Global Industrial and Specialty Gases Industry

Mar 16, 2011, 16:31 ET from Reportlinker

NEW YORK, March 16, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Global Industrial and Specialty Gases Industry

http://www.reportlinker.com/p0397811/Global-Industrial-and-Specialty-Gases-Industry.html

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Industrial and Specialty Gases in billion cubic feet by the following product segments: Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Others. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East, and Latin America. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2007 through 2015. Also, a seven-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. The report profiles 84 companies including many key and niche players such as Air Liquide, American Air Liquide Holdings, Inc., Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Airgas, Inc., Praxair, Inc., Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation, and The Linde Group. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are mostly extracted from URL research and reported select online sources.

INDUSTRIAL AND SPECIALTY GASES MCP-2081

A GLOBAL STRATEGIC BUSINESS REPORT

CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY & PRODUCT DEFINITIONS 1

Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations 1

Disclaimers 2

Data Interpretation & Reporting Level 3

Quantitative Techniques & Analytics 3

Product Definitions and Scope of Study 3

Acetylene 3

Argon 4

Carbon Dioxide 4

Hydrogen 5

Nitrogen 5

Oxygen 5

Other Industrial and Specialty Gases 6

2. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 7

A 9-Year Outlook for the Industrial and Specialty Gases Industry 7

Key Input in Majority of Industrial Processes 8

Relatively Stable 8

Demand Grows at Premium to GDP 8

Highly Capital-Intensive 9

High Barriers to Entry 9

Limited International/National Trade 10

Differentiation by Service/Application/Price 10

Highly Innovative Industry 10

New Applications are Vital 10

Potential New Applications 10

Hydrogen as an Alternative Fuel 10

High-Pressure Jet Cleaning Using Dry Ice Pellets of CO2 11

Neutralization of Alkaline Wastewater with Carbon Dioxide 11

Current & Future Analysis 11

Table 1: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Industrial and Specialty Gases Analyzed - Annual Sales

Figures in US$ Million for the Years 2007 through 2015

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 11

3. MARKET TRENDS 12

Industrial Gas Market Reels Under the Impact of Recession 12

Upbeat Outlook for Industrial and Specialty Gases 12

Changing Paradigms for Growth: The Two H Engine 13

Increasing Investments, New Applications and Outsourcing -

Accelerate Growth 13

Need for Containing Costs Sparks New Demand 13

Higher Capital Investments Limit The Profitability 14

Increasing Capacity Utilization Absorbs Idle Capacity 14

Environmental Applications Driving Growth 14

Investments Continue Despite Economic Slouch 15

Industrial Gases en route the Developing Economies 15

Market Maturity Doesn't Bar New Growth 15

The BOC Take over Fiasco: Axing the Industry's Consolidation

Spirit 15

Feeble Pricing Flattens the Liquid Gases Market 16

Liquid Nitrogen Market Softens 16

Outsourcing Industrial Gases is a Growing Trend 16

Onsite Gas Generators: One Time Investment for on Time Supply 16

E-Commerce a Promising Revenue Generator 17

Soaring Input Costs Push up Prices of Industrial Gases 17

Companies Initiate Value Added Services 17

Scrubbing in Petrochemicals 17

Sand-Jet Process 18

Test Gases 18

Water Ice and CO2 Jets 18

Cooling Chemical Reactors 18

Drying Out Large Plants 18

4. COMPETITIVE SCENARIO 19

An Overview 19

Table 2: Leading Players in Global Market for Industrial and

Specialty Gases (2009): Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales

for Air Liquide, The Linde Group, Praxair, Air Products,

TNSC, Airgas and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 19

Table 3: Leading Players in Global Market for Packaged Gas

(2009): Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Airgas,

Praxair PDI, Matheson Tri-Gas, Air Liquide, Linde and Others

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 19

Focus on Key Growth Strategies 20

Industry Vibes in Quest for Profitability 20

Reinforcing the Core Competencies 20

Trend Towards Globalization in the Industrial Gases Industry 20

Consolidation: A Solid Industrial Growth Strategy 20

The Linde Group Breaks the Shackles 21

Competing Globally and Co-operating Locally: The New Mantra

for Survival 21

Smart Targeting Opportunities for Industrial Gas Companies 21

Competitors' Profiles 22

L' Air Liquide 22

Table 4: Leading Geographic Markets for L'Air Liquide

(2008): Percentage Breakdown for Gas and Services Value

Sales by Region - Europe, Americas, Asia-Pacific and Middle

East & Africa (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 22

Focusing on the Southeast Asian Markets 22

Strong Presence in the Electronics Market 22

Table 5: Leading End-Use Markets for L' Air Liquide (2008):

Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales by Industrial Customer,

Large Industries, Health Care and Electronics (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 23

Proven Expertise in Non-Cryogenic Processes 23

The Linde Group 23

Strategic Positioning in Geographic Regions and Product

Segments 23

Market Leader in Cylinder and Bulk Sales 23

Table 6: The Linde Group's Distribution Channel (200 )-

Percentage Breakdown by Value Sales for Cylinders,

Merchant/Bulk, Onsite and Healthcare (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 24

Focus Towards High-Growth Gases 24

Table 7: Leading Gas Segments for The Linde Group (2007)-

Percentage Breakdown by Value Sales for Healthcare,

Hydrogen, Electronics and Other (includes corresponding

Graph/Chart) 24

Key Player in Electronic Gases 24

Table 8: World Leaders in Electronic Gases (2009):

Percentage Share Breakdown by Players-Air Products, Taiyo

Nippon Sanso, Air Liquide, Linde, Praxair and Others

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 25

Praxair 25

Industrial and Specialty Gases, Largest Volume Products 25

Major Market Position in Non-Cryogenic Market Technology 25

Sales Break-up 26

Table 9: Leading Geographic Markets for Praxair (2009):

Percentage Breakdown for Value Sales by North America,

South America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Others (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 26

Air Products and Chemicals 26

Non-Cryogenic Business to Provide Volume Growth in Future 26

Sales Break-up by Distribution Channel 27

Table 10: Air Products' Distribution Channels for

Industrial Gases (2008): Percentage Breakdown by Value

Sales for Onsite, Packages Gases & Specialty Materials,

Liquid/Bulk and Equipment & Services (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 27

Table 11: Leading End-Use Market for Air Products and

Chemicals' (2008): Percentage Breakdown by Value Sales for

Energy, Chemicals, General Manufacturing, Electronics,

Metals, Medical, Food, and Others (includes corresponding

Graph/Chart) 27

Airgas 28

The Hub-and-Spoke Strategy: The Key to Successful Business

Expansion 28

Objective to be the Lowest Cost Supplier 28

5. A SEGMENTAL ANALYSIS 29

Table 12: Leading Companies in Worldwide Hydrogen Market

(2008): Percentage Breakdown by Volume Sales for Air Products,

Praxair, Linde, Air Liquide, and Others (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 29

Carbon Dioxide 29

Future Demand Growth Likely in Markets Other than the US 29

Other Industrial and Specialty Gases 29

Profile of the Specialty Gases Industry 29

Table 13: World Specialty Gas Market (2009): Percentage

Share Breakdown by Types -Atmospheric gases, Noble gases,

Carbon gases, Halogen gases and Others (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 30

