/PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) PANEL MAKERS 94

DIODE LASER AND OPTICAL COMPONENT MAKERS 95

RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) FRONT END AND POWER AMPLIFIER CHIPSET MAKERS 95

PROFILES OF KEY COMPANIES 95

II-VI INC 96

Introduction 96

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 96

Analysis and Prospects 96

AEROTECH INC. 97

Introduction 97

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 97

Analysis and Prospects 97

AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS INC. 98

Introduction 98

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 98

Analysis and Prospects 98

ALCATEL-LUCENT BELL LABS 99

Introduction 99

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 99

Analysis and Prospects 99

ANADIGICS 99

Introduction 100

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 100

Analysis and Prospects 100

APPLIED OPTRONICS 100

Introduction 100

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 100

Analysis and Prospects 101

BLUE SKY RESEARCH 101

Introduction 101

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 101

Analysis and Prospects 101

CREE INC. 101

Introduction 102

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 102

Analysis and Prospects 102

FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTORS 102

Introduction 102

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 102

Analysis and Prospects 103

FIRST SOLAR 103

Introduction 103

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 103

Analysis and Prospects 103

FRANKFURT LASERS 104

Introduction 104

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 104

Analysis and Prospects 104

FREESCALE 104

Introduction 105

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 105

Analysis and Prospects 105

GE 105

Introduction 105

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 105

Analysis and Prospects 106

HITACHI CABLE 106

Introduction 106

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 106

Analysis and Prospects 107

HRL LABORATORIES 107

Introduction 107

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 107

Analysis and Prospects 107

IBM 108

Introduction 108

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 108

Analysis and Prospects 108

INFINEON TECHNOLOGIES 108

Introduction 108

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 108

Analysis and Prospects 109

JDS UNIPHASE CORP. 109

Introduction 109

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 109

Analysis and Prospects 109

NICHIA 110

Introduction 110

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 110

Analysis and Prospects 110

NXP SEMICONDUCTOR 110

Introduction 111

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 111

Analysis and Prospects 111

OCLARO 111

Introduction 111

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 111

Analysis and Prospects 112

OPTOGAN 112

Introduction 112

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 112

Analysis and Prospects 112

OSRAM 113

Introduction 113

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 113

Analysis and Prospects 113

QPC LASERS 113

Introduction 114

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 114

Analysis and Prospects 114

RADIO FREQUENCY MICRO DEVICES (RFMD) 114

Introduction 114

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 114

Analysis and Prospects 115

RAYTHEON 115

Introduction 115

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 115

Analysis and Prospects 115

SHARP 116

Introduction 116

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 116

Analysis and Prospects 116

SHOWA DENKO 116

Introduction 116

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 117

Analysis and Prospects 117

SKYWORKS 117

Introduction 117

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 117

Analysis and Prospects 117

SPECTROLAB (A SUBSIDIARY OF BOEING) 118

Introduction 118

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 118

Analysis and Prospects 118

SUMITOMO ELECTRIC DEVICE INNOVATIONS (SEDI) 118

Introduction 119

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 119

Analysis and Prospects 119

TOYODA GOSEI 119

Introduction 119

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 119

Analysis and Prospects 119

TRIQUINT 120

Introduction 120

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 120

Analysis and Prospects 120

TSMC 120

Introduction 120

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 121

Analysis and Prospects 121

XEROX PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER (PARC) 121

Introduction 121

Role in the Compound Semiconductor Value Chain 121

Analysis and Prospects 122

CHAPTER 7 U.S. PATENT ANALYSIS 124

INTRODUCTION 124

TRENDS BY FUNCTIONAL CATEGORIES 125

TABLE 58 U.S. PATENTS IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS BY PATENT CATEGORY, 1976

THROUGH MAY 2012 128

TRENDS BY YEAR 128

TABLE 59 U.S. PATENT TRENDS IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS BY YEAR OF GRANT,

1976 THROUGH MAY 2012 (NUMBER OF PATENTS AWARDED) 129

TRENDS BY COUNTRY 129

TABLE 60 SHARES OF U.S. PATENTS IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS BY COUNTRY OF

