LONDON, Aug. 26 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- In a move that is intended to
deliver benefits for the mobile industry and for mobile customers, Nokia and
Vodafone today announce the formation of a mobile service architecture
initiative. The aim of the initiative is to simplify mobile Java standards by
defining the next generation, open standards-based mobile Java services
architecture specifications. It will serve and represent the mobile value
chain, including other leading mobile device manufacturers, mobile operators
and IT companies.
The initiative will function and create its specifications within the Java
Community Process(SM) (JCP(SM)). Earlier this month, the J2ME(TM) Executive
Committee approved the first Java Specification Requests (JSRs) from this
initiative. These JSRs, 248 and 249, will not introduce any new API
specifications but will include a number of new component JSRs and
clarifications to existing specifications to define a consistent Java API
services architecture. This will enable application compatibility across
multi-vendor mobile devices.
The initiative will further seek to harmonise the licensing terms of the
component JSRs to be open, fair and predictable. As specifications leads
Nokia and Vodafone, in conjunction with Sun Microsystems, will define the
licensing framework of the initiative, while the role of creating and
licensing the Technology Compatibility Kits (TCKs) for JSR 248 and 249 will be
undertaken by Sun Microsystems.
The initiative has received widespread support from leading
representatives of the mobile industry, including Orange, Siemens, Sony
Ericsson, Sun Microsystems and T-Mobile International. It is expected that a
number of these companies will join Nokia and Vodafone to become members of
the Expert Group for the specifications created by this initiative.
By using the specifications, developers can create software that is easily
portable from one Java-enabled mobile device to another. This will ultimately
provide mobile customers with a wide choice of feature rich Java-based
The management framework of the mobile Java services architecture also
includes security enhancements. It will support advanced remote platform and
application management for enterprises and service providers by enabling
delivery and management of software components to mobile devices over-the-air.
This is expected to result in cost savings for mobile software maintenance.
Furthermore, it will offer business users and consumers an easy way to have
the latest applications and services available on their mobile devices. The
application platforms built on these specifications will enable new business
opportunities for operators, enterprises, service providers, and device
The objectives and responsibilities of the initiative will be aligned and
coordinated with organisations such as the OSGi Alliance, the Open Mobile
Alliance (OMA), the Open Mobile Terminal Platform (OMTP) and World Wide Web
Consortium (W3C) to specify the requirements and the capabilities of the
platform. The specifications will also offer smooth backward compatibility
with the highly successful MIDP environment.
John Jackson, Senior Analyst, Wireless/Mobile Technologies, The Yankee
Group commented, "This initiative extends the foundation of JTWI, taking
important steps to align the CLDC and CDC platform specifications and their
future evolution under a simplified licensing structure. With the support of
leading industry players in the mobile Java value-chain, this initiative
should offer greater consistency and continuity to developers and end-users.
It's a significant step toward accelerating the development and distribution
of more robust mobile applications."
"This initiative will significantly strengthen Java's leading position as
the environment for powerful, state-of-the-art mobility solutions for both
consumers and enterprises in the era of 3G," said Pertti Korhonen, Chief
Technology Officer, Nokia. "It provides enterprises and service providers with
unparalleled end-to-end management capabilities. In addition, it offers
application developers the best and fastest opportunity to leverage their
Java-based solutions in volumes and also lets them fully exploit the great
performance of Java-enabled smart phones."
Alan Harper, Group Strategy Director at Vodafone, said: "The mobile
industry is aware of the need for standardisation and a lot of work has been
undertaken towards achieving that aim. It will build upon the JTWI vision,
and output from other industry groups, to create an open and evolving platform
roadmap to enable consistent and predictable implementation on a wide range of
"As the inventor of Java Technologies, Sun welcomes the leadership of
Vodafone and Nokia to spearhead such an important effort within the JCP", said
Alan Brenner, Vice President of Sun Microsystems. "Sun will develop and
deliver the underlying Technology Compatibility Kits and Reference
Implementations for these new specifications. Together, we will build on the
widely adopted Java Technology for the Wireless Industry (JTWI) specification
and streamline the advancement of mobile Java technologies."
The participants of the initiative have committed to deploy the platform,
and the first reference implementations are scheduled for next year.
Nokia is the world leader in mobile communications, driving the growth and
sustainability of the broader mobility industry. Nokia is dedicated to
enhancing people's lives and productivity by providing easy-to-use and
innovative products like mobile phones, and solutions for imaging, games,
media, mobile network operators and businesses. Nokia is a broadly held
company with listings on five major exchanges.
Vodafone is the world's largest mobile community with 139 million
proportionate customers, equity interests in 26 countries and Partner Networks
in a further 13 countries.
For further information about Vodafone, please visit the Vodafone Group
Trademarks: All trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of
their respective owners.
Glossary of Terms:
API Application Programming Interface defines how programmers utilize
a particular device feature.
J2ME Java 2 Micro Edition, is the Java platform for devices with
limited resources, such mobile phones.
CDC Connected Device Configuration, is a standards-based framework
for building and delivering mobile applications that can be shared
across a range of network-connected personal mobile devices.
CLDC Connected Limited Device Configuration outlines the most basic set
of libraries and virtual machine features that must be present in
each implementation of a Java 2 Platform, Micro Edition (J2ME(TM))
environment on resource-constrained devices.
MIDP Mobile Information Device Profile (MIDP), combined with the CLDC,
is the Java runtime environment for mobile information devices
(MIDs) such as phones and entry level PDAs.
JTWI Java Technology for Wireless Industry
The Java Technology for the Wireless Industry (JTWI) specification defines
the industry-standard platform for the Java technology-enabled mobile phones.
JTWI is defined through the Java Community Process (JCP) as JSR 185 by an
expert group of leading mobile device manufacturers, wireless carriers, and
software vendors. It specifies the technologies that must be included in all
JTWI-compliant devices, to minimize API fragmentation and broaden the
substantial base of applications already developed for mobile phones.