U.S. Census Bureau Daily Feature for June 23

WASHINGTON, June 23, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Following is the daily "Profile America" feature from the U.S. Census Bureau:

KEY INVENTION

Profile AmericaMonday, June 23rd. The keyboard on your computer is descended from the invention of Christopher Sholes of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. On this date in 1868, he patented the first practical typewriter, with the now familiar placement of keys. Its acceptance was slow, and for several decades, many people considered it slightly insulting to receive a typewritten letter. But as machines improved, the advantages of the typewriter became clear. The need for skilled typists allowed many women to first enter the world of business. Decades ago, about a quarter of all high school students were enrolled in typing classes. Today, even though typewriter manufacturing has dwindled to near vanishing and moved off-shore, nearly 79 percent of American household have some form of keyboard in it, as that's the extent of computer ownership. Profile America is in its 17th year as a public service of the U.S. Census Bureau.

Sources: Kane's Famous First Facts, 2385
http://inventors.about.com/od/tstartinventions/a/Typewriters.htm
Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1970, p. 377
http://www.census.gov/hhes/computer/publications/2012.html table 4

Profile America is produced by the Center for New Media and Promotions of the U.S. Census Bureau. These daily features are available as produced segments, ready to air, on the Internet at http://www.census.gov (look for "Multimedia Gallery" by the "Newsroom" button). 

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SOURCE U.S. Census Bureau



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