Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. Reports Results for the Third Quarter of 2011

Oct 12, 2011, 06:00 ET from Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc.

BETHESDA, Md., Oct. 12, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. (NYSE: HST), the nation's largest lodging real estate investment trust (REIT), today announced results of operations for the third quarter ended September 9, 2011.  

(Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20060417/HOSTLOGO )

  • Owned hotel revenues increased 15% to $1.085 billion for the third quarter of 2011 and increased 12% to $3.166 billion for year-to-date 2011. Revenues for the Company's comparable properties increased 5.3% for both periods. The 14 hotels acquired since July 2010 contributed revenues of $99 million and $213 million for the third quarter and year-to-date, respectively. Total revenues increased 14% for both the third quarter and year-to-date 2011 to $1.142 billion and $3.340 billion, respectively, reflecting the performance of the Company's owned hotels and the inclusion of property-level revenues for 53 leased, select-service hotels for which the Company previously recorded rental income.
  • Net loss was $35 million, or $.05 per diluted share, for the third quarter of 2011 compared to net loss of $61 million, or $.09 per diluted share, for the third quarter of 2010. For year-to-date 2011, net loss was $32 million, or $.05 per diluted share, compared to a net loss of $126 million, or $.20 per diluted share, for year-to-date 2010. The Company's operating results include transactions, such as losses on debt extinguishments, litigation costs, acquisition costs and non-cash impairment charges that can affect earnings and Funds From Operations ("FFO") per diluted share. The net effect of these items was a decrease in earnings per diluted share of $.01 and  $.02 in the third quarter of 2011 and 2010, respectively, and $.03 and $.04 for year-to-date 2011 and 2010, respectively.
  • FFO was $112 million, or $.16 per diluted share, for the third quarter of 2011 compared to $75 million, or $.11 per diluted share, for the third quarter of 2010. FFO was $399 million, or $.57 per diluted share, and $275 million, or $.42 per diluted share, for year-to-date 2011 and 2010, respectively. There was no FFO per share impact from the above transactions affecting operating results for the third quarter of 2011, but they did decrease FFO per diluted share by $.02 in the third quarter of 2010 and $.03 and $.04 for year-to-date 2011 and 2010, respectively.
  • Adjusted EBITDA, which is Earnings before Interest Expense, Income Taxes, Depreciation, Amortization and other items, increased 27.7% to $212 million for the quarter and 23.2% to $669 million for year-to-date 2011.    

For further detail of the transactions affecting net income, earnings per diluted share, FFO and FFO per diluted share, refer to the notes to the "Reconciliation of Net Loss to EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and FFO per Diluted Share." Adjusted EBITDA, FFO, FFO per diluted share and comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margins (discussed below) are non-GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) financial measures within the meaning of the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). See the discussion included in this press release for information regarding these non-GAAP financial measures.

OPERATING RESULTS

Comparable hotel RevPAR increased 6.4% for the third quarter, as a result of the improvement of average room rate of 3.7%, combined with an increase in occupancy of 1.9 percentage points to 75.8%.  For year-to-date 2011, comparable hotel RevPAR increased 6.3%, with the majority of the increase driven by rate improvement of 4.5%, combined with an increase in occupancy of 1.2 percentage points to 73.1%. Comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margins increased 110 basis points and 80 basis points for the third quarter and year-to-date 2011, respectively.

EUROPEAN JOINT VENTURE

On September 30, 2011, the Company's European joint venture's second fund (the "Euro JV Fund II"), in which the Company owns a 33.4% interest, completed the previously announced acquisition of the 396-room Pullman Bercy in Paris for approximately euro 96 million, including customary transfer taxes and notary fees. With a strong location in Paris' growing business district of Bercy, the hotel provides a first-class meeting platform with 19,400 square feet of meeting space. The Euro JV Fund II will invest an additional euro 9 million for the renovation of the rooms and public space at the hotel and Accor will continue to operate the hotel under the Pullman brand. The Euro JV Fund II now owns two hotels and has approximately euro 360 million of committed equity investment capacity remaining.

