Telecommuting Gaining Ground: Study Shows More IT Employees Working Remotely Today Than Five Years Ago
MENLO PARK, Calif., July 26 /PRNewswire/ -- The proliferation of wireless technologies and feature-rich Internet applications is making it easier for information technology (IT) professionals to work outside of the office. A new study by Robert Half Technology shows that telecommuting is becoming more commonplace among IT professionals. Nearly half (44 percent) of chief information officers (CIOs) surveyed said their companies' IT workforce is telecommuting at a rate that is the same or higher than five years ago; only 3 percent said IT staff work remotely less frequently today than five years ago (see table 1). Improved retention and morale, and increased productivity were cited as the greatest benefits among firms that allow telecommuting. The national poll includes responses from more than 1,400 CIOs from a stratified random sample of U.S. companies with 100 or more employees. It was conducted by an independent research firm and developed by Robert Half Technology, a leading provider of information technology professionals on a project and full-time basis. "Enhanced connectivity tools provide IT professionals greater flexibility and the option to work even when they are away from the office," said Katherine Spencer Lee, executive director of Robert Half Technology. "Consequently, working remotely is more commonplace today and more acceptable." Telecommuting Attitudes Explored 34 percent of CIOs whose companies allow telecommuting cited improved retention and morale through enhanced work/life balance as the greatest benefit. Increased productivity due to reduced commute time was cited by 28 percent of respondents (see table 2). "For some, working from home on occasion can result in greater productivity because there are fewer interruptions than in the office," Lee said. "Many IT professionals also appreciate not having to commute every day given today's high gasoline prices." Companies may need to balance the desire of staff to work remotely against the expectation of accessibility, however. Indeed, survey respondents indicated that telecommuting programs can have drawbacks. Nearly half (44 percent) of all CIOs surveyed felt that quality of work suffers due to diminished in-person contact with colleagues (see table 3A). Furthermore, nearly one in three (30 percent) CIOs surveyed felt that telecommuting employees are not as productive because they have less oversight (see table 3B). "Telecommuting isn't a viable option for every type of employee in every scenario," Lee commented. "Managers who need face-to-face interaction with staff, or individuals who meet frequently with clients, for example, may find that working from home hampers their ability to build strong business relationships." Implementing Telecommuting Programs While telecommuting can benefit employers and employees alike, it's important that companies have the appropriate infrastructure in place to facilitate staff working remotely. For example, nearly a third of CIOs (31 percent) surveyed felt that telecommuting employees generate too many security risks because they need to access elements such as corporate networks, systems and intellectual property off-site (see table 3C). Clearly communicating guidelines about telecommuting also is necessary. Lee noted, "It's important that employers set expectations up front about who can telecommute and how often they can do so, in order to avoid misunderstandings that might arise during a project." To help ensure a successful telecommuting program, Lee suggests employers consider the following questions: -- What IT jobs are best suited for telecommuting? Alternative work arrangements are most suitable for individuals whose jobs can be performed with relative autonomy. -- How frequently should IT employees be allowed to work remotely? Consider allowing employees to work from home one day a week, and try to schedule weekly meetings on days employees are on-site to provide project updates. -- How will you ensure effective communication between team members? Keeping a schedule of workers' on-site availability, and where and how they can be reached when off-site, can keep work flowing smoothly. With more than 100 locations in North America, Europe and Asia, Robert Half Technology is a leading provider of technology professionals for initiatives ranging from web development and multiplatform systems integration to network security and technical support. Robert Half Technology offers online job search services at http://www.rht.com. Note to editor: Research findings and full-color survey charts are available at http://www.rht.com/pressroom. Robert Half Technology Telecommuting Survey Findings Table 1. CIOs were asked, "Which of the following statements best applies to your company's IT workforce?" A higher proportion of your IT workers telecommute today than five years ago 21% The same proportion telecommute today as did five years ago 23% A lower proportion of your IT workers telecommute today 3% Not applicable, you do not allow your IT workforce to telecommute 51% Other/don't know 2% 100% Table 2. Respondents whose IT workers telecommute also were asked, "Which of the following is the greatest benefit to your firm?" Improves retention and morale of IT workforce through enhanced work/life balance 34% Increases productivity of IT workforce by reducing commute time 28% Saves money by requiring less office space 12% Allows hiring of employees in lower cost-of-living areas who don't require high salaries 6% Other 4% Don't know 16% 100% Table 3. CIOs were asked, "Do you agree or disagree with the following statements about telecommuting, as they apply to your company?" Don't Disagree Agree know A. The quality of work suffers due to less face-to-face contact with colleagues 48% 44% 8% B. Telecommuting employees have little oversight, which makes them less productive 60% 30% 10% C. Telecommuting employees generate too many security concerns 62% 31% 7%
SOURCE Robert Half Technology
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