Reportlinker Adds Utility-scale Electricity Storage Technologies: Global Markets

Dec 14, 2010, 14:16 ET from Reportlinker

NEW YORK, Dec. 14, 2010 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Utility-scale Electricity Storage Technologies: Global Markets

http://www.reportlinker.com/p0341180/Utility-scale-Electricity-Storage-Technologies-Global-Markets.html

THIS REPORT CONTAINS

Descriptions of various types of electric energy storage (EES) technologies, including pumped-hydro, compressed-air energy, lead-acid batteries, sodium-sulfur batteries, vanadium-redox-flow batteries, flywheels, superconducting magnetic storage and supercapacitors

Analysis of global market trends, with data from 2009, estimates for 2010, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2015

Evaluations of EES-related patents issued during the past 3 years

Comprehensive profiles of major companies.

INTRODUCTION 

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

BCC's goal in conducting this study was to assess and describe the current status and assess the potential growth of the worldwide utility-scale electricity storage (UES) technology industry and the market for associated storage technologies. More specifically, the study included the following objectives: (1) summarize existing UES technologies and promising emerging technologies that are under development; (2) evaluate the existing UES technology industry, focusing on the manufacturers and providers of major components for viable storage technologies; and (3) assess market potential for UES technologies over a 5-year period from 2010 through 2015.

REASONS FOR COMPLETING THIS STUDY

With the exception of the recent period immediately following the global economic turndown, global demand for electricity is expected to continue to increase through at least the next two decades. However, much of the world's electricity generation industry is in the midst of a turning point. In support of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions reduction regulations and industry trends, the electricity generation sector is in the process of transitioning generally away from coal- and oil-fired electricity production, and toward the installation of increasing proportions of renewables. However, many renewable energy resources are intermittent in nature: Solar cells only generate electricity when the sun is shining, and wind turbines only generate power when sufficient wind is blowing. To meet consumer electricity demand, which is often not aligned with available renewable power production capacity, very large-scale energy storage technologies are needed.

The purpose of this report is to provide a regional assessment of the UES market potential, as well as existing and projected future market sizes. This is an important scope, because UES markets vary substantially based on regional characteristics and on the technology in question. Two UES technologies, compressed air energy storage (CAES) and pumped hydrologic storage (PHS) are considered in this report, because these two technologies are capable of storing sufficient energy to be relevant at the utility scale — hundreds to thousands of megawatts (MWs) generation capacity. Pumped hydrologic storage and compressed air energy storage require substantially different geologic and climatic conditions (sufficient topographic relief, land area, and water for PHS; and sufficient subsurface geology for CAES). Within this context, this report identifies the basis and installation/market potential for UES demand in each region, within the 2010–2015 timeframe.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This study reviews UES technologies, along with relevant market and production information, technological descriptions and issues, applications, and market factors and potential, and gives an overview of supporting incentives and regulations in major worldwide markets. This study will be of interest to current and potential manufacturers and suppliers of UES technologies and components, as well as venture capitalists, entrepreneurs, and entrepreneurial companies interested in entering or expanding into the UES technology sector. It will also be of interest to corporate planners and strategists, companies involved in the production of combustion turbines, hydro turbines, compressors, pumps, and other infrastructure required for the implementation of UES technologies, as well as other energy efficiency advocacy groups, and other public- and private-sector interest groups and market analysts.

SCOPE OF REPORT AND METHODOLOGY

The scope of this investigation includes the major viable UES technologies that are currently being implemented in the power generation industry. These technologies are implemented to temporarily store electricity during periods of available generation capacity, for subsequent use during periods of increased demand, in support of load leveling and grid balancing. The energy storage technologies discussed in this report are increasingly deployed in support of intermittent renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind energy, which frequently generate power outside of peak demand periods. In these cases, UES technologies can facilitate delivery of renewable power to end users during periods of high and peak use, in support of utility level regulations and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction strategies, which are increasingly common in the global electricity market.

Installation and operation of UES technologies can include various products and components such as injection pumps, wellheads, compressors, expanders, gas turbines, hydro turbines, dams, centrifugal pumps, and a suite of other equipment and facilities. Other important requirements for installation of UES technologies may include, depending upon the specific technology employed, sufficient geological resources such as subterranean caves, aquifers, or abandoned/sealed mine shafts, or surface features such as an existing reservoir or reservoir site, typically located in areas of high topographical relief, and frequently including substantial biological and other natural resources. Although substantial amounts of water and air may be required for operation of UES technologies, these specific requirements are not considered UES products within this report, because they are supplied at relatively little to zero direct cost, unlike mechanical and other components, which must be purchased separately.

