WASHINGTON, May 12 /PRNewswire/ -- Lloyd Welch Pogue, a pioneer in the
field of civil aviation and a former Washington attorney who later represented
major airlines, died May 10 at The Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. Mr.
Pogue was 103 and had remained active throughout his retirement from the
practice of law.
Mr. Pogue was described by author James Parry as "a name synonymous with
the pioneering giants who played a pivotal role in transforming international
civil aviation ... into the cohesive global force that it is today ...
Pogue is truly a living legend and a founding father of the international
civil aviation system." Parry's book, "100 Years of Flight," commissioned by
the International Civil Aviation Organization, based in Montreal, Canada, will
be published later this month.
From January 1942 through mid-1946, Mr. Pogue was Chairman of the
fledgling Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB), the government agency that, together
with its predecessor agency, the Civil Aeronautics Authority, regulated civil
aviation in the United States and promoted its development from the time of
its creation in 1938 until deregulation in 1978. In that role he was the key
U.S. representative at the historic Chicago International Civil Aviation
Conference in December 1944, where representatives from 55 nations negotiated
agreements on how international commercial aviation would be governed in the
post-World War II period.
In an article reporting on a speech he gave when he was 100, The
Washington Post quoted Mr. Pogue quoted as saying, "Few of the millions of
passengers who fly the world each year have even heard of the Chicago
Convention, but it is one of the postwar's most enduring agreements, opening
the skies of most of the world to peaceful passage of aircraft and setting up
rules for air traffic control and the formation of aviation treaties between
nations." Among these rules was agreement that the international language of
air traffic control would be English.
In 1994, McGraw-Hill's Aviation Week Group established the L. Welch Pogue
Award for Aviation Achievement in recognition of the 50-year history of the
Chicago Convention and made him its first recipient. Former U.S. Secretary of
Transportation Rodney E. Slater said at that time, "I salute him as a true
aviation statesman and when today's transportation leaders seek inspiration,
they can hardly do better than to consider this career. For few individuals
in the field of aviation have compiled such an admirable record of lasting
After leaving the CAB in 1946, Mr. Pogue established a Washington law
firm, Pogue & Neal, which over time represented several major airlines and
other industry clients. That firm merged in 1967 with a Cleveland-based firm
(in which his oldest son was then a partner) which became known as Jones, Day,
Reavis & Pogue, today one of the world's largest law firms. Mr. Pogue was
Managing Partner of the Washington Office of that firm from 1967 to 1979, and
he retired from private practice in 1981.
For 20 years following his retirement, Mr. Pogue remained very active,
writing, speaking and traveling the world -- including Australia and New
Zealand at age 99. He personally drove round-trip from Washington to St.
Augustine, Florida, in 2001 at age 101, and continued to enjoy driving until
the week of his death. In 1990, at age 90 and after years of detailed
research in the United States and abroad, he published a book (edited by his
youngest son) entitled "Pogue/Pollock/Polk Genealogy As Mirrored In History,"
which won seven awards, five of them for first place in genealogy.
Born October 21, 1899, during the presidency of William McKinley, Mr.
Pogue was proud of the fact that he had lived in three centuries. "(When) I
was born at the end of the 19th century, we were then on the threshold of the
greatest period of inventions, discoveries and progress in higher standards of
living that the world has ever experienced," he once said.
He remained optimistic to the end, and retained his keen intellect and
memory. His primary care physician for the last year and a half, Erica C.
Dahl, M.D., of the Johns Hopkins House staff, said, "Welch Pogue's mind was as
sharp as a tack right up to about a day before his death. He was an amazing
Mr. Pogue was born on a farm near the tiny town of Grant, Iowa, and did
not attend school until the eighth grade. Before that, his mother, a former
schoolteacher, tutored him each evening after he had completed his farm
He graduated from high school in Red Oak, Iowa, in 1917, attended Grinnell
College and enlisted there in the Student Army Training Corps of the U.S.
Army, before transferring to the University of Nebraska, where he became
president of the student body. After returning to work on the family farm for
a while, he completed his studies at Nebraska and graduated with an A.B.
degree in 1924. He then studied law at the University of Michigan Law School,
from which he graduated in 1926.
After Michigan he went on to Harvard Law School, where he became a protege
of Professor Felix Frankfurter, who later became a U.S. Supreme Court Justice,
while earning an S.J.D. (Doctor of Juridical Science) degree.
Following Harvard, Mr. Pogue joined the prestigious Boston law firm Ropes,
Gray, Boyden & Perkins in 1927 and was sent by the firm in 1930 to Paris to
help establish an office of the firm there. After returning to Boston from
Paris, he became a partner in his firm's New York affiliate office and had a
corporate financial practice there from 1933 to 1938.
As counsel for underwriters, he learned about the infant aviation industry
and became so excited about that new field that in 1938 he applied for and
obtained a job with the newly created CAB in Washington. Within six months he
became the CAB's General Counsel, and in January 1942 he was appointed by
President Franklin D. Roosevelt as the agency's Chairman. He remained in that
position until June 1946, when he left the government and formed his law firm.
Mr. Pogue is survived by three sons, lawyer Richard Welch Pogue of
Cleveland, Ohio, who was Managing Partner of Jones Day from 1984 through 1992;
Dr. William Lloyd Pogue, a retired radiologist of La Mesa, Calif.; and Dr.
John Marshall Pogue, of Chevy Chase, Md., who assisted his father on many
research and writing projects.
Also surviving are five grandchildren, Mark Alan Pogue of Providence,
R.I., Tracy Ellen Pogue of New York City, David Welch Pogue of Stamford,
Conn., Rev. Blair Pogue of Reston, Va., and Kirsten Cely of San Diego, Calif.;
seven great-grandchildren; and a niece, Rachelle Standerwick, of Grinnell,
Iowa (and her daughter, Anne).
Mr. Pogue and his wife, Mary Ellen (Edgerton) Pogue, who died at age 96 in
September 2001, were extremely close companions during their 75 years of
A memorial service will be held at 10 a.m. Saturday, June 28, 2003, in the
Great Choir Nave of the Washington National Cathedral, Massachusetts and
Wisconsin Avenues, N.W., Washington, D.C. (Private burial services at
Quantico National Cemetery near the Marine base there are being arranged by
the Pumphrey Funeral Home of Bethesda, Md.)
The family has requested that in lieu of flowers or donations,
remembrances may be sent c/o Dr. John M. Pogue, 5204 Kenwood Avenue, Chevy
Chase, Md. 20815-6604.
SOURCE Dix & Eaton