WASHINGTON, April 24, 2016 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Following is the daily "Profile America" feature from the U.S. Census Bureau:
Profile America — Sunday, April 24th. Early America certainly was a simpler society than that which we have today, but some of today's familiar institutions were part of the national experience over 200 years ago. On this date in 1795, the city of Baltimore set up a permanent, elected board of health, successor to the nation's first such appointed agency. The first board was created by Maryland's governor to cope with yellow fever epidemics beginning in 1792. At one point, the city of Baltimore quarantined or turned away travelers fleeing hard-hit Philadelphia. Board of health or no, Baltimore was affected in 1794 and hundreds died as a result. Across the country, there are 1.9 million people employed in federal, state and local government hospitals and health services. Over 700,000 are working at the local level. Profile America is completing its 19th year as a public service of the U.S. Census Bureau.
Sources: Kane's Famous First Facts, 4172
Yellow fever/accessed 2/2/2016: http://bobarnebeck.com/history.html
Early health agency/accessed 2/2/2016: http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/mdmanual/01glance/html/healloc.html
Baltimore deaths from yellow fever/accessed 2/2/2016: http://books.google.com/books?id=K6BlU1wPV7oC&pg=PA531&lpg=PA531&dq=bALTIMORE+YELLOW+FEVER+1794&source=bl&ots=TfymCm8H4p&sig=titZDMi4M5_izfuv4wUnpCqkjMk&hl=en&sa=X&ei=PShCUeXDE5al4AP-yoA4&ved=0CFcQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=bALTIMORE%20YELLOW%20FEVER%201794&f=false
Public employment in health and hospitals/national: http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=GEP_2013_EMP011&prodType=table
Public employment in health and hospitals/local: http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=GEP_2013_EMP010&prodType=table
Profile America is produced by the Center for New Media and Promotion of the U.S. Census Bureau. These daily features are available as produced segments, ready to air, on the Internet at http://www.census.gov (look for "Audio" in the "Library" pull-down menu).
SOURCE U.S. Census Bureau