Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Announces Full Year 2015 Results

Completes nearly 50% of the $1 billion share repurchase program; returns 286% of free cash flow to shareholders

Captures 43% of new adoption market and approximately 40% of core domestic education market

Feb 25, 2016, 06:50 ET from Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

BOSTON, Feb. 25, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Global learning company Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company ("HMH" or the "Company") (NASDAQ: HMHC) today announced its financial results for the fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2015.

Full Year 2015 Financial Highlights: 

  • Net sales increased 3% to $1,416 million compared with $1,372 million in 2014. The Educational Technology and Services (EdTech) business contributed net sales, excluding purchase accounting, of $148 million for the period May 29, 2015 to December 31, 2015.
  • 2015 billings decreased 4% to $1,541 million compared with $1,602 million in 2014. The EdTech business contributed billings of $166 million for the period May 29, 2015 to December 31, 2015.
  • Adjusted cash EBITDA, which accounts for the change in deferred revenue, decreased $136 million or 27%, to $359 million in 2015 compared with $495 million in 2014. Adjusted EBITDA was $235 million for the full year 2015, $30 million or 11% lower, compared with $265 million in the prior year.
  • Net loss increased to $134 million or 20% for the full year 2015, from $111 million in 2014.
  • For the year ended December 31, 2015, free cash flow was $162 million, a decrease of $147 million from $308 million for the same period in 2014. Net cash provided by operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $348 million as compared with $491 million for the same period in 2014.
  • As of December 31, 2015, the Company repurchased 22 million shares for $463 million under its share repurchase program returning 286% percent of free cash flow to its shareholders.
  • HMH captured approximately 40% market share in its core domestic education market for K-12 instructional materials, including 43% of the new adoption market for the full year 2015, despite the 2015 core market for our key disciplines being significantly lower than 2014.

Linda K. Zecher, HMH's President and Chief Executive Officer, commented, "2015 was an exciting year for HMH in our transformation to one of the world's leading educational media companies. We made progress executing towards our strategic plan of expanding our footprint in the education space, and progressing in key growth markets.  We undertook a successful strategic acquisition, strengthened our product portfolio and broadened our digital capabilities to further extend the depth, breadth and value of the HMH learning portfolio. In 2016, we plan to extend our K-12 leadership by deepening our business in areas like intervention and professional services, and continuing to expand into important growth markets like consumer and early childhood. With a diverse portfolio that stretches beyond the classroom, we remain uniquely positioned to forge a meaningful connection between school and home." 

Eric Shuman, Chief Financial Officer of HMH, stated, "We delivered solid results, maintained a leading market share, returned capital to our shareholders and generated solid free cash flow. We believe that our expanded content portfolio and continued investment in strategic growth areas positions us for a strong 2016."

2015 Business Highlights:

Education Segment:  Within its core domestic education market, HMH captured over 43% share of new adoptions, bringing its total market share to approximately 40%. HMH had major wins in the California and Tennessee math and West Virginia reading and language arts adoptions. Digital content represented approximately 48% of billings within large education basal programs and approximately 34% overall.

In the upcoming year, the Company will continue to focus on high-quality content, expanding its suite of offerings designed to meet the Next Generation Science Standards and enhancing its core content like English Language Arts programs Collections and Journeys.

The EdTech acquisition accelerated the Company's expansion into areas outside the K-12 core curriculum, including intervention, early childhood and professional services. With this acquisition, HMH believes, it has one of the deepest and broadest Pre K -12 content and services portfolio and capabilities within the industry. Additionally, HMH combined its legacy professional services business with the acquired professional services business to create HMH Professional Services and increase its capabilities in this important area.  

To further extend the value HMH provides to educators and students, also in 2015, the Company announced the beta launch of HMH Marketplace, an online destination for educators to discover, share and sell resources that enhance the teaching and learning experience. The HMH Marketplace will be available in the second quarter of 2016.

Consumer and Early Learning: Reflecting HMH's commitment to providing high-quality content for early learners and their parents, HMH launched Curious World, an interactive content service that offers an expanding collection of games, videos and eBooks mapped to key early learning areas. In its first few months, Curious World has already gained rapid success, being named one of the top kids apps by Apple®, and reaching over 500,000 freemium installs.