INVESTMENTS

On August 30, 2011, the Company purchased the remaining interest in Tiburon Golf Ventures, L.P., which owns the golf club surrounding The Ritz-Carlton, Naples Golf Resort, for $11 million. The Company previously held a 49% limited partner interest in the entity.

RETURN ON INVESTMENT EXPENDITURES

The Company invested $32 million and $153 million in return on investment (ROI) projects during the third quarter and year-to-date of 2011, respectively. These projects are designed to increase cash flow and improve profitability by capitalizing on changing market conditions and the favorable locations of the Company's properties. During the third quarter, the Company completed the reinvention of the lobby at the New York Marriott Marquis, including two signature restaurants and lounges.  Other on-going ROI projects include the renovation of all guest-facing areas at the Atlanta Marriott Perimeter Center, which encompasses the lobbies, rooms, restaurants and meeting space, and the major redevelopment project at the Sheraton Indianapolis, which includes the conversion of one tower of the hotel to apartment rental units. The Company expects that its investment in ROI expenditures for 2011 will total approximately $220 million to $240 million.

RENEWAL AND REPLACEMENT EXPENDITURES

The Company also spent approximately $63 million and $182 million in the third quarter and year-to-date of 2011, respectively, for renewal and replacement expenditures designed to ensure that the high-quality standards of both the Company and its operators are maintained. Major renewal and replacement projects substantially completed during the third quarter include the renovation of the 45,000 square foot Broadway ballroom at the New York Marriott Marquis. During the quarter, the Company also began work on extensive room renovations at the JW Marriott, Desert Springs Resort & Spa and the renovation of 40,000 square feet of ballroom and meeting space at the New Orleans Marriott. The Company expects that renewal and replacement expenditures for 2011 will total approximately $300 million to $320 million.  

BALANCE SHEET

The Company utilized the proceeds from the second quarter issuance of $500 million of 5 7/8% Series W senior notes to repurchase approximately $105 million face amount of its 2 5/8% Exchangeable Senior Debentures ("2007 Debentures"), for $106 million.  The 2007 Debentures are puttable to the Company in April 2012 and, based on the Company's current stock price, the Company anticipates that the holders will exercise this option.  

As of September 9, 2011, the Company had approximately $524 million of cash and cash equivalents and approximately $481 million of available capacity under its credit facility. Additionally, the Company exercised its option to extend the maturity date of its credit facility to September 2012.

DIVIDEND

On September 19, 2011, the Company's board of directors authorized a regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.04 per share on its common stock. The dividend is payable on October 17, 2011 to stockholders of record on September 30, 2011. Based on the current guidance for 2011, the Company intends to declare, subject to approval by the Company's board of directors, a fourth quarter dividend of $0.04 or $0.05 per share.

2011 OUTLOOK

The Company anticipates that for 2011:

  • Comparable hotel RevPAR will increase 6.25% to 6.75%;
  • Operating profit margins under GAAP would increase approximately 170 basis points to 190 basis points; and
  • Comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margins will increase approximately 80 basis points to 90 basis points.

Based upon these parameters, the Company estimates that its full year 2011 guidance is as follows:  

