Net income totaled $21.7 million, up $34.5 million vs. fourth quarter 2014
Adjusted net income totaled $56.2 million or $3.01 per fully diluted share
Adjusted EBITDA totaled $91.3 million, up 26.5 percent year-over-year
Free cash flow generated was $123.8 million, up $79.3 million vs. fourth quarter 2014
Full Year 2015 Highlights
Net income totaled $111.9 million, up 161.5 percent vs. 2014
Adjusted net income totaled $168.7 million or $9.16 per fully diluted share
Adjusted EBITDA totaled $362.4 million, up 16.3 percentyear-over-year
Free cash flow generated was $104.1 million, up $125.2 million vs. 2014
During the fourth quarter 2015, the Company generated net income of $21.7 million, or $1.16 per diluted share, and adjusted EBITDA of $91.3 million on sales of $854.4 million. These results compare to a net loss of $12.8 million or $(0.79) per diluted share and adjusted EBITDA of $72.2 million on sales of $767.9 million in the fourth quarter of 2014. The Company's adjusted EBITDA margin for the fourth quarter 2015 was 10.7 percent compared to 9.4 percent in the fourth quarter 2014.
"This marks the fifth consecutive quarter in which we were able to deliver significant year-over-year margin improvement," stated Jeffrey Edwards, chairman and CEO of Cooper Standard. "We are very proud of our global team and their engagement around our world-class operating initiatives to serve our customers and drive record results in 2015. Although the bar has been raised significantly, we expect to further improve margins and cash flow in 2016."
Fourth quarter 2015 net income excluding restructuring and other special items ("adjusted net income"), totaled $56.2 million, or $3.01 per diluted share. Adjusted net income in the prior year period was $15.3 million, or $0.88 per diluted share.
For the full year 2015, the Company reported net income of $111.9 million, or $6.08 per diluted share, and adjusted EBITDA of $362.4 million on sales of $3.34 billion. By comparison, the Company reported net income of $42.8 million, or $2.39 per diluted share, and adjusted EBITDA of $311.5 million on sales of $3.24 billion in 2014. The Company's adjusted EBITDA margin for 2015 was 10.8 percent compared to 9.6 percent in 2014. Excluding the negative impact of foreign currency exchange rates of $34.8 million, adjusted EBITDA in 2015 was $397.2 million.
Adjusted net income for 2015 was $168.7 million or $9.16 per diluted share. This compares to adjusted net income of $86.0 million or $4.81 per diluted share in 2014.
Adjusted net income and adjusted EBITDA are non-GAAP measures. Reconciliations to the most directly comparable financial measures, calculated and presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP"), are provided in the attached supplemental schedules.
Fourth quarter 2015 sales increased by $86.5 million or 11.3 percent compared to the fourth quarter of 2014. The year-over-year increase is largely attributable to favorable volume and mix, and additional revenue from the acquisition of Huayu-Cooper Standard Sealing Systems Co. ("Shenya"), partially offset by a $61.1 million impact from unfavorable foreign currency exchange rates. Excluding the impact from foreign currency exchange rates, sales in the fourth quarter of 2015 were $915.5 million, an increase of 19.2 percent over the fourth quarter of 2014.
Fourth quarter adjusted EBITDA increased by $19.1 million or 26.5 percent compared to the fourth quarter of 2014. The year-over-year variance is primarily attributable to improvements in operating efficiency, favorable volume and mix, improved supply chain performance and the incremental adjusted EBITDA provided by the acquisition of Shenya. These favorable items were partially offset by a $5.0 million impact from unfavorable foreign currency exchange rates. Excluding the impact from foreign currency exchange rates, adjusted EBITDA for the fourth quarter of 2015 was $96.3 million.
Cooper Standard's North America segment reported sales of $451.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2015, an increase of 12.7 percent when compared to $400.5 million in sales recorded in the fourth quarter of 2014. The increase was attributable to improved volume and mix, partially offset by the unfavorable impact of foreign currency exchange rates and customer price adjustments. Excluding the impact of exchange rates, North America segment sales were $462.1 million, an increase of $61.6 million or 15.4 percent higher than the fourth quarter of 2014.
