TORONTO, Nov. 19 /PRNewswire/ - Canadian children's and adolescents'
attitudes and behavior regarding media are wide-ranging, and yet most interact
with media without the benefit of guidance from parents and teachers.
On the eve of National Child Day (Nov. 20) and World Television Day (Nov.
21), the Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF) has released the results of Kids'
Take on Media, a landmark national survey of 5,756 students in Grades 3 to 10.
"We chose the timing to highlight the significant influence that media
has in the lives of children and adolescents, and our role as parents and
educators in making the most of that connection," says Terry Price, CTF
The Kids' Take on Media study shows that children and adolescents whose
parents supervise their TV viewing and who discuss violence, racism and sexism
in the media, are more likely to be aware of the negative impact of media
violence. Many children, however, are on their own.
Nearly half the students surveyed say they receive no parental guidance
on which TV programs they can watch, and two-thirds report that no one says
which video or computer games they can play, or for how long. These children
are more likely to regard media violence as benign.
Young people themselves recognize the need for supervision. Their top-
rated TV show -- The Simpsons -- is one they believe younger children should
not be watching. They also recognize the power of interactivity in video
games, saying there should be tighter age restrictions on mature-rated video
and computer games than on R-rated films.
The ground-breaking research in Kids' Take on Media found that
approximately 75 per cent of children and adolescents chose their favorite
television programs because of two attributes: "exciting" and "funny", while
the "violent" component was the least favored of all, ranking at the bottom of
the list of 10 possible attributes presented to children in the survey. When
asked why they disliked certain video games, "too boring" and "not enough
action" were cited as the top two reasons.
"This sends a clear message to the industry that violence does not
increase the popularity of a program, explains Price, and that educational
programming has to compete with the best in order to be successful with
Kids' Take on Media found that frequent news watchers feel more worried
about the world but also more motivated to do something about it. Younger
children are the ones most frightened by the news, feeling their personal
safety is at risk. Girls are more likely to be sensitive to the harmful
effects of media violence; 60 per cent of younger boys play video and computer
games daily; and 75 per cent of kids in Grades 7-10 watch restricted movies at
home. More than half the students surveyed in Grades 7 to 10 said they had
witnessed real acts of violence that mimicked computer games, videos or
Clearly, parents and teachers have a crucial role to play in helping
young people sort through the wealth of media in our society," adds Price,
noting that an astounding 48 per cent of Canadian kids aged 8-15 have their
own TV and 35 per cent have their own VCR.
"Although media education is mandated in all provinces and territories,
there is little professional learning development for teachers attached to
this new discipline," says Price. She also notes "there are many excellent
resources currently available to parents and teachers, to help young people to
think critically about what they are watching or interacting with on TV and
computer screens. Our survey shows that the older children get, the more they
themselves see the value of studying media in school."
Based on the Kids' Take on Media survey results, CTF has produced a
resource list and a special Bulletin for Parents with tips and information to
nurture media literacy at home, which are available on its Web site. In
addition, CTF is currently preparing a teacher/student Activity Guide based on
the Kids' Take on Media survey. The guide will be available on the CTF Web
site early in 2004.
The survey was designed and conducted by Erin Research, in collaboration
with CTF and the Media Awareness Network (MNet). It was made possible by a
Government of Canada grant through the Department of Justice's National Crime
More than 120 schools took part, representing rural and urban
communities, Francophones inside and outside Quebec, and Anglophones in every
province and territory in Canada. The response rate was an exceptional 93 per
cent. The margin of error for a survey of this size is plus or minus 1.3 per
cent 19 times out of 20.
A special CTF Advisory Committee involving some of CTF's national
education partners included MNet, Canadian Association of Media Education
Organizations (CAMEO), Concerned Children's Advertisers, Canadian School
Boards Association, The Canadian Home and School Federation, Centrale des
syndicats du Quebec, Family Service Canada and Positive Entertainment
Alternatives for Children Everywhere (PEACE).
The Canadian Teachers' Federation is the national voice of 240,000
teachers across Canada and its mandate is to promote public education, the
teaching profession and the well-being of children and youth.
A summary of the findings of Kids' Take on Media is available at www.ctf-
fce.ca and www.erinresearch.com.
SOURCE Canadian Teachers' Federation