Carnival Corporation & plc Reports Second Quarter Earnings

Jun 22, 2010, 09:15 ET from Carnival Corporation

MIAMI, June 22 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Carnival Corporation & plc (NYSE/LSE: CCL; NYSE: CUK) reported net income of $252 million, or $0.32 diluted EPS, on revenues of $3.2 billion for its second quarter ended May 31, 2010. Net income for the second quarter of 2009 was $264 million, or $0.33 diluted EPS, on revenues of $2.9 billion.

Carnival Corporation & plc Chairman and CEO Micky Arison indicated that operating results for the second quarter 2010 exceeded the company’s March guidance as a result of better than expected net revenue yields and cost reductions.  

Commenting on the second quarter, Arison said, “We were encouraged to see revenue yields turn positive for the first time since late 2008. Improving revenue yields combined with an 8 percent capacity increase and ongoing cost control efforts offset significantly higher fuel prices.” Increased fuel prices negatively impacted earnings by $0.20 per share during the quarter.

Key metrics for the second quarter of 2010 compared to the prior year were as follows:

  • On a constant dollar basis net revenue yields (net revenue per available lower berth day) increased 2.0 percent for 2Q 2010, which was at the higher end of the company’s March guidance, up 1 to 2 percent. Net revenue yields in current dollars increased 2.4 percent due to favorable currency exchange rates. Gross revenue yields increased only 0.4 percent in current dollars driven by lower air transportation revenue.
  • Excluding fuel, net cruise cost per available lower berth day (“ALBD”) declined 4.9 percent in constant dollars, which was better than March guidance, down 3.5 to 4.5 percent.
  • Including fuel, net cruise costs per ALBD increased 4.2 percent on a constant dollar basis (increased 4.9 percent in current dollars). Gross cruise costs per ALBD increased 1.6 percent in current dollars.
  • Fuel prices increased 64 percent to $498 per metric ton for 2Q 2010 from $304 per metric ton in 2Q 2009 but was lower than March guidance of $511 per metric ton.

Continuing with its strategic growth initiatives, the company took delivery of two new ships during the second quarter - P&O Cruises’ 3,100-passenger Azura and The Yachts of Seabourn’s 450-passenger Seabourn Sojourn. In addition, contracts were finalized with Fincantieri for the construction of two Princess Cruises’ 3,600-passenger ships for delivery in May 2013 and 2014.

2010 Outlook  

Since March, booking volumes for the second half of the year have been running slightly ahead of the prior year at higher prices.  At this time, cumulative advance bookings for both quarters are at higher prices (constant dollars) with occupancies for the third quarter in line with the prior year and for the fourth quarter slightly behind last year.

Arison noted, “Considering recent global economic concerns and other world events our advance bookings are holding up reasonably well and remain in line with our expectations. We believe this will lead to earnings growth in both the third and fourth quarters. The summer season, which is our strongest and most important quarter of the year, is shaping up particularly well.”

The company continues to expect full year net revenue yields, on a constant dollar basis, to increase 2 to 3 percent, in line with its March guidance. However, currency exchange rates have moved significantly since March guidance was provided. As a result, the company now expects net revenue yields on a current dollar basis to be approximately flat for the full year 2010 compared to 2009.

The company expects net cruise costs excluding fuel per ALBD for the full year 2010 to be down 2.5 to 3.5 percent on a constant dollar basis which is slightly better than its March guidance. Since March guidance, unfavorable changes in currency exchange rates have reduced earnings by $97 million. This has essentially been offset by a $41 million benefit from a decline in the spot price for fuel and lower forecasted costs for the remainder of the year.

Consequently, the company continues to forecast full year 2010 fully diluted earnings per share to be in the range of $2.25 to $2.35, compared to 2009 earnings of $2.24 per share. Based on the current spot price for fuel, fuel costs for all of 2010 are expected to increase $440 million compared to 2009, costing an additional $0.55 per share.

Third Quarter 2010  

Third quarter constant dollar net revenue yields are expected to increase 5 to 6 percent (flat to up 1 percent on a current dollar basis) compared to the prior year. Net cruise costs excluding fuel per ALBD for the third quarter are expected to be 1 to 2 percent higher on a constant dollar basis (down 2 to 3 percent on a current dollar basis). Fuel costs for the third quarter are expected to increase $74 million compared to the prior year, costing an additional $0.09 per share.

Based on the above factors and using current fuel prices and currency exchange rates, the company expects earnings for the third quarter of 2010 to be in the range of $1.43 to $1.47 per share, compared to $1.33 per share in 2009.

