SANTA CLARA, Calif., Aug. 21 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ --
Sun Microsystems (Nasdaq: SUNW) and Stanford University today announced the
Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the National Science Foundation (NSF) have
independently awarded two new, two year grants totaling almost $3 million to
the LOCKSS ("Lots Of Copies Keep Stuff Safe") Program. The LOCKSS program is
a joint undertaking of Sun Microsystems Laboratories and Stanford University
Libraries to develop a secure, reliable system which safeguards and preserves
access to digital publications.
The LOCKSS system is designed to make it feasible and affordable, even for
smaller libraries, to preserve access to the e-journals to which they
subscribe, and safeguard their community's access to them. Individual
libraries can also monitor the level of redundancy within the system. A total
of 49 libraries, including the Library of Congress are currently running Linux
systems with the LOCKSS software as part of a long-term test.
"We are immensely grateful to our several supporters for recognizing the
potential of LOCKSS to serve libraries and publishers as part or all of a
comprehensive digital archive methodology," said Michael A. Keller, Stanford
University Librarian. "This joint program between Sun and Stanford is a fine
example of academic-industry cooperation; Sun has not only provided funds, but
has made its brilliant engineering talent available to the project."
Individual Grants Support Development and Resources
As part of its program in support of electronic journal archiving, the
Andrew W. Mellon Foundation grant is intended to support the production,
development and implementation of distributed electronic journal archives
through LOCKSS. Partner institutions for this aspect of the program include,
Emory University, Indiana University and New York Public Library.
The National Science Foundation and Sun Microsystems Laboratories plan to
continue funding core technology development, focusing on the peer-to-peer
(P2P), fault-tolerant aspects of the system. Both organizations have funded
previous phases of the LOCKSS Program. The two new grants cover Stanford's
participation in the program, coordinating with Sun's concurrent research.
"By helping Stanford to build the Open-Source LOCKSS software we hope to
allow organizations anywhere to preserve pertinent journal literature to which
they have subscribed," said Dr. James Mitchell, vice president and director of
Sun Laboratories. "Researchers and scholars can't afford to get incorrect
information or lose access to it; LOCKSS is designed to ensure the full
functionality of online documents at a low cost which is important especially
in University and Government settings." Mitchell added, "With this program,
we are interested in researching peer-to-peer fault tolerance, system
integrity, distributed archiving, and related subjects. The collaboration and
implementation of the LOCKSS system also provides a valuable test-bed for our
The LOCKSS ("Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe") project was initiated in
October 1998 and headed by Sun Distinguished Engineer David Rosenthal, who has
been deeply involved with the conceptual and practical development of the
LOCKSS system and its communication protocol, known as LCAP. Based on
Java(TM) technology and Linux, the LOCKSS system was created as an open-
source, easy to use, distributed system, which runs on low-cost computers
without central administration. Designed as an Internet appliance, the LOCKSS
system preserves access to authoritative versions of web-published materials,
applying contemporary automation to the old idea of preventing loss by
multiplying copies. The PC runs an enhanced web cache that collects new
issues of the e-journal and continually compares its contents with other
caches on other participating computers. If files have been corrupted or
altered, they can be repaired or replaced with intact copies from the
publisher or from other caches.
The LOCKSS program is currently in a worldwide beta test focused on
integrity, usability, and software performance, including impact on network
traffic. The beta software has been released as open source, and is available
on http://sourceforge.org . More information about LOCKSS can be found at
http://lockss.stanford.edu . Further description of the beta test and a full
list of participants is available at
About Sun Microsystems, Inc.
Since its inception in 1982, a singular vision -- The Network Is The
Computer(TM) -- has propelled Sun Microsystems, Inc. to its position as a
leading provider of industrial-strength hardware, software and services that
power the Internet and allow companies worldwide to take their businesses to
the nth. Sun can be found in more than 170 countries and on the World Wide
Web at http://www.sun.com .
NOTE: Sun, Sun Microsystems, the Sun logo, Java, and The Network Is The
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CONTACT: Carrie Motamedi of Sun Microsystems, Inc., 650-786-0171, or
firstname.lastname@example.org; or Vicky Reich of Stanford University, 650-725-1134,
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