Two decades after first federal law addressing family leave, growing calls for expanded access to affordable leave
WASHINGTON, Feb. 4, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- February 5 marks the 20-year anniversary of President Clinton's signing of the historic Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), the first federal law that guaranteed Americans protected time to care for loved ones. Since its implementation in 1993, FMLA leave has been used more than 100 million times by an estimated 35 million men and women, helping a generation of children get a healthy start in life, a generation of seniors age with greater peace of mind, and many adults care for themselves without having to sacrifice their jobs or health insurance.
"Without FMLA, we would have lost our house," says Vivian Mikhail from Maine, whose 16-month old daughter, Nadia, suffered a rare autoimmune disorder that left her completely deaf. Vivian is sharing her family's story at a February 5 press conference held by Leader Nancy Pelosi on Capitol Hill. "FMLA allowed me to care for Nadia through her illness, learn Sign Language, take her to out-of-state doctor's appointments and a deaf children's playgroup, and care for her when she got surgery for cochlear implants. FMLA meant I had a job to go back to and that I had health insurance to get us through this terrifying time. It gave my family the tools to help our daughter overcome her illness and thrive."
FMLA has proven to be enormously popular, with 88 percent of Americans who know about the law having a favorable opinion of it. The vast majority of businesses report the program is somewhat easy or very easy to comply with.
FMLA offers 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave, which workers can use to care for a new baby, a sick family member, or to recover from an illness. To be protected by FMLA, a worker must be employed by a company with 50 or more employees and work 1,250 hours per year and be on the job for at least a year.
Yet, these provisions leave out more than two-fifths of the workforce. Several million workers a year who are eligible for FMLA and need leave don't take it – mostly because they cannot afford to go without pay. FMLA leaves out workers in smaller companies and many part-timers; it has a narrow definition of family that does not include domestic partners or siblings; and it does not cover routine illnesses.
"FMLA has made a big impact on the lives, families, and jobs of millions of Americans," said Ellen Bravo, Executive Director of Family Values @ Work. "But without paid leave, millions more are unable to put family first. Families, the economy, and the workforce have changed significantly over the past 20 years. We need to expand the protections of FMLA so family leave becomes more affordable and accessible."
Mark Bartman is from Washington State, which is seeing a renewed push in the state legislature to provide funding for the Paid Parental Leave program established in 2007. Mark struggled to pay the bills when he took four unpaid weeks when his young daughter had to have open-heart surgery. "I couldn't imagine not being with my daughter and having to leave to go to work not knowing if I'd get a call saying she'd passed away," he told a legislative committee. Mark saw another child whose parents' number was on the whiteboard – they couldn't be there without risking their jobs.
"It was very heartbreaking to see that poor child alone in its bed on its own," he said.
The anniversary kicks off a month of activity in Congress, starting with a press conference organized by Leader Nancy Pelosi, in-district events with Members of Congress to discuss expanding work-family policies, and renewed momentum behind expanding the protections of FMLA at the federal level.
To spur federal policies, workers and activists from across the country are filling the gaps in FMLA through local campaigns to advance policies like paid sick days and family and medical leave insurance. These policies boost the economy by helping workers keep their families afloat during a serious illness or a birth, and by protecting Americans' jobs and paychecks when they need to take off a day to care for a sick child or recover from the flu.
Family Values @ Work is the network of 20 state coalitions working for paid sick days, family leave insurance and other policies that value families at work.
CONTACT: Emma Stieglitz, [email protected], (646) 200-5307
SOURCE Family Values @ Work