FAIRFIELD, Conn., July 1, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- The conflict and humanitarian crisis in Syria are pushing an increasing number of children into exploitation in the labor market, and much more needs to be done to reverse the trend, according to a new report released by Save the Children and UNICEF.
The report shows that inside Syria, children are now contributing to the family income in more than three quarters of surveyed households. In Jordan, close to half of all Syrian refugee children are now the joint or sole family breadwinners in surveyed households, while in some parts of Lebanon, children as young as six years old are reportedly working.
The most vulnerable of all working children are those involved in armed conflict, commercial sexual exploitation and illicit activities, including organized begging and child trafficking.
"The Syria crisis has dramatically reduced family livelihood opportunities and impoverished millions of households in the region, resulting in child labor reaching critical levels," said Dr. Roger Hearn, Regional Director for Save the Children in the Middle East and Eurasia.
"As families become increasingly desperate, children are working primarily for their survival. Whether in Syria or neighboring countries, they are becoming main economic players."
The report finds that a spiralling number of children are employed in harmful working conditions, risking serious damage to their health and well-being.
"Child labor hinders children's growth and development as they toil for long hours with little pay, often in extremely hazardous and unhealthy environments," said Dr. Peter Salama, UNICEF Regional Director for the Middle East and North Africa.
"Carrying heavy loads, being exposed to pesticides and toxic chemicals, and working long hours – these are just some of the hazards working children face every day around the region."
Three out of four working children surveyed in Jordan's vast Za'atari refugee camp have reported health problems at work, according to the report. A further 22 percent of children casually employed in the agricultural sector in Mafraq and the Jordan Valley have also been injured while working.
Moreover, children who work are more likely to drop out of school – adding to fears of a "lost generation" of Syrian children.
UNICEF and Save the Children call on partners and champions of the No Lost Generation Initiative, the wider international community, host governments, and civil society to undertake a series of measures to address child labour inside Syria and in countries affected by the humanitarian crisis.
- Improve access to livelihoods including through making more funding available for income-generating activities
- Provide quality and safe education for all children impacted by the crisis
- Prioritize ending the worst forms of child labor
- Invest in strengthening national and community-based child protection systems and services
"Syria's children are paying a heavy price for the world's failure to put an end to the conflict," the report concludes.
Save the Children gives children in the United States and around the world a healthy start, the opportunity to learn and protection from harm. We invest in childhood — every day, in times of crisis and for our future. Follow us on Twitter and Facebook.
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Francine Uenuma, firstname.lastname@example.org, (202) 450-9153
 CPWG, Syria Child Protection Assessment, 2013
 A rapid assessment on child labour in Lebanon p. 37 http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---arabstates/---ro-beirut/documents/genericdocument/wcms_210579.pdf
 UNICEF and SCI, 2014, Baseline Assessment of Child Labour among Syrian Refugees in Za'atari Refugee Camp Jordan.
 ILO, 'Rapid assessment on child labour in the agricultural sector in Mafraq and the Jordan Valley' (Ghor), June 2012-February 2014, p. 52
 SC: Futures under threat
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SOURCE Save the Children