Reportlinker Adds Green Energy in China: Renewable Sources, Capacity Growth and the Future Outlook

Oct 19, 2010, 13:06 ET from Reportlinker

NEW YORK, Oct. 19 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Green Energy in China: Renewable sources, capacity growth and the future outlook

http://www.reportlinker.com/p0315838/Green-Energy-in-China-Renewable-sources-capacity-growth-and-the-future-outlook.html

China is one of the fastest growing economies in the Asia-Pacific region. Despite the global economic slowdown in 2008 and 2009, China continued to add new generation capacity to meet the anticipated rise in demand for electricity in the future. Presently, China is the world's second largest total primary energy consumer, second only to the US. China has also emerged as the largest CO2 emitter in the world. As China's economy continues to grow, its demand for electricity is anticipated to grow. Hence, China is expected to promote the development of renewable energy technology. The country promotes the development of renewable energy technology via combination of laws, feed-in tariff mechanism, programs, and policies. These encourage the development and utilization of renewables for electricity generation.

This report documents the growth of the Chinese renewable energy market, showing its current status and projecting where it is likely to grow to in the foreseeable future.

This document gathers the statistical data on the different types of energy generation, combines and contrasts them against each other to show the clear leaders, drivers to change and future growth.

Key Features

• Overview of China's electricity market with focus on renewable energy. Analysis of energy type volumes, and capacity installed in China.

• Growth of renewables – installed capacity and generation, government mandates and incentives, and comparative economics.

• Information and analysis by renewable energy sector – wind, solar, biomass, hydro, and geothermal.

• Installed capacity and generation, global comparison, key players, economics, drivers, resistors, and outlook for each renewable energy sector.

Key Benefits

• Achieve a quick and comprehensive understanding of how China's market trends and legislation are influencing the development of the renewable energy market.

• Assess the emerging trends in renewable energy technology – wind, solar, biomass, hydropower, and geothermal - capacity and generation.

• Quantify value and volume growth potential in China's electricity market and in energy generation technology type.

• Understand the major issues affecting general electricity market and renewable electricity in particular.

• Predict the key growth areas in China's renewable energy industry.

Key findings

China has reportedly succeeded in achieving a net reduction of 600m tons of carbon dioxide annually through the use of renewable energy. China's share of renewable energy was 8% of its total primary energy consumption in 2009.

China has overtaken Germany in terms of global cumulative installed wind power capacity in 2009. Further, China is increasing its presence in the off-shore wind segment by investing in this sector.

Additional investments through government support aiming at solar power technological advancements would help China achieve 20GW of solar PV installed capacity by 2020 from the current levels of 160MW of annual installed solar PV capacity.

Although growth prospects of biomass power generation exist, China's biomass market is yet to scale up to a commercial level. China is expecting to achieve 30GW of installed biomass capacity by 2020, while improving the process of feedstock collection.

Falling water resource availability and negative impact on environment is likely to limit large hydro power expansion in China beyond 2020. The Chinese government is expected to encourage growth of small hydropower growth as it creates less environmental damage when compared to large hydro.

Key questions answered by this report

• What are the drivers and resistors shaping and influencing the renewable energy industry in China?

• How will renewable energy technologies capacity share perform to 2020? What are the opportunities?

• What is the policy framework governing the renewable energy market?

• Which renewable energy technology types are likely to grow strongly?

• What is the potential of various renewable energy technologies?

Table of Contents

Disclaimer 2

Executive summary 12

Market overview 12

Wind power 13

Solar power 14

Biomass 15

Hydropower 16

Geothermal 17

Future outlook 17

Chapter 1 Market overview 19

Summary 19

Overview of the global electricity market 20

Overview of China's electricity market 22

Demand for electricity 22

Installed generation capacity and generation 22

China's primary energy trends 24

Electricity market structure 27

Overview of China's renewable energy market 29

Installed generation capacity and generation 29

Drivers of renewable energy 30

Rising carbon emissions 30

Chinese government mandates and incentives 31

Modernizing the national grid 33

Resistors of renewable energy 35

High cost of technology makes electricity generation using renewables expensive 35

