Improvements in Telecommunications, Governance, Rule-of-Law Essential to Promote Modernization
WASHINGTON, April 26, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Council for European Investment Security (CEIS) today released a report titled "Foreign Direct Investments in Developing Nations: Issues in Telecommunications and the Modernization of Poland." Authored by CEIS Chairman Dr. Robert J. Shapiro, the report finds that Poland attracts less FDI as a share of GDP than other transitional countries, and that Poland's difficulties reflect issues of governance as well as economics. The CEIS report examines a series of political factors that influence where multinationals locate their FDI. These factors include legal and regulatory requirements to establish a new firm, political stability, contract enforcement, the reliability of the rule of law, and fair settlement of business disputes.
Several international organizations have taken note recently of these political factors. The World Economic Forum recently ranked Poland near the bottom of OECD countries in terms of the clarity, efficiency and neutrality of the legal framework for firms to settle disputes, and the World Bank has noted a decline in Poland's reputation for providing a reliable rule of law. The report notes that "these developments have produced a sharp slowdown in new FDI by American multinational companies."
The report focuses as well on FDI in telecom, a crucial area for participating in the global economy. From 1990 to 2003, Poland ranked sixth among all developing nations in telecom FDI. But these inflows have slowed sharply in recent years, leaving Poland lagging behind other Central and Eastern European countries in broadband. In this context, the report also examines the decade-long dispute between Telekomunikacja Polska S.A. (TPSA) and the Danish Polish Telecommunications Group (DPTG), finding that it may "have damaged Poland's reputation as an attractive location for FDI" by reinforcing the impression of "Poland's substandard reputation for maintaining an efficient and neutral framework to settle business disputes involving multinational foreign investors."
"Unlike twenty years ago, multinationals now have many choices in the developing world to send their FDI," said Dr. Shapiro, former U.S. Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs. "They look for stable countries with governments which respect the rule of law. When a country's leaders dismiss the norms of international finance and commerce, the transfers that produced the rapid growth and income gains of the last decade will usually slow or even stop."
Dr. Shapiro will present his findings on May 16 as part of a panel discussion at the European Economic Congress in Katowice, Poland.
Examining economies throughout the region, the Council for European Investment Security is continuing its research with a report on Estonia's own foreign direct investment climate.
Chaired by former U.S. Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs Robert J. Shapiro, the Council for European Investment Security (CEIS) was established to promote rule-of-law, transparency and financial accountability in Central and Eastern Europe. With a number of high-profile cases affecting confidence in the region by foreign investors, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is migrating away from some of these countries to other markets. CEIS evaluates markets at the country level, promoting practical solutions to promote investment, stability and positive growth. For more information, please visit www.investmentsecurity.org
SOURCE Council for European Investment Security