Additionally, in the consumer space, the Company re-launched Cliffsnotes.com, acquired eBook and technology assets from MeeGenius, and expanded its technology partnership with gaming platform Osmo.

Trade Publishing Segment: 

In 2015, HMH's Trade Publishing segment experienced strong sales driven by the success of frontlist culinary titles, including New York Times best-seller The Whole30, The Real Paleo Diet Cookbook, Jacques Pépin Heart & Soul in the Kitchen and Cake My Day. Additionally, the Company released critically acclaimed Girl Waits With Gun; Rosemary, the Hidden Kennedy Daughter; and The Thing Explainer, by Randall Munroe, the best-selling author of What If?.

HMH also continues to build its offering and pipeline of new books, signing a four book deal with Newbery medalist, author and poet Kwame Alexander, and obtaining the publishing rights to HGTV reality stars The Property Brothers' debut title Dream Home: The Property Brothers' Ultimate Guide to Finding & Fixing Your Perfect House, as well as the memoir of U.S. women's national soccer team captain, Carli Lloyd, both of which are slated to be released in 2016.

Full Year 2015 Financial Results

Net Sales and Billings:  HMH reported net sales of $1,416 million for the full year 2015, up 3% or $44 million compared with $1,372 million in 2014. Full year billings were $1,541 million, down 4% or $62 million lower compared with $1,602 million in 2014.

Education segment net sales for the year ended December 31, 2015 increased $42 million to $1,251 million and Trade Publishing net sales increased $2 million from 2014 to $165 million

The $42 million or 3.5% increase in the Education segment net sales was driven by the $148 million contribution, excluding purchase accounting, from the acquired EdTech business. This increase was substantially offset by lower net sales of the domestic education business, which decreased by $98 million, due to the comparable prior year large Texas math and science adoptions.   Offsetting a portion of the lower domestic education sales in 2015 was a strong performance in the California math and West Virginia reading adoptions.

The $2 million or 1% increase in Trade Publishing net sales was driven by higher net sales of front-list culinary titles such as The Whole 30, The Real Paleo Diet Cookbook, Jacques Pépin Heart & Soul in the Kitchen and Cake My Day partially offset by prior year strong net sales of titles such as the bestselling What If? and The Giver.

Cost of Sales: Overall cost of sales were flat at $824 million in 2015 compared with 2014. Cost of sales, excluding publishing rights and pre-publication amortization, increased $34 million in 2015 to $623 million from $589 million in 2014 primarily due to the $44 million increase in net sales along with higher costs related to changes in product and services mix, shorter print runs and higher technology costs to support digital products. This resulted in an increase in cost of sales as a percent of net sales, excluding publishing rights and pre-publication amortization, from 43% to 44%. 

Selling and Administrative Costs: Selling and administrative costs increased 11% or $69 million from $613 million in 2014 to $681 million in 2015, primarily due to $63 million of expenses attributed to the EdTech business, $21 million of professional and legal fees associated with a secondary equity offering and acquisition costs, along with higher salary and promotion costs.  These were partially offset by a $28 million decrease in sales commissions. Excluding the EdTech business and the equity offering, selling and administrative expenses would have been lower by 2.5%, primarily due to lower sales commissions. 

Operating Loss: Operating loss for the full year 2015 increased $31 million, or 36%, to a loss of $116 million from $85 million in 2014 due to the aforementioned factors related to net sales, cost of sales and selling and administrative costs. Partially offsetting the loss was a $24 million net reduction in amortization expenses related to publishing rights, pre-publication costs and other intangible asset amortization as well as a $3 million reduction in severance and other charges from 2014.

Net Loss: Net loss for the full year was $134 million, up 20% or $22 million from a net loss of $111 million in 2014, primarily due to the same drivers impacting operating loss. Additionally, interest expense for the full year increased $14 million, or 76%, to $32 million from $18 million for the same period in 2014, substantially due to the increase to our term loan from $243 million to $800 million. These factors were partially offset by $26 million favorable change in our tax provision attributed to a release of an accrual for uncertain tax positions as the statutory period expired.