6. A PROFILE OF END USER INDUSTRIES 31

End User Profile for Industrial and Specialty Gases 31

Table 14: World Market for Industrial and Specialty Gases

(2009): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Sales by End-Use

Industry - Refining and Chemicals Processing, Metal

Fabrication and Production, Medical, Electronics, Food, Pulp

& Paper, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 32

Major End-User Industries 32

Chemical Process Industry 32

Main End Use Segments in the Chemical Industry 32

Major Growth Determinants 33

Metal Industry 33

Steel Industry - A Major End User of Oxygen and Nitrogen 33

Electronics and Semiconductors Industry 33

Table 15: Leading Players in Global Electronic Industrial

Gas Market (2009): Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for

Air Products, Taiyo Nippon Sanso, Air Liquide, Linde,

Praxair, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 34

Ultra Pure Gases: Ongoing Slowdown Blues 34

Changing Demand Profile for Industrial Gases 35

Healthcare Showing Healthy Growth Opportunities 35

7. PRICING 36

Pricing - An Influential Factor 36

Distribution Mode: A Key Pricing Factor 36

Power Costs: Other Major Determinant of Gas Prices 37

Merchant Market in the US: Most Visible 37

Key Players Announce Price Hikes 37

Price Fluctuations 38

Nitrogen 38

Carbon Dioxide 38

Chilled Seasonal Supplies 38

Price Fixation for CO2 Quotas 38

Helium 38

Industry Outlook on the Pricing Pattern and Changing

Prerogatives 39

8. MODES OF DELIVERY 40

Tonnage/On-Site/Pipeline 40

Cryogenic On-Site 41

Piggyback Liquefiers 41

Non-Cryogenic Air Separation 41

Factors Determining System Choice 42

Positive Growth to Continue 42

Current Investment Geared towards On-Site Projects 43

Liquid/Merchant/Bulk 43

Small-Scale Non-Cryogenic On-Site Plants Also Serve Liquid

Market 44

Compressed/Cylinders/Packaged Gas 44

Low-Margin 'Hardgoods' 44

Packaged Gas Business Generates Strong Cash Flows 45

The 'Hub and Spoke' Strategy of Airgas 45

Advances in Cylinder Gas Business 46

9. PRODUCT OVERVIEW 47

Nitrogen 47

Application Areas 48

New Applications Fueling Growth 49

High-tech Industry Processes Need Increasingly Pure N2 49

Liquid Nitrogen Provides Shear Cooling Solution 49

Nitrogen Critical for Production of Semiconductor Chips 50

Petroleum Industry- Important Source of Incremental Demand 50

Oxygen 50

Table 16: End Use Markets for Oxygen (2008): Percentage

Breakdown by Volume Sales* for Metal Production, Chemicals,

Cutting & Welding, Medical, Pulp & Paper, and Others

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 50

Application Areas 51

Steel and Chemical Industries: Major Consumers of Oxygen 52

Mode of Delivery 52

Trends Boosting the Oxygen Market 53

Environmental Regulations Drive the Oxygen Market 53

Growing Market in Environmental Remediation 53

Blast Furnaces Replacing Coke with O2 53

Mandatory Cuts in Noxious Fume Emissions Drives Demand for O2 53

O2 Increasingly Replacing Chlorine in Pulp Bleaching 54

New Bleaching Recipes Spell Opportunity for Suppliers 54

Increased Demand in Primary Metal Production 54

Emerging Applications 54

Pure O2 Replaces Air in Oxidation 55

Oxygen as an Oxidant in Gasification 55

