Canadians Have Growing Appetite for Local Food

Aug 20, 2013, 09:03 ET from Conference Board of Canada

Local food sales produce significant economic benefit; impact greatest in Quebec and Ontario

OTTAWA, Aug. 20, 2013 /CNW/ - Food grown and consumed locally across Canada should be more deeply integrated into the broader national food distribution system; a move that would benefit local producers and ultimately the whole food economy, according to a new Conference Board of Canada report released today. Most food grown locally in Canada is currently sold through large retail chains and major distributors within the  food system, a pattern that is likely to continue.

"Local food is a growing part of the Canadian food system and interest has surged in recent years," said Michael Bloom, Vice-President, Organizational Effectiveness and Learning. "What we're finding is that there is room to expand the role of local food systems in Canada, and that in doing so, there are significant economic benefits to be realized."

The Centre for Food in Canada report, Cultivating Opportunities: Canada's Growing Appetite for Local Food, finds that the economic impact of local food systems is most significant in Quebec and Ontario.

Across Canada, 20 per cent of food is consumed within the same province in which it is produced—a widely-used definition of local food. Quebec leads with 29 per cent of the province's overall food production (in total dollar value) being consumed by Quebecers. In Ontario, 24 per cent of food produced (by value) is eaten within the province. Locally-produced food also makes up a substantial share of the food consumed in British Columbia (16 per cent) and Nova Scotia (13 per cent).

For the purposes of this research, local food is defined as food consumed as close to where it is produced and processed as is reasonably possible, taking into account regional differences in seasonality and availability.


  • Interest in local food is being driven by concerns about quality, health and nutrition, food safety, local economics and farmers, and the environment.
  • The bulk of local food in Canada is sold through large retail chains and major distributors, a pattern that is expected to continue in the future.
  • Local food systems have economic benefits for a wide range of businesses. The largest economic benefits go to small and medium sized producers, as well as retailers and food service operators that focus on niche and premium markets.
  • Local food is not a stand-alone solution to public concerns about the food system. Non-local food plays an important role in providing Canadians with access to a wide variety of products; Canada also benefits from global trade in food.

Consumers indicate that some of their motivation for purchasing local food is to support their local economy and farmers. Many also believe that local produce is fresher than alternatives. Availability and convenience, as well as the price of some local food products, are the main barriers preventing consumers from buying local food.

The report recommends a number of actions that could support local food systems.

  • Provide small and medium producers with additional information and guidance on direct marketing and selling local products to large retailers in the broader food system.
  • Retailers, food service operators and distributors should extend their work with local producers to increase the availability and visibility of local food, and label these products as local.
  • Governments - both provincial and local - could expand their leadership in local food marketing and labeling initiatives.
  • Public sector institutions could make procurement of local food a priority when cost-effective and efficient to do so.

The principal goal of the Centre for Food in Canada is to engage stakeholders from business, government, academia, associations, and communities in creating a Canadian Food Strategy —one that will meet the country's need for a coordinated, long-term strategy on industry prosperity, healthy and safe food, household food security, and environmental sustainability.


SOURCE Conference Board of Canada