North America segment profit was $58.5 million, or 13.0 percent of sales, in the fourth quarter of 2015. This compared to segment profit of $16.2 million, or 4.1 percent of sales in the fourth quarter of 2014. The segment results in the fourth quarter 2014 included an impairment charge of $18.1 million. Excluding this charge, North America segment profit in the fourth quarter 2014 would have been $34.3 million. The year-over-year improvement was driven primarily by gains in operating efficiencies, improved volume and mix, and lower material costs, partially offset by the impact of higher incentive accruals, inflationary pressure and customer price adjustments.
Cooper Standard's Europe segment reported sales of $249.2 million in the fourth quarter of 2015 compared to $259.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2014. The decrease was attributable to unfavorable foreign currency exchange rates, partially offset by improvements in volume and product mix. Excluding the impact of foreign currency exchange rates, Europe segment sales were $284.8 million for the quarter, up 9.8 percent versus the prior year.
The Europe segment reported a segment loss of $16.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2015, compared to segment loss of $17.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2014. The segment results for the fourth quarter 2015 included restructuring expense of $16.2 million and an impairment charge of $2.3 million. Segment loss in the fourth quarter of 2014 included restructuring expense of $5.6 million and an impairment charge of $6.1 million. Excluding these items, Europe segment profit was $2.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2015 compared to a segment loss of $5.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2014. This improvement was attributable to increased operating efficiency, lower material costs, higher sales volume and favorable product mix, partially offset by unfavorable foreign currency exchange rates.
Cooper Standard's Asia Pacific segment reported sales of $135.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2015, an increase of 89.4 percent compared to $71.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2014. The year-over-year increase is largely attributable to the consolidation of revenue from the Shenya acquisition, and improved volume and mix. Excluding growth from acquisitions and the impact of unfavorable foreign currency exchange rates, sales in the Asia Pacific segment increased $18.0 million in the quarter, representing a 25.1 percent year-over-year organic growth rate.
The Asia Pacific segment reported segment profit of $0.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2015, compared to segment profit of $2.3 million in the fourth quarter 2014. The year-over-year change was primarily the result of higher SGA&E expenses as the Company establishes its footprint and infrastructure for growth based on its expanded booked business pipeline, as well as higher depreciation and amortization expense and negative impact of foreign currency exchange rates. These factors were partially offset by incremental consolidated income from the Shenya acquisition and improved volume and mix.
Cooper Standard's South America segment reported sales of $18.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2015 compared to $36.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2014. The decrease was attributable to lower overall vehicle production in Brazil and unfavorable foreign currency exchange rates.
The South America segment incurred a segment loss of $24.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2015 compared to a loss of $5.9 million in the fourth quarter of 2014. The segment loss in the fourth quarter of 2015 included an asset impairment charge of $19.3 million. Excluding the impairment charge, the segment loss in the fourth quarter 2015 was $4.7 million compared to a segment loss of $5.9 million in the fourth quarter 2014.
Cash Flow and Liquidity
At December 31, 2015, Cooper Standard had cash and cash equivalents totaling $378.2 million, compared to $232.0 million at the end of the third quarter 2015 and $267.3 million at December 31, 2014. The sequential quarterly and full year increases were driven by improved cash from operations and a continued focus on reducing capital spending and working capital. Free cash flow (defined as cash provided by operating activities minus capital expenditures) improved to $123.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2015 compared to $44.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2014. For the full year 2015, free cash flow increased to $104.1 million compared to ($21.0) million in 2014. In addition to cash and cash equivalents, the Company had $137.4 million available under its senior amended asset-based revolving credit facility ("ABL") for total liquidity of $515.6 million at December 31, 2015.
