Ethnicity Key Factor in Determining Cardiovascular Risk Profile

New Data From Most Comprehensive Comparison of Cardiovascular Risk Profiles Across Four Largest Racial-Ethnic Groups

Jun 17, 2010, 06:33 ET from World Heart Federation

BEIJING, June 17 /PRNewswire-Asia/ -- Racial-ethnic groups living in a similar environment and with access to universal healthcare differed strikingly in their cardiovascular risk profiles according to new data presented today at the World Congress of Cardiology (WCC) Scientific Sessions in Beijing, China.

Chinese people have the most favorable cardiovascular risk profile, followed by White, South Asians and then Blacks according to the study presented. Moreover, diabetes occurred earlier in South Asian men and women, and Black women than in people of White or Chinese origin. A similar racial-ethnic gradient was observed in the prevalence of heart disease (3.2 per cent in Chinese to a high of 5.2 per cent in South Asians) and stroke (0.6 per cent in Chinese to a high of 1.7 per cent in South Asians).

"Cardiovascular disease is a global health problem and even though Chinese, South Asians and Blacks represent approximately 60 per cent of the world's population and contribute significantly to the global burden of this disease, most of our knowledge about cardiovascular risk is derived from White populations," said Maria Chiu, Doctoral Research Fellow, Institute for Clinical Evaluation Sciences, Toronto, Canada. "The data generated by our study will be invaluable for designing evidence-based prevention programs and for planning health services in an increasingly multi-ethnic world."

The population-based study compared cardiovascular risk factors and diseases of some 163,797 participants (154,653 White, 3,038 Chinese, 3,364 South Asian, 2,742 Black) in Statistics Canada's National Population Health Survey and Canadian Community Health Surveys between 1996 and 2007. Direct age-sex standardized methods were used to estimate ethnic-specific prevalence of eight cardiovascular risk factors, heart disease and stroke.

About the World Congress of Cardiology

The World Congress of Cardiology Scientific Sessions is the official congress of the World Heart Federation and is held every two years. Through the Congress the World Heart Federation offers an international stage for the latest developments in science and public outreach in the field of cardiovascular health. The World Congress of Cardiology places emphasis on the complementary nature of science and public outreach and strives to spread the message that through individual, community and patient-care interventions, the growing epidemic of cardiovascular diseases can be prevented. http://www.worldcardiocongress.org

About the World Heart Federation

The World Heart Federation is dedicated to leading the global fight against heart disease and stroke with a focus on low- and middle-income countries via a united community of more than 200 member organizations. With its members, the World Heart Federation works to build global commitment to addressing cardiovascular health at the policy level, generates and exchanges ideas, shares best practice, advances scientific knowledge and promotes knowledge transfer to tackle cardiovascular disease - the world's number one killer. It is a growing membership organization that brings together the strength of medical societies and heart foundations from more than 100 countries. Through our collective efforts we can help people all over the world to lead longer and better heart-healthy lives. For more information, please visit http://www.worldheart.org

SOURCE World Heart Federation



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