During the second half of the year two new ships will debut in Europe- Holland America Line’s 2,106-passenger Nieuw Amsterdam, and Cunard Line’s 2,092-passenger Queen Elizabeth- furthering the company’s strategy to expand its global presence. These vessels will be the fifth and sixth ships the company will introduce in 2010.

Selected Key Forecast Metrics

Full Year 2010

Third Quarter 2010

Current

Dollars

Constant

Dollars

Current

Dollars

Constant

Dollars

Change in:

Net revenue yields

(0.5) to 0.5%

2.0 to 3.0%

0.0 to 1.0%

5.0 to 6.0%

Net cruise cost / ALBD

1.0  to  2.0%

2.5 to 3.5%

1.0 to 2.0%

4.5 to 5.5%

Net cruise cost excl. fuel / ALBD

(4.0) to (5.0)%

(2.5) to (3.5)%

(2.0) to (3.0)%

1.0 to 2.0%

Full Year 2010

Third Quarter 2010

Fuel price/metric ton

  $495

$493

Fuel consumption  (metric tons in thousands)

 3,344

 843

Currency

    Euro

$1.29 to EUR1

$1.24 to EUR1

    Sterling

$1.51 to BPS1

$1.48 to BPS1

The company has scheduled a conference call with analysts at 10:00 a.m. EDT (3:00 p.m. BST) today to discuss its 2010 second quarter earnings.  This call can be listened to live, and additional information can be obtained, via Carnival Corporation & plc’s Web site at www.carnivalcorp.com and www.carnivalplc.com.

Carnival Corporation & plc is the largest cruise vacation group in the world, with a portfolio of cruise brands in North America, Europe and Australia, comprised of Carnival Cruise Lines, Holland America Line, Princess Cruises, The Yachts of Seabourn, AIDA Cruises, Costa Cruises, Cunard Line, Ibero Cruises, Ocean Village, P&O Cruises and P&O Cruises Australia.

Together, these brands operate 96 ships totaling more than 187,000 lower berths with 11 new ships scheduled to be delivered between now and May 2014. Carnival Corporation & plc also operates Holland America Princess Alaska Tours, the leading tour company in Alaska and the Canadian Yukon. Traded on both the New York and London Stock Exchanges, Carnival Corporation & plc is the only group in the world to be included in both the S&P 500 and the FTSE 100 indices.

Cautionary Note Concerning Factors That May Affect Future Results

Some of the statements, estimates or projections contained in this earnings release are “forward-looking statements” that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions with respect to Carnival Corporation & plc, including some statements concerning future results, outlooks, plans, goals and other events which have not yet occurred.  These statements are intended to qualify for the safe harbors from liability provided by Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  We have tried, whenever possible, to identify these statements by using words like “will,” “may,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “forecast,” “future,” “intend,” “plan,” “estimate” and similar expressions of future intent or the negative of such terms.  Because forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, there are many factors that could cause Carnival Corporation & plc's actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied in this earnings release.  Forward-looking statements include those statements which may impact, among other things, the forecasting of Carnival Corporation & plc’s earnings per share, net revenue yields, booking levels, pricing, occupancy, operating, financing and tax costs, fuel expenses, costs per available lower berth day, estimates of ship depreciable lives and residual values, liquidity, goodwill and trademark fair values and outlook. These factors include, but are not limited to, the following: general economic and business conditions, including fuel price increases, high unemployment rates, and declines in the securities, real estate and other markets, and perceptions of these conditions, may adversely impact the levels of Carnival Corporation & plc’s potential vacationers’ discretionary income and net worth and this group’s confidence in their country’s economy; fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, particularly the movement of the U.S. dollar against the euro, sterling and the Australian and Canadian dollars; the international political climate, armed conflicts, terrorist and pirate attacks and threats thereof, and other world events affecting the safety and security of travel; competition from and overcapacity in both the cruise ship and land-based vacation industries; lack of acceptance of new itineraries, products and services by Carnival Corporation & plc's guests; changing consumer preferences; Carnival Corporation & plc’s ability to attract and retain qualified shipboard crew and maintain good relations with employee unions;  accidents, the spread of contagious diseases and threats thereof, adverse weather conditions or natural disasters, such as hurricanes, earthquakes and volcanic ash, and other incidents (including, but not limited to, ship fires and machinery and equipment failures or improper operation thereof), which could cause, among other things, individual or multiple port closures, injury, death, damage to property and equipment, oil spills, alteration of cruise itineraries or cancellation of a cruise or series of cruises or tours; adverse publicity concerning the cruise industry in general, or Carnival Corporation & plc in particular, including any adverse impact that cruising may have on the marine environment; changes in and compliance with laws and regulations relating to the protection of disabled persons, employment, environmental, health, safety, security, tax and other regulatory regimes under which Carnival Corporation & plc operate; increases in global fuel demand and pricing, fuel supply disruptions and other events impacting on Carnival Corporation & plc’s fuel and other expenses, liquidity and credit ratings; increases in Carnival Corporation & plc’s future fuel expenses from implementing approved International Maritime Organization regulations, which require the use of higher priced low sulfur fuels in certain cruising areas, including the U.S. and Canadian Emissions Control Area, which will change the specification and increase the price of fuel that ships will be required to use within these areas; changes in financing and operating costs, including changes in interest rates and food, payroll and security costs; the ability of Carnival Corporation & plc to implement its shipbuilding programs and ship maintenance, repairs and refurbishments, including ordering additional ships for its cruise brands from shipyards, on terms that are favorable or consistent with Carnival Corporation & plc’s expectations; the  continued strength of Carnival Corporation & plc’s cruise brands and its ability to implement its brand strategies; additional risks associated with Carnival Corporation & plc’s international operations not generally applicable to its U.S. operations; the pace of development in geographic regions in which Carnival Corporation & plc tries to expand its business; whether Carnival Corporation & plc’s future operating cash flow will be sufficient to fund future obligations and whether it will be able to obtain financing, if necessary, in sufficient amounts and on terms that are favorable or consistent with its expectations; Carnival Corporation & plc counterparties’ ability to perform; continuing financial viability of Carnival Corporation & plc’s travel agent distribution system, air service providers and other key vendors and reductions in the availability of and increases in the pricing for the services and products provided by these vendors; Carnival Corporation & plc’s decisions to self-insure against various risks or its inability to obtain insurance for certain risks at reasonable rates; disruptions and other damages to Carnival Corporation & plc’s information technology networks and operations; lack of continuing availability of attractive, convenient and safe port destinations; and risks associated with the dual listed company structure. Forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual results.  Subject to any continuing obligations under applicable law or any relevant listing rules, Carnival Corporation & plc expressly disclaim any obligation to disseminate, after the date of this release, any updates or revisions to any such forward-looking statements to reflect any change in expectations or events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statements are based.

