Prologis Announces First Quarter 2014 Earnings Results - Rents on rollover increased 7.0 percent; positive for the fifth-consecutive quarter -

- Same-store net operating income increased 3.0 percent -

- Stabilized $264.1 million of developments with estimated margin of 22.2 percent -

SAN FRANCISCO, April 22, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Prologis, Inc. (NYSE: PLD), the leading global owner, operator and developer of industrial real estate, today reported results for the first quarter 2014.

Core funds from operations (Core FFO) per fully diluted share was $0.43 for the first quarter compared to $0.40 for the same period in 2013.

"We started the year with excellent momentum as strong market fundamentals drove demand for our product, leading to the fifth-consecutive quarter of rent growth," said Hamid R. Moghadam, chairman and CEO, Prologis. "Growth in global trade, consumption and e-commerce continues to fuel customer requirements for modern, well-located logistics facilities. Investor interest is leading to further capitalization rate compression in most regions across the globe, most notably in Europe."

OPERATING RESULTS EXCEEDED FORECAST
The company leased 33.7 million square feet (3.1 million square meters) in its combined operating and development portfolios in the first quarter. Prologis ended the quarter with 94.5 percent occupancy in its operating portfolio, up 80 basis points over the same period in 2013, and as expected, down 60 basis points from year-end.

Tenant retention in the quarter was 84.6 percent, up 660 basis points from the same period in 2013, with tenant renewals totaling 23.3 million square feet (2.2 million square meters). GAAP rental rates on leases signed in the quarter increased 7.0 percent from prior rents compared to an increase of 2.0 percent in the same period in 2013. All divisions had positive rent change on rollover, led by the Americas at 10.4 percent.

In the first quarter, GAAP same-store net operating income (NOI) increased 3.0 percent, or 4.1 percent on an adjusted cash basis, as compared to the same period in 2013. This increase was driven by higher occupancy and increasing rental rents.

CAPITAL DEPLOYMENT INCREASED ASSETS UNDER MANAGEMENT
New investments during the first quarter, excluding contributions and dispositions, totaled $542.7 million ($303.6 million Prologis' share).

Acquisitions
The company acquired $370.5 million ($163.1 million Prologis' share) of buildings, principally in Europe. The stabilized capitalization rate on building acquisitions was 7.0 percent.

Development Starts & Pipeline
During the quarter, Prologis started $172.2 million ($140.5 million Prologis' share) of new development projects, with an estimated weighted average yield upon stabilization of 7.7 percent and an estimated development margin of 22.2 percent.

The company stabilized $264.1 million in development projects, with an estimated development margin of 22.2 percent and $58.6 million ($50.5 million Prologis' share) of estimated value creation.

At quarter end, Prologis' global development pipeline had a total expected investment of $2.3 billion ($1.9 billion Prologis' share). The pipeline had an estimated weighted average yield at stabilization of 7.3 percent, an estimated development margin of 20.3 percent, and $408.8 million of estimated value creation upon stabilization.

Contributions and Dispositions
In the first quarter, Prologis completed contributions and dispositions totaling $1.2 billion ($568.3 million Prologis' share), with a stabilized capitalization rate of 6.2 percent. This includes, as previously announced, the contribution of a $1.0 billion ($453.4 million Prologis' share) stabilized portfolio of 66 logistics facilities totaling approximately 12.8 million square feet to Prologis U.S. Logistics Venture.

GROWTH IN INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT
Through April 22, 2014, Prologis raised $582.5 million of third-party equity for its ventures, including: $283.3 million for Prologis European Logistics Partners; $215.6 million for Prologis European Properties Fund II; $58.6 million for Prologis Targeted Europe Logistics Fund; and $25.0 million for Prologis Targeted U.S. Logistics Fund.

At quarter end, Prologis had $27.3 billion ($8.3 billion Prologis' share) in combined assets under management in 15 co-investment ventures.

CAPITAL MARKETS ACTIVITY STRENGTHENS FINANCIAL POSITION
During the first quarter, Prologis took the opportunity to further access the current low interest rate environment to complete approximately $1.2 billion of debt financings and refinancings, including the issuance of €700 million ($965.2 million) of Eurobonds.

Subsequent to quarter end, the company closed on the issuance of €300 million ($413.6 million) of Prologis European Properties Fund II Eurobonds. Additionally, the company redeemed $194.2 million of U.S. senior notes and repaid $239.3 million of secured debt.

