McGwire's 70th Home Run Ball Juiced, CT Scan Finds

Hall of Fame Balloting Tainted

Jan 03, 2007, 00:00 ET from Universal Medical Systems, Inc.

    CLEVELAND, Jan. 3 /PRNewswire/ -- Mark McGwire's 70th home run ball
 from his record-breaking 1998 season contains a synthetic rubber ring or
 spring ("the ring") -- a material not outlined in official Major League
 Baseball ("the League") specifications. The ring and enlarged rubberized
 core of the baseball are clearly visualized in a computed tomography (CT)
 scan of the baseball conducted by Universal Medical Systems, Inc. of Ohio
 (UMS), a worldwide innovator of diagnostic imaging technology for various
     UMS, with assistance from Dr. Avrami S. Grader and Dr. Philip M.
 Halleck from The Center for Quantitative Imaging at Penn State University,
 utilized a CT scanner to study additional League baseballs from 1998 and
 found the baseballs have significantly enlarged cores in a variety of
 shapes and sizes.
     The League Specifications vs. McGwire's 70th Home Run Ball
     According to the League's specifications, "the pill of the baseball
 shall consist of a compressed cork sphere surrounded by one layer of black
 rubber and one layer of red rubber." The League does not specify a
 synthetic rubber ring or any additional material.
     "Examining the CT images of Mark McGwire's 70th home run ball one can
 clearly see the synthetic ring around the core -- or 'pill' -- of the
 baseball," states David Zavagno, president of Universal Medical Systems.
 "While Mark McGuire may or may not have used illegal steroids, the evidence
 shows his ball -- under the governing body of the League -- was juiced."
     League Acts to Deflect Scrutiny of Juiced Ball
     In 2000, in response to concerns about an altered ball contributing to
 increased home runs, the League commissioned and paid for a study from the
 UMass-Lowell Baseball Research Center. The report found no change in the
 ball. However, photos within the report show the synthetic rubber ring and
 identify numerous other problems.
     The league publicly announced the baseball was not a cause of increased
 home runs. However, the historical words "cushioned cork center" were later
 removed from baseballs. In addition, computerized strike checkers were
 installed in the League's parks to expand the strike zone, and the League
 worked towards establishing drug testing standards. In fact, Commissioner
 Bud Selig named former Senator George Mitchell to lead an investigation
 into the use of illegal steroids by baseball players. Another interesting
 action, the Colorado Rockies utilized a humidor for their balls.
     "The League is as guilty as the individual players," says Zavagno. "Its
 desire to protect the image of the game, while recording huge revenues and
 setting new performance records, allowed scandalous problems to escalate.
 Only after Congress stepped in on the steroid problem did the League
 begrudgingly act. Now it may take similar scrutiny for the League to admit
 the modern-day baseball does not conform to its own specifications. Because
 of the scandals -- baseball material alterations, lax rule enforcement and
 rampant use of steroids -- the Hall of Fame voting process could be tainted
 for decades. Hall of Fame voters need to understand many historical
 statistical comparisons are no longer relevant."
     About Computed Tomography (CT) Technology
     Computed Tomography or CT scanning is a method whereby X-rays are
 passed through a sample material, which produces cross-sectional images or
 slices. These images offer the capability of rapid, nondestructive
 visualization and analysis of an object. UMS currently utilizes CT scanning
 within the petroleum industry to identify and evaluate internal structural
 characteristics and discontinuities of core materials and fluid
 distribution within cores.
     About the Scan of McGwires' 70th Home Run Ball
     UMS utilized the same methodology of examining rock core samples for
 presence of oil when examining McGwire's 70th home run ball, which was
 obtained on-loan from "The McFarlane Collection." A baseball can be thought
 of as a small rock. The same state-of-the-art core analysis imaging
 techniques were applied to accurately determine the properties and material
 changes in the baseball.
     "The synthetic rubber ring of the modern-day baseball, in this case
 that of Mark McGwire's prized 70th home run ball, acts as both a spring and
 a 'stop,'" says Zavagno. "Much like a sling shot pulled back 10 or 20
 degrees farther than normal, the subsequent restitution or rebound allows
 an object to fly faster and farther. The changes to the center directly
 affect the restitution and energy distribution within the ball."
     About Universal Medical Systems, Inc.
     Based in Solon, Ohio, Universal Medical Systems, Inc. is a global user,
 designer and supplier of advanced innovative imaging systems and services
 with more than 20 years of computed tomography experience. For more
 information visit:
     About David R. Zavagno
     David R. Zavagno, president of Universal Medical Systems, Inc., has
 non- destructively tested and documented the content of Major League
 baseballs covering almost 100 years. His insights and findings appeared in
 numerous articles, broadcasts and interviews. He first utilized his
 diagnostic imaging technology to examine baseballs in 1994. For more
 information contact Zavagno at 440-349-3210 or
     Contact: David R. Zavagno

SOURCE Universal Medical Systems, Inc.