Total debt at December 31, 2015 was $777.9 million compared to $778.7 million at December 31, 2014. Net debt (defined as total debt minus cash and cash equivalents) at December 31, 2015 was $399.7 million compared to $511.4 million at December 31, 2014. Cooper Standard's net debt-to-book capitalization ratio was 28.7 percent at December 31, 2015 while its net leverage ratio was lowered to 1.1 times trailing 12 months adjusted EBITDA.
The Company has issued 2016 full year guidance as follows:
$3.35 - $3.4 billion
Adjusted EBITDA Margin
11.3% - 11.8%
$155 - $165 million
$45 - $55 million
$50 - $60 million
18.2 million units
21.2 million units
Avg. Full Year FX rates
1EUR = $1.12 USD
1 CAD = $0.79 USD
$1.00 USD = 16.3 MXN
Conference Call Details
Cooper Standard management will host a conference call and webcast on February 23 at 9 a.m. ET to discuss its fourth quarter 2015 results, provide a general business update and respond to investor questions.
To participate in the live question-and-answer session, callers in the United States and Canada should dial toll-free 800-949-4315 (international callers dial 678-825-8315) and provide the conference ID 43387026 or ask to be connected to the Cooper Standard teleconference. Callers should dial in at least five minutes prior to the start of the call. Financial and automotive analysts are invited to ask questions after the presentations are made.
The interactive webcast and slide presentation can be accessed live or in replay on the investor relations page of the Cooper Standard website at www.ir.cooperstandard.com/events.cfm.
About Cooper Standard
Cooper Standard, headquartered in Novi, Mich., is a leading global supplier of systems and components for the automotive industry. Products include rubber and plastic sealing, fuel and brake lines, fluid transfer hoses and anti-vibration systems. Cooper Standard employs more than 29,000 people globally and operates in 20 countries around the world. For more information, please visit www.cooperstandard.com.
Forward Looking Statements
This press release contains certain "forward-looking statements." Our use of words such as "anticipate," "expect," "suggest," "plan," "believe," "intend," "estimate," "target," "project," "should," "could," "would," "may," "will," "forecast," or other similar expressions, is intended to identify forward-looking statements that represent our current judgment about possible future events or results. We believe these judgments are reasonable, but these statements are not guarantees of any events or financial results, and our actual results may differ materially due to a variety of important factors. Among other items, such factors may include: prolonged or material contractions in automotive sales and production volumes; escalating pricing pressures; loss of large customers or significant platforms; our ability to successfully compete in the automotive parts industry; availability and increasing volatility in costs of manufactured components and raw materials; disruption in our supply base; risks associated with our non-U.S. operations; foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations; our ability to control the operations of our joint ventures for our sole benefit; our substantial debt; our ability to obtain adequate financing sources in the future; operating and financial restrictions imposed on us under our term loan facility and the ABL facility; the underfunding of our pension plans; significant changes in discount rates and the actual return on pension assets; effectiveness of continuous improvement programs and other cost savings plans; manufacturing facility closings or consolidation; our ability to execute new program launches; our ability to meet customers' needs for new and improved products; the possibility that our acquisition strategy may not be successful; product liability, warranty and recall claims brought against us; environmental, health and safety laws and other laws and regulations; work stoppages or other labor disruptions; the ability of our intellectual property to withstand legal challenges; cyber-attacks or other disruptions in our information technology systems; the possible volatility of our annual effective tax rate; the possibility of future impairment charges to our goodwill and long-lived assets; the concentrated ownership of our stock which may allow a few owners to exert significant control over us; and our dependence on our subsidiaries for cash to satisfy our obligations.
This press release also contains estimates and other information that is based on industry publications, surveys, and forecasts. This information involves a number of assumptions and limitations, and we have not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the information.
You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or review any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, except as may be required by any applicable securities laws.