The market analysis provided in this report is based on a variety of data sources. These include the most recent government, industry, and academic data regarding the projected level of demand for utility-scale electricity storage technologies that could potentially translate into UES projects. These data were supplemented with an evaluation of major EOR projects that have been announced, or that are currently being proposed. Therefore, this report provides a comprehensive review of available data to provide a realistic, robust, and accurate assessment of this quickly changing market.

Emerging UES technologies anticipated to be commercially viable within the next 5 years are summarized, but are not included in the market assessment of this report. BCC analyzes each major viable utility-scale energy storage technology, determines its current market status, examines its impact on future markets, and presents forecasts of growth over the next 5 years. Technological issues, including the latest trends, are assessed and discussed, as are the current and likely regulatory environments in support of this industry.

BCC analyzes the industry on a worldwide basis in terms of its manufacturing and the deployment of its technologies or products. BCC examines government roles in support of EOR technologies worldwide, including regulatory support, government requirements, and promotional incentives for various UES technologies as relevant and available. BCC provides a review of the most relevant UES technologies, discusses recent trends in capacity installation and unit sales, and provides industry overviews and market assessments for each UES technology.

Worldwide Markets

The following table provides a review of the major worldwide markets that were assessed in support of this study.

TABLE A

LIST OF GLOBAL MARKETS CONSIDERED IN THIS STUDY

Market Countries/Regions Included

North America United States, Canada, Mexico

Europe All European nations except Iceland, including the portion of Russia located west of the Ural Mountains.

Asia/Australia All Asian countries (excluding the Middle East, Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan). The Philippines were considered, but other South Pacific islands are not included. However, many Asian countries do not have significant installed UES capacities.

Source: BCC Research

METHODOLOGY

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this study. Background information, including reviews of each UES technology and its implementation status, were collected from government and industry sources. Specific citations and references are provided as needed to support this study, and website links to government and industry studies, white papers, and other relevant information are provided as relevant and available.

BCC's research of present and historic market trends was conducted primarily via phone interviews and Internet research, relying on personal interviews and available governmental data. Provided internal company data and annual documentation of sales relevant to each UES technology were also reviewed in order to prepare market assessments. Based on the results of our surveys and research, BCC analyzed the potential applications for each technology, and forecast remaining 2010 sales and sales through 2015.

Market sizes and installed capacity figures were calculated based upon data obtained from surveyed parties, as well as published government and industry data sources. Additionally, when available, the data provided in this report were compared with other industry data to ensure relevance, applicability, and accuracy.

TABLE B

RESEARCH INFORMATION SOURCES

Portion of BCC Report Information Source Primary or Secondary

Review of UES technologies and products Scientific, government, and industry research Secondary

Regulatory support for UES Government documents Primary and secondary

Industry structure and market overview Industry interviews, industry and government data Primary

Major companies and company profiles Industry interviews, published financial and trade information Primary

Market assessment and projections Industry interviews, industry and government documents and data, BCC Research calculations Primary

Source: BCC Research

INFORMATION SOURCES

Both primary and secondary research methods were used in preparing this report. BCC surveyed more than 60 companies and industry insiders to obtain the data for this study. Included were manufacturers of UES technologies, distributors of UES technologies, engineering firms involved in the UES industry, emerging technology developers, and current and former UES project developers, worldwide. Additionally, BCC compiled data from current financial and trade information, industry associations, and government sources.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

Robert Eckard has more than a decade of experience working in the energy and environmental industries. Currently pursuing a PhD in water and energy resources at the University of California at Davis, Robert also runs a small industry research and technical consulting company, with an emphasis on energy/water/ environmental sectors. Robert has provided economic analysis market assessments, environmental analysis, and technical water and energy reports to state and local governments, other consultants, and private companies and individuals throughout the U.S., Australia, and Singapore. He also works as a subcontractor under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), providing analysis in support of electric power generation, including fossil and renewable energy technologies. Previously, he has produced reports for BCC Research on the global markets for residential and commercial solar thermal technologies, industrial- and utility-scale solar thermal technologies, distributed generation (DG) technologies, energy-efficiency technologies, and enhanced oil recovery. Robert takes great pride in providing high-quality, well-researched, and thorough analysis.