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

Three Months Ended

May 31,

Six Months Ended

May 31,

2010

2009

2010

2009

(in millions, except per share data)

Revenues

    Cruise

        Passenger tickets

$  2,427

$   2,242

$   4,785

$   4,461

        Onboard and other

737

673

1,466

1,307

    Tour and other

31

33

39

44

3,195

2,948

6,290

5,812

Costs and Expenses

    Operating

         Cruise

              Commissions,

                  transportation and

                  other

440

440

937

954

              Onboard and other

106

110

219

214

              Payroll and related

383

366

774

718

              Fuel

416

243

813

451

              Food

212

203

424

401

              Other ship operating

504

488

978

946

         Tour and other

32

35

47

51

         Total

2,093

1,885

4,192

3,735

    Selling and administrative

404

393

800

785

    Depreciation and amortization

349

317

694

628

2,846

2,595

5,686

5,148

Operating Income

349

353

604

664

Nonoperating (Expense)

  Income

    Interest income

3

2

7

6

    Interest expense, net of

       capitalized interest

(99)

(90)

(195)

(186)

    Other (expense)  income, net

(2)

5

(5)

24

(98)

(83)

(193)

(156)

Income Before Income Taxes

251

270

411

508

Income Tax Benefit (Expense),

  Net

1

(6)

16

16

Net Income

$     252

$      264

$      427

$      524

Earnings Per Share

    Basic

$    0.32

$     0.34

$    0.54

$     0.67

    Diluted

$    0.32

$     0.33

$    0.54

$     0.66

Dividends Declared Per Share

$    0.10

$    0.20

Weighted-Average Shares

 Outstanding – Basic

788

787

788

787

Weighted-Average Shares

  Outstanding – Diluted

806

804

806

804

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

May 31,

2010  

November 30,

2009

(in millions, except par values)

ASSETS

Current Assets

   Cash and cash equivalents

$      594

$       538

   Trade and other receivables, net

455

362

   Inventories

297

320

   Prepaid expenses and other

240

298

      Total current assets

1,586

1,518

Property and Equipment, Net

29,317

29,870

Goodwill

3,214

3,451

Trademarks

1,289

1,346

Other Assets

623

650

$ 36,029

$ 36,835

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

Current Liabilities

   Short-term borrowings

$      808

$       135

   Current portion of long-term debt

676

815

   Convertible debt subject to current debt option

595

   Accounts payable

548

568

   Accrued liabilities and other

928

874

   Customer deposits

3,208

2,575

        Total current liabilities

6,763

4,967

Long-Term Debt

7,681

9,097

Other Long-Term Liabilities and Deferred Income

721

732

Shareholders' Equity

    Common stock of Carnival Corporation; $0.01 par value;   1,960 shares authorized; 645 shares at 2010 and  644 shares at 2009 issued