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Cash EBITDA: Adjusted EBITDA for the full year 2015 was $235 million, down $30 million or 11% from $265 million in 2014, primarily due to lower net sales from HMH's legacy business, higher cost of sales and increased expenses associated with the Company's growth initiatives. This decrease was partially offset by the contribution from the EdTech business. Within HMH's Education segment, adjusted EBITDA was $269 million, compared with $298 million last year, and adjusted EBITDA for the Trade Publishing segment was $8 million compared with $13 million in 2014. The adjusted EBITDA for Corporate and other costs, which represent certain general overhead costs not fully allocated to the business segments, such as legal, accounting, treasury, human resources, technology and executive functions, was a loss of $42 million for the full year compared with a loss of $46 million in 2014. 

Adjusted cash EBITDA, defined as adjusted EBITDA plus the change in deferred revenue, was $359 million for 2015, down $136 million or 27% from $495 million in 2014. Deferred revenue of $124 million in 2015 was $106 million lower as compared with $230 million in 2014 primarily due to the comparable prior year large Texas math and science and the Florida language arts adoptions which contributed to higher digital billings.

Cash Flow: Net cash provided by operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $348 million as compared with $491 million for the same period in 2014. The $143 million decrease was primarily a result of lower billings stemming from a smaller domestic education market, higher interest from the increase in the Company's term loan and other working capital changes. Free cash flow, defined as net cash from operating activities minus capital expenditures, for the year ended December 31, 2015, was $162 million compared with $308 million for the same period in 2014. As of December 31, 2015, HMH had $432 million of cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments compared with $743 million at December 31, 2014. The $311 million decrease in cash was primarily due to the Company's share repurchase program.

Fourth Quarter 2015 Financial Results

Net Sales and Billings: HMH reported net sales of $298 million for the fourth quarter of 2015, up 12% or $33 million compared to $265 million in the same quarter of 2014. The increase was primarily due to net sales from the EdTech business partially offset by lower net sales in international due to the timing of orders.  Education and Trade Publishing segment net sales for the fourth quarter of 2015 were $248 million and $50 million, respectively, compared with $218 million and $48 million, respectively, in the fourth quarter of 2014. Billings for the fourth quarter of 2015 were $275 million, up 10% or $24 million compared with $251 million for the same period in 2014.

Cost of Sales: Overall cost of sales increased 4% or $7 million to $191 million in the fourth quarter of 2015 from $184 million in the same period of 2014, while cost of sales, excluding publishing rights and pre-publication amortization increased $14 million from $124 million in 2014 to $138 million in 2015. As a percent of net sales, cost of sales, excluding pre-publication and publishing rights amortization decreased from 47% in the fourth quarter of 2014 to 46% from the fourth quarter of 2015.

Selling and Administrative Costs: Selling and administrative costs increased $20 million from $156 million in the fourth quarter of 2014 to $176 million for the same period in 2015, primarily due to the EdTech business, partially offset by lower commissions and incentive compensation. 

Operating Loss: Operating loss for the fourth quarter of 2015 was $77 million, $3 million or 4% lower than the $80 million operating loss recorded in the same period of 2014 due to the aforementioned changes in net sales, cost of sales, and selling and administrative costs.

Net Loss: Net loss of $97 million in the fourth quarter of 2015 was $13 million or 16% higher compared to a net loss of $84 million in the same quarter of 2014, primarily due to the same factors impacting operating loss along with increased interest expense as a result of the $800 million term loan and an increased income tax expense provision.

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Cash EBITDA: Adjusted EBITDA for the fourth quarter of 2015 was $16 million, an increase of $7 million from $9 million in the same quarter of 2014. For the fourth quarter 2015, adjusted EBITDA for the Education segment was $22 million, compared with $13 million in the same quarter of 2014. Adjusted EBITDA for the Trade Publishing segment was $5 million for the fourth quarter of 2015 and 2014. The adjusted EBITDA for Corporate and Other costs, which represent certain general overhead costs not fully allocated to the business segments, such as legal, accounting, treasury, human resources, technology, and executive functions, was a loss of $11 million for the quarter compared with a loss of $9 million in same quarter of 2014. Adjusted cash EBITDA, defined as adjusted EBITDA plus the change in deferred revenue, was a loss of $8 million in the fourth quarter, down $2 million from $6 million in the fourth quarter of 2014.