  • earnings (loss) per diluted share should range from approximately $(.03) to $(.01);
  • net income (loss) should range from $(22) million to $(9) million;
  • FFO per diluted share should be approximately $.86 to $.88 (including the effect of a reduction of $.03 due to debt extinguishment costs, pursuit costs for completed acquisitions and non-cash impairments); and
  • Adjusted EBITDA should be approximately $1,015 million to $1,025 million.
  • The Company previously announced that it had reached an agreement to acquire the 888-room Grand Hyatt Washington, D.C. for $442 million, which included a $15 million deposit and the possible assumption of a $166 million mortgage loan. The guidance issued by the Company on July 20, 2011, in conjunction with its second quarter earnings, assumed that the Grand Hyatt hotel acquisition would close in September. The July guidance included $9 million of EBITDA related to the acquisition.  The Company recently amended the agreement to extend the closing date to December 14, 2011, subject to customary closing conditions. Therefore, the Company's current guidance assumes the transaction will close on that date and there would be minimal EBITDA generated by the hotel during the Company's ownership period. If the transaction is not consummated, the Company will forfeit its $15 million deposit, but will not incur closing costs and, as a result, the current forecast would decrease for both the high and the low range for earnings per diluted share and FFO per diluted share by $.01. In addition, forecasted net income and Adjusted EBITDA would decrease $8 million and $15 million, respectively.

See the 2011 Forecast Schedules and Notes to Financial Information for other assumptions used in the forecasts and items that may affect forecasted results.

ABOUT HOST HOTELS & RESORTS

Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. is an S&P 500 and Fortune 500 company and is the largest lodging real estate investment trust and one of the largest owners of luxury and upper-upscale hotels. The Company currently owns 105 properties in the United States and 16 properties internationally totaling approximately 65,000 rooms. The Company also holds non-controlling interests in a joint venture in Europe that owns 13 hotels with approximately 4,200 rooms and a joint venture in India that is developing seven hotels in three cities with approximately 1,800 rooms. Guided by a disciplined approach to capital allocation and aggressive asset management, the Company partners with premium brands such as Marriott®, Ritz-Carlton®, Westin®, Sheraton®, W®, St. Regis®, Le Meridien®, The Luxury Collection®, Hyatt®, Fairmont®, Four Seasons®, Hilton®, Swissotel®, ibis®, Pullman®, and Novotel®* in the operation of properties in over 50 major markets worldwide. For additional information, please visit the Company's website at www.hosthotels.com.

Note: This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities regulations.  These forward-looking statements include forecast results and are identified by their use of terms and phrases such as "anticipate," "believe," "could," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "may," "should," "plan," "predict," "project," "will," "continue" and other similar terms and phrases, including references to assumption and forecasts of future results. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results to differ materially from those anticipated at the time the forward-looking statements are made. These risks include, but are not limited to:  national and local economic and business conditions, including the effect on travel of potential terrorist attacks, that will affect occupancy rates at our hotels and the demand for hotel products and services; operating risks associated with the hotel business; risks associated with the level of our indebtedness and our ability to meet covenants in our debt agreements; relationships with property managers; our ability to maintain our properties in a first-class manner, including meeting capital expenditure requirements; our ability to compete effectively in areas such as access, location, quality of accommodations and room rate structures; changes in travel patterns, taxes and government regulations which influence or determine wages, prices, construction procedures and costs; our ability to complete acquisitions and dispositions; the risk that the Company's board of directors will determine to pay dividends at a rate different than currently anticipated and our ability to continue to satisfy complex rules in order for us to remain a REIT for federal income tax purposes and other risks and uncertainties associated with our business described in the Company's annual report on Form 10K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC. The completion of the acquisition of the Grand Hyatt Washington, D.C. is subject to numerous closing conditions and there can be no assurances that the transaction will be completed. These closing conditions include, but are not limited to: the accuracy of the representations and warranties and compliance with covenants, the absence of material events or conditions and other customary closing conditions. Although the Company believes the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are based upon reasonable assumptions, it can give no assurance that the expectations will be attained or that any deviation will not be material. All information in this release is as of October 12, 2011, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to conform the statement to actual results or changes in the Company's expectations.

* This press release contains registered trademarks that are the exclusive property of their respective owners. None of the owners of these trademarks has any responsibility or liability for any information contained in this press release.

