WASHINGTON, July 31, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Following is the daily "Profile America" feature from the U.S. Census Bureau:
Profile America — Friday, July 31st. The first patent in the young United States was issued on this date in 1790 to Samuel Hopkins of Vermont for a new method of making potash — useful in producing soap, fertilizer, and glass. The Constitution recognized, for the first time in history, the intrinsic right of an inventor to profit from his invention. Hopkins' application was initially reviewed by Thomas Jefferson and approved by President Washington. By 1802, the U.S. Patent Office was established to process applications. More than 326,000 patents were granted last year, out of some 615,000 submissions. Potash still has uses, as in Samuel Hopkins' day. Mining it, along with soda and borate minerals, is a nearly $3 billion a year business in the U.S. You can find more facts about America from the U.S. Census Bureau online at www.census.gov.
Sources: Kane's Famous First Facts (Fifth Ed.) 4648
First patent: http://inventors.about.com/od/historypatentlaw/a/history.htm
Jefferson and Washington: http://www.ideafinder.com/history/inventions/uspatent.htm
Patents and applications: http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ac/ido/oeip/taf/us_stat.htm
Mining/NAICS 212391: http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ECN_2012_US_00A1&prodType=table
Profile America is produced by the Center for New Media and Promotions of the U.S. Census Bureau. These daily features are available as produced segments, ready to air, on the Internet at http://www.census.gov (look for "Multimedia Gallery" by the "Newsroom" button).
SOURCE U.S. Census Bureau