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Amortization of intangibles
Stock-based compensation expense
Equity earnings, net of dividends related to earnings
Loss on extinguishment of debt
Gain on divestitures and sale of investment in affiliate
Gain on remeasurement of previously held equity interest
Deferred income taxes
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts and tooling receivable
Net cash provided by operating activities
Capital expenditures, including other intangible assets
Proceeds from divestitures and sale of investment in affiliate
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired
Investment in joint ventures
Return on equity investments
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets and other
Net cash used in investing activities
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt, net of debt issuance costs
Repurchase of Senior Notes and Senior PIK Toggle Notes
Proceeds from issuance of Senior PIK Toggle Notes, net of debt issuance costs
Purchase of noncontrolling interest
Repurchase of common stock
Proceeds from exercise of warrants
Increase (decrease) in short term debt, net
Borrowings on long-term debt
Principal payments on long-term debt
Preferred stock cash dividends paid
Taxes withheld and paid on employees' share based payment awards
Excess tax benefits on stock options
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
Changes in cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
The following table details segment profit (loss):
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
Quarter Ended December 31,
Year Ended December 31,
Segment profit (loss)
Consolidated income (loss) before income taxes
EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income are measures not recognized under United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (U.S. GAAP) and which exclude certain non-cash and non-recurring items. Management considers EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income to be key indicators of the Company's operating performance and believes that these and similar measures are widely used by investors, securities analysts and other interested parties in evaluating the Company's performance. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) adjusted to reflect income tax expense, interest expense net of interest income, depreciation and amortization, and certain items that management does not consider to be reflective of the Company's core operating performance. Adjusted net income is defined as net income (loss) adjusted to reflect certain unusual, non-cash or non-recurring items that management does not consider to be reflective of the Company's core operating performance.
When analyzing the Company's operating performance, investors should use EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income as supplements to, and not as alternatives for, net income (loss), operating income, or any other performance measure derived in accordance with U.S. GAAP, nor as an alternative to cash flow from operating activities as a measure of the Company's performance. EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income have limitations as analytical tools and should not be considered in isolation or as substitutes for analysis of the Company's results of operations as reported under U.S. GAAP. Other companies may report EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income differently and therefore Cooper Standard's results may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. In addition, in evaluating adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income, it should be noted that in the future Cooper Standard may incur expenses similar to or in excess of the adjustments in this presentation. This presentation of adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income should not be construed as an inference that Cooper Standard's future results will be unaffected by unusual or non-recurring items.
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
The following table provides reconciliation of EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA from net income (loss) (unaudited):
Quarter Ended December 31,
Year Ended December 31,
(dollar amounts in thousands)
Net income (loss) attributable to Cooper-Standard
Income tax (benefit) expense
Interest expense, net of interest income
Depreciation and amortization
Impairment charges (2)
Gain on remeasurement of previously held equity interest (3)
(Gain) loss on divestiture (4)
Loss on extinguishment of debt (5)
Amortization of inventory write-up (6)
Settlement charges (7)
Stock-based compensation (8)
Includes non-cash restructuring.
Impairment charges in 2015 related to fixed assets of $13,630 and intangible assets of $7,981. Impairment charges in 2014 related to fixed assets of $24,573 and intangible assets of $1,700.
Gain on remeasurement of previously held equity interest in Shenya.
Gain on sale of hard coat plastic exterior trim business in 2015, and thermal and emissions product line in 2014.
Loss on extinguishment of debt relating to the repurchase of our Senior Notes and Senior PIK Toggle Notes.
Amortization of write-up of inventory to fair value related to the Shenya acquisition.
Settlement charges relating to the U.S. pension plans that were amended to offer a one-time voluntary lump sum window to certain terminated vested participants.
Non-cash stock amortization expense and non-cash stock option expense for grants issued at emergence from bankruptcy.
Net Income and Adjusted Net Income
The following table provides reconciliation of net income to adjusted net income (loss):
(Unaudited; Dollar amounts in thousands except per share amounts)
Quarter Ended December 31,
Year Ended December 31,
Net income (loss) attributable to Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc.
Restructuring expense (net of tax)
Impairment charges (net of tax)
(Gain) Loss on divestiture (net of tax)
Loss on extinguishment of debt
Adjusted net income
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Adjusted earnings per share:
Free Cash Flow
The following table defines free cash flow (unaudited):