Oxygen for Bleaching Textiles 55

Oxygen to Recover Gold From Refractory Ore and Toxic Tailings 55

Oxygen in Hydrotreating of Crude 55

Hydrogen 56

Application Areas 57

Refining and Chemicals - Major End-Use Applications of Hydrogen 57

Table 17: World Market for Hydrogen (2007): Percentage

Breakdown of Value Sales by End-Use Application - Refining,

Chemicals, Metals, Food, Electronics, Glass and Others

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 57

New Applications for Hydrogen 58

Clean Gains in the Green Backdrop 58

Fuel Cells: An Important Future Application of Hydrogen 58

Growing Use of Hydrogen in Batch-Annealing by Steel Makers. 59

Hydrogen for Heat Treating: Hotting Up Worldwide 60

Delivery Mechanisms for Hydrogen 60

Developments Impacting Hydrogen Market 60

Petroleum Industry Likely to Lead in the Production of

Hydrogen 60

Clean Air Act Fuels Demand for Hydrogen 61

Challenges for Hydrogen in Penetrating into Automobile Market 61

Carbon Dioxide 61

Uses of Carbon Dioxide 62

Table 18: End Users of Carbon Dioxide (2009): Percentage

Breakdown by Volume Sales* for Food Industry, Beverage

Industry, Welding and Others (includes corresponding

Graph/Chart) 63

Trailblazing Applications for CO2 63

Food-Safety Interventionism Buoys the Growth 63

Carbon Dioxide for Water Treatment and Other Potential

Applications 63

Super Critical Carbon Dioxide for Super Cleaning of Wafers

and Extraction of Toxic Metals 64

High-Pressure Jet Cleaning Using Dry Ice 64

CO2 Foam Blowing to Replace CFCs and HCFCs 64

CO2 for Manufacturing Acetylene 65

Formic Acid Direct from CO2 65

CO2 Dissolved in Water To Produce Methane & Acetic Acid 65

Greener Way to Process Bio-molecules 65

Solid CO2 to Clean Sensitive Electronic Test Equipment 66

Carbon Dioxide as an Alternative to Chlorofluorocarbons 66

CO2 as an Extinguishing Agent 66

Carbon Dioxide to Pasteurize Fruit Juices 67

Carbon Dioxide in Recycling of Sludge from Metalworks 67

Carbon Dioxide in Development of Extremely Fine Particles

in Paint and Drug Industry 67

Carbon Dioxide Washes Brownstock in Paper and Pulp Industry 67

Carbon Dioxide to Lower pH of Alkaline Water 67

Carbon Dioxide as Coolant in Automobiles 68

Carbon Dioxide as Coolant in Food and Beverage Industry 68

Carbon Dioxide to Treat Heavy Metal Contaminated Soil 68

Argon 68

Application Areas 69

New Applications 69

Making Halon-based Fire Extinguishers Gone! 69

Betting with the Best in Packaging 70

Compounding Possibilities with New Compounds 70

Liquid Argon from Cryo: Dispelling the Cylinders 70

Acetylene 71

Chemical Sector Largest End-Use Segment 71

Acetylene in Internal Combustion Engines 71

Cheaper Petrochemical Feedstock Replacements: A Potential

Threat 71

Technology Enhancements: Turning Corners in the Sagging

Markets 72

New Applications 72

Go-Tec Develops Acetylene-based, Dual-Fuel System 72

Specialty Gases 72

Helium 73

Uses of Helium 73

Table 19: Helium Application Areas Worldwide (2008):

Percentage Share Breakdown by Cryogenic Applications,

Pressurizing and Purging, Welding Cover Gas, Controlled

Atmospheres, Leak Detection and Others (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 74