Price mechanism varies across renewable energy technologies 35

Unconnected power grid hampers large scale renewable energy integration 35

Fragmented T&D structure hinders electricity generation via renewables 36

Delay in project approvals due to bureaucratic procedures 37

Others 37

Comparative economics 37

Global comparison 41

Chapter 2 Wind power 43

Summary 43

Wind power market overview 44

Current scenario of the wind power market 44

Installed generation capacity and generation 44

China's wind resources 47

China's key offshore wind power construction sites 48

Global comparison 49

Key players 53

Economics 56

Drivers of wind power 57

Regulatory framework supports wind power development 57

Identification of wind power potential to aid further development 57

The role of economic stimulus 58

Supportive government policies 59

Change in Chinese wind turbine's domestic component manufacturing requirement 60

Active international presence 61

Resistors of wind power 61

Differences in product quality of domestically manufactured wind turbines 61

Tariff rate differences 61

Transmission delays 62

Dependence on imported technologies 62

Wind power outlook 62

Chapter 3 Solar power 65

Summary 65

Solar power market overview 66

Current scenario of the solar power market 66

Installed generation capacity and generation 66

Global comparison 69

Key players 71

Economics 71

Drivers of solar power 72

Geographic advantage 72

Concentrating solar power (CSP) technology to drive solar power growth 73

Government incentives 73

Emerging low cost production base 74

Resistors of solar power 75

Absence of national level solar PV policy 75

High dependence on imports threatens the domestic growth of solar PV market 75

Lack of grid connectivity 76

Solar power outlook 76

Chapter 4 Biomass 80

Summary 80

Biomass power market overview 81

Current scenario of the biomass power market 81

Installed generation capacity and generation 81

China's main biomass feedstock 82

Global comparison 86

Key players 87

Economics 87

Drivers of biomass 88

Abundant biomass resource availability 88

Government support promotes biomass market growth 88

Direct-fired biomass power generation technology to grow 88

Growing significance of biofuels 89

Resistors of biomass 89

Barriers to co-firing generation 89

Lack of land availability hinders bio-fuels production 90

Biomass outlook 90

Chapter 5 Hydropower 92

Summary 92

Hydropower market overview 93

Current scenario of the hydropower market 93

Installed generation capacity and generation 93

Global comparison 97

Key players 98

Economics 99

Drivers of hydropower 99

Abundant resources available 99

Government incentives and mandates promote small hydropower growth 99

Resistors of hydropower 103

Ecological concerns to moderate hydropower growth 103

High capital intensive 104

Hydropower outlook 104

Chapter 6 Geothermal 106

Summary 106

Geothermal power market overview 107

Current scenario of the geothermal power market 107

Installed generation capacity and generation 107

Global comparison 107

Key players 108

Economics 108

Drivers of geothermal 109

Emerging geothermal potential 109

Resistors of geothermal 109

Geothermal power outlook 110

Chapter 7 Future outlook 111

Summary 111

Outlook for the Chinese electricity sector 112

Outlook for renewables 115

Wind power 116

Solar power 117

Biomass 118

Hydropower 119

Geothermal 121

Appendix 122

Abbreviations 122

References 124

Table of figures

Figure 1: World electricity generation 2009 (%), 2010 21

Figure 2: China's installed generation capacity 2005–09 (GW), 2010 23

Figure 3: China's electricity generation 2005–09 (TWh), 2010 24

Figure 4: China's primary energy trends, 2004–08 (10,000 tons of SCE), 2009 26

Figure 5: China's primary energy production in 2008 (% of total primary energy production),

2009 27

Figure 6: China's power grid structure, 2009 29

Figure 7: China's independent power grid structure, 2009 36

Figure 8: China's cumulative installed wind power capacity 2005–09 (MW), 2010 45

Figure 9: China's wind power net generation 2004–08 (bn kWh), 2010 46

Figure 10: China's wind energy resources (W/m2), 2008 48

Figure 11: China's key offshore wind power construction sites, 2010 49

Figure 12: Global cumulative installed wind power capacity 2009 (MW), 2010 51

Figure 13: Global new installed wind power capacity 2009 (MW), 2010 52

Figure 14: China's key players and installed wind power capacity 2009 (MW), 2010 55

Figure 15: China's wind power generation projections 2015–35 (bn kWh), 2010 64

Figure 16: China's cumulative installed solar PV capacity 2005–09 (MW), 2010 67

Figure 17: Division of China's solar resources, 2009 68

Figure 18: Global cumulative installed solar PV power capacity 2009 (MW), 2010 70

Figure 19: China's annual installed solar PV power capacity 2010–14 (MW), 2010 78

Figure 20: China's projected cumulative installed solar PV generation capacity 2010–2014 (MW),

