WASHINGTON, June 23, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Following is the daily "Profile America" feature from the U.S. Census Bureau:
Profile America — Tuesday, June 23rd. On this date in 1868, Christopher Sholes of Milwaukee, Wisconsin received a patent for the first practical typewriter. Produced in 1873, the Sholes machine even coined the term "type-writer." It also featured today's familiar but awkward placement of keys. The arrangement was specifically designed to slow down typing by widely spreading the most common letters, in the hope of preventing the keys from jamming. In the middle of the last century, about a quarter of all high school students were enrolled in typing classes. Today, even though typewriter manufacturing has dwindled to near vanishing and moved offshore, nearly 79 percent of American households have some form of keyboard in them, on their desktop or laptop computers. You can find more facts about America's people, places and economy, from the American Community Survey, at www.census.gov.
Sources: Kane's Famous First Facts, 2385
Sholes and keyboard: http://inventors.about.com/od/tstartinventions/a/Typewriters.htm
Typing classes: Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1970, p. 377
Households with desktop or laptop computers: http://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2014/acs/acs-28.pdf
Profile America is produced by the Center for New Media and Promotions of the U.S. Census Bureau. These daily features are available as produced segments, ready to air, on the Internet at http://www.census.gov (look for "Multimedia Gallery" by the "Newsroom" button).
SOURCE U.S. Census Bureau