"The recent credit ratings upgrade from Standard & Poor's to BBB+ is affirmation of our earnings trajectory, significant liquidity, and our demonstrated commitment to build one of the strongest balance sheets in the REIT sector," said Thomas S. Olinger, chief financial officer, Prologis. "Our euro-related financings in the first quarter enabled us to increase our U.S. dollar net equity position to 82 percent, further minimizing foreign currency exposure."

DIVIDEND INCREASED
As previously announced, the board of directors of Prologis approved a plan during the first quarter to raise the company's annualized dividend level by 18 percent to $1.32 per share of common stock. The dividend is expected to be declared quarterly.

NET EARNINGS
Net earnings per fully diluted share was $0.01 for the first quarter compared to net earnings per share of $0.57 for the same period in 2013. The year-over-year decrease was primarily due to a lower level of gains on the contributions and disposition of operating properties.

GUIDANCE NARROWED FOR 2014
Prologis narrowed its full-year 2014 Core FFO guidance range to $1.76 to $1.82 per diluted share from $1.74 to $1.82 per diluted share. The company also narrowed its guidance for net earnings to a range of $0.06 to $0.12 per diluted share.

The Core FFO and earnings guidance reflected above excludes any potential future gains (losses) recognized from real estate transactions. In reconciling from net earnings to Core FFO, Prologis makes certain adjustments, including but not limited to real estate depreciation and amortization expense, gains (losses) recognized from real estate transactions and early extinguishment of debt or redemption of preferred stock, impairment charges, deferred taxes, and unrealized gains or losses on foreign currency or derivative activity.

The difference between the company's Core FFO and net earnings guidance for 2014 predominantly relates to real estate depreciation and recognized gains or losses on real estate transactions and early extinguishment of debt.

WEBCAST & CONFERENCE CALL INFORMATION
The company will host a webcast/conference call to discuss quarterly results, current market conditions and future outlook today, April 22, at 12:00 p.m. U.S. Eastern Time. Interested parties are encouraged to access the live webcast by clicking the microphone icon located near the top of the opening page of the Prologis Investor Relations website (http://ir.prologis.com). Interested parties also can participate via conference call by dialing +1 877-256-7020 (from the U.S. and Canada toll free) or +1 973-409-9692 (from all other countries) and entering conference code 48765448.

A telephonic replay will be available from April 23 through May 23 at +1 855-859-2056 (from the U.S. and Canada) or +1 404-537-3406 (from all other countries), and entering conference code 48765448. The webcast replay will be posted when available in the "Events & Presentations" section of Investor Relations on the Prologis website.

ABOUT PROLOGIS
Prologis, Inc., is the leading owner, operator and developer of industrial real estate, focused on global and regional markets across the Americas, Europe and Asia. As of March 31, 2014, Prologis owned or had investments in, on a wholly owned basis or through co-investment ventures, properties and development projects expected to total approximately 574 million square feet (53.3 million square meters) in 21 countries. The company leases modern distribution facilities to more than 4,700 customers, including manufacturers, retailers, transportation companies, third-party logistics providers and other enterprises.

The statements in this document that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about the industry and markets in which Prologis operates, management's beliefs and assumptions made by management.  Such statements involve uncertainties that could significantly impact Prologis' financial results. Words such as "expects," "anticipates," "intends," "plans," "believes," "seeks," "estimates," variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements, which generally are not historical in nature.  All statements that address operating performance, events or developments that we expect or anticipate will occur in the future — including statements relating to rent and occupancy growth, development activity and changes in sales or contribution volume of properties, disposition activity, general conditions in the geographic areas where we operate, our debt and financial position, our ability to form new co-investment ventures and the availability of capital in existing or new co-investment ventures — are forward-looking statements. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Although we believe the expectations reflected in any forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, we can give no assurance that our expectations will be attained and therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements. Some of the factors that may affect outcomes and results include, but are not limited to: (i) national, international, regional and local economic climates, (ii) changes in financial markets, interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates, (iii) increased or unanticipated competition for our properties, (iv) risks associated with acquisitions, dispositions and development of properties, (v) maintenance of real estate investment trust ("REIT") status and tax structuring, (vi) availability of financing and capital, the levels of debt that we maintain and our credit ratings, (vii) risks related to our investments in our co-investment ventures and funds, including our ability to establish new co-investment ventures and funds, (viii) risks of doing business internationally, including currency risks, (ix) environmental uncertainties, including risks of natural disasters, and (x) those additional factors discussed in reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission by Prologis under the heading "Risk Factors." Prologis undertakes no duty to update any forward-looking statements appearing in this document.

