THOUSAND OAKS, Calif., Nov. 12, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Amgen (NASDAQ:AMGN) today announced that it will present 13 abstracts at the upcoming American Heart Association (AHA) Scientific Sessions 2014 being held Nov. 15-19 in Chicago, including data from studies evaluating evolocumab, an investigational fully human monoclonal antibody that inhibits proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), a protein that reduces the liver's ability to remove low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), or "bad" cholesterol, from the blood.1
"We will be sharing diverse data exploring the potential clinical utility of evolocumab at this year's AHA Scientific Sessions, including multiple new analyses that examine longer-term treatment with evolocumab, the effect on different lipid parameters and the efficacy of two dosing regimens," said Sean E. Harper, M.D., executive vice president of Research and Development at Amgen. "The medical community is keenly aware of the significant unmet need for many patients with high cholesterol, and we are continuing to work with regulatory agencies on the global filing packages we have submitted, including in the U.S. and EU."
Several of the abstracts are from the large and comprehensive evolocumab clinical trial program, PROFICIO (Program to Reduce LDL-C and Cardiovascular Outcomes Following Inhibition of PCSK9 In Different POpulations).
Data to be presented at the AHA Scientific Sessions 2014 include:
- Long-Term Reduction in Lipoprotein (a) With the PCSK9 Monoclonal Antibody Evolocumab (AMG 145): A Pooled Analysis of 3278 Patients in Phase 2, 3, and Open Label Extension Studies
Abstract 15743, Abstract Poster Session, Monday, Nov. 17, 9:30-11 a.m. CST (South Hall A2 – Core 2)
- Evaluation of the Relationship Between Evolocumab 140 mg Every Two Weeks and 420 mg Monthly Dosing Regimens
Abstract 16270, Abstract Poster Session, Monday, Nov. 17, 9:30-11 a.m. CST (South Hall A2 – Core 2)
- Effects of Evolocumab Treatment on Serum Adrenal and Gonadal Hormone Levels: Results from the 52-week, Phase 3, Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled DESCARTES Study
Abstract 17005, Abstract Poster Session, Monday, Nov. 17, 9:30-11 a.m. CST (South Hall A2 – Core 2)
- Trial Assessing Long-Term Use of PCSK9 Inhibition in Patients with Genetic LDL Disorders (TAUSSIG): Efficacy and Safety in Patients with Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia Receiving Lipid Apheresis
Abstract 17016, Abstract Poster Session, Tuesday, Nov. 18, 9:30-11 a.m. CST (South Hall A2 – Core 2)
- The Diagnosis of Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia: Genotype versus Phenotype
Abstract 17368, Abstract Poster Session, Tuesday, Nov. 18, 9:30-11 a.m. CST (South Hall A2 – Core 2)
- Impact of Baseline PCSK9 Levels on the Efficacy of Evolocumab, a Monoclonal Antibody Against PCSK9
Abstract 16196, Abstract Poster Session, Tuesday, Nov. 18, 3-4:30 p.m. CST (South Hall A2 – Core 2)
- Safety and Tolerability of Very Low LDL-C Levels in Patients Treated with 52 Weeks of Evolocumab (AMG 145)
Abstract 16865, Abstract Poster Session, Tuesday, Nov. 18, 3-4:30 p.m. CST (South Hall A2 – Core 2)
- Statin-Induced Myopathy is Mediated by Isoprenoid Depletion and is Independent of Serum Cholesterol Levels
Abstract 13907, Abstract Poster Session, Sunday, Nov. 16, 9:30-11 a.m. CST (South Hall A2 – Core 2)
- Effects of Evolocumab (AMG 145) as a Monotherapy or in Combination with Statins on Lipoprotein Particles and Subclasses
Abstract 16955, Abstract Poster Session, Wednesday, Nov. 19, 9:30-11 a.m. CST (South Hall A2 – Core 7)
- PCSK9 is Elevated in HIV+ Patients
Abstract 17751, Abstract Oral Session, Saturday, Nov. 15, 2:15-2:25 p.m. CST (Room S406A)
- Statin Prescription and Dose Intensity Among Elderly Medicare Beneficiaries, by CV Disease Diagnosis and Prescriber Specialty
Abstract 15677, Abstract Poster Session, Monday, Nov. 17, 9:30-11 a.m. CST (South Hall A2 – Core 2)
- Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Response and Statin Persistence among Patients with High Coronary Heart Disease Risk Initiating Treatment
Abstract 18986, Abstract Poster Session, Monday, Nov. 17, 9:30-11 a.m. CST (South Hall A2 – Core 2)
- Work Absenteeism, Short Term Disability and Related Indirect Costs Associated with Cardiovascular Events and Related Clinical Procedures
Abstract 13352, Abstract Poster Session, Sunday, Nov. 16, 9:30-11 a.m. CST (South Hall A2 – Core 2)
Evolocumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody that inhibits proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9).1 PCSK9 is a protein that targets LDL receptors for degradation and thereby reduces the liver's ability to remove LDL-C, or "bad" cholesterol, from the blood.2 Evolocumab, being developed by Amgen scientists, is designed to bind to PCSK9 and inhibit PCSK9 from binding to LDL receptors on the liver surface. In the absence of PCSK9, there are more LDL receptors on the surface of the liver to remove LDL-C from the blood.1
About PROFICIO: The Evolocumab Clinical Trial Program
PROFICIO, which stands for the Program to Reduce LDL-C and Cardiovascular Outcomes Following Inhibition of PCSK9 In Different POpulations, is a large and comprehensive clinical trial program evaluating evolocumab in 22 clinical trials, with a combined planned enrollment of approximately 35,000 patients.