2016 Outlook 

The Company is providing annual guidance on billings, net sales and pre-publication or content development costs. 

HMH's 2016 billings are expected to be in the range of $1,625 million to $1,700 million, reflecting a comparable core domestic education market, a full year of EdTech billings and growth in key target markets. The Company expects annual net sales in 2016 to be in the range of $1,500 million to $1,575 million. Additionally, pre-publication or content development costs for 2016 are expected to be approximately $120 to $140 million.

Capital Allocation

On November 3, 2015, the HMH Board of Directors authorized an increase in the size of its existing share repurchase program by an additional $500 million for an aggregate total of $1 billion.  The aggregate $1 billion share repurchase program may be executed through the end of 2018. Repurchases under the program may be made from time to time in open market, including under trading plans, or privately negotiated transactions.  The extent and timing of any such repurchases would be at the Company's discretion and subject to market conditions, applicable legal requirements and other considerations.

During the fourth quarter, HMH repurchased 11.4 million shares for approximately $224 million in the open market and through privately negotiated transactions bringing year to date total to approximately $463 million of shares. As of the end of the fourth quarter, approximately $537 million was available for share repurchases under the aggregate $1 billion share repurchase program. 

 The share repurchases align with HMH's broader capital allocation strategy, which focuses on driving organic growth, pursuing strategic acquisition opportunities and returning capital to stockholders, when appropriate. 

Additionally, as previously announced, subject to market and other conditions, the Company plans to increase its debt by $250 million and use some or all of the net proceeds from the financing to fund a portion of its share repurchases under the share repurchase program among other general corporate purposes.

Conference Call

At 8:30 a.m. EST on Thursday, February 25, 2016, HMH will also host a conference call to discuss the results with its investors. The call will be webcast live at ir.hmhco.com. The following information is provided for investors who would like to participate:

Toll Free: (844) 835-6565  
International: (484) 653-6719  
Passcode: 38583489

Moderator: Rima Hyder, Vice President, Investor Relations 
Webcast Link: http://edge.media-server.com/m/p/ja26sx7h

An archived webcast with the accompanying slides will be available at ir.hmhco.com for one year for those unable to participate in the live event. An audio replay of this conference will also be available until March 3, 2016 via the following telephone numbers: (855) 859-2056 in the United States and (404) 537-3406 internationally using passcode 38583489.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement our financial statements presented in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), we have presented adjusted EBITDA, adjusted cash EBITDA, billings and free cash flow as non-GAAP measures in addition to our GAAP results. This information should be considered as supplemental in nature and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the related financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP. Management believes that the presentation of these non-GAAP measures provides useful information to investors regarding our results of operations because it assists both investors and management in analyzing and benchmarking the performance and value of our business.

Management believes that the presentation of adjusted EBITDA provides an indicator of our performance that is not affected by debt restructurings, fluctuations in interest rates or effective tax rates, non-cash charges, or levels of depreciation or amortization along with cost such as severance, facility closure cost, and acquisition cost. Accordingly, our management believes that this measurement is useful for comparing our performance from period to period. In addition, targets and positive trends in adjusted cash EBITDA and billings are used as performance measures and to determine certain compensation of management. Management believes that the presentation of adjusted cash EBITDA and billings also provide useful information to our investors and management as an indicator of our cash performance as it takes into account our deferred revenue and, with respect to adjusted cash EBITDA, is not affected by the aforementioned items excluded from adjusted EBITDA. Management also believes that the presentation of free cash flow provides useful information to our investors because management regularly reviews free cash flow as an important indicator of how much cash is generated by normal business operations, excluding capital expenditures, and makes decisions based on it.

