THOUSAND OAKS, Calif., Sept. 28, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Amgen (NASDAQ:AMGN) today announced positive top-line results for erenumab (AMG 334) from A Phase 3, RandomIzed, double-blind, placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate the efficacy and safety of erenumab in migraine prevention (ARISE). These data showed the ARISE study met the primary endpoint, demonstrating a statistically significant reduction from baseline in monthly migraine days in patients with episodic migraine treated with erenumab compared with placebo at 12 weeks. Erenumab is specifically designed to prevent migraine by blocking the Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP) receptor, which is believed to have a critical role in mediating the incapacitating pain of migraine.
"People with episodic migraine lose a substantial part of their lives to migraine, and many face intolerable pain and physical impairment, frequently accompanied by a significant disruption of their daily activities. Unfortunately, there are limited preventive treatment options currently available for these patients," said Sean E. Harper, M.D., executive vice president of Research and Development at Amgen. "These positive results, along with the recent chronic migraine results, contribute to the growing body of evidence supporting erenumab as an innovative treatment option for people who are suffering from this debilitating disease."
A total of 577 patients were randomized to receive either placebo or erenumab 70 mg subcutaneously, once monthly. Patients enrolled in the ARISE study were experiencing between four and 14 migraine days each month, with an average of eight migraine days per month at baseline. Those receiving erenumab experienced a statistically significant 2.9-day reduction from baseline in monthly migraine days, as compared to a 1.8-day reduction in the placebo arm.
The safety profile of erenumab was similar to placebo and consistent with previously reported studies. The most common adverse events were upper respiratory tract infection, injection site pain and nasopharyngitis.
Further analysis of these data is ongoing and will be submitted to a future medical conference and for publication. The STRIVE* study, a second Phase 3 episodic migraine study evaluating both 70 mg and 140 mg doses for 24 weeks, is expected to be completed by the end of this year. Positive results from a Phase 2 study of erenumab in chronic migraine prevention were also announced earlier this year.
Erenumab is being co-developed by Amgen and Novartis. As part of the collaboration, Amgen retained commercialization rights in the U.S., Canada and Japan, and Novartis has rights in Europe and the rest of the world.
*STRIVE is a Phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled STudy to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of AMG 334 in MigRaIne PreVEntion.
About the ARISE Study
The ARISE study (20120297) is a global Phase 3, multicenter, randomized, 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluating the safety and efficacy of erenumab in episodic migraine prevention. In the study, 577 patients were randomized to receive once-monthly subcutaneous placebo or erenumab (70 mg) in a 1:1 ratio. Trial participants who completed the double-blinded portion had the option to continue in a long-term safety extension. Patients enrolled in ARISE were experiencing between four to 14 migraine days each month. The primary endpoint was change in monthly migraine days from baseline to the last four weeks of the 12-week treatment phase (the number of migraine days between weeks 9 and 12). Secondary study endpoints included reduction of at least 50 percent from baseline in monthly migraine days and change from baseline in monthly acute migraine-specific medication treatment days. The Migraine Physical Function Impact Diary (MPFID), a scale developed to measure impact of migraine on physical function and impact on everyday activities, assessed two other secondary endpoints.
Erenumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody specifically designed for the prevention of migraine. Erenumab targets and blocks the Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP) receptor, thought to be pivotal in the genesis of migraine. Erenumab is currently being studied in several large global, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials to assess its safety and efficacy in migraine prevention.
People with migraine face intolerable pain and physical impairment, which is frequently accompanied by nausea, vomiting and significant disruption of daily activities.1 The World Health Organization (WHO) ranks migraine as one of the most debilitating illnesses. Migraine is associated with personal and societal burdens of pain, disability, and financial cost, and it remains under-recognized and under-treated with more than 40 percent of people going undiagnosed.2,3 Worldwide, approximately 90 percent of people diagnosed with migraine have episodic migraine, which is characterized by up to 14 migraine days a month.4 The remaining 10 percent have chronic migraine, which is characterized by at least 15 headache days per months, of which 8 or more are migraine days, for more than three months.
About Amgen and Novartis Neuroscience Collaboration
In August 2015, Amgen entered into a global collaboration with Novartis to jointly develop and commercialize pioneering treatments in the field of migraine and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The collaboration focuses on investigational Amgen drugs in the migraine field, including erenumab (currently in Phase 3 studies for episodic migraine) and AMG 301 (currently in a Phase 1 study). For the migraine program, Amgen retains commercialization rights in the U.S., Canada and Japan, and Novartis has commercialization rights in Europe and rest of world. Also, the companies are partnering in the development and commercialization of a beta-secretase 1 (BACE) inhibitor program in AD. Novartis' oral therapy CNP520 (currently in a Phase 2 study for AD) will be the lead molecule and further compounds from both companies' pre-clinical BACE inhibitor programs may be considered as follow-on molecules.
Amgen is committed to unlocking the potential of biology for patients suffering from serious illnesses by discovering, developing, manufacturing and delivering innovative human therapeutics. This approach begins by using tools like advanced human genetics to unravel the complexities of disease and understand the fundamentals of human biology.
Amgen focuses on areas of high unmet medical need and leverages its expertise to strive for solutions that improve health outcomes and dramatically improve people's lives. A biotechnology pioneer since 1980, Amgen has grown to be one of the world's leading independent biotechnology companies, has reached millions of patients around the world and is developing a pipeline of medicines with breakaway potential.
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1Migraine Research Foundation. Migraine Fact Sheet. http://www.migraineresearchfoundation.org/fact-sheet.html. Accessed March 24, 2016.
2 Vos T et al. Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The Lancet. 2012 Dec-2013 Jan;30(9859):2163-2196.
3 Steiner TJ et al. Migraine: the seventh disabler. J Headache Pain. 2013;14(1):1.
4 Stovner L et al. The global burden of headache: a documentation of headache prevalence and disability worldwide. Cephalalgia. 2007; 27: 193-210.