 


Three months ended March 31,

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)


2014


2013


Revenues


$ 434,682


$ 490,616


Net earnings attributable to common stockholders


4,666


265,416


Core FFO


217,555


187,937


Core AFFO


171,353


141,361


Adjusted EBITDA


354,093


337,668


Value creation from development stabilization - Prologis share


50,507


67,412


Common stock dividends paid


166,689


130,753









Per common share - diluted:







Net earnings attributable to common stockholders


$       0.01


$       0.57



Core FFO


0.43


0.40


Dividends per share


0.33


0.28








 

(in thousands)

March 31, 2014


December 31, 2013

Assets:







Investments in real estate assets:








Operating properties


$  17,948,473



$  17,801,064



Development portfolio


1,051,716



1,021,017



Land


1,544,242



1,516,166



Other real estate investments


494,359



486,230







21,038,790



20,824,477



Less accumulated depreciation


2,698,043



2,568,998





Net investments in properties


18,340,747



18,255,479


Investments in and advances to unconsolidated entities


4,687,922



4,430,239


Notes receivable backed by real estate and other assets


191,703



192,042





Net investments in real estate


23,220,372



22,877,760












Cash and cash equivalents


188,886



491,129


Restricted cash


9,750



14,210


Accounts receivable


114,880



128,196


Other assets


1,121,260



1,061,012





Total assets


$  24,655,148



$  24,572,307











Liabilities and Equity:







Liabilities:








Debt 


$    8,870,635



$    9,011,216



Accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other liabilities


1,291,270



1,384,638





Total liabilities


10,161,905



10,395,854












Equity:








Stockholders' equity:









Preferred stock


100,000



100,000




Common stock 


4,997



4,988




Additional paid-in capital 


18,005,321



17,974,452




Accumulated other comprehensive loss


(444,594)



(435,675)




Distributions in excess of net earnings


(4,094,689)



(3,932,664)





Total stockholders' equity


13,571,035



13,711,101



Noncontrolling interests


874,576



417,086



Noncontrolling interests - limited partnership unitholders


47,632



48,266





Total equity


14,493,243



14,176,453





Total liabilities and equity


$  24,655,148



$  24,572,307











 


Three Months Ended

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

March 31,


2014

2013

Revenues:






Rental income


$ 388,240


$ 454,789


Investment management income


45,310


33,635


Development management and other income


1,132


2,192


 Total revenues 


434,682


490,616






Expenses:






Rental expenses


110,517


133,919


Investment management expenses


24,163


19,909


General and administrative expenses


63,203


56,197


Depreciation and amortization


160,280


177,266


Other expenses


5,053


4,353


Total expenses


363,216


391,644






Operating income


71,466


98,972






Other income (expense):






Earnings from unconsolidated entities, net


29,746


24,768


Interest income 


9,184


4,213


Interest expense


(85,523)


(115,028)


Gains on acquisitions and dispositions of investments in real estate, net


17,055


338,845


Foreign currency and derivative gains (losses), related amortization and other income (expenses), net


(23,318)


8,298


Gains (losses) on early extinguishment of debt, net


273


(17,351)


Total other income (expense)


(52,583)


243,745






Earnings before income taxes


18,883


342,717


Income tax expense - current and deferred


6,880


51,866

Earnings from continuing operations


12,003


290,851

Discontinued operations:






Income attributable to disposed properties and assets held for sale


-


247


Net gains on dispositions, including taxes


-


5,834



Total discontinued operations


-


6,081

Consolidated net earnings


12,003


296,932

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests


(5,202)


(12,103)

Net earnings attributable to controlling interests


6,801


284,829

Preferred stock dividends


(2,135)


(10,305)

Loss on preferred stock redemption


-


(9,108)

Net earnings attributable to common stockholders


$     4,666


$ 265,416

Weighted average common shares outstanding - Diluted


504,373


478,952

Net earnings per share attributable to common stockholders - Diluted


$       0.01


$       0.57



Three Months Ended

(in thousands)

March 31,





2014

2013

Reconciliation of net earnings to FFO













Net earnings attributable to common stockholders


$     4,666


$ 265,416

Add (deduct) NAREIT defined adjustments:






Real estate related depreciation and amortization


154,495


171,017


Net gains on non-FFO acquisitions and dispositions


(9,545)


(102,457)


Reconciling items related to noncontrolling interests


(6,201)


(2,941)


Our share of reconciling items included in earnings from unconsolidated co-investment ventures


41,716


24,802


Our share of reconciling items included in earnings from other unconsolidated ventures


1,350


681

Subtotal-NAREIT defined FFO


186,481


356,518









Add (deduct) our defined adjustments:






Unrealized foreign currency and derivative losses (gains) and related amortization, net


28,110


(638)


Deferred income tax expense


1,031


2,134


Our share of reconciling items included in earnings from unconsolidated co-investment ventures


229


(214)

FFO, as defined by Prologis


215,851


357,800









Adjustments to arrive at Core FFO:






Net gains on acquisitions and dispositions of investments in real estate, net of expenses


(5,658)


(192,416)


Losses (gains) on early extinguishment of debt and redemption of preferred stock, net


(273)


26,459


Our share of reconciling items from unconsolidated entities less third party share of consolidated entities


7,635


(3,906)

Core FFO


217,555


187,937









Adjustments to arrive at Core Adjusted FFO ("Core AFFO"), including our share of unconsolidated entities less third party share of consolidated entities:






Straight-lined rents and amortization of lease intangibles


(8,576)


(7,884)


Property improvements


(11,142)


(14,288)


Tenant improvements


(20,072)


(20,388)


Leasing commissions


(15,560)


(13,400)


Amortization of management contracts


1,305


1,615


Amortization of debt discounts (premiums) and financing costs, net of capitalization


(2,269)


(7,002)


Cash received (paid) on net investment hedges


(5,126)


5,384


Stock compensation expense


15,238


9,387

Core AFFO


$ 171,353


$ 141,361









Common stock dividends


$ 166,689


$ 130,753

 

Calculation of Per Share Amounts is as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):





Three Months Ended



March 31,



2014

2013


Net earnings




Net earnings

$ 4,666

$ 265,416


Noncontrolling interest attributable to exchangeable partnership units

17

1,182


Interest expense on exchangeable debt assumed converted

-

4,235


Adjusted net earnings - Diluted

$ 4,683

$ 270,833






Weighted average common shares outstanding - Basic

498,696

461,468


Incremental weighted average effect on exchange of limited partnership units

1,767

3,039


Incremental weighted average effect of stock awards

3,910

2,566


Incremental weighted average effect on exchangeable debt assumed converted

-

11,879


Weighted average common shares outstanding - Diluted

504,373

478,952






Net earnings per share - Basic

$ 0.01

$ 0.58






Net earnings per share - Diluted

$ 0.01

$ 0.57






Core FFO




Core FFO

$ 217,555

$ 187,937


Noncontrolling interest attributable to exchangeable limited partnership units

207

489


Interest expense on exchangeable debt assumed converted

4,246

4,235


Core FFO - Diluted

$ 222,008

$ 192,661






Weighted average common shares outstanding - Basic

498,696

461,468


Incremental weighted average effect on exchange of limited partnership units

3,715

3,039


Incremental weighted average effect of stock awards

3,910

2,566


Incremental weighted average effect on exchangeable debt assumed converted

11,879

11,879


Weighted average common shares outstanding - Diluted

518,200

478,952






Core FFO per share - Diluted

$ 0.43

$ 0.40







 

FFO, as defined by Prologis; Core FFO; Core AFFO (collectively referred to as "FFO"). FFO is a non-GAAP measure that is commonly used in the real estate industry. The most directly comparable GAAP measure to FFO is net earnings. Although the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("NAREIT") has published a definition of FFO, modifications to the NAREIT calculation of FFO are common among REITs, as companies seek to provide financial measures that meaningfully reflect their business.

FFO is not meant to represent a comprehensive system of financial reporting and does not present, nor do we intend it to present, a complete picture of our financial condition and operating performance. We believe net earnings computed under GAAP remains the primary measure of performance and that FFO is only meaningful when it is used in conjunction with net earnings computed under GAAP. Further, we believe our consolidated financial statements, prepared in accordance with GAAP, provide the most meaningful picture of our financial condition and our operating performance.