Special Gas Mixes for Use-Specific Applications 74

Patented Helium Recovery Systems: Set in the Cycle Again 75

Other Specialty Gases 75

10. PRODUCTION PROCESS 76

Two Production Processes 76

Cryogenic Production 76

Non-Cryogenic Production 76

Pressure/Vacuum Swing Adsorption (PVSA) 76

Membrane Technology 77

Dynamics of Non-Cryogenic Market 77

Purity - A Crucial Limiting Factor 77

Effect of Non-Cryogenic Gases on Merchant Market 78

Company Specific Technology Strengths 78

New Technology Shaping Industrial Gases Industry 78

Complex Plants Built by Gas Companies 78

Electricity - Major Input Cost for Producing Gases 79

11. TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN RECENT PAST 80

Parker Domnick Hunter Develops 40H-ICP Hydrogen Generator 80

Praxair Commercializes High Purity Hydrogen 80

Carbon Dioxide from Power Plant Flue Gas 80

SC Fluids and Air Products to Develop Photoresist Stripping

Agent 80

Improvements in Steam Methane Reforming Technology 80

New Nitrogen Manufacturing Machine from Alliance Gas Systems 81

CO2 Solution Develops Bioreactor-based Carbon Dioxide

Recycling Technology 81

Engelhard Corporation Launches New Method for Nitrogen

Extraction 81

Nitrogen to Cool Plastic Extrusion Process 81

Nitrogen to Facilitate Gas-Assisted Injection Molding 81

Potential Applications of Nitrogen in Semiconductor Industry 81

Vacuum Carburizing: A Budding Opportunity 82

Cojet Gas Injection System Technology for Basic Oxygen

Furnaces in Steel Industry 82

Oxygen to Add Fizz to Soft Drinks 82

Steam Methane Reforming Technology Now Economical for Small

Plants 82

Messer Griesheim Manages Hydrogen Supply in a Novel Way 82

Hydrogen from Risky Hydrocarbon Waste 82

Hydrogen from Seawater 83

Natural Gas - Source for Hydrogen Supply 83

Kemgas Technology for Acetylene Production 83

Air Products Develops the World's Largest Helium Liquefier 83

Air Products Augments the BIP Helium and Nitrogen Cylinder

Technology Suite 83

12. PRODUCT INTRODUCTIONS/INNOVATIONS 84

Linde Canada Launches ECOCYL OSQ Specialty Gas Cylinder 84

Linde Gases Introduces New Series of Welded Panels 84

Linde Launches Ionic Compressor Systems 84

Linde Gases Introduces HiQ® 60 Range of Calibration Gases 84

Phymetrix Introduces New Analyzers for Specialty and Process

Gases 85

Air Liquide Launches 2 Scott™ EPA Protocols 85

MOCON Unveils New Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen Analyzer 85

Shell Canada Introduces Gasolines with Nitrogen Enrichment 86

Air Products Launches New Models of XeCovery® Xenon Recovery

System 86

Linde North America Introduces New LINSPRAY® CO2 Cooling

Technology 86

Linde North America Unveils New LASGON® H Shielding Gaseous

Mixtures 86

Air Products Extends Series of Certified Calibration Gas

Mixtures 87

Drax Introduces BEAT2 in the UK 87

Air Products Launches New GASGUARD® Very High Flow System 87

13. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY 88

Air Products to Acquire Airgas Inc 88

Air Liquide Takes Over Cryogas 88

MTG Takes Over Western International 88

MTG and K-Air Gases India Form JV 88

The Gas Co. Teams Up with General Motors for Hydrogen Project 89

Air Liquide Collaborates with Sasol Synfuels 89

Praxair China Inks Agreement with Marcegaglia 89

SCIPIG Receives Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen Supply Order

