CAMBRIDGE, Mass., April 11, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- Blueprint Medicines Corporation (NASDAQ: BPMC) today announced that multiple presentations across the company's leading systemic mastocytosis (SM) program are being reported at the virtual American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2021. The presentations focus on registrational PATHFINDER trial data of AYVAKIT™ (avapritinib) in advanced SM, PIONEER Part 1 data highlighting the impact of AYVAKIT on skin manifestations of SM, and Phase 1 trial data for BLU-263, a next-generation KIT D816V inhibitor. Blueprint Medicines is developing AYVAKIT for advanced and non-advanced SM, and BLU-263 to further address the range of patient needs in non-advanced SM and other mast cell disorders.
"Data reported at AACR reflect our commitment to transform treatment for patients living with systemic mastocytosis," said Becker Hewes, M.D., Chief Medical Officer at Blueprint Medicines. "In the PATHFINDER trial, AYVAKIT had high response rates consistent with EXPLORER trial data, reinforcing the profound clinical benefits that can be achieved by precisely targeting the underlying driver of disease. For BLU-263, data in healthy volunteers showed a well-tolerated safety profile and support our plans to initiate the Phase 2/3 HARBOR study, which expands our development efforts into a broader population of patients with non-advanced SM. We are currently on the precipice of our first potential approval in advanced SM, and we are committed to working closely with the SM community so we may meet the needs of patients as quickly as possible."
AYVAKIT – Highlights from the Registrational Phase 2 PATHFINDER Trial
In a pre-specified interim analysis from the PATHFINDER trial, 32 patients who primarily received a starting dose of 200 mg once daily were evaluable for response, as of a data cutoff date of June 23, 2020. Combined with Phase 1 EXPLORER trial results, these data support Blueprint Medicines' marketing applications in advanced SM under review in the U.S. and Europe. Overall, 75 percent (95% CI: 57%, 89%) of patients had a confirmed response, which was defined as complete remission with full or partial recovery of peripheral blood counts (CR/CRh), partial remission or clinical improvement. The median time to response was two months, and all responses were ongoing at a median follow-up of 10.4 months. The CRh rate was 19 percent, with a median time to CRh of 5.6 months. These results show that responses deepened over time at a rate consistent with the EXPLORER trial.
AYVAKIT led to robust and durable benefits across a number of additional clinical activity measures. In new patient-reported outcomes data, AYVAKIT showed a statistically significant reduction in total symptom score after 40 weeks (p<0.001), as measured by the Advanced Systemic Mastocytosis Symptom Assessment Form. Treatment with AYVAKIT resulted in robust improvements in patient-reported quality of life, based on the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire. Across multiple measures of mast cell burden, AYVAKIT showed profound reductions in serum tryptase, bone marrow mast cells, KIT D816V allele burden and spleen volume.
Consistent with previously disclosed data, AYVAKIT was generally well-tolerated in 62 patients enrolled in the PATHFINDER trial, and most adverse events (AEs) were reported as Grade 1 or 2. The most common AEs (≥15 percent) were peripheral edema, periorbital edema, thrombocytopenia, anemia, neutropenia, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and fatigue. Three patients (5 percent) discontinued AYVAKIT due to treatment-related AEs, and most patients (84 percent) have remained on treatment as of the data cutoff date.
"These data reinforce the potential of avapritinib to improve the standard of care for patients with advanced systemic mastocytosis, a disease characterized by organ damage due to mast cell infiltration," said Daniel DeAngelo, M.D., Ph.D., Chief of the Division of Leukemia at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. "I am highly encouraged by the rapid and durable responses shown across multiple measures of mast cell burden, patient-reported symptoms as well as quality of life. Furthermore, avapritinib was generally well-tolerated, with 5 percent of patients discontinuing due to treatment-related adverse events. Since avapritinib is able to selectively target the primary driver of the disease, it has the potential to fundamentally change the outlook for patients with advanced SM."