2010 79

Figure 21: China's cumulative installed biomass capacity 2004–08 (MW), 2009 82

Figure 22: China's additional installed biomass generation capacity (%), 2009 83

Figure 23: China's biomass and waste electricity net generation 2004–08 (bn kWh), 2010 84

Figure 24: Biomass power generation plants in China, 2009 85

Figure 25: Potential available biomass resources in China 2030 (%), 2008 91

Figure 26: China's installed hydropower generation capacity 2004–08 (GW), 2010 94

Figure 27: China's installed small hydropower generation capacity 2004–08 (MW), 2009 95

Figure 28: China's hydropower net generation 2004–08 (bn kWh), 2010 96

Figure 29: Installed small hydropower generation capacity in China, 2010 102

Figure 30: China's hydropower generation projections 2015–2035 (bn kWh), 2010 105

Figure 31: China's total installed generation capacity 2007–35 (GW), 2010 113

Figure 32: China's total installed generation capacity 2035 (%), 2010 114

Figure 33: China's total population 2009–2050 (bn), 2009 115

Figure 34: Installed wind generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010 117

Figure 35: Installed solar generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010 118

Figure 36: Biomass installed power generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010 119

Figure 37: Installed hydropower generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010 120

Table of Tables

Table 1: World electricity generation 2005–09 (TWh), 2010 21

Table 2: China's installed generation capacity 2005–09 (GW), 2010 23

Table 3: China's electricity generation 2005–09 (TWh), 2010 24

Table 4: China's primary energy trends, 2004–08 (10,000 tons of SCE), 2009 25

Table 5: China's primary energy production 2004–08 (% of total primary energy production),

2009 27

Table 6: China's renewable electricity net generation by source 2004–08 (bn kWh), 2010 30

Table 7: China's renewable energy deployment targets, 2005–2020 34

Table 8: Cost of electricity generation by fuel type, 2008 38

Table 9: Highlights of provisional administrative measures on pricing and cost sharing for

renewable energy power generation, January 2006 40

Table 10: Cumulative installed renewable energy capacity rankings, 2009 42

Table 11: China's cumulative installed wind power capacity 2005–09 (MW), 2010 45

Table 12: China's wind power net generation 2004–08 (bn kWh), 2010 46

Table 13: Global cumulative installed wind power generation capacity 2009 (MW), 2010 50

Table 14: Global new installed wind power capacity 2009 (MW), 2010 52

Table 15: China's key players and installed generation capacity 2009 (MW), 2010 54

Table 16: China's wind power generation projections 2015–35 (bn kWh), 2010 64

Table 17: China's cumulative installed solar PV capacity 2005–09 (MW), 2010 67

Table 18: Division of China's solar resources, 2009 69

Table 19: Global cumulative installed solar PV capacity 2009 (MW), 2010 70

Table 20: China's annual installed solar photovoltaic (PV) generation capacity 2010–14 (MW),

2010 77

Table 21: China's projected cumulative installed solar PV generation capacity 2010–14 (MW),

2010 78

Table 22: China's cumulative installed biomass capacity 2004–08 (MW), 2009 81

Table 23: China's additional installed biomass generation capacity 2004–08 (MW), 2009 83

Table 24: China's biomass and waste electricity net generation 2004–08 (bn kWh), 2010 84

Table 25: Top five countries biomass capacity rankings (2009), 2010 86

Table 26: Potential available biomass resources in China 2006– 2030 (100m tce), 2008 91

Table 27: China's installed hydropower generation capacity 2004–08 (GW), 2010 93

Table 28: China's installed small hydropower generation capacity 2004–08 (MW), 2009 95

Table 29: China's hydropower net generation 2004–08 (bn kWh), 2010 96

Table 30: Top five countries hydropower capacity rankings (2009), 2010 98

Table 31: Installed small hydropower generation capacity in China, 2010 102

Table 32: China's hydropower generation projections 2015–2035 (bn kWh), 2010 105

Table 33: China's total installed generation capacity 2007–35 (GW), 2010 113

Table 34: China's total population 2009–2050 ('000), 2009 115

Table 35: Installed wind generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010 116

Table 36: Installed solar generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010 118

Table 37: Installed biomass power generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010 119

Table 38: Installed hydropower generation capacity 2009 and 2020 (GW), 2010 120

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Cleantech Industry: Green Energy in China: Renewable sources, capacity growth and the future outlook

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