from BPUS 89

Praxair Bags Contract from SAIL 90

Air Liquide to Expand Capacity in India 90

Linde Gases to Upgrade Specialty Gases Plant in South Africa 90

Linde Merges Customer Services Operations at New Facility in

the US 90

Messer Group Commissions New CO2 Liquefaction Plant 91

Airgas Acquires Tri-Tech 91

Airgas Takes Over Fitch Industrial and Welding Supply 91

MTG Acquires Valley National Gases 91

Kyiv Carbon Dioxide Plant and OJSC Linde Gas Ukraine to Merge 92

CIGI Merges with BPC Gas 92

Air Liquide Acquires Majority Interest in Al Khafrah

Industrial Gases 92

Xebec Adsorption Merges Operations with QuestAir 92

Investcorp to Buy Stake in Gulf Cryo 92

Spectra Gases Renames to Linde 93

INOX Air Products Inks Two New Deals with PV Makers 93

Air Products Wins Supply Order from CHINT Solar 93

Praxair Secures Contract from IOC 93

Linde Gases to Supply Helium to NASA 94

Linde Gases to Supply Specialty Gases to Nestle Oil 94

Linde Bags Supply Contract from Bosch Solar 94

Air Liquide Establishes New Facilities in Muscat and Sohar 94

Airgas Acquires Northeast Gas Technologies 94

Praxair Distribution Pockets Kirk Welding Supply Inc. 95

Airgas Acquires Merriam-Graves 95

Air Liquide Group Takes Over Pure Helium 95

KOGAS to Form Joint Venture with UNG 95

Air Products Inks Agreement with Nestlé Waters North America 96

Rivoira to Supply Gas Delivery Equipments to Silfab SpA 96

Linde Gases and Tartu University Sign Agreement 96

The Linde Group Divests Cryogas to Indura 96

14. CORPORATE ACTIVITY IN RECENT PAST - A PERSPECTIVE BUILDER 97

Air Liquide Acquires Scott Specialty Gases 97

Air Liquide Acquires Lurgi 97

Air Liquide to Acquire Linde Gas UK 97

Air Liquide Acquires Team One Technologies Inc. 97

Air Products Supplies Specialty Gas and Chemical Equipment to

New Austin Site 98

Praxair to Form Joint Venture for Supply of Packaged Gases 98

Praxair to Acquire AGA S.A. de C.V. 98

The Linde Group Pockets Birlesic Oksijen Sanayi A.S 99

Air Liquide Acquires Controlling Interests in its Joint

Venture Companies 99

Private Group of CCMP Acquires Vacuum & Semiconductor

Operations of BOC Edwards 100

Air Products & Chemicals Acquires BOC Gazy Sp zoo 100

Airgas Acquires Lehner & Martin 100

Airgas Acquires Major Portion of Linde AG's US Packaged Gas

Business 100

Valley National Gases Acquires Mitchell Industrial Supply 101

Discount Investment Signs Agreement to Acquire Additional

Stake In Maxima 101

Praxair Distribution Acquires Rite Weld Supply 101

Praxair Distribution Acquires Wilson Welding & Medical Gases 101

Linde Group Forms Joint Venture with ADNOC 101

SOL to Erect a New Plant in Hoechst Industry Park 101

Praxair Wins EU Approval to Acquire 50% Interest in Yara

Industrial Gases Unit 102

Air Liquide to Construct a New Industrial Gas Plant in the

Germany 102

Airgas Pockets Central Welding Supply, and Texas Industrial Gas 102

Messer Group and Hoa Phat Join Forces for New Industrial Gas

Plant Establishment 102

Linde Acquires Controlling Interest in Malaysian Oxygen 102

Air Liquide Inaugurates Research Complex in Newark 102

Air Liquide Severstal Establishes Gas Production Unit 103

Linde Signs Agreement with Ningbo Wanhua Polyurethane 103

15. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS 104

Air Liquide (L' Air Liquide S.A.) (France) 104

American Air Liquide Holdings, Inc. (US) 104

Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (US) 105

Airgas, Inc. (US) 105

Praxair, Inc. (US) 106

Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation (Japan) 106

The Linde Group (Germany) 107

16. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE 108

Table 20: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Industrial and Specialty Gases by Geographic Region - US,

Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle

East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with

Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2007

through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 108

Table 21: World Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty

Gases by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,

Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin

American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales

Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2000 through 2006

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 109

Table 22: World 11-Year Perspective for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown

of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific

(excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets for

Years 2005, 2010 & 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 110

Table 23: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Acetylene by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,

Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin

American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales

Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2007 through 2015

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 111

Table 24: World Historic Review for Acetylene by Geographic

Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia- Pacific (excluding

Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently

Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for

Years 2000 through 2006 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 112

Table 25: World 11-Year Perspective for Acetylene by

Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for

US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),

Middle East, and Latin American Markets for Years 2005, 2010

& 2015(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 113

Table 26: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Argon by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,

Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin

American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales

Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2007 through 2015

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 114

Table 27: World Historic Review for Argon by Geographic

Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding

Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently

Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for

Years 2000 through 2006 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 115

Table 28: World 11-Year Perspective for Argon by Geographic

Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada,

Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East,

and Latin American Markets for Years 2005, 2010 & 2015

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 116

Table 29: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Carbon Dioxide by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan,

Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and

Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual

Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2007 through

2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 117

Table 30: World Historic Review for Carbon Dioxide by

Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia- Pacific

(excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets

Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion

Cubic Feet for Years 2000 through 2006 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 118

Table 31: World 11-Year Perspective for Carbon Dioxide by

Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for

US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),

Middle East, and Latin American Markets for Years 2005, 2010

& 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 119

Table 32: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Hydrogen by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,

Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin

American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales

Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2007 through 2015

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 120

Table 33: World Historic Review for Hydrogen by Geographic

Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding

Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently

Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for

Years 2000 through 2006 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 121

Table 34: World 11-Year Perspective for Hydrogen by Geographic

Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada,

Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East,

and Latin American Markets for Years 2005, 2010 & 2015

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 122

Table 35: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Nitrogen by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,

Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin

American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales

Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2007 through 2015

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 123

Table 36: World Historic Review for Nitrogen by Geographic

Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia- Pacific (excluding

Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently

Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for

Years 2000 through 2006 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 124

Table 37: World 11-Year Perspective for Nitrogen by Geographic

Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada,

Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East,

and Latin American Markets for Years 2005, 2010 & 2015

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 125

Table 38: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Oxygen by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,

Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin

American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales

Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2007 through 2015

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 126

Table 39: World Historic Review for Oxygen by Geographic

Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding

Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently

Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for

Years 2000 through 2006 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 127

