Profile America — Sunday, April 22nd. One of the marvels of modern medicine — insulin —became available for general use this month in 1923, saving the lives of millions of people suffering from diabetes. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas and is critical in the processing of carbohydrates in the human body. The substance was first isolated the year before by a Canadian team led by Dr. Frederick Banting at the University of Toronto. The effect was like a miracle. One year, the disease was an automatic death sentence, the next, people — even children — who were affected had hopes of living full and productive lives. Diabetes is responsible for more than 71,000 deaths a year in the U.S. You can find these and more facts about America from the U.S. Census Bureau, online at www.census.gov.
Sources: 440 International Calendar of Events, Those Were the Days Statistical Abstract of the United States 2012, t. 120
Profile America is produced by the Public Information Office of the U.S. Census Bureau. These daily features are available as produced segments, ready to air, on a monthly CD or on the Internet at http://www.census.gov (look for "Multimedia Gallery" by the "Newsroom" button).