Chapter- 1: INTRODUCTION -- Complimentary

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1

REASONS FOR COMPLETING THIS STUDY 1

INTENDED AUDIENCE 2

SCOPE OF REPORT AND METHODOLOGY 2

WORLDWIDE MARKETS 3

TABLE A LIST OF GLOBAL MARKETS CONSIDERED IN THIS STUDY 4

METHODOLOGY 4

TABLE B RESEARCH INFORMATION SOURCES 5

INFORMATION SOURCES 5

ANALYST CREDENTIALS 5

RELATED REPORTS 6

BCC ONLINE SERVICES 6

DISCLAIMER 6

Chapter-2: SUMMARY

SUMMARY 7

SUMMARY TABLE UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY SALES, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 8

SUMMARY FIGURE UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY SALES, 2008-2015 ($ MILLIONS) 8

Chapter-3: OVERVIEW

TABLE 1 UES TECHNOLOGIES CONSIDERED IN THIS REPORT (MW) 9

WHAT ARE UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES? 9

WHAT ARE UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY …(CONTINUED) 10

BRIEF HISTORY 11

COSTS AND ECONOMIC VIABILITY 12

PUMPED HYDROLOGIC STORAGE 12

COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE 13

BENEFITS OF UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES 14

GRID BENEFITS 14

Load Leveling 15

FIGURE 1 STYLIZED REPRESENTATION OF A DAILY LOAD CURVE 16

Capacity Factor/Dispatch for Intermittent Renewables 16

Peaking Power Support 17

OFFSET OF NEEDED PEAKING POWER GENERATION CAPACITY 18

OFFSET OF NEEDED RENEWABLE GENERATION CAPACITY 19

ECONOMIC BENEFITS 20

Energy Arbitrage 20

Investment Deferral 20

RENEWABLE ENERGY DISPATCH AND TIMING BENEFITS (ABILITY TO MEET RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGETS, ETC.) 20

Renewable Energy Dispatch and…(Continued) 21

FIGURE 2 EXAMPLE OF OFFSET RENEWABLE GENERATION: WIND GENERATION PROFILE FOR CALIFORNIA (MW) 22

DRAWBACKS OF UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES 22

PHYSICAL CONSTRAINTS AND LAND REQUIREMENTS 23

WATER USE 23

ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS 24

ENERGY LOSS DURING STORAGE 25

ECONOMIC RISK 25

DESCRIPTION OF UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES AND SYSTEM COMPONENTS 26

PUMPED HYDROLOGIC STORAGE 26

FIGURE 3 SALINA (OKLAHOMA) PUMPED STORAGE PROJECT 27

FIGURE 4 PHS SYSTEM UTILIZES SEAWATER, OKINAWA, JAPAN 28

FIGURE 5 EXCAVATED PHS CONCEPT 29

Pumps and Turbines 29

FIGURE 6 CROSS SECTION OF A REVERSIBLE PUMP TURBINE 30

FIGURE 7 REVERSIBLE PUMP TURBINE DURING ASSEMBLY 31

FIGURE 8 GENERATOR FOR A REVERSIBLE PUMP TURBINE 31

COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE 32

FIGURE 9 HUNTORF CAES 33

FIGURE 10 MCINTOSH CAES 33

Compressed Air Energy Storage…(Continued) 34

FIGURE 11 SCHEMATIC REPRESENTATION OF A CAES SYSTEM 35

Air Compressors 35

FIGURE 12 AXIAL AIR COMPRESSOR (LEFT) AND RADIAL AIR COMPRESSOR (RIGHT) 36

Intercoolers and Aftercoolers 36

Recuperators 37

Expanders 37

FIGURE 13 AIR EXPANDER 38

Gas Turbine 38

FIGURE 14 STANDARD GAS TURBINE WITH COMPRESSOR SECTION 39

Generators 39

FIGURE 15 MCINTOSH GAS TURBINE (BOTTOM), GENERATOR (TOP), AND EXHAUST (RIGHT) 40

UTILITY APPLICATIONS 40

TABLE 2 UTILITY APPLICATIONS OF PHS AND CAES 41

EMERGING UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES 41

FIGURE 16 COMPARISON OF PHS, CAES, AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES 42

OVERVIEW OF SMALL-SCALE AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES 42

CAES Heat Storage and Advanced Adiabatic CAES 43

Lead-Acid Batteries 43

Lithium-Ion Batteries 43

Sodium-Sulfur Battery Systems 44

Vanadium Redox Battery Systems 44

Zinc-Bromine Battery Systems 44

Ultracapacitors 44

Flywheels 44

REVIEW OF RELEVANT EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES AND POTENTIAL FOR MARKET READINESS 45

FIGURE 17 COMPARISON OF PHS, CAES, AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES 45

Review of Relevant … (Continued) 46

Chapter-4: REGULATORY SUPPORT AND INCENTIVES FOR CAES AND PHS ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES

REGULATORY SUPPORT AND INCENTIVES… 47

UNITED STATES REGULATORY SUPPORT AND INCENTIVES 48

FEDERAL 49

U.S. Internal Revenue Service 49

Renewable Electricity Production Tax Credit 49

TABLE 3 RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION TAX CREDIT: IN-SERVICE DEADLINE 2013 (¢/KWH) 50

Qualifying Advanced Energy Manufacturing Investment Tax Credit 50

Clean Renewable Energy Bonds 51

Clean Renewable … (Continued) 52

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds 53

U.S. Department of the Treasury 54

Renewable Energy Grants 54

U.S. Department of Energy 55

Green Power Purchasing Goal 55

Loan Guarantee Program 56

Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program 56

Temporary Loan Guarantee Program 57

Smart Grid Investment Grant Program 58

Initiative to Expand Hydropower 59

Renewable Electricity Production Incentive 59

U.S. Department of Agriculture 60

USDA Rural Energy for America Program — Grants and Loan Guarantees 60

SELECT STATE-LEVEL STANDARDS AND INCENTIVES 61

Alaska 62

Renewable Energy Grant Recommendation Program 62

Arizona 63

Renewable Energy Business Tax Incentive 63

Property Tax Assessment for Renewable Energy Property 64

Renewable Energy Standard 65

TABLE 4 ARIZONA RENEWABLE ENERGY AND DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE QUOTAS (RETAIL ELECTRICAL LOAD % [% OF RENEWABLE ENERGY QUOTA]) 66

California 67

Renewable Portfolio Standard 67

Renewable … (Continued) 68

Renewable … (Continued) 69

Colorado 70

Renewable Energy Property Tax Assessment 70

TABLE 5 2009 COLORADO RENEWABLE ENERGY PROPERTY TAX ASSESSMENT COST THRESHOLD VALUES ($/KW) 70

New Energy Economic Development Grant Program 71

Renewable Energy Standard 72

Requirement for Investor-Owned Utilities 72

TABLE 6 COLORADO RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARD QUOTAS FOR INVESTOR-OWNED UTILITIES, 2007–2020 AND BEYOND 73

Distributed Generation Carve-out (Investor-Owned Utilities Only) 73

TABLE 7 COLORADO RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARD QUOTAS FOR WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTED GENERATION OR RETAIL DG CARVE-OUT, 2011–2020 AND BEYOND (%) 73

Requirement for Cooperatives and Municipal Utilities 73

TABLE 8 COLORADO RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARD QUOTAS FOR ELECTRIC COOPERATIVES AND MUNICIPAL UTILITIES, 2008–2020 AND BEYOND (%) 74

Credit Multipliers 74

Hawaii 75

Farm and Aquaculture Alternative Energy Loan 75

High Technology Business Investment Tax Credit 76

Renewable Energy Project Bond Program 77

Iowa 77

Alternative Energy Law (AEL) 77

Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption 78

Maine 79

Renewable Portfolio Standard 79

TABLE 9 MAINE RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO STANDARD CLASS I STANDARD SCHEDULE, 2008–2017 AND BEYOND (%) 80

Maine Wind Energy Goals 80

Maryland 81

Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard 81

TABLE 10 MARYLAND RENEWABLE ENERGY PORTFOLIO STANDARD COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS, 2006–2022 AND BEYOND (%) 82

Renewable … (Continued) 83

Renewable … (Continued) 84

Michigan 85

Renewable Energy Standard 85

TABLE 11 MICHIGAN RENEWABLE ENERGY STANDARD, ANNUAL BENCHMARKS, 2012–2015 86

Renewable …(Continued) 87

Renewable …(Continued) 88

New Mexico 89

Interconnection Standards 89

New York 90

Renewable, Clean Energy and Energy Efficient Product Manufacturing Incentive Program 90