The Phase 3 program includes 16 trials to evaluate evolocumab administered every two weeks and monthly in multiple patient populations, including in combination with statins in patients with hyperlipidemia (LAPLACE-2 and YUKAWA-2); in patients with hyperlipidemia who cannot tolerate statins (GAUSS-2 and GAUSS-3); as a stand-alone treatment in patients with hyperlipidemia (MENDEL-2); in patients whose elevated cholesterol is caused by genetic disorders called heterozygous (RUTHERFORD-2 and TAUSSIG) and homozygous (TESLA and TAUSSIG) familial hypercholesterolemia; the effects of evolocumab on lipoprotein metabolism (FLOREY); and the administration of evolocumab in statin-treated hyperlipidemic patients (THOMAS-1 and THOMAS-2).
Five ongoing studies in the evolocumab Phase 3 program will provide long-term safety and efficacy data. These include FOURIER (Further Cardiovascular OUtcomes Research with PCSK9 Inhibition in Subjects with Elevated Risk), which will assess whether treatment with evolocumab in combination with statin therapy compared to placebo and statin therapy reduces recurrent cardiovascular events in approximately 27,500 patients with cardiovascular disease; EBBINGHAUS (Evaluating PCSK9 Binding AntiBody Influence oN CoGnitive HeAlth in High CardiovascUlar Risk Subjects), which will evaluate the effect of evolocumab on cognitive function in a subset of patients enrolled in FOURIER; OSLER-2 (Open Label Study of Long TERm Evaluation Against LDL-C Trial-2) in patients with high cholesterol who completed any of the Phase 3 studies; GLAGOV (GLobal Assessment of Plaque ReGression with a PCSK9 AntibOdy as Measured by IntraVascular Ultrasound), which will determine the effect of evolocumab on coronary atherosclerosis in approximately 950 patients undergoing cardiac catheterization; and TAUSSIG (Trial Assessing Long Term USe of PCSK9 Inhibition in Subjects with Genetic LDL Disorders), which will assess the long-term safety and efficacy of evolocumab on LDL-C in patients with severe familial hypercholesterolemia including patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. The DESCARTES (Durable Effect of PCSK9 Antibody CompARed wiTh PlacEbo Study) study, a long-term safety and efficacy trial in patients with hyperlipidemia at risk for cardiovascular disease, has been completed, presented and published.
About Amgen's Commitment to Cardiovascular Disease
Amgen is dedicated to addressing important scientific questions in order to advance care and improve the lives of patients with cardiovascular disease. Through its own research and development efforts and innovative partnerships, Amgen has built a robust cardiology pipeline consisting of several investigational molecules in an effort to address a number of today's important unmet patient needs, such as high cholesterol and heart failure.
Amgen is committed to unlocking the potential of biology for patients suffering from serious illnesses by discovering, developing, manufacturing and delivering innovative human therapeutics. This approach begins by using tools like advanced human genetics to unravel the complexities of disease and understand the fundamentals of human biology.
Amgen focuses on areas of high unmet medical need and leverages its biologics manufacturing expertise to strive for solutions that improve health outcomes and dramatically improve people's lives. A biotechnology pioneer since 1980, Amgen has grown to be the world's largest independent biotechnology company, has reached millions of patients around the world and is developing a pipeline of medicines with breakaway potential.
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1. Amgen Data on File, Investigator Brochure.
2. Abifadel M, Varret M, Rabes JP, et al. Mutations in PCSK9 Cause Autosomal Dominant Hypercholesterolemia. Nat Genet. 2003;34:154-156.