WASHINGTON, Feb. 14 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Continuing its
commitment to honor invention and innovation, the National Inventors Hall
of Fame has recognized the next group of world-class inventors who will be
inducted into its ranks. This year's influential class includes inventors
such as Nick Holonyak, Jr., who invented the first visible LED; Calvin
Fuller, Gerald Pearson, and Daryl Chapin, who together created the first
practical solar cell that converted solar energy into electrical power; and
Amar Bose, whose pioneering work in acoustics technology is developed at
the company that bears his name.
The 2008 group includes seven living inventors whose accomplishments
have had a large impact on us through how they have improved our lives.
Medical devices, cell phone use technology, an anti-fungal drug, and
textile improvements are just a few of the areas where their influence can
The 2008 class of inductees:
-- Ruth Benerito: Wrinkle-free cotton
-- Amar Bose: Audio technology
-- Nick Holonyak, Jr.: LED (light emitting diode)
-- Erna Hoover: Computerized telephone switching
-- Amos Joel, Jr.: Switching concept for cellular phones
-- William Murphy, Jr.: Medical devices, including blood bag, disposable
-- Kenneth Richardson: Fluconazole (anti-fungal drug)
-- Robert Adler: Television remote control
-- John Charnley: Hip replacement surgery
-- Willem Einthoven: Electrocardiograph
-- Calvin Fuller, Gerald Pearson, Daryl Chapin: Silicon Solar Cell
-- Clarence "Kelly" Johnson: Aircraft
-- Ray McIntire: Styrofoam(R) brand foam
-- Malcom McLean: Containerized shipping
-- Harold McMaster: Tempered glass
-- David Pall: Filtration technology
Every year, the National Inventors Hall of Fame honors through
induction the individuals whose work has changed society and improved the
way we live. Their vision, hard work, and creative drive have led to
powerful new tools that shape the future while celebrating invention. The
2008 class will be inducted this year on May 2nd and 3rd at the annual
induction ceremonies held in Akron, Ohio.
"This year's group of inventors who we're recognizing have discovered
innovations that we truly take for granted as we live our daily lives, "
said Fred Allen, Vice President of Selection of the National Inventors Hall
of Fame. "Whether it's through our daily actions at home or through global
systems, these inventors have significantly influenced the quality of how
This year's inductees are an accomplished group:
Robert Adler (1913 - 2007) Television remote control
Adler invented the first practical wireless remote control for
television while at Zenith.
Ruth Benerito (1916 - ) Wrinkle-free cotton
Changing the textile industry forever with her invention of easy-care
cotton, Benerito developed the idea by linking together cellulose chains in
cotton while working for the USDA.
Amar Bose (1929 - ) Audio technology
Bose has introduced a variety of products through his company,
including the 901(R) Direct/Reflecting speaker system, customized sound
systems for automobiles, and active noise-reducing headphones.
John Charnley (1911 - 1982) Hip replacement surgery
A British orthopedic surgeon, Charnley developed the hip replacement
procedure that has allowed many patients to enjoy a better quality of life.
Willem Einthoven (1860 - 1927) Electrocardiograph
Einthoven's invention made it possible to record the electrical current
of the human heart.
Calvin Fuller (1902 - 1994), Gerald Pearson (1905 - 1987), Daryl Chapin
(1906 - 1995) Silicon Solar Cell
While at Bell Labs, this trio developed the first practical means of
collecting energy from the sun and turning it into a current of
Nick Holonyak (1928 - ) LED
Nick Holonyak is best known for inventing the first visible
light-emitting diodes (LED). His work is also responsible for the
technology used to develop red lasers in CD and DVD players.
Erna Hoover (1926 - ) Computerized telephone switching
Hoover's invention, created while she was at Bell Labs, made it
possible to monitor the frequency of incoming calls and adjust the call
acceptance rate, eliminating the danger of an overload in processing calls.
It was the first reliable switching system to use computer techniques.
Amos Joel (1918 - ) Switching concept for cellular phones
Retired from Bell Labs, Joel created a switching concept making cell
phone use practical by maintaining continuity of service as ongoing calls
were transferred from one cell region to another.
Clarence "Kelly" Johnson (1910 - 1990) Aircraft
Heading the team at Lockheed Martin's Skunkworks, Johnson played a
leading role in the design of more than 40 aircrafts and holds patents for
the first U.S.A. production jet fighter and the first U.S.A. Mach 2
Ray McIntire (1918 - 1996) Styrofoam(R) brand foam
McIntire, a Dow chemist, created Styrofoam(R) brand foam, commonly used
as building insulation. Polystyrene foam has also given rise to dozens of
everyday objects like coolers, coffee cups, packing insulation and more.
Malcom McLean (1913 - 2001) Containerized shipping
McLean's invention revolutionized cargo handling by eliminating the
tedious process of loading, unloading and reloading. He created a cargo box
that could be handled interchangeably by any carrier including truck, rail
or cargo ship.
Harold McMaster (1916 - 2003) Tempered glass
McMaster developed a machine to carry out the process of tempering
glass. The process compresses the glass, adding tensile strength, and
leaves the glass with no sharp edges if broken.
William Murphy, Jr. (1923 - ) Medical devices
Murphy's many successful medical devices include disposable medical
procedure trays, blood bags, physiologic cardiac pacemakers, angiographic
injectors, and hollow fiber artificial kidneys. He was also the founder of
David Pall (1914 - 2004) Filtration
Pall, founder of the Pall Corp., is well known for his leukocyte
reduction filter that has become a standard in transfusion medicine. He
also made many other types of filters perform very specific tasks,
including filters for critical aircraft systems and nylon filters that
prevent bacteria from contaminating pharmaceuticals.
Kenneth Richardson (1939 - ) Fluconazole (Anti-Fungal Drug)
Richardson's work at Pfizer in England has saved the lives of millions
around the world by treating transplant recipients, burn victims,
chemotherapy patients, AIDS patients, and others with weakened immune
systems that make them targets of deadly fungal diseases.
Inventors may be nominated by anyone for induction into the Hall of
Fame, but they must hold a U.S. patent to be considered. The nominee's
invention must have contributed to the welfare of society and have promoted
the progress of science and the useful arts. All nominations are reviewed
by the Selection Committee, comprised of representatives from national
science and technology organizations.
The not-for-profit National Inventors Hall of Fame is the premier
organization in America dedicated to honoring and fostering creativity and
invention. Each year a new class of inventors is inducted into the Hall of
Fame in recognition of their patented inventions that make human, social,
and economic progress possible. Founded in 1973 by the U.S. Patent and
Trademark Office and the National Council of Intellectual Property Law
Association, the Hall's permanent home is Akron, Ohio, where the inventors
in the Hall are honored and from where it administers its national
programs, including the Camp Invention(R) and Club Invention(R) programs,
Invent Now(R) initiatives, and the Collegiate Inventors Competition(R).
Note: For more information, including image access, visit the National
Inventors Hall of Fame web site at www.invent.org/2008induction for
downloads. For further questions, including inventor interview inquiries,
please contact Rini Paiva, National Inventors Hall of Fame, at 330.388.6160
SOURCE National Inventors Hall of Fame