*** Tables to Follow ***

Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc., herein referred to as "we" or "Host," is a self-managed and self-administered real estate investment trust (REIT) that owns hotel properties. We conduct our operations as an umbrella partnership REIT through an operating partnership, Host Hotels & Resorts, L.P. (Host LP), of which we are the sole general partner. When distinguishing between Host and Host LP, the primary difference is approximately 1.5% of the partnership interests in Host LP held by outside partners as of September 9, 2011, which is non-controlling interests in Host LP in our consolidated balance sheets and is included in net income/loss attributable to non-controlling interests in our consolidated statements of operations. Readers are encouraged to find further detail regarding our organizational structure in our annual report on Form 10K.

For information on our reporting periods and non-GAAP financial measures (including Adjusted EBITDA, FFO per diluted share and comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margin) which we believe is useful to investors, see the Notes to the Financial Information included in this release.

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets (a)

(in millions, except shares and per share amounts)

September 9,

December 31,

2011

2010

(unaudited)

ASSETS

Property and equipment, net

$       11,444

$        10,514

Due from managers

34

45

Investments in affiliates

171

148

Deferred financing costs, net

44

44

Furniture, fixtures and equipment replacement fund

166

152

Other

386

354

Restricted cash

36

41

Cash and cash equivalents

524

1,113

Total assets

$       12,805

$        12,411

LIABILITIES, NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS AND EQUITY

Debt

Senior notes, including $925 million and $1,156 million, respectively, net of discount, of Exchangeable Senior Debentures

$         4,266

$          4,249

Credit facility

119

58

Mortgage debt

1,016

1,025

Other

87

145

Total debt

5,488

5,477

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

173

208

Other  

225

203

Total liabilities  

5,886

5,888

Non-controlling interests-Host Hotels & Resorts, L.P.

115

191

Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. stockholders’ equity:

Common stock, par value $.01, 1,050 million shares authorized; 702.7 million  shares and 675.6 million shares issued and outstanding, respectively

7

7

Additional paid-in capital

7,760

7,236

Accumulated other comprehensive income

31

25

Deficit

(1,032)

(965)

Total equity of Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc. stockholders

6,766

6,303

Non-controlling interests-other consolidated partnerships

38

29

Total equity

6,804

6,332

Total liabilities, non-controlling interests and equity

$       12,805

$        12,411

(a)  Our consolidated balance sheet as of September 9, 2011 has been prepared without audit. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements presented in accordance with GAAP have been omitted.  

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Operations (a)

(unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)

Quarter ended

Year-to-date ended

September 9,

September 10,

September 9,

September 10,

2011

2010

2011

2010

Revenues

Rooms

$            733

$              627

$         2,034

$           1,781

Food and beverage

285

253

935

848

Other

67

63

197

191

Owned hotel revenues

1,085

943

3,166

2,820

Other revenues (b)

57

60

174

117

Total revenues

1,142

1,003

3,340

2,937

Expenses

Rooms

207

178

563

496

Food and beverage

236

212

706

639

Other departmental and support expenses

304

276

851

775

Management fees

41

36

126

112

Other property-level expenses (b)

139

124

393

306

Depreciation and amortization

149

134

439

409

Corporate and other expenses

12

20

58

69

Total operating costs and expenses

1,088

980

3,136

2,806

Operating profit

54

23

204

131

Interest income

5

2

15

3

Interest expense (c)

(87)

(89)

(259)

(268)

Net gains on property transactions and other

3

-

6

-

Loss on foreign currency transactions and derivatives

(2)

(1)

-

(6)

Equity in losses of affiliates

(5)

(1)

(3)

(5)

Loss before income taxes

(32)

(66)

(37)

(145)

Benefit (provision) for income taxes

(3)

5

9

21

Loss from continuing operations

(35)

(61)

(28)

(124)

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax  

-

-

(4)

(2)

Net loss

(35)

(61)

(32)

(126)

Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests

2

3

-

2

Net loss attributable to Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc.

