Profile America — Sunday, April 14th.The distribution of political representation under the Constitution was authorized on this date in 1792. Based on the results of the 1790 Census, the House of Representatives was to be apportioned according to population, coming as near to equal populations in the districts as could be determined. That first census counted a resident population of over 3.9 million people in the soon to be 15 states. There were then 105 seats in the House of Representatives. In today's house, 435 representatives serve about 315 million Americans, an average of about 724,000 each. You can find more facts about America's people, places and economy from the American Community Survey at www.census.gov.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, Through the Decades U.S. Census Bureau, Apportionment Legislation 1790 – 1830
Profile America is produced by the Center for New Media and Promotions of the U.S. Census Bureau. These daily features are available as produced segments, ready to air, on a monthly CD or on the Internet at http://www.census.gov (look for "Multimedia Gallery" by the "Newsroom" button).