LONDON, Oct. 11, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- The Supreme Court of India put stringent regulations on air polluting activities in 1996. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has been regularly monitoring ambient air quality since 1984 to assess the effectiveness of pollution control measures on air quality. Its network was started with only seven monitoring stations in Agra, and extended gradually. As on 30th June 2015, ambient air quality was being monitored at 593 monitoring stations covering 249 cities/towns in 29 states and 5 Union Territories in India.
Out of 249 cities covered under NAMP only 16 cities are providing data on air pollutants through online portal managed by CPCB. Government's regulatory measures and other initiatives, supported by the judiciary, have led to improvement in the country's air quality. In many cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata, air quality has improved significantly after implementation of the measures since 1996. However, the air quality has deteriorated in the past 2-3 years owing to a steep rise in vehicular numbers and industrial activity.
A recently published, World Health Organization (WHO) report, placed 13 Indian cities in the 20 most polluted cities of the world; Interestingly, Delhi tops the chart and has six times the levels of airborne particulate matter than are considered safe. Only way to put a check to these rising levels of pollutions across cities in India is to balance growth aspirations with concerted pollutions control initiatives. Very recent case of Delhi government resorting to radical measures backed by the Supreme Court's three months ban on 2000 CC and above diesel vehicles registration to tackle with the alarmingly high levels of air pollution may set precedence and force other state governments to work on a roadmap for limiting air pollution level in the city.
CPCB has identified total 88 critically polluted areas by Comprehensive Industrial Pollution Index (CEPI), distributed in 16 states in the country. Among these 43 industrial areas/ clusters attributed to air pollution. Out of 43industrial areas /clusters only 27 areas/clusters are Air Critical (AC) having sub index score more than 60. Accordingly CPCB decided to set CAAQM stations at 27 identified areas towards regular assessment of air quality. 15 critically polluted areas (CPA) are covered in phase I and funds released during financial year 2013-14.12 CPA are to be covered in phase II.CPCB has identified 17 categories of the major polluting industries that include, Aluminium Smelter, Caustic Soda, Cement, Copper Smelter, Distilleries, Dyes & Dyes Intermediaries, Fertilizers, Integrate Iron and Steel, Tanneries, Pesticides, Petrochemicals, Drug & Pharmaceuticals, Pulp & Paper, Oil Refineries, Sugar, Thermal Power Plants & Zinc Smelters. A total of 587 such industries have been identified and out of these, 561 units are presently operating. Although, it was mandatory for these units to have been allowed only if they had the requisite pollution control facilities, there latest compliance status is being verified.
Air Pollution sources are both concentrated & fragmented over large areas and hence a concerted effort is required by almost all states if rising pollutions levels is to be controlled. As per 2020 'climate action plan' India will cut emission intensity by 33-35% by 2030 over the 2005 levels, boost clean energy in electricity generation to 40% while adding carbon sinks - tree and forest cover to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere - amounting to 2.5-3 billion tonnes of CO2.Climate action is estimated to cost India $2.5 trillion. Emission control norms are easier said than done and its evident, next to vehicles, generator sets are the major contributor to pollution caused by diesel. Apartments, malls, hospitals and telecom towers are the major users. Emission norms are in place for generators but no one checks who follows them.
The compulsion to balance economic growth with emission reduction effort will see huge investment in air pollution control equipment and InfraInsights sees multi-billion dollar opportunity emerging in advanced air pollution control technology (FGD, ESP), stack air quality monitoring equipment, clean coal technologies and mercury control.
The report aims to provide a detailed analysis of this opportunity, undergo industry wise demand side assessment for different APCE, current market size & market share of different OEMs, projected market size, regulations & policies that will drive industry growth. The intent of the report is to enable companies to take informed decision related to India market opportunity in Air Pollution Control Equipment market that's bound to grow exponentially.
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