(33)

(58)

(32)

(124)

Less: Dividends on preferred stock

-

-

-

(4)

Issuance costs of redeemed preferred stock

-

-

-

(4)

Net loss available to common stockholders

$            (33)

$              (58)

$            (32)

$            (132)

Basic and diluted loss per common share:

Continuing operations

$           (.05)

$             (.09)

$           (.04)

$             (.20)

Discontinued operations

-

-

(.01)

-

Basic and diluted loss per common share

$           (.05)

$             (.09)

$           (.05)

$             (.20)

(a)  Our consolidated statements of operations presented above have been prepared without audit. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements presented in accordance with GAAP have been omitted.  

(b)  On July 6, 2010, we terminated the subleases for the 71 select-service hotels that we leased from Hospitality Properties Trust ("HPT") (18 of such leases were terminated effective December 31, 2010). As a result of the transaction, we record the gross hotel revenues and expenses of these hotels as opposed to rental income earned under the subleases; however, we are subject to the rental expense due to HPT. The chart below details the other revenue and other property-level expenses for the third quarter and year-to-date of 2011 and 2010 related to the HPT properties:    

Quarter ended

Year-to-date ended

September 9,

September 10,

September 9,

September 10,

2011

2010

2011

2010

Hotel sales revenue

$              53

$                50

$            150

$                50

Rental revenue

-

6

-

43

Total HPT revenue

$              53

$                56

$            150

$                93

Property-level expenses

$              38

$                37

$            111

$                37

Rental expense

16

19

47

57

Total HPT expenses

$              54

$                56

$            158

$                94

(c)  Interest expense includes the following items:  

Quarter ended

Year-to-date ended

September 9,

September 10,

September 9,

September 10,

2011

2010

2011

2010

Non-cash interest for exchangeable debentures

$                7

$                  7

$              22

$                23

Debt extinguishment costs

4

7

8

15

Total

$              11

$                14

$              30

$                38

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Earnings per Common Share

(unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)

Quarter ended

Year-to-date ended

September 9,

September 10,

September 9,

September 10,

2011

2010

2011

2010

Net loss

$            (35)

$              (61)

$            (32)

$            (126)

Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests

2

3

-

2

Dividends on preferred stock

-

-

-

(4)

Issuance costs of redeemed preferred stock (a)

-

-

-

(4)

Loss available to common stockholders

(33)

(58)

(32)

(132)

Diluted loss available to common stockholders

$            (33)

$              (58)

$            (32)

$            (132)

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

702.1

654.5

688.4

651.7

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding (b)

702.1

654.5

688.4

651.7

Basic and diluted loss per share (c)

$           (.05)

$             (.09)

$           (.05)

$             (.20)

(a)  Represents the original issuance costs associated with the Class E preferred stock, which were redeemed during the second quarter of 2010.  

(b)  Dilutive securities may include shares granted under comprehensive stock plans, preferred OP Units held by minority partners, exchangeable debt securities and other non-controlling interests that have the option to convert their limited partnership interests to common OP Units. Due to the net loss for all periods presented, all of our securities are anti-dilutive and, therefore, no effect for such securities is shown.  

(c)  See notes to the "Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and FFO per Diluted Share" for information on significant items affecting diluted earnings per common share.  

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Comparable Hotel Operating Data

(unaudited)

Comparable Hotels by Region (a)

As of September 9, 2011  

Quarter ended September 9, 2011  

Quarter ended September 10, 2010

Average

Average

Percent

No. of

No. of

Average

Occupancy

Average

Occupancy

Change in

Properties

Rooms

Room Rate

Percentages

RevPAR

Room Rate

Percentages

RevPAR

RevPAR

Pacific

26

14,581

$   170.78

82.6%

$141.04

$   161.40

78.8%

$127.20

10.9%

Mid-Atlantic

10

8,352

225.52

82.1

185.22

210.06

82.3

172.96

7.1

South Central

9

5,687

132.65

66.0

87.59

129.87

64.7

84.07

4.2

Florida

9

5,677

143.40

66.5

95.33

145.43

64.5

93.76

1.7

DC Metro

12

5,416

174.81

77.9

136.13

171.91

77.7

133.55

1.9

North Central

10

4,358

149.10

79.7

118.80

146.25

76.2

111.43

6.6

New England

7

3,924

168.32

82.5

138.92

170.94

81.9

139.94

(0.7)