Other companies may define these non-GAAP measures differently and, as a result, our measure of these non-GAAP measures may not be directly comparable to adjusted EBITDA, adjusted cash EBITDA, billings and free cash flow of other companies. Although we use non-GAAP measures as financial measures to assess the performance of our business, the use of non-GAAP measures are limited as they include and/ or do not include certain items not included and/or included in the most directly comparable GAAP measure. Billings, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted cash EBITDA should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, net income or loss prepared in accordance with GAAP as a measure of performance; and free cash flow should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, net cash provided by operating activities prepared in accordance with GAAP as a measure of performance. Adjusted EBITDA and adjusted cash EBITDA are not intended to be a measure of liquidity nor is free cash flow intended to be a measure for discretionary use. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these non-GAAP measures. A reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures is provided in the appendix to this news release.

About Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (NASDAQ: HMHC) is a global learning company dedicated to changing people's lives by fostering passionate, curious learners. As a leading provider of pre-K–12 education content, services, and cutting-edge technology solutions across a variety of media, HMH enables learning in a changing landscape. HMH is uniquely positioned to create engaging and effective educational content and experiences from early childhood to beyond the classroom.  HMH serves more than 50 million students in over 150 countries worldwide, while its award-winning children's books, novels, non-fiction, and reference titles are enjoyed by readers throughout the world. For more information, visit www.hmhco.com.

Follow HMH on Twitter, Facebook and YouTube

Contact: 
Investor Relations 
Rima Hyder 
Vice President, Investor Relations 
(617) 351-3309 
rima.hyder@hmhco.com 

Media Relations 
Bianca Olson 
Senior Vice President, Corporate Affairs
(617) 351-3841 | (646) 932-1241 
bianca.olson@hmhco.com

Forward-Looking Statements

The statements contained herein include forward-looking statements, which involve risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, including the terms "believes," "estimates," "projects," "anticipates," "expects," "could," "intends," "may," "will" or "should," "forecast," "intend," "plan," "potential," "project," "target" or, in each case, their negative, or other variations or comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements include all matters that are not historical facts. They include statements regarding our intentions, beliefs or current expectations concerning, among other things, our results of operations, including billings, net sales, deferred revenue; financial condition; pre-publication or content development costs; liquidity; financing activities and use of proceeds; products, including product mix and format; prospects; growth; markets and market share; strategies, including with respect to capital allocation; the industry in which we operate and potential business decisions. We derive many of our forward-looking statements from our operating budgets and forecasts, which are based upon many detailed assumptions. While we believe that our assumptions are reasonable, we caution that it is very difficult to predict the impact of known factors, and, of course, it is impossible for us to anticipate all factors that could affect our actual results. All forward-looking statements are based upon information available to us on the date of this report.

By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that may or may not occur in the future. We caution you that forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and that our actual results may differ materially from those made in or suggested by the forward-looking statements contained herein. In addition, even if our results are consistent with the forward looking statements contained herein, those results or developments may not be indicative of results or developments in subsequent periods.

Important factors that could cause our results to vary from expectations include, but are not limited to: changes in state and local education funding and/or related programs, legislation and procurement processes; adverse or worsening economic trends or the continuation of current economic conditions; changes in consumer demand for, and acceptance of, our products; changes in product mix, format and timing of delivery; changes in competitive factors; offerings by technology companies that compete with our products; industry cycles and trends; conditions and/or changes in the publishing industry; changes or the loss of our key third-party print vendors; restrictions under agreements governing our outstanding indebtedness; changes in laws or regulations governing our business and operations; changes or failures in the information technology systems we use; demographic trends; uncertainty surrounding our ability to enforce our intellectual property rights; inability to retain management or hire employees; impact of potential impairment of goodwill and other intangibles in a challenging economy; decline or volatility of our stock price regardless of our operating performance; and other factors discussed in the "Risk Factors" section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and other news releases we issue and filings we make with the SEC. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events described herein may not occur.

We undertake no obligation, and do not expect, to publicly update or publicly revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or to persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained herein.


Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company

Consolidated Balance Sheets



December 31, 


(in thousands of dollars, except share information)

2015

2014

Assets



Current assets



Cash and cash equivalents

$          234,257

$          456,581

Short-term investments

198,146

286,764

Accounts receivable, net

256,099

255,669

Inventories

171,446

183,961

Prepaid expenses and other assets

22,877

18,665

Total current assets

882,825

1,201,640




Property, plant, and equipment, net

149,680

138,362

Pre-publication costs, net

321,931

236,995

Royalty advances to authors, net

44,736

46,777

Goodwill

783,073

532,921

Other intangible assets, net

912,955

801,969

Deferred income taxes

3,540

3,705

Other assets

38,316

28,279

Total assets

$       3,137,056

$       2,990,648




Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity



Current liabilities



Current portion of long-term debt

$              8,000

$            67,500

Accounts payable

94,483

51,266

Royalties payable

85,766

80,089

Salaries, wages, and commissions payable

45,340

59,733

Deferred revenue

231,172

157,016

Interest payable

106

47

Severance and other charges

4,894

5,928

Accrued postretirement benefits

1,910

2,037

Other liabilities

34,937

27,015

Total current liabilities

506,608

450,631




Long-term debt, net of discount

784,389

175,625

Long-term deferred revenue

440,625

370,103

Accrued pension benefits

23,726

18,525

Accrued postretirement benefits

23,657

26,500

Deferred income taxes

139,810

91,761

Other liabilities

19,920

97,823

Total liabilities

1,938,735

1,230,968

Commitments and contingencies



Stockholders' equity



Preferred stock, $0.01 par value: 20,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and
outstanding at December 31, 2015 and 2014

Common stock, $0.01 par value: 380,000,000 shares authorized; 145,613,978 and
142,000,019 shares issued at December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively; 123,940,510 and
141,917,997 shares outstanding at December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively

1,456

1,420

Treasury stock, 21,673,468 and 82,022 shares as of December 31, 2015 and 2014,
respectively, at cost (related parties of $(193,493) in 2015)

(463,013)

Capital in excess of par value

4,833,388

4,784,962

Accumulated deficit

(3,133,782 )

(2,999,913 )

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(39,728 )

(26,789 )

Total stockholders' equity

1,198,321

1,759,680

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$       3,137,056

$       2,990,648




 

 

 


Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company

Consolidated Statements of Operations



Unaudited

 

Three Months Ended
December 31,

Years Ended
December 31,

(in thousands of dollars, except share and per share information)

2015

2014

2015

2014






Net sales

$         298,000

$         265,485

$           1,416,059

$           1,372,316

Costs and expenses





Cost of sales, excluding publishing rights and pre-
publication amortization

137,531

123,887

622,668

588,726

Publishing rights amortization

19,358

25,049

81,007

105,624

Pre-publication amortization

33,697

35,193

120,506

129,693

Cost of sales

190,586

184,129

824,181

824,043

Selling and administrative (related parties of $10,489
for the year ended December 31, 2015)

175,585

155,501

681,124

612,535

Other intangible assets amortization

7,304

3,189

22,038

12,170

Impairment charge for investment in preferred stock
and intangible assets

400

1,679

Severance and other charges

1,162

2,000

4,767

7,300

Operating loss

(76,637)

(79,734)

(116,051 )

(85,411 )






Other income (expense)





Interest expense, net

(9,735 )

(4,891 )

(32,045 )

(18,245 )

Change in fair value of derivative instruments

(469 )

(33 )

(2,362 )

(1,593 )

Loss on extinguishment of debt

(3,051 )

Loss before taxes

(86,841)

(84,658)

(153,509 )

(105,249 )

Income tax expense (benefit)

10,426

(924)

(19,640)

6,242

Net loss

$         (97,267)

$         (83,734)

$             (133,869 )

$             (111,491 )

Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders





Basic

$             (0.75)

$             (0.59)

$                  (0.98)

$                   (0.79 )

Diluted

$             (0.75)

$             (0.59)

$                   (0.98 )

$                   (0.79 )

Weighted average shares outstanding





Basic

130,176,536

141,560,001

136,760,107

140,594,689

Diluted

130,176,536

141,560,001

136,760,107

140,594,689






 