6

6

    Ordinary shares of Carnival plc; $1.66 par value; 214  shares at 2010 and 213 shares at 2009 issued

355

354

    Additional paid-in capital

8,059

7,920

    Retained earnings

15,830

15,561

    Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income

(1,029)

462

    Treasury stock; 32 shares at 2010 and 24 shares at 2009 of Carnival Corporation and 38 shares at 2010 and 46 shares at 2009 of Carnival plc, at cost  

(2,357)

(2,264)

              Total shareholders' equity

20,864

22,039

$ 36,029

$  36,835

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

SELECTED INFORMATION

Three Months Ended

May 31,

Six Months Ended

May 31,

2010

2009

2010  

2009

(in millions, except statistical information)

STATISTICAL INFORMATION

     Passengers carried (in  thousands)

2,222

2,029

4,271

3,898

     Occupancy percentage

103.8%

103.3%

103.7%

103.6%

     Fuel consumption (metric tons in thousands)

835

799

1,635

1,552

     Fuel cost per metric ton (a)

$        498

$       304

$       497

$           291

     Currency

          U.S. dollar to EUR1

$       1.32

$      1.33

$      1.36

$          1.33

          U.S. dollar to BPS1

$       1.50

$      1.48

$      1.55

$          1.47

CASH FLOW INFORMATION

    Cash from operations

$     1,398

$    1,136

$    1,794

$        1,441

    Capital expenditures

$        999

$    1,650

$    2,168

$        1,956

    Dividends paid

$          79

$         79

$           314

SEGMENT INFORMATION

     Revenues

         Cruise

$     3,164

$    2,915

$   6,251

$        5,768

         Tour and other

45

48

54

61

         Intersegment elimination

(14)

(15)

(15)

(17)

$     3,195

$    2,948

$   6,290

$        5,812

     Operating expenses

         Cruise

$     2,061

$    1,850

$   4,145

$        3,684

         Tour and other

46

50

62

68

         Intersegment elimination

(14)

(15)

(15)

(17)

$     2,093

$    1,885

$   4,192

$        3,735

     Selling and administrative expenses

         Cruise

$        396

$       386

$      785

$           770

         Tour and other

8

7

15

15

$        404

$       393

$      800

$           785

     Depreciation and amortization

         Cruise

$        339

$       308

$      676

$           610

         Tour and other

10

9

18

18

$        349

$       317

$      694

$           628

     Operating income (loss)

         Cruise

$        368

$       371

$      645

$           704

         Tour and other

(19)

(18)

(41)

(40)

$        349

$       353

$      604

$           664

(a)  Fuel cost per metric ton is calculated by dividing the cost of fuel by the number of metric tons consumed.

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

Gross and net revenue yields were computed by dividing the gross or net revenues, without rounding, by ALBDs as follows:

Three Months Ended

May 31,

Six Months Ended

May 31,

2010

2009

2010

2009

(in millions, except ALBDs and yields)

Cruise revenues

   Passenger tickets

$    2,427

$     2,242

$    4,785

$     4,461

   Onboard and other

737

673

1,466

1,307

Gross cruise revenues

3,164

2,915

6,251

5,768

Less cruise costs

   Commissions,

      transportation and

      other

(440)

(440)

(937)

(954)

   Onboard and other

(106)

(110)

(219)

(214)

Net cruise revenues (a)

$    2,618

$    2,365

$    5,095

$     4,600

ALBDs (b)

16,575,242

15,329,812

32,465,324

29,822,062

Gross revenue yields (a)

$  190.90

$   190.19

$  192.53

$   193.42

Net revenue yields (a)

$  157.97

$   154.24

$  156.91

$   154.25

Gross and net cruise costs per ALBD were computed by dividing the gross or net cruise costs, without rounding, by ALBDs as follows:

Three Months Ended

May 31,

Six Months Ended

May 31,

2010

2009

2010

2009

(in millions, except ALBDs and costs per ALBD)

Cruise operating

  expenses

$     2,061

$      1,850

$         4,145

$        3,684

Cruise selling and

  administrative

  expenses

396

386

785

770

Gross cruise costs

2,457

2,236

4,930

4,454

Less cruise costs

  included

  in net cruise

  revenues

   Commissions,

       transportation

       and other

(440)