AYVAKIT – Statistically Significant Reductions of Aberrant CD30-Positive Mast Cells in Skin Lesions Shown in Phase 2 PIONEER Trial
In non-advanced SM, skin symptoms frequently persist and can severely impact quality of life. To assess the effects of AYVAKIT on mast cell burden in skin lesions, skin biopsies were obtained at baseline and week 12 in Part 1 of the PIONEER trial. Immunohistochemistry tests were performed to determine the proportion of aberrant mast cells in skin tissue, based on expression of CD25, CD30 and other transmembrane receptors observed in SM. Skin lesional tissue at baseline had more CD30-positive than CD25-positive mast cells. Following 12 weeks of treatment, AYVAKIT significantly reduced the proportion of aberrant CD30-positive mast cells in skin lesions compared to placebo (p=0.0082), as of a data cutoff date of December 4, 2020. These data expand on previously reported results showing the impact of AYVAKIT on skin manifestations of SM, and suggest that CD30 may be an important biomarker of aberrant mast cells in SM-related skin lesions.
BLU-263 – Safety and Pharmacokinetics Profile from Phase 1 Trial in Healthy Volunteers
A placebo-controlled, Phase 1 trial evaluated the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of BLU-263 in healthy volunteers. This AACR presentation reported on single ascending dose cohorts (15 to 200 mg doses) and multiple ascending dose cohorts (25 to 100 mg once-daily doses for ten consecutive days), as of a data cutoff date of November 9, 2020. BLU-263 was well-tolerated across all doses studied, and all AEs were reported as Grade 1. Pharmacokinetic data showed dose-dependent increases in systemic exposure of BLU-263, with the half-life of BLU-263 supporting once-daily dosing. Based on these results, the company plans to evaluate BLU-263 at doses ranging from 25 to 100 mg once daily in Part 1 of the Phase 2/3 HARBOR trial in patients with non-advanced SM, which the company plans to initiate in mid-2021.
Copies of Blueprint Medicines data presentations from the AACR annual meeting are available in the "Science—Publications and Presentations" section of the company's website at www.BlueprintMedicines.com.
Conference Call Information
Blueprint Medicines will host a live webcast on Monday, April 12, 2021 beginning at 8:00 a.m. ET to review data for multiple research- and clinical-stage programs presented at the AACR annual meeting. To access the live call, please dial (855) 728-4793 (domestic) or (503) 343-6666 (international) and refer to conference ID 5548976. A webcast of the conference call will be available under "Events and Presentations" in the Investors & Media section of Blueprint Medicines' website at http://ir.blueprintmedicines.com. The archived webcast will be available on Blueprint Medicines' website approximately two hours after the conference call and will be available for 30 days following the call.
SM is a rare disease driven by the KIT D816V mutation. Uncontrolled proliferation and activation of mast cells result in chronic, severe and often unpredictable symptoms for patients across the spectrum of SM. The vast majority of those affected have non-advanced (indolent or smoldering) SM, with debilitating symptoms that lead to a profound, negative impact on quality of life. A minority of patients have advanced SM, which encompasses a group of high-risk SM subtypes including aggressive SM, SM with an associated hematological neoplasm and mast cell leukemia. In addition to mast cell activation symptoms, advanced SM is associated with organ damage due to mast cell infiltration and poor survival.
Debilitating symptoms, including anaphylaxis, maculopapular rash, pruritis, diarrhea, brain fog, fatigue and bone pain, often persist across all forms of SM despite treatment with a number of symptomatic therapies. Patients often live in fear of severe, unexpected symptoms, have limited ability to work or perform daily activities, and isolate themselves to protect against unpredictable triggers. Currently, there are no approved therapies for the treatment of SM that selectively inhibit D816V mutant KIT.
About AYVAKIT (avapritinib)
AYVAKIT (avapritinib) is a kinase inhibitor approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of adults with unresectable or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) harboring a PDGFRA exon 18 mutation, including PDGFRA D842V mutations. For more information, visit www.AYVAKIT.com. This medicine is approved in Europe under the brand name AYVAKYT® for the treatment of adults with unresectable or metastatic GIST harboring the PDGFRA D842V mutation, and in China for the treatment of adults with unresectable or metastatic PDGFRA exon 18 mutant GIST.
AYVAKIT/AYVAKYT is not approved for the treatment of any other indication, including SM, in the U.S. by the FDA, in Europe by the European Commission or in China by the National Medical Products Administration, or for any indication in any other jurisdiction by any other health authority.
Blueprint Medicines is developing AYVAKIT globally for the treatment of advanced and non-advanced SM. The FDA granted breakthrough therapy designation to AYVAKIT for the treatment of advanced SM, including the subtypes of aggressive SM, SM with an associated hematological neoplasm and mast cell leukemia, and for the treatment of moderate to severe indolent SM.