Renewable, (Continued) 91

Oklahoma 92

Zero-Emission Facilities Production Tax Credit 92

Oregon 93

Business Energy Tax Credit 93

Business … (Continued) 94

Business … (Continued) 95

Pennsylvania 96

DECD Alternative Clean Energy Program 96

DECD … (Continued) 97

Loans 98

Grants 98

Loan Guarantees 98

Texas 99

Austin — Renewables Portfolio Standard 99

Renewable Generation Requirement 100

TABLE 12 TEXAS RENEWABLE GENERATION REQUIREMENT COMPLIANCE SCHEDULE, 2007–2015 (MW) 101

Renewable … (Continued) 102

Department of Rural Affairs — Renewable Energy Demonstration Pilot Program 103

INTERNATIONAL REGULATORY SUPPORT AND INCENTIVES: EUROPE 104

European Union 104

EU Climate and Energy Package: Renewable Energy Targets 104

An Energy Policy for Europe 105

European Council Action Plan (2007–2009) Energy Policy for Europe 106

Seventh Framework Program for Research and Technological Development 107

TABLE 13 ENERGY RESEARCH UNDER FP7 107

Strategic Energy Technology Plan: Toward a Low Carbon Future 108

Directive on the Taxation of Energy Products and Electricity 108

Austria 109

Klima: Aktiv Program 109

Targets for Renewables: 2007–2010 Government Program 110

Belgium 110

Offshore Domanial Concessions for Wind and Ocean Energy Production 110

Offshore Wind Plant in the North Sea 111

Federal Green Certificate Scheme 111

Flanders: Green Certificate Scheme: 112

Wallonia: Green Certificate Scheme: 112

Denmark 113

Energy Research Programme 113

Electricity Supply Act 113

Subsidies for Renewable Electricity Generation 114

Replacement Scheme for Wind Turbines on Land 115

Agreement on Danish Energy Policy 2008–2011 116

Promotion of Renewable Energy Act 117

Feed-in Premium Tariffs for Renewable Power 118

Feed-in …(Continued) 119

France 120

Wind Energy Programme 120

Electricity Law 2000 120

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership 120

Hydropower Revival Plan 121

Germany 122

Green Power 122

Renewable Energy Sources Act (Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz EEG) 2004 123

Renewable Energy …(Continued) 124

2009 Amendment of the Renewable Energy Sources Act 125

KfW Renewable Energies Program (KfW-Programme Erneuerbare Energien) 126

Greece 126

Development Incentives for Renewable Energy Sources 126

Italy 127

RES Promotion — Decrees Implementing Directive 2001/77/EC 127

Portugal 128

Wave Energy Pilot Zone 128

Renewable Feed-in Tariffs 128

Spain 128

Offshore Wind Power Regulations 128

Feed-in Tariffs for Electricity from Renewable Energy Sources 129

New Regulatory Framework for Administrative Procedures for Renewable Energy Facilities 130

Cabinet of Ministers Ruling for Wind and Solar Thermal Electric Energy Quotas 130

United Kingdom 131

Renewable Energy Strategy 2009 131

Offshore Wind Capitol Grants Scheme 132

INTERNATIONAL REGULATORY SUPPORT AND INCENTIVES: ASIA AND AUSTRALIA 133

Australia 133

Renewable Energy Target 133

Clean Energy Program 133

Renewable Energy Demonstration Program 134

Improving Grid Accessibility 134

China 135

Preferential Tax Policies for Renewable Energy 135

Medium- and Long-Term Development Plan for Renewable Energy 135

Wind Power Concession Programme 136

India 137

Indonesia 137

National Energy Blueprint 137

New Zealand 138

Marine Energy Deployment Fund 138

Thailand 138

Strategic Plan for Renewable Energy Development 138

Chapter-5: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

INDUSTRY ORGANIZATION 139

FIGURE 18 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE FOR PROCUREMENT/INSTALLATION OF PHS AND CAES TECHNOLOGIES 140

UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE DEVELOPERS 140

ENGINEERING AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT CONTRACTORS 141

COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND FABRICATORS 142

CONSTRUCTION AND PROCUREMENT CONTRACTORS 142

RAW MATERIALS PRODUCERS 143

GLOBAL INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 143

NORTH AMERICA 143

Industry Trends 143

FIGURE 19 CUMULATIVE TOTAL PHS INSTALLATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES, BY CAPACITY (MW) 144

Major Industry Players 145

TABLE 14 MAJOR NORTH AMERICAN UES COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND ENGINEERS 146

Major North American UES Industry Facets 146

EUROPE 147

Industry Trends 147

Industry Trends (Continued) 148

FIGURE 20 PHS INSTALLATIONS IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES, TOTAL INSTALLED CAPACITY (MW) AND PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL GENERATION CAPACITY AS PHS (%) 149

Major Industry Players 149

TABLE 15 MAJOR EUROPEAN UES COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND ENGINEERS 150

Major European UES Industry Facets 150

ASIA AND AUSTRALIA 151

Industry Trends 151

FIGURE 21 CUMULATIVE TOTAL PHS INSTALLATIONS IN CHINA, BY CAPACITY (MW) 152

Major Industry Players 152

TABLE 16 MAJOR ASIAN UES COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND ENGINEERS 153

Major European UES Industry Facets 153

UES INDUSTRY ORGANIZATIONS 154

TABLE 17 MAJOR UES INDUSTRY GROUPS AND ORGANIZATIONS 154

Chapter-6: COMPANY PROFILES

PUMPED HYDROLOGIC STORAGE PRODUCTS AND SYSTEMS 155

TURBINES 155

ABB, Ltd. 155

North American Corporate Headquarters 155

TABLE 18 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ABB, LTD. 156

Alstom Hydro S.L. 157

Alstom Power, Inc. 157

TABLE 19 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ALSTOM HYDRO S.L. 158