(440)

(937)

(954)

   Onboard and other

(106)

(110)

(219)

(214)

Net cruise costs (a)

$     1,911

$     1,686

$         3,774

$        3,286

ALBDs (b)

16,575,242

15,329,812

32,465,324

29,822,062

Gross cruise costs

  per ALBD (a)

$  148.22

$   145.90

$      151.87

$      149.36

Net cruise costs per

  ALBD (a)

$  115.29

$   109.95

$      116.25

$      110.18

NOTES TO NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

(a)

We use net cruise revenues per ALBD ("net revenue yields") and net cruise costs per ALBD as significant non-GAAP financial measures of our cruise segment financial performance.  These measures enable us to separate the impact of predictable capacity changes from the more unpredictable rate changes that affect our business. We believe these non-GAAP measures provide a better gauge to measure our revenue and cost performance instead of the standard U.S. GAAP-based financial measures. There are no specific rules for determining our non-GAAP financial measures and, accordingly, it is possible that they may not be exactly comparable to the like-kind information presented by other cruise companies, which is a potential risk associated with using these measures to compare us to other cruise companies.

Net revenue yields are commonly used in the cruise industry to measure a company's cruise segment revenue performance and for revenue management purposes.  We use "net cruise revenues" rather than "gross cruise revenues" to calculate net revenue yields.  We believe that net cruise revenues is a more meaningful measure in determining revenue yield than gross cruise revenues because it reflects the cruise revenues earned net of our most significant variable costs, which are travel agent commissions, cost of air transportation and certain other variable direct costs associated with onboard and other revenues.  Substantially all of our remaining cruise costs are largely fixed, except for the impact of changing prices, once our ship capacity levels have been determined.

Net cruise costs per ALBD is the most significant measure we use to monitor our ability to control our cruise segment costs rather than gross cruise costs per ALBD. We exclude the same variable costs that are included in the calculation of net cruise revenues to calculate net cruise costs to avoid duplicating these variable costs in these two non-GAAP financial measures.

We have not provided estimates of future gross revenue yields or future gross cruise costs per ALBD because the reconciliations of forecasted net cruise revenues to forecasted gross cruise revenues or forecasted net cruise costs to forecasted cruise operating expenses would require us to forecast, with reasonable accuracy, the amount of air and other transportation costs that our forecasted cruise passengers would elect to purchase from us (the "air/sea mix").  Since the forecasting of future air/sea mix involves several significant variables that are relatively difficult to forecast and the revenues from the sale of air and other transportation approximate the costs of providing that transportation, management focuses primarily on forecasts of net cruise revenues and costs rather than gross cruise revenues and costs.  This does not impact, in any material respect, our ability to forecast our future results, as any variation in the air/sea mix has no material impact on our forecasted net cruise revenues or forecasted net cruise costs. As such, management does not believe that this reconciling information would be meaningful.

In addition, because a significant portion of our operations utilize the euro or sterling to measure their results and financial condition, the translation of those operations to our U.S. dollar reporting currency results in decreases in reported U.S. dollar revenues and expenses if the U.S. dollar strengthens against these foreign currencies and increases in reported U.S. dollar revenues and expenses if the U.S. dollar weakens against these foreign currencies.  Accordingly, we also monitor and report our two non-GAAP financial measures assuming the 2010 periods' currency exchange rates have remained constant with the 2009 periods' rates, or on a "constant dollar basis," in order to remove the impact of changes in exchange rates on our non-U.S. dollar cruise operations. We believe that this is a useful measure since it facilitates a comparative view of the growth of our business in a fluctuating currency exchange rate environment.  

On a constant dollar basis, net cruise revenues and net cruise costs would be $2.6 billion and $1.9 billion for the three months ended May 31, 2010 and $5.0 billion and $3.7 billion for the six months ended May 31, 2010, respectively. On a constant dollar basis, gross cruise revenues and gross cruise costs would be $3.1 billion and $2.4 billion for the three months ended May 31, 2010 and $6.1 billion and $4.8 billion for the six months ended May 31, 2010, respectively. In addition, our non-U.S. dollar cruise operations' depreciation and net interest expense were impacted by the changes in exchange rates for the three and six months ended May 31, 2010, compared to the prior year's comparable period.

(b)

ALBDs is a standard measure of passenger capacity for the period, which we use to perform rate and capacity variance analyses to determine the main non-capacity driven factors that cause our cruise revenues and expenses to vary. ALBDs assume that each cabin we offer for sale accommodates two passengers and is computed by multiplying passenger capacity by revenue-producing ship operating days in the period.

SOURCE Carnival Corporation



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