Atlanta

7

3,846

151.93

65.7

99.80

149.58

63.1

94.43

5.7

Mountain

7

2,889

129.30

63.8

82.45

124.10

59.2

73.46

12.2

International

7

2,473

166.84

64.6

107.78

151.89

66.6

101.22

6.5

All Regions

104

57,203

169.30

75.8

128.32

163.27

73.9

120.62

6.4

As of September 9, 2011  

Year-to-date ended September 9, 2011  

Year-to-date ended September 10, 2010

Average

Average

Percent

No. of

No. of

Average

Occupancy

Average

Occupancy

Change in

Properties

Rooms

Room Rate

Percentages

RevPAR

Room Rate

Percentages

RevPAR

RevPAR

Pacific

26

14,581

$   171.39

77.2%

$132.31

$   160.70

72.9%

$117.19

12.9%

Mid-Atlantic

10

8,352

224.25

75.9

170.32

208.00

79.9

166.11

2.5

South Central

9

5,687

149.05

69.7

103.93

142.95

68.5

97.97

6.1

Florida

9

5,677

186.02

74.2

137.94

184.48

71.7

132.30

4.3

DC Metro

12

5,416

193.97

75.2

145.95

188.18

76.0

142.97

2.1

North Central

10

4,358

141.52

70.9

100.34

135.93

69.5

94.44

6.2

New England

7

3,924

168.17

71.6

120.39

169.37

70.6

119.51

0.7

Atlanta

7

3,846

155.66

66.1

102.88

153.71

64.4

99.01

3.9

Mountain

7

2,889

158.47

66.2

104.95

148.74

64.6

96.02

9.3

International

7

2,473

169.22

66.3

112.22

154.43

65.2

100.71

11.4

All Regions

104

57,203

176.89

73.1

129.39

169.32

71.9

121.76

6.3

Comparable Hotels by Property Type (a)

As of September 9, 2011  

Quarter ended September 9, 2011  

Quarter ended September 10, 2010

Average

Average

Percent

No. of

No. of

Average

Occupancy

Average

Occupancy

Change in

Properties

Rooms

Room Rate

Percentages

RevPAR

Room Rate

Percentages

RevPAR

RevPAR

Urban

50

32,282

$   183.60

78.8%

$144.65

$   176.05

77.9%

$137.22

5.4%

Suburban

28

10,564

142.84

72.3

103.25

137.68

68.1

93.79

10.1

Resort/Conference

13

8,082

185.65

65.0

120.62

183.34

63.2

115.79

4.2

Airport

13

6,275

118.69

80.3

95.34

111.74

76.5

85.43

11.6

All Types

104

57,203

169.30

75.8

128.32

163.27

73.9

120.62

6.4

As of September 9, 2011  

Year-to-date ended September 9, 2011  

Year-to-date ended September 10, 2010

Average

Average

Percent

No. of

No. of

Average

Occupancy

Average

Occupancy

Change in

Properties

Rooms

Room Rate

Percentages

RevPAR

Room Rate

Percentages

RevPAR

RevPAR

Urban

50

32,282

$   188.14

74.2%

$139.64

$   179.71

74.1%

$133.10

4.9%

Suburban

28

10,564

145.60

69.0

100.48

138.94

66.6

92.52

8.6

Resort/Conference

13

8,082

217.99

70.7

154.22

209.63

68.4

143.37

7.6

Airport

13

6,275

120.94

77.7

93.97

114.92

74.4

85.47

10.0

All Types

104

57,203

176.89

73.1

129.39

169.32

71.9

121.76

6.3

(a)  See the Notes to Financial Information for a discussion of reporting periods and comparable hotel results.    