American Hydro 158

TABLE 20 COMPANY OVERVIEW: AMERICAN HYDRO 159

Andritz Hydro GmbH 159

Andritz Hydro Corp. 160

TABLE 21 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ANDRITZ HYDRO GMBH 161

Ansaldo Energia 161

Milano Offices 161

TABLE 22 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ANSALDO ENERGIA 162

B. Maier Wasserkraft GmbH Anlagenbau 162

TABLE 23 COMPANY OVERVIEW: B. MAIER WASSERKRAFT 163

Bharat Heavy Electricals, Ltd. 164

TABLE 24 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BHARAT HEAVY ELECTRICALS, LTD. 165

Chongqing Lisong Electromechanical Equipment Co., Ltd. 165

TABLE 25 COMPANY OVERVIEW: CHONGQING LISONG ELECTROMECHANICAL EQUIPMENT CO., LTD. 166

Converteam Group SAS 166

Converteam, Inc. 166

Converteam Electric Machinery 166

TABLE 26 COMPANY OVERVIEW: CONVERTEAM GROUP SAS 167

Dongfang Electric Co., Ltd. 167

Dongfang — USA 168

TABLE 27 COMPANY OVERVIEW: DONGFANG ELECTRIC CORP. 168

Ebara Corp. 169

Ebara America Corp. 169

TABLE 28 COMPANY OVERVIEW: EBARA CORP. 170

Gilbert Gilkes & Gordon, Ltd. 170

Gilkes, Inc. 170

TABLE 29 COMPANY OVERVIEW: GILBERT GILKES & GORDON, LTD. 171

Global Hydro Energy GmbH 171

TABLE 30 COMPANY OVERVIEW: GLOBAL HYDRO ENERGY GMBH 172

Gugler Water Turbines GmbH 173

TABLE 31 COMPANY OVERVIEW: GUGLER WATER TURBINES GMBH 173

Harbin Electric Machinery Co., Ltd. 174

Harbin Electric, Inc. 174

TABLE 32 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HARBIN ELECTRIC MACHINERY CO., LTD. 175

Hitachi, Ltd. Power Systems Co. 175

Hitachi Power and Industrial Systems Division 175

Hitachi Power Systems America 175

TABLE 33 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HITACHI, LTD. POWER SYSTEMS CO. 176

Hunan Lingling Hengyuan Generating Equipment Co., Ltd. 177

TABLE 34 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HUNAN LINGLING HENGYUAN GENERATING EQUIPMENT CO., LTD. 178

Hyundai Ideal Electric Co. 178

TABLE 35 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HYUNDAI IDEAL ELECTRIC CO. 179

IMPSA International, Inc. 179

USA — IMPSA International 179

TABLE 36 COMPANY OVERVIEW: IMPSA INTERNATIONAL, INC. 180

Ingeteam Energy, SA 180

Ingeteam Energy, SA 181

TABLE 37 COMPANY OVERVIEW: INGETEAM ENERGY SA 182

JSC Turboengineering-Ruselprom 182

Ruselprom Trade Office 182

TABLE 38 COMPANY OVERVIEW: JSC TURBOENGINEERING-RUSELPROM 183

Kirloskar Brothers, Ltd. 183

Kirloskar Brothers, LLC 183

TABLE 39 COMPANY OVERVIEW: KIRLOSKAR BROTHERS, LTD. 184

Litostroj Power d.o.o. 185

Litostroj Power — Litostroj Hydro, Inc. 185

TABLE 40 COMPANY OVERVIEW: LITOSTROJ POWER D.O.O. 186

MarelliMotori 186

Marelli USA, Inc. 186

TABLE 41 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MARELLIMOTORI S.P.A 187

Mavel a.s. 187

Mavel a.s. 187

TABLE 42 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MAVEL A.S. 188

Meidensha Corp. 188

Meiden America, Inc. 189

TABLE 43 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MEIDENSHA CORP. 189

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. 190

Mitsubishi Electric Power Products, Inc. 190

TABLE 44 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES & MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC 191

OJSC Power Machines 191

TABLE 45 COMPANY OVERVIEW: OJSC POWER MACHINES 192

OJSC Turboatom 192

TABLE 46 COMPANY OVERVIEW: OJSC TURBOATOM 193

Orengine International, Ltd. 194

TABLE 47 COMPANY OVERVIEW: OREGINE INTERNATIONAL, LTD. 194

Ossberger GmbH + Co. 195

Ossberger Turbines, Inc. 195

TABLE 48 COMPANY OVERVIEW: OSSBERGER GMBH + CO 196

Parsons Peebles Generation, Ltd. 196

TABLE 49 COMPANY OVERVIEW: PARSONS PEEBLES GENERATION, LTD. 197

Rainpower Norway AS 197

TABLE 50 COMPANY OVERVIEW: RAINPOWER NORWAY AS 198

Reivax Automacao e Controle S/A 199

Reivax North America, LLC 199

TABLE 51 COMPANY OVERVIEW: REIVAX S/A AUTOMACAO CONTROLE 200

Rittmeyer AG 200

U.S. Sales Office 200

TABLE 52 COMPANY OVERVIEW: RITTMEYER AG 201

Sicmemotori SpA 201

North American Business Manager 201

TABLE 53 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SICMEMOTORI SPA 202