 



Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows




(in thousands of dollars)

2015

2014




Cash flows from operating activities



Net loss

$ (133,869 )

$ (111,491 )

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities



Depreciation and amortization expense

296,609

319,777

Amortization of debt discount and deferred financing costs

7,216

4,750

Deferred income taxes

48,214

899

Stock-based compensation expense

12,452

11,376

Loss on extinguishment of debt

3,051

Impairment charge for investment in preferred stock and intangible assets

1,679

Change in fair value of derivative instruments

2,362

1,593

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions



Accounts receivable

30,808

65,519

Inventories

26,228

(1,763 )

Other assets

(2,562)

(4,263)

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

13,145

(3,432 )

Royalties, net

6,238

13,286

Deferred revenue

124,489

229,105

Interest payable

59

(8 )

Severance and other charges

(3,615 )

(5,210 )

Accrued pension and postretirement benefits

(4,869 )

(16,724 )

Other, liabilities

(77,597 )

(14,050 )

Net cash provided by operating activities

348,359

491,043




Cash flows from investing activities



Proceeds from sales and maturities of short-term investments

286,732

134,275

Purchases of short-term investments

(198,633 )

(310,149 )

Additions to pre-publication costs

(103,709 )

(115,509 )

Additions to property, plant, and equipment

(82,987 )

(67,145 )

Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired

(578,190 )

(9,091 )

Net cash used in investing activities

(676,787 )

(367,619 )




Cash flows from financing activities



Proceeds from term loan, net of discount

796,000

Payments of long-term debt

(247,125 )

(2,500 )

Payments of deferred financing fees

(15,255 )

Repurchases of common stock, (related parties of $(193,493) in 2015)

(463,013 )

Tax withholding payments related to net share settlements of restricted stock units

(658 )

(723 )

Proceeds from stock option exercises

36,155

22,752

Net cash provided by financing activities

106,104

19,529

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

(222,324)

142,953

Cash and cash equivalent at the beginning of period

456,581

313,628

Cash and cash equivalent at the end of period

$   234,257

$   456,581




 

 

 

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company

Non-GAAP Reconciliations


Consolidated

(in thousands of dollars)



Unaudited

 

Three Months

 

 Ended December 31,

 


2015

2014




Net loss

$ (97,267)

$ (83,734)

Interest expense

9,735

4,891

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

10,426

(924)

Depreciation expense

19,289

19,405

Amortization expense

60,359

63,431

Non-cash charges—stock-based compensation expense

2,524

2,571

Non-cash charges—loss on derivative instrument

469

33

Asset impairment charges

400

Purchase accounting adjustments (1)

2,367

636

Fees, expenses or charges for equity offerings, debt or acquisitions

6,538

273

Restructuring

70

Severance separation costs and facility closures

1,162

2,000

Adjusted EBITDA

$  15,602

$   9,052

Change in deferred revenue

(23,128)

(14,938)

Adjusted Cash EBITDA

$  (7,526)

$(5,886)











Years Ended December 31,




2015

2014




Net loss

$      (133,869 )

$ (111,491)

Interest expense

32,045

18,245

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

(19,640)

6,242

Depreciation expense

72,639

72,290

Amortization expense

223,551

247,487

Non-cash charges—stock-based compensation expense

12,452

11,376

Non-cash charges—loss on derivative instrument

2,362

1,593

Asset impairment charges

1,679

Purchase accounting adjustments (1)

7,487

3,661

Fees, expenses or charges for equity offerings, debt or
acquisitions

25,562

4,424

Restructuring

4,572

2,577

Severance separation costs and facility closures

4,767

7,300

Loss on extinguishment of debt

3,051

Adjusted EBITDA

$     234,979

$265,383

Change in deferred revenue

124,455

229,956

Adjusted Cash EBITDA

$     359,434

$495,339




(1) Represents certain non-cash accounting adjustments, most significantly relating to deferred revenue and inventory costs.