Blueprint Medicines has an exclusive collaboration and license agreement with CStone Pharmaceuticals for the development and commercialization of AYVAKIT in Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. Blueprint Medicines retains development and commercial rights for AYVAKIT in the rest of the world.
BLU-263, a next-generation KIT D816V inhibitor, has the potential to expand the reach of KIT D816V-targeted therapy to a broad population of patients with non-advanced SM and related mast cell disorders. BLU-263 was designed to target D816V mutant KIT with similar sub-nanomolar potency as AYVAKIT, enhanced selectivity and minimal central nervous system penetration. BLU-263 was developed based on learnings from the AYVAKIT clinical program. The initial focus of the BLU-263 development program is non-advanced SM.
About Blueprint Medicines
Blueprint Medicines is a global precision therapy company that invents life-changing medicines for people with cancer and hematologic disorders. Applying an approach that is both precise and agile, we create therapies that selectively target genetic drivers, with the goal of staying one step ahead across stages of disease. Since 2011, we have leveraged our research platform, including expertise in molecular targeting and world-class drug design capabilities, to rapidly and reproducibly translate science into a broad pipeline of precision therapies. Today, we are delivering our approved medicines to patients in the United States and Europe, and we are globally advancing multiple programs for genomically defined cancers, systemic mastocytosis, and cancer immunotherapy. For more information, visit www.BlueprintMedicines.com and follow us on Twitter (@BlueprintMeds) and LinkedIn.
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, as amended, including, without limitation, statements regarding plans, timelines and expectations for interactions with the FDA and other regulatory authorities; the plans, timing, designs, implementation, enrollment and announcement of results regarding Blueprint Medicines' ongoing and planned clinical trials for its drug candidates, including AYVAKIT and BLU-263; expectations regarding the potential benefits of AYVAKIT and BLU-263 in treating patients with SM; and Blueprint Medicines' strategy, goals and anticipated milestones, business plans and focus. The words "aim," "may," "will," "could," "would," "should," "expect," "plan," "anticipate," "intend," "believe," "estimate," "predict," "project," "potential," "continue," "target" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. Any forward-looking statements in this press release are based on management's current expectations and beliefs and are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and important factors that may cause actual events or results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by any forward-looking statements contained in this press release, including, without limitation, risks and uncertainties related to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic to Blueprint Medicines' business, operations, strategy, goals and anticipated milestones, including Blueprint Medicines' ongoing and planned research and discovery activities, ability to conduct ongoing and planned clinical trials, clinical supply of current or future drug candidates, commercial supply of current or future approved products, and launching, marketing and selling current or future approved products; Blueprint Medicines' ability and plans in establishing a commercial infrastructure, and successfully launching, marketing and selling current or future approved products, including AYVAKIT and GAVRETO® (pralsetinib); Blueprint Medicines' ability to successfully expand the approved indications for AYVAKIT and GAVRETO or obtain marketing approval for AYVAKIT and GAVRETO in additional geographies in the future; the delay of any current or planned clinical trials or the development of Blueprint Medicines' current or future drug candidates; Blueprint Medicines' advancement of multiple early-stage efforts; Blueprint Medicines' ability to successfully demonstrate the safety and efficacy of its drug candidates and gain approval of its drug candidates on a timely basis, if at all; the preclinical and clinical results for Blueprint Medicines' drug candidates, which may not support further development of such drug candidates; actions of regulatory agencies, which may affect the initiation, timing and progress of clinical trials; Blueprint Medicines' ability to develop and commercialize companion diagnostic tests for its current and future drug candidates; and the success of Blueprint Medicines' current and future collaborations, partnerships or licensing arrangements. These and other risks and uncertainties are described in greater detail in the section entitled "Risk Factors" in Blueprint Medicines' filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including Blueprint Medicines' most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, as supplemented by its most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and any other filings that Blueprint Medicines has made or may make with the SEC in the future. Any forward-looking statements contained in this press release represent Blueprint Medicines' views only as of the date hereof and should not be relied upon as representing its views as of any subsequent date. Except as required by law, Blueprint Medicines explicitly disclaims any obligation to update any forward-looking statements.
Blueprint Medicines, AYVAKIT, AYVAKYT, GAVRETO and associated logos are trademarks of Blueprint Medicines Corporation.