SPP Pumps 203

SPP Pumps, Inc. 203

TABLE 54 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SPP PUMPS 204

Sundyne Corp. 204

TABLE 55 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SUNDYNE CORP. 205

TES Vsetin a.s. 205

U.S. Sales Agent 205

TABLE 56 COMPANY OVERVIEW: TES VSETIN 206

Toshiba Hydro Power 206

Toshiba Hydro Power 207

TABLE 57 COMPANY OVERVIEW: TOSHIBA POWER SYSTEMS CO. 208

Tyco Flow Control — Tamar Designs 208

TABLE 58 COMPANY OVERVIEW: TYCO TAMAR DESIGNS 209

UCM Resita Turbines 209

TABLE 59 COMPANY OVERVIEW: UCM RESITA SA 210

VAP Hydro EOOD 211

TABLE 60 COMPANY OVERVIEW: VAP HYDRO EOOD 212

Voith Hydro GmbH + Co. KG 212

Peak Hydro Services, Inc. 212

TABLE 61 COMPANY OVERVIEW: VOITH HYDRO GMBH CO. KG 213

Wasserkraft Volk AG 213

TABLE 62 COMPANY OVERVIEW: WASSERKRAFT VOLK AG 214

COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE PRODUCTS AND SYSTEMS 215

ALMIG KOMPRESSOREN GMBH 215

ALMiG USA Corp. 215

TABLE 63 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ALMIG KOMPRESSOREN GMBH 216

ALSTOM POWER 216

U.S. Sales 216

TABLE 64 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ALSTOM POWER 217

ANSALDO ENERGIA 217

Milano Offices 218

TABLE 65 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ANSALDO ENERGIA 219

API HEAT TRANSFER, INC. 219

TABLE 66 COMPANY OVERVIEW: API HEAT TRANSFER, INC. 220

ATLAS COPCO GAS AND PROCESS GMBH 220

Atlas Copco Compressors, Inc. 220

TABLE 67 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ATLAS COPCO GAS AND PROCESS 221

BAUER COMP HOLDING GMBH 221

Bauer Compressors, Inc. 222

TABLE 68 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BAUER COMPRESSORS 223

BRAYTON ENERGY, LLC 223

TABLE 69 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BRAYTON ENERGY 224

BTEC TURBINES, LP 224

TABLE 70 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BTEC TUBINES, LP 225

DRESSER-RAND 225

TABLE 71 COMPANY OVERVIEW: DRESSER-RAND 226

ELLIOTT CO. 227

Ebara Corp. 227

TABLE 72 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ELLIOTT CO. 228

GE ENERGY 228

TABLE 73 COMPANY OVERVIEW: GE ENERGY 229

MAN DIESEL & TURBO SE 229

MAN Diesel PrimeServ 229

TABLE 74 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MAN DIESEL & TURBO SE 230

PARKER HANNIFIN 230

TABLE 75 COMPANY OVERVIEW: PARKER HANNIFIN 231

R&D DYNAMICS CORP. 231

TABLE 76 COMPANY OVERVIEW: R&D DYNAMICS CORP. 232

SIEMENS ENERGY 233

TABLE 77 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SIEMENS ENERGY 234

SOLAR TURBINES, INC. 234

TABLE 78 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SOLAR TURBINES, INC. 235

SOLARCAT, INC. 235

TABLE 79 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SOLARCAT, INC. 236

SSS GEARS 236

SSS Clutch Co., Inc. 236

TABLE 80 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SSS GEARS, LTD. 237