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Comparable Hotel Operating Data

Schedule of Comparable Hotel Results (a)

(unaudited, in millions, except hotel statistics)

Quarter ended

Year-to-date ended

September 9,

September 10,

September 9,

September 10,

2011

2010

2011

2010

Number of hotels

104

104

104

104

Number of rooms

57,203

57,203

57,203

57,203

Percent change in comparable hotel RevPAR

6.4%

-

6.3%

-

Operating profit margin under GAAP (b)

4.7%

2.3%

6.1%

4.5%

Comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margin (b)  

18.6%

17.5%

21.7%

20.9%

Comparable hotel sales

Room    

$            640

$              601

$         1,838

$           1,730

Food and beverage      

257

247

878

838

Other  

61

61

184

187

Comparable hotel sales (c)      

958

909

2,900

2,755

Comparable hotel expenses

Room    

181

172

508

481

Food and beverage      

215

207

660

629

Other  

37

37

107

106

Management fees, ground rent and other costs    

347

334

995

962

Comparable hotel expenses (d)  

780

750

2,270

2,178

Comparable hotel adjusted operating profit      

178

159

630

577

Non-comparable hotel results, net (e)  

37

18

77

31

Income (loss) from hotels leased from HPT and office buildings      

-

-

(6)

1

Depreciation and amortization  

(149)

(134)

(439)

(409)

Corporate and other expenses    

(12)

(20)

(58)

(69)

Operating profit        

$              54

$                23

$            204

$              131

(a)  See the Notes to the Financial Information for discussion of non-GAAP measures, reporting periods and comparable hotel results.  

(b)  Operating profit margins are calculated by dividing the applicable operating profit by the related revenue amount. GAAP margins are calculated using amounts presented in the consolidated statement of operations. Comparable margins are calculated using amounts presented in the above table.  

(c)  The reconciliation of total revenues per the consolidated statements of operations to the comparable hotel sales is as follows:  

Quarter ended

Year-to-date ended

September 9,

September 10,

September 9,

September 10,

2011

2010

2011

2010

Revenues per the consolidated statements of operations

$         1,142

$           1,003

$         3,340

$           2,937

Non-comparable hotel sales

(141)

(47)

(323)

(116)

Hotel sales for the property for which we record rental income, net

11

10

36

36

Revenues for hotels leased from HPT and office buildings

(54)

(57)

(153)

(97)

Adjustment for hotel sales for comparable hotels  to reflect Marriott’s fiscal year for Marriott- managed hotels

-

-

-

(5)

Comparable hotel sales

$            958

$              909

$         2,900

$           2,755

(d)  The reconciliation of operating costs per the consolidated statements of operations to the comparable hotel expenses is as follows:    

Quarter ended

Year-to-date ended

September 9,

September 10,

September 9,

September 10,

2011

2010

2011

2010

Operating costs and expenses per the consolidated statements of operations

$         1,088

$              980

$         3,136

$           2,806

Non-comparable hotel expenses

(104)

(29)

(247)

(85)

Hotel expenses for the property for which we record rental income

11

10

37

36

Expense for hotels leased from HPT and office buildings

(54)

(57)

(159)

(96)

Adjustment for hotel expenses for comparable hotels to reflect Marriott’s fiscal year for Marriott-managed hotels

-

-

-

(5)

Depreciation and amortization

(149)

(134)

(439)

(409)

Corporate and other expenses

(12)

(20)

(58)

(69)

Comparable hotel expenses

$            780

$              750

$         2,270

$           2,178

(e)  Non-comparable hotel results, net, includes the results of operations of our non-comparable hotels whose operations are included in our consolidated statements of operations as continuing operations and the difference between the number of days of operations reflected in the comparable hotel results and the number of days of operations reflected in the consolidated