L. Welch Pogue, Lawyer, Civil Aviation Pioneer, Dies at Age 103
WASHINGTON, May 12 /PRNewswire/ -- Lloyd Welch Pogue, a pioneer in the field of civil aviation and a former Washington attorney who later represented major airlines, died May 10 at The Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. Mr. Pogue was 103 and had remained active throughout his retirement from the practice of law. Mr. Pogue was described by author James Parry as "a name synonymous with the pioneering giants who played a pivotal role in transforming international civil aviation ... into the cohesive global force that it is today ... Pogue is truly a living legend and a founding father of the international civil aviation system." Parry's book, "100 Years of Flight," commissioned by the International Civil Aviation Organization, based in Montreal, Canada, will be published later this month. From January 1942 through mid-1946, Mr. Pogue was Chairman of the fledgling Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB), the government agency that, together with its predecessor agency, the Civil Aeronautics Authority, regulated civil aviation in the United States and promoted its development from the time of its creation in 1938 until deregulation in 1978. In that role he was the key U.S. representative at the historic Chicago International Civil Aviation Conference in December 1944, where representatives from 55 nations negotiated agreements on how international commercial aviation would be governed in the post-World War II period. In an article reporting on a speech he gave when he was 100, The Washington Post quoted Mr. Pogue quoted as saying, "Few of the millions of passengers who fly the world each year have even heard of the Chicago Convention, but it is one of the postwar's most enduring agreements, opening the skies of most of the world to peaceful passage of aircraft and setting up rules for air traffic control and the formation of aviation treaties between nations." Among these rules was agreement that the international language of air traffic control would be English. In 1994, McGraw-Hill's Aviation Week Group established the L. Welch Pogue Award for Aviation Achievement in recognition of the 50-year history of the Chicago Convention and made him its first recipient. Former U.S. Secretary of Transportation Rodney E. Slater said at that time, "I salute him as a true aviation statesman and when today's transportation leaders seek inspiration, they can hardly do better than to consider this career. For few individuals in the field of aviation have compiled such an admirable record of lasting achievement." After leaving the CAB in 1946, Mr. Pogue established a Washington law firm, Pogue & Neal, which over time represented several major airlines and other industry clients. That firm merged in 1967 with a Cleveland-based firm (in which his oldest son was then a partner) which became known as Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue, today one of the world's largest law firms. Mr. Pogue was Managing Partner of the Washington Office of that firm from 1967 to 1979, and he retired from private practice in 1981. For 20 years following his retirement, Mr. Pogue remained very active, writing, speaking and traveling the world -- including Australia and New Zealand at age 99. He personally drove round-trip from Washington to St. Augustine, Florida, in 2001 at age 101, and continued to enjoy driving until the week of his death. In 1990, at age 90 and after years of detailed research in the United States and abroad, he published a book (edited by his youngest son) entitled "Pogue/Pollock/Polk Genealogy As Mirrored In History," which won seven awards, five of them for first place in genealogy. Born October 21, 1899, during the presidency of William McKinley, Mr. Pogue was proud of the fact that he had lived in three centuries. "(When) I was born at the end of the 19th century, we were then on the threshold of the greatest period of inventions, discoveries and progress in higher standards of living that the world has ever experienced," he once said. He remained optimistic to the end, and retained his keen intellect and memory. His primary care physician for the last year and a half, Erica C. Dahl, M.D., of the Johns Hopkins House staff, said, "Welch Pogue's mind was as sharp as a tack right up to about a day before his death. He was an amazing 1031/2-year-old." Mr. Pogue was born on a farm near the tiny town of Grant, Iowa, and did not attend school until the eighth grade. Before that, his mother, a former schoolteacher, tutored him each evening after he had completed his farm chores. He graduated from high school in Red Oak, Iowa, in 1917, attended Grinnell College and enlisted there in the Student Army Training Corps of the U.S. Army, before transferring to the University of Nebraska, where he became president of the student body. After returning to work on the family farm for a while, he completed his studies at Nebraska and graduated with an A.B. degree in 1924. He then studied law at the University of Michigan Law School, from which he graduated in 1926. After Michigan he went on to Harvard Law School, where he became a protege of Professor Felix Frankfurter, who later became a U.S. Supreme Court Justice, while earning an S.J.D. (Doctor of Juridical Science) degree. Following Harvard, Mr. Pogue joined the prestigious Boston law firm Ropes, Gray, Boyden & Perkins in 1927 and was sent by the firm in 1930 to Paris to help establish an office of the firm there. After returning to Boston from Paris, he became a partner in his firm's New York affiliate office and had a corporate financial practice there from 1933 to 1938. As counsel for underwriters, he learned about the infant aviation industry and became so excited about that new field that in 1938 he applied for and obtained a job with the newly created CAB in Washington. Within six months he became the CAB's General Counsel, and in January 1942 he was appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt as the agency's Chairman. He remained in that position until June 1946, when he left the government and formed his law firm. Mr. Pogue is survived by three sons, lawyer Richard Welch Pogue of Cleveland, Ohio, who was Managing Partner of Jones Day from 1984 through 1992; Dr. William Lloyd Pogue, a retired radiologist of La Mesa, Calif.; and Dr. John Marshall Pogue, of Chevy Chase, Md., who assisted his father on many research and writing projects. Also surviving are five grandchildren, Mark Alan Pogue of Providence, R.I., Tracy Ellen Pogue of New York City, David Welch Pogue of Stamford, Conn., Rev. Blair Pogue of Reston, Va., and Kirsten Cely of San Diego, Calif.; seven great-grandchildren; and a niece, Rachelle Standerwick, of Grinnell, Iowa (and her daughter, Anne). Mr. Pogue and his wife, Mary Ellen (Edgerton) Pogue, who died at age 96 in September 2001, were extremely close companions during their 75 years of marriage. A memorial service will be held at 10 a.m. Saturday, June 28, 2003, in the Great Choir Nave of the Washington National Cathedral, Massachusetts and Wisconsin Avenues, N.W., Washington, D.C. (Private burial services at Quantico National Cemetery near the Marine base there are being arranged by the Pumphrey Funeral Home of Bethesda, Md.) The family has requested that in lieu of flowers or donations, remembrances may be sent c/o Dr. John M. Pogue, 5204 Kenwood Avenue, Chevy Chase, Md. 20815-6604.
SOURCE Dix & Eaton
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