Table 40: World 11-Year Perspective for Oxygen by Geographic

Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada,

Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East,

and Latin American Markets for Years 2005, 2010 & 2015

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 128

Table 41: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Other Industrial and Specialty Gases by Geographic Region -

US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),

Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed

with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years

2007 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 129

Table 42: World Historic Review for Other Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan,

Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and

Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual

Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for Years 2000 through

2006 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 130

Table 43: World 11-Year Perspective for Other Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of

Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific

(excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets for

years 2005, 2010 & 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 131

17. THE UNITED STATES 132

A.Market Analysis 132

Current & Future Analysis 132

Petroleum Refining, Metal Processing: Key Drivers of Future

Growth 133

Oxygen and Nitrogen: Chief Industrial Gases 133

Industry Consolidation on the Move 134

Trade Dynamics 134

Imports 134

Table 44: Imports of Argon in the US (2008& 2009): Annual

Percentage Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$) 134

Table 45: Imports of Hydrogen in the US (2008& 2009):

Annual Percentage Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$) 134

Table 46: Imports of Nitrogen in the US (2008& 2009):

Annual Percentage Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$)

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 135

Table 47: Imports of Oxygen in the US (2008& 2009):

Annual Percentage Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$)

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 136

Exports 137

Table 48: US Exports of Argon (2008& 2009): Annual

Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$) (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 137

Table 49: US Exports of Hydrogen (2008 & 2009): Annual

Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$)) (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 138

Table 50: US Exports of Nitrogen (2008& 2009): Annual

Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$) (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 139

Table 51: US Exports of Oxygen (2008& 2009): Annual

Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$) (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 140

Restructuring Attempts: In Quest for Resurgence 140

Landscape of the US Industrial and Specialty Gases 141

Table 52: Leading Players in US Industrial Gas Market

(2008): Percentage Share Breakdown by Value Sales for Air

Liquide, Linde, Praxair, Air Products, TNS, Airgas and

Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 141

Statistics in the Past 142

Table 53: Leading Players in US Liquid Carbon Dioxide

Market (2003 & 2004): Percentage Breakdown by Volume Sales

for BOC, Praxair, Airgas, Air Liquide, EPCO and Others

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 142

Table 54: Leading Companies in US Merchant Gaseous Carbon

Monoxide Market (2003 & 2004): Percentage Breakdown by

Production Capacity for Air Liquide, Air Product, BOC,

Praxair and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 142

Table 55: Leading Companies in US Merchant Gaseous Hydrogen

Market (2003 & 2004): Percentage Breakdown by Production

Capacity for Air Liquide, Air Products, BOC, Linde AG,

Praxair and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 143

Distribution Scenario for Packaged Gas 143

Prices on a Roller Coaster Ride 144

New Capacity Expansions 144

Focus on Select Key Players 144

B.Market Analytics 145

Table 56: US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -

Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,

Oxygen, and Other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets

Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion

Cubic Feet for the Years 2007 through 2015 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 145

Table 57: US Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty

Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide,

Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Other Industrial and

Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual

Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2000

through 2006 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 146

Table 58: US 11-Year Perspective for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of

Annual Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide,

Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Other Industrial and

Specialty Gases Markets for years 2005, 2010 &

2015(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 147

18. CANADA 148

A.Market Analysis 148

Current & Future Analysis 148

Leading Companies 148

Market Trends 148

Environmental Regulations Drive Demand for Oxygen 148

Oxygen Recovers Gold from Refractory Ore and Toxic Tailings 148

B.Market Analytics 149

Table 59: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis

for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -

Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,

Oxygen, and Other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets

Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion

Cubic Feet for the Years 2007 through 2015 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 149

Table 60: Canadian Historic Review for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,

Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Other

Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently

Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet

for the Years 2000 through 2006 (includes corresponding

Graph/Chart) 150

Table 61: Canadian 11-Year Perspective for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of

Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide,

Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Other Industrial and

Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2005, 2010 &

2015(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 151

19. JAPAN 152

A.Market Analysis 152

Industry Overview 152

Current & Future Analysis 152

An Analysis of Select Segments 152

Favorable Demand for Hydrogen & Nitrogen 152

Low Demand for Oxygen 152

Reflects the Economy 153

Declining Unit Prices 153

Research on the Use of Hydrogen as a Source of Energy 153

Key Players 153

B.Market Analytics 154

Table 62: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis

for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -

Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,

Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets

Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion

Cubic Feet for the Years 2007 through 2015 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 154

Table 63: Japanese Historic Review for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,

Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other

Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently

Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for

the Years 2000 through 2006 (includes corresponding

Graph/Chart) 155

Table 64: Japanese 11-Year Perspective for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of

Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide,

Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and

Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2005, 2010 & 2015

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 156

20. EUROPE 157

A.Market Analysis 157

Industry Overview 157

Current & Future Analysis 157

Market Share of Leading Players 157

Table 65: European Market for Industrial and Specialty

Gases (2006): Market Shares of the Leading Players by

Value Sales- Linde, Air Liquide, Air Products, Praxair and

Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 157

Market Trends 157

Renewables Directive: The Pacemaker for the Growth of

Hydrogen 157

Environmental Applications: Greener Pastures for Growth 158

Changing Landscape in the Eastern European Marketplace 158

Nitrogen and Oxygen: Best Sales Prospects in Eastern Europe 158

Market for Oxygen Driven by Environmental Regulations 158

Increase in Demand for Hydrogen by European Refineries 159

Increasing Liaison with FTC: Axing Industry's

Consolidation Spirit 159

B.Market Analytics 160

Table 66: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis

for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Geographic Region -

France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Russia, and

Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual

Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2007

through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 160

Table 67: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis

for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -

Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,

Oxygen, and Other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets

Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion

Cubic Feet for the Years 2007 through 2015 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 161

Table 68: European Historic Review for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Geographic Region - France, Germany,

United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe

Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in

Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2000 through 2006

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 162

Table 69: European Historic Review for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,

Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other

Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently

Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for

the Years 2000 through 2006 (includes corresponding

Graph/Chart) 163

Table 70: European 11-Year Perspective for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown

of Volume Sales for France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy,

Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2005,

2010 & 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 164

Table 71: European 11-Year Perspective for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of

Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen,

Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases

Markets for the Years 2005, 2010 & 2015 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 165

20a. FRANCE 166

A.Market Analysis 166

Current & Future Analysis 166

Market Share of Leading Players 166

Table 72: French Market for Industrial and Specialty Gases

(2006): Market Shares of the Leading Players by Value Sales

-Air Liquide, Linde, Air Products, Praxair and Others

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 166

Key Player 166

B.Market Analytics 167

Table 73: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -

Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,

Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets

Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion

Cubic Feet for the Years 2007 through 2015 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 167

Table 74: French Historic Review for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,

Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other

Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently

Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for

the Years 2000 through 2006 (includes corresponding

Graph/Chart) 168

Table 75: French 11-Year Perspective for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of

Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide,

Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and

Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2005, 2010 &

2015(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 169

20b. GERMANY 170

A.Market Analysis 170

Current & Future Analysis 170

Competitive Scenario 170

Table 76: German Market for Industrial and Specialty Gases

(2006): Market Shares of the Leading Players by Value Sales

-Linde, Air Liquide, Praxair, Air Products and Others

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 170

Focus on Key Players 170

B.Market Analytics 171

Table 77: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -

Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,

Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets

Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion

Cubic Feet for the Years 2007 through 2015 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 171

Table 78: German Historic Review for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,

Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other

Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently

Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for

the Years 2000 through 2006 (includes corresponding

Graph/Chart) 172

Table 79: German 11-Year Perspective for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of

Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide,

Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and

Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2005, 2010 & 2015

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 173

20c. ITALY 174

A.Market Analysis 174

Current & Future Analysis 174

B.Market Analytics 174

Table 80: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for

Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment -

Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen,

Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets

Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion

Cubic Feet for the Years 2007 through 2015 (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) 174

Table 81: Italian Historic Review for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Acetylene, Argon,

Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other

Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently

Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for

the Years 2000 through 2006 (includes corresponding

Graph/Chart) 175

Table 82: Italian 11-Year Perspective for Industrial and

Specialty Gases by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of

Volume Sales for

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