Surgery Largest, Most Complex of Its Kind; 80 Percent of Trauma Patient's Face Transplanted
In a 22-hour procedure performed within the past two weeks, surgeons transplanted 80 percent of a woman's face who suffered severe facial trauma -- essentially replacing her entire face, except for her upper eyelids, forehead, lower lip and chin. For the privacy and protection of those involved, no information will be released on the patient, the donor or their families. (A written statement from the patient's sibling is available at http://www.clevelandclinic.org/face.)
This is the largest and most complex face transplant in the world, integrating different functional components such as nose and lower eyelids, as well as different tissue types including, skin, muscles, bony structures, arteries, veins and nerves.
"This work demonstrates the Cleveland Clinic's commitment to improving the lives of patients through innovation," said Delos M. "Toby" Cosgrove, M.D., President and CEO,
The transplant team was led by Maria Siemionow, M.D., Ph.D., Director of Plastic Surgery Research and Head of Microsurgery Training, who received worldwide attention in
"As a physician, one of the most rewarding things we can do is to restore the quality of life to a patient," said Siemionow (pronounced "SEMM-ih-nof"). "Patients with facial disfigurement have very difficult challenges in society. We hope that one day we may be able to help the tens of thousands of patients who are quietly suffering."
Cleveland Clinic Dermatology and Plastic Surgery Institute led the face transplant surgery, partnering with the Cleveland Clinic Head & Neck Institute. Staff members from psychology/psychiatry, bioethics, social work, anesthesia, transplant, nursing, infectious disease, dentistry, ophthalmology, pharmacy, environmental services and security were also significantly involved.
The team included:
- Maria Siemionow, M.D., Ph.D., Director of Plastic Surgery Research; Head of Microsurgery Training
Frank A. Papay, M.D., Chairman of the Dermatology and Plastic Surgery Institute Daniel S. Alam, M.D., Facial Plastic Surgeon Risal Djohan, M.D., Plastic Surgeon Steven L. Bernard, M.D., Plastic Surgeon Mark Hendrickson, M.D., Head of Hand Surgery Robert F. Lohman, M.D., Plastic Surgeon John J. Fung, M.D., Ph.D., Chairman of the Department of General Surgery; Director of the Transplant Center Bijan Eghtesad, M.D., Staff Surgeon in the Departments of General Surgery and Transplantation Chad Gordon, D.O., Fellow in the Department of Plastic Surgery
Press kits are available online at http://www.clevelandclinic.org/face.
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