 

 

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company

Non-GAAP Reconciliations


Education

(in thousands of dollars)




Unaudited

 

Three Months

 

Ended December 31,




2015

2014




Net loss

$         (50,738)

$         (63,638)

Depreciation expense

13,434

16,453

Amortization expense

56,934

59,686

Purchase accounting adjustments

2,367

636

Adjusted EBITDA

$           21,997

$           13,137

Change in deferred revenue

(23,128)

(14,938)

Adjusted Cash EBITDA

$           (1,131)

$           (1,801)















Years Ended December 31,

 


2015

 

2014

 

Net loss

$           (4,904)

$           (3,206)

Depreciation expense

56,960

63,865

Amortization expense

209,843

232,884

Non-cash charges – asset impairment charges

1,279

Purchase accounting adjustments

7,487

3,661

Adjusted EBITDA

$         269,386

$         298,483

Change in deferred revenue

124,455

229,956

Adjusted Cash EBITDA

$         393,841

$         528,439




 

 

 

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company

Non-GAAP Reconciliations


Trade Publishing

(in thousands of dollars)





Unaudited

 

Three Months

 

Ended December 31,




2015

2014




Net income

$             822

$             535

Depreciation expense

389

151

Amortization expense

3,425

3,745

Non-cash charges – asset impairment charges

400

Adjusted EBITDA

$        4,636

$        4,831

Change in deferred revenue

Adjusted Cash EBITDA

$        4,636

$        4,831











Years Ended December 31,




2015

2014




Net loss

$       (7,096)

$       (2,919)

Depreciation expense

1,091

591

Amortization expense

13,708

14,603

Non-cash charges – asset impairment charges

400

Adjusted EBITDA

$        7,703

$      12,675

Change in deferred revenue

Adjusted Cash EBITDA

$        7,703

$      12,675




 

 

 

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company

Non-GAAP Reconciliations



Corporate and Other


(in thousands of dollars)





Unaudited

 

Three Months Ended

 

December 31,


2015

2014




Net loss

$        (47,351 )

$        (20,631 )

Interest expense

9,735

4,891

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

10,426

(924)

Depreciation expense

5,466

2,801

Non-cash charges—gain (loss) on derivative instruments

469

33

Non-cash charges—stock-based compensation expense

2,524

2,571

Fees, expenses or charges for equity offerings, debt or acquisitions

6,538

273

Restructuring

70

Severance separation costs and facility closures

1,162

2,000

Adjusted EBITDA

$       (11,031)

$         (8,916)












Years Ended

 

December 31,




2015

2014




Net loss

$     (121,869)

$      (105,366 )

Interest expense

32,045

18,245

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

(19,640)

6,242

Depreciation expense

14,588

7,834

Non-cash charges—gain on derivative instruments

2,362

1,593

Non-cash charges—stock-based compensation expense

12,452

11,376

Fees, expenses or charges for equity offerings, debt or acquisitions

25,562

4,424

Restructuring

4,572

2,577

Severance separation costs and facility closures

4,767

7,300

Loss on extinguishment of debt

3,051

Adjusted EBITDA

$        (42,110 )

$        (45,775 )




 

 

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company

Non-GAAP Reconciliations


Billings

(in thousands of dollars)



Unaudited

 

Three Months

 

Ended December 31,




2015

2014




Net sales

$        298,000

$        265,485

Change in deferred revenue

(23,128)

(14,938)

Billings

$        274,872

$        250,547








Years Ended December 31,




2015

2014




Net sales

$     1,416,059

$     1,372,316

Change in deferred revenue

124,455

229,956

Billings

$     1,540,514

$     1,602,272







 


Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company

Non-GAAP Reconciliations


Free Cash Flow


Years Ended December 31,




2015

2014

(in thousands of dollars)



Cash flows from operating activities



Net cash provided by operating activities

$     348,359

$      491,043




Cash flows from investing activities



Additions to pre-publication costs

(103,709 )

(115,509 )

Additions to property, plant, and equipment

(82,987)

(67,145 )

Free Cash Flow

$       161,663

$    308,389









 

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SOURCE Houghton Mifflin Harcourt



RELATED LINKS

http://www.hmhco.com