NAREIT's FFO measure adjusts net earnings computed under GAAP to exclude historical cost depreciation and gains and losses from the sales, along with impairment charges, of previously depreciated properties. We agree that these NAREIT adjustments are useful to investors for the following reasons:

(i) 

historical cost accounting for real estate assets in accordance with GAAP assumes, through depreciation charges, that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. NAREIT stated in its White Paper on FFO "since real estate asset values have historically risen or fallen with market conditions, many industry investors have considered presentations of operating results for real estate companies that use historical cost accounting to be insufficient by themselves." Consequently, NAREIT's definition of FFO reflects the fact that real estate, as an asset class, generally appreciates over time and depreciation charges required by GAAP do not reflect the underlying economic realities.

(ii) 

REITs were created as a legal form of organization in order to encourage public ownership of real estate as an asset class through investment in firms that were in the business of long-term ownership and management of real estate. The exclusion, in NAREIT's definition of FFO, of gains and losses from the sales, along with impairment charges, of previously depreciated operating real estate assets allows investors and analysts to readily identify the operating results of the long-term assets that form the core of a REIT's activity and assists in comparing those operating results between periods. We include the gains and losses (including impairment charges) from dispositions of land and development properties, as well as our proportionate share of the gains and losses (including impairment charges) from dispositions of development properties recognized by our unconsolidated entities, in our definition of FFO.

Our FFO Measures

At the same time that NAREIT created and defined its FFO measure for the REIT industry, it also recognized that "management of each of its member companies has the responsibility and authority to publish financial information that it regards as useful to the financial community." We believe stockholders, potential investors and financial analysts who review our operating results are best served by a defined FFO measure that includes other adjustments to net earnings computed under GAAP in addition to those included in the NAREIT defined measure of FFO.  Our FFO measures are used by management in analyzing our business and the performance of our properties and we believe that it is important that stockholders, potential investors and financial analysts understand the measures management uses.

We use these FFO measures, including by segment and region, to: (i) evaluate our performance and the performance of our properties in comparison to expected results and results of previous periods, relative to resource allocation decisions; (ii) evaluate the performance of our management; (iii) budget and forecast future results to assist in the allocation of resources; (iv) assess our performance as compared to similar real estate companies and the industry in general; and (v) evaluate how a specific potential investment will impact our future results. Because we make decisions with regard to our performance with a long-term outlook, we believe it is appropriate to remove the effects of short-term items that we do not expect to affect the underlying long-term performance of the properties. The long-term performance of our properties is principally driven by rental income. While not infrequent or unusual, these additional items we exclude in calculating FFO, as defined by Prologis, are subject to significant fluctuations from period to period that cause both positive and negative short-term effects on our results of operations in inconsistent and unpredictable directions that are not relevant to our long-term outlook.

We use our FFO measures as supplemental financial measures of operating performance. We do not use our FFO measures as, nor should they be considered to be, alternatives to net earnings computed under GAAP, as indicators of our operating performance, as alternatives to cash from operating activities computed under GAAP or as indicators of our ability to fund our cash needs.

FFO, as defined by Prologis

To arrive at FFO, as defined by Prologis, we adjust the NAREIT defined FFO measure to exclude:

(i) deferred income tax benefits and deferred income tax expenses recognized by our subsidiaries;
(ii) current income tax expense related to acquired tax liabilities that were recorded as deferred tax liabilities in an acquisition, to the extent the expense is offset with a deferred income tax benefit in GAAP earnings that is excluded from our defined FFO measure;
(iii) foreign currency exchange gains and losses resulting from debt transactions between us and our foreign consolidated subsidiaries and our foreign unconsolidated entities;
(iv) foreign currency exchange gains and losses from the remeasurement (based on current foreign currency exchange rates) of certain third party debt of our foreign consolidated subsidiaries and our foreign unconsolidated entities; and 
(v) mark-to-market adjustments and related amortization of debt discounts associated with derivative financial instruments.

We calculate FFO, as defined by Prologis for our unconsolidated entities on the same basis as we calculate our FFO, as defined by Prologis.

We believe investors are best served if the information that is made available to them allows them to align their analysis and evaluation of our operating results along the same lines that our management uses in planning and executing our business strategy.