GRANT, 1976 THROUGH MAY 2012 (%/NO.) 130

TRENDS BY ASSIGNEE 130

TABLE 61 LIST OF ASSIGNEES FOR THE U.S. PATENTS IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS,

1976 THROUGH MAY 2012 130

TABLE 62 ASSIGNEES OF FOUR OR MORE U.S. PATENTS IN COMPOUND

SEMICONDUCTORS, 1976 THROUGH MAY 2012 133

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE DOLLAR SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORCOMPONENTS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 7TABLE 1 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF MAJOR COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS(COMPARED TO SILICON) 16TABLE 2 GROUP III-V COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS BY CHEMICAL COMPOSITION 17TABLE 3 GROUP II-VI COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS BY CHEMICAL COMPOSITION 19TABLE 4 GROUP IV COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS 20TABLE 5 OTHER COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS BY CHEMICAL COMPOSITION 22TABLE 6 SHIPMENT SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS, BYREGION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 27TABLE 7 DOLLAR SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS, BYEND APPLICATION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 28TABLE 8 SHIPMENT SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS, BYEND APPLICATION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 29TABLE 9 DOLLAR SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS, BYMATERIAL CATEGORY, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 30TABLE 10 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS FOR GLOBALCOMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS, BY MATERIAL CATEGORY, THROUGH 2017 ($MILLIONS)31TABLE 11 DOLLAR SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS, BYCOMPONENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 32TABLE 12 SHIPMENT SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS, BYCOMPONENT, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 32TABLE 13 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS FOR GLOBALCOMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS, BY COMPONENTS, THROUGH 2017 ($MILLIONS)33TABLE 14 DOLLAR SALES FOR LASERS AND OPTICAL COMPONENTS, BY REGION, THROUGH2017 ($ MILLIONS) 35TABLE 15 SHIPMENT SALES FOR LASERS AND OPTICAL COMPONENTS, BY REGION,THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 35TABLE 16 DOLLAR SALES FOR LASERS AND OPTICAL COMPONENTS, BY END APPLICATION,THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 36TABLE 17 SHIPMENT SALES FOR LASERS AND OPTICAL COMPONENTS, BY ENDAPPLICATION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 37TABLE 18 DOLLAR SALES FOR LASERS AND OPTICAL COMPONENTS, BY MATERIALCATEGORY, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 38TABLE 19 DOLLAR SALES OF KEY INDIVIDUAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS FOR LASERSAND OPTICAL COMPONENTS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 39TABLE 20 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS FOR LASERS ANDOPTICAL COMPONENTS, BY MATERIAL CATEGORY, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 40TABLE 21 DOLLAR SALES FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) BY REGION, THROUGH 2017($ MILLIONS) 49TABLE 22 SHIPMENT SALES FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) BY REGION, THROUGH2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 49TABLE 23 DOLLAR SALES FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) BY END APPLICATION,THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 50TABLE 24 SHIPMENT SALES FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) BY END APPLICATION,THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 51TABLE 25 DOLLAR SALES FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) BY MATERIAL CATEGORY,THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 52TABLE 26 DOLLAR SALES OF KEY INDIVIDUAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTSFOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS), THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 53TABLE 27 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS FORLIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS), THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 54TABLE 28 DOLLAR SALES FOR RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIER AND FRONT ENDCHIPSETS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 57TABLE 29 SHIPMENT SALES FOR RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIER AND FRONTEND CHIPSETS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 57TABLE 30 DOLLAR SALES FOR RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIER AND FRONT ENDCHIPSETS, BY END APPLICATION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 58TABLE 31 SHIPMENT SALES FOR RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIER AND FRONTEND CHIPSETS BY END APPLICATION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 59TABLE 32 DOLLAR SALES FOR RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIER AND FRONT ENDCHIPSETS BY MATERIAL CATEGORY, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 60TABLE 33 DOLLAR SALES OF KEY INDIVIDUAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTSFOR RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIER AND FRONT END CHIPSETS, THROUGH2017 ($ MILLIONS)61TABLE 34 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS FOR RADIOFREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIER AND FRONT END CHIPSETS, THROUGH 2017 ($MILLIONS)62TABLE 35 DOLLAR SALES FOR SOLAR PANELS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 63TABLE 36 SHIPMENT SALES FOR SOLAR PANELS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OFSQ. METERS) 64TABLE 37 DOLLAR SALES FOR SOLAR PANELS, BY END APPLICATION, THROUGH 2017 ($MILLIONS) 65TABLE 38 SHIPMENT SALES FOR SQUARE METER AREA OF SOLAR PANELS, BY ENDAPPLICATION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 66TABLE 39 DOLLAR SALES FOR SOLAR PANELS, BY SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL, THROUGH2017 ($ MILLIONS) 67TABLE 40 DOLLAR SALES OF KEY INDIVIDUAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTSFOR SOLAR PANELS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 68TABLE 41 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL FOR SOLAR PANELS,THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 69TABLE 42 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO MAJORCOUNTRY MARKETS IN THE APAC REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 73TABLE 43 SHIPMENT SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO MAJORCOUNTRY MARKETS IN THE APAC REGION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 74TABLE 44 SALES OF LASERS AND OPTICAL COMPONENTS TO THE APAC REGION, THROUGH2017 ($ MILLIONS/MILLIONS OF UNITS) 75TABLE 45 SALES OF LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LEDS) TO THE APAC REGION, THROUGH 2017($ MILLIONS/MILLIONS OF UNITS) 75TABLE 46 SALES OF RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER AMPLIFIERS AND FRONT ENDCHIPSETS TO THE APAC REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/MILLIONS OF UNITS) 76TABLE 47 SALES OF SOLAR PANELS TO THE APAC REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($MILLIONS/MILLIONS OF UNITS) 76TABLE 48 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO CHINA,THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 77TABLE 49 SHIPMENT SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO CHINA,THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 78TABLE 50 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO JAPAN,THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 81TABLE 51 SHIPMENT SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO JAPAN,THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 82TABLE 52 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO INDIA,THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 84TABLE 53 SHIPMENT SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO INDIA,THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 85TABLE 54 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO INDONESIA,THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 87TABLE 55 SHIPMENT SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TOINDONESIA, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 87TABLE 56 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO SOUTHKOREA, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 89TABLE 57 SHIPMENT SALES OF COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS TO SOUTHKOREA, THROUGH 2017 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 90TABLE 58 U.S. PATENTS IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS BY PATENT CATEGORY, 1976THROUGH MAY 2012 128TABLE 59 U.S. PATENT TRENDS IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS BY YEAR OF GRANT,1976 THROUGH MAY 2012 (NUMBER OF PATENTS AWARDED) 129TABLE 60 SHARES OF U.S. PATENTS IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS BY COUNTRY OFGRANT, 1976 THROUGH MAY 2012 (%/NO.) 130TABLE 61 LIST OF ASSIGNEES FOR THE U.S. PATENTS IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS,1976 THROUGH MAY 2012 130TABLE 62 ASSIGNEES OF FOUR OR MORE U.S. PATENTS IN COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS,1976 THROUGH MAY 2012 133

LIST OF FIGURES

SUMMARY FIGURE DOLLAR SALES FOR GLOBAL COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR

COMPONENTS, BY REGION, 2010-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 8

To order this report:Electronic_Component_and_Semiconductor Industry: Global Markets and Technologies for Compound Semiconductors -- Focus on Asia-Pacific

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