STRUTHERS WELLS 238

TABLE 81 COMPANY OVERVIEW: STRUTHERS WELLS 239

SUSTAINX 239

TABLE 82 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SUSTAINX, INC. 240

Chapter-7: MAJOR MARKETS AND TRENDS IN PRICE AND PERFORMANCE

REGIONAL MARKETS AND TECHNOLOGY CHARACTERISTICS 241

UES MARKET PREREQUISITES 242

TABLE 83 PREREQUISITES FOR UES TRACTION IN REGIONAL MARKETS 243

DEMAND FOR UES TECHNOLOGIES 243

INFRASTRUCTURE SUFFICIENCY 243

SITING CONSIDERATIONS 244

GLOBAL MARKET CENTERS 245

NORTH AMERICA 245

TABLE 84 MAJOR HISTORIC UES PROJECTS IN NORTH AMERICA (MW) 246

TABLE 85 FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION PHS PERMITTING ACTIVITY SINCE 2007 (MW) 247

FIGURE 22 LOCATIONS OF SELECT PROPOSED PHS PROJECTS 248

TABLE 86 NORTH AMERICAN CAES PROPOSED CAES PROJECTS SINCE 2007 (MW) 249

Key Drivers for the North American Market 249

FIGURE 23 CO-OCCURRENCE OF WIND RESOURCES AND GEOLOGIC FORMATIONS SUITABLE TO CAES 250

Growth Potential for the North American Market 251

North American Market Projected Trends 252

North American … (Continued) 253

TABLE 87 PROJECTED NORTH AMERICAN PHS NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 254

FIGURE 24 PROJECTED NORTH AMERICAN PHS MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 254

TABLE 88 PROJECTED NORTH AMERICAN CAES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 255

FIGURE 25 PROJECTED NORTH AMERICAN CAES MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 256

PHS Storage/Appurtenances 256

EUROPE 256

TABLE 89 MAJOR HISTORIC UES PROJECTS IN EUROPE (MW) 257

TABLE 89 (CONTINUED) 258

Europe (Continued) 259

TABLE 90 ANNOUNCED EUROPEAN PHS PROJECTS (MW) 260

FIGURE 26 ANNOUNCED EUROPEAN PHS CAPACITY, BY COUNTRY (MW) 261

TABLE 91 EUROPEAN CAES ANNOUNCED CAES PROJECTS SINCE 2007 (MW) 262

Key Drivers for the European Market 262

Key Drivers …(Continued) 263

FIGURE 27 CO-OCCURRENCE OF WIND RESOURCES AND GEOLOGIC FORMATIONS SUITABLE TO CAES 264

Growth Potential for the European Market 264

European Market Projected Trends 265

European Market … (Continued) 266

TABLE 92 PROJECTED EUROPEAN PHS NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 267

FIGURE 28 PROJECTED EUROPEAN PHS MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 267

TABLE 93 PROJECTED EUROPEAN CAES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 268

FIGURE 29 PROJECTED EUROPEAN CAES MARKET SIZES, 2008-2015 ($ MILLIONS) 269

ASIA/AUSTRALIA 269

TABLE 94 MAJOR HISTORIC UES PROJECTS IN ASIA AND AUSTRALIA (MW) 270

Asia/Australia (Continued) 271

TABLE 95 ANNOUNCED ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN PHS PROJECTS (MW) 272

Key Drivers for the Asian/Australian Market 273

Key Drivers … (Continued) 274

FIGURE 30 OCCURRENCE OF SALT FORMATIONS SUITABLE TO CAES 275

Growth Potential for the Asian/Australian Market 275

Asian/Australian Market Projected Trends 276

TABLE 96 PROJECTED ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN PHS NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 277

FIGURE 31 PROJECTED ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN PHS MARKET SIZES, 2008-2015 ($ MILLIONS) 278

TABLE 97 PROJECTED ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN CAES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 279

FIGURE 32 PROJECTED ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN CAES MARKET SIZES, 2008-2015 ($ MILLIONS) 279

OVERVIEW OF THE GLOBAL UES TECHNOLOGY MARKET AND REGIONAL COMPARISON 280

TABLE 98 GLOBAL PHS MARKET SIZES, REGIONAL COMPARISON, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 281

FIGURE 33 GLOBAL PHS MARKET SIZES, REGIONAL COMPARISON, 2008-2015 ($ MILLIONS) 281

TABLE 99 GLOBAL CAES MARKET SIZES, REGIONAL COMPARISON, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 282

FIGURE 34 GLOBAL CAES MARKET SIZES, REGIONAL COMPARISON, 2008-2015 ($ MILLIONS) 282

TABLE 100 TOTAL PROJECTED UES NEW CAPACITY, THROUGH 2015 (MW) 283

FIGURE 35 TOTAL PROJECTED UES NEW CAPACITY, 2008-2015 (MW) 283

TABLE 101 TOTAL PROJECTED UES MARKET SIZES, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 283

FIGURE 36 TOTAL PROJECTED UES MARKET SIZES, 2008-2015 ($ MILLIONS) 284

Chapter-8: APPENDIX I

APPENDIX I 285

CURRENCY CODES 285

ABBREVIATIONS OF UNITS OF MEASUREMENT 285

ACRONYMS 285

ACRONYMS (CONTINUED) 286

ACRONYMS (CONTINUED) 287

Chapter-9: APPENDIX II

APPENDIX II 288

REFERENCES 288

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