Core FFO

In addition to FFO, as defined by Prologis, we also use Core FFO. To arrive at Core FFO, we adjust FFO, as defined by Prologis, to exclude the following recurring and non-recurring items that we recognized directly or our share of these items recognized by our unconsolidated entities to the extent they are included in FFO, as defined by Prologis:

(i) gains or losses from acquisition, contribution or sale of land or development properties;
(ii) income tax expense related to the sale of investments in real estate and third-party acquisition costs related to the acquisition of real estate;
(iii) impairment charges recognized related to our investments in  real estate generally as a result of our change in intent to contribute or sell these properties;
(iv) gains or losses from the early extinguishment of debt;
(v) merger, acquisition and other integration expenses; and
(vi) expenses related to natural disasters.

We believe it is appropriate to further adjust our FFO, as defined by Prologis for certain recurring items as they were driven by transactional activity and factors relating to the financial and real estate markets, rather than factors specific to the on-going operating performance of our properties or investments. The impairment charges we have recognized were primarily based on valuations of real estate, which had declined due to market conditions, that we no longer expected to hold for long-term investment. Over the last few years, we made it a priority to strengthen our financial position by reducing our debt, our investment in certain low yielding assets and our exposure to foreign currency exchange fluctuations.  As a result, we changed our intent to sell or contribute certain of our real estate properties and recorded impairment charges when we did not expect to recover the costs of our investment. Also, we have purchased portions of our debt securities when we believed it was advantageous to do so, which was based on market conditions, and in an effort to lower our borrowing costs and extend our debt maturities. As a result, we have recognized net gains or losses on the early extinguishment of certain debt due to the financial market conditions at that time. In addition, we and our co-investment ventures make acquisitions of real estate and we believe the costs associated with these transactions are transaction based and not part of our core operations.

We analyze our operating performance primarily by the rental income of our real estate and the revenue driven by our investment management business, net of operating, administrative and financing expenses. This income stream is not directly impacted by fluctuations in the market value of our investments in real estate or debt securities.  As a result, although these items have had a material impact on our operations and are reflected in our financial statements, the removal of the effects of these items allows us to better understand the core operating performance of our properties over the long-term.

We use Core FFO, including by segment and region, to: (i) evaluate our performance and the performance of our properties in comparison to expected results and results of previous periods, relative to resource allocation decisions; (ii) evaluate the performance of our management; (iii) budget and forecast future results to assist in the allocation of resources; (iv) provide guidance to the financial markets to understand our expected operating performance; (v) assess our operating performance as compared  to similar real estate companies and the industry in general; and (vi) evaluate how a specific potential investment will impact our future results. Because we make decisions with regard to our performance with a long-term outlook, we believe it is appropriate to remove the effects of items that we do not expect to affect the underlying long-term performance of the properties we own. As noted above, we believe the long-term performance of our properties is principally driven by rental income. We believe investors are best served if the information that is made available to them allows them to align their analysis and evaluation of our operating results along the same lines that our management uses in planning and executing our business strategy. 

Core AFFO

To arrive at Core AFFO, we adjust Core FFO to further exclude our share of; (i) straight-line rents; (ii) amortization of above- and below-market lease intangibles; (iii) recurring capital expenditures; (iv) amortization of management contracts; (v) amortization of debt premiums and discounts, net of amounts capitalized, and; (vi) stock compensation expense.

We believe Core AFFO provides a meaningful indicator of our ability to fund cash needs, including cash distributions to our stockholders.

Limitations on Use of our FFO Measures

While we believe our defined FFO measures are important supplemental measures, neither NAREIT's nor our measures of FFO should be used alone because they exclude significant economic components of net earnings computed under GAAP and are, therefore, limited as an analytical tool. Accordingly, these are only a few of the many measures we use when analyzing our business.  Some of these limitations are:

  • The current income tax expenses and acquisition costs that are excluded from our defined FFO measures represent the taxes and transaction costs that are payable.
  • Depreciation and amortization of real estate assets are economic costs that are excluded from FFO. FFO is limited, as it does not reflect the cash requirements that may be necessary for future replacements of the real estate assets. Further, the amortization of capital expenditures and leasing costs necessary to maintain the operating performance of industrial properties are not reflected in FFO.
  • Gains or losses from property acquisitions and dispositions or impairment charges related to expected dispositions represent changes in value of the properties. By excluding these gains and losses, FFO does not capture realized changes in the value of acquired or disposed properties arising from changes in market conditions.
  • The deferred income tax benefits and expenses that are excluded from our defined FFO measures result from the creation of a deferred income tax asset or liability that may have to be settled at some future point. Our defined FFO measures do not currently reflect any income or expense that may result from such settlement.
  • The foreign currency exchange gains and losses that are excluded from our defined FFO measures are generally recognized based on movements in foreign currency exchange rates through a specific point in time. The ultimate settlement of our foreign currency-denominated net assets is indefinite as to timing and amount. Our FFO measures are limited in that they do not reflect the current period changes in these net assets that result from periodic foreign currency exchange rate movements. 
  • The gains and losses on extinguishment of debt that we exclude from our Core FFO, may provide a benefit or cost to us as we may be settling our debt at less or more than our future obligation.
  • The merger, acquisition and other integration expenses and the natural disaster expenses that we exclude from Core FFO are costs that we have incurred.

We compensate for these limitations by using our FFO measures only in conjunction with net earnings computed under GAAP when making our decisions. This information should be read with our complete consolidated financial statements prepared under GAAP. To assist investors in compensating for these limitations, we reconcile our defined FFO measures to our net earnings computed under GAAP.

Same Store

We evaluate the operating performance of the operating properties we own and manage using a "Same Store" analysis because the population of properties in this analysis is consistent from period to period, thereby eliminating the effects of changes in the composition of the portfolio on performance measures. We include the properties included in our owned and managed portfolio that were in operation at January 1, 2013 and throughout the full periods in both 2013 and 2014. We have removed all properties that were disposed of to a third party from the population for both periods. We believe the factors that impact rental income, rental expenses and NOI in the Same Store portfolio are generally the same as for the total operating portfolio. In order to derive an appropriate measure of period-to-period operating performance, we remove the effects of foreign currency exchange rate movements by using the current exchange rate to translate from local currency into U.S. dollars, for both periods.

Our same store measures are non-GAAP measures that are commonly used in the real estate industry and are calculated beginning with rental income and rental expenses from the financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. It is also common in the real estate industry and expected from the analyst and investor community that these numbers be further adjusted to remove certain non-cash items included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP to reflect a cash same store number. In order to clearly label these metrics, we call one Same Store NOI- GAAP and one Same Store NOI-Adjusted Cash. As these are non-GAAP measures they have certain limitations as an analytical tool and may vary among real estate companies. As a result, we provide a reconciliation from our financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP to Same Store NOI-GAAP and then to Same Store NOI-Adjusted Cash with explanations of how these metrics are calculated and adjusted.

The following is a reconciliation of our consolidated rental income, rental expenses and NOI, as included in the Consolidated Statements of Operations, to the respective amounts in our Same Store portfolio analysis (dollars in thousands):


Three Months Ended


March 31,


2014

2013

Change

(%)

Rental Income:




Per the Consolidated Statements of Operations

$ 388,240

$ 454,789


Properties not included and other adjustments (a)

(32,814)

(17,673)


Unconsolidated Co-Investment Ventures

449,816

355,878


Same Store - Rental Income

805,242

792,994

1.5%





Rental Expense:




Per the Consolidated Statements of Operations

110,517

133,919


Properties not included and other adjustments (b)

(1,073)

(6,113)


Unconsolidated Co-Investment Ventures

109,219

95,592


Same Store - Rental Expense

218,663

223,398

-2.1%





NOI-GAAP:




Per the Consolidated Statements of Operations

277,723

320,870


Properties not included and other adjustments

(31,741)

(11,560)


Unconsolidated Co-Investment Ventures

340,597

260,286


Same Store - NOI - GAAP

586,579

569,596

3.0%





NOI-Adjusted Cash:




Same store- NOI - GAAP

586,579

569,596


Adjustments (c)

(5,405)

(11,299)


Same Store - NOI- Adjusted Cash

581,174

558,297

4.1%



(a)

To calculate Same Store rental income, we exclude the net termination and renegotiation fees to allow us to evaluate the growth or decline in each property's rental income without regard to items that are not indicative of the property's recurring operating performance.

(b)

To calculate Same Store rental expense, we include an allocation of the property management expenses for our consolidated properties based on the property management fee that is provided for in the individual management agreements under which our wholly owned management companies provide property management services (generally the fee is based on a percentage of revenue). On consolidation, the management fee income and expenses are eliminated and the actual cost of providing property management services is recognized.

(c)

In order to derive Same Store- NOI - Adjusted Cash, we adjust Same Store- NOI- GAAP to exclude non-cash items included in our rental income in our GAAP financial statements, including straight line rent adjustments and adjustments related to purchase accounts to reflect leases at fair value at the time of acquisition.

SOURCE Prologis, Inc.



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