- European Neurological Review, the peer-reviewed journal, has published a review highlighting the benefits on Patients with Guillain-Barré Syndrome Treated with Therapeutic Plasma Exchange and Other Treatment Options - A Centre's Experience
Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) has been shown to hasten recovery in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). In this study, the objective was to show the outcome of disability grade in a retrospective analysis of data of clinical experience of TPE using the COBE Spectra Apheresis system and other treatment options in selected patients from a series of 56 patients with GBS at a single treatment centre in Turkey. Ten patients had the acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) subtype; 46 had the acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP) subtype of GBS. Three hundred and eighteen TPE procedures were performed taking 2 to 3 hours: in 6.3 % of them a peripheral catheter was used; in 93.7 % of them a central catheter was used. Replacement fluids were fresh frozen plasma (FFP), lactated Ringer's solution or 3 % hydroxyethyl starch (HES). Among the patients, 12 (21.4 %) who had severe disease course received additional treatment to TPE - this was intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in 11 patients. One patient was treated with steroids after rheumatology consultation due to another autoimmune disease. After 2 weeks, the mean GBS disability scores had significantly decreased from 3.75±0.48 to 2.44±0.96 (p=0.0001) and mean Medical Research Council (MRC) muscle strength scores significantly increased from 2.07±0.89 to 3.54±0.88(p=0.0001). No difference in efficacy was observed between AMAN and AIDP subtypes. Adverse events occurred in 20 procedures (6.3 %) of TPE and were mostly transient hypocalcaemia and allergic reactions that did not necessitate treatment discontinuation. Difficulty in venous access was observed in 3.14 % of procedures. TPE using the COBE Spectra Apheresis system provides effective treatment of GBS with an acceptable safety profile using various replacement fluids and is an essential part of disease management. Although the benefit is controversial, other treatment options may be applied as an additional therapy in selected patients.
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European Neurological Review, a peer-reviewed, open access, bi-annual journals specialising in the publication of balanced and comprehensive review articles written by leading authorities to address the most important and salient developments in the field of neurology. The aim of these reviews is to break down the high science from 'data-rich' primary papers and provide practical advice and opinion on how this information can help physicians in the day to day clinical setting. Practice guidelines, symposium write-ups, case reports, and original research articles are also featured to promote discussion and learning amongst physicians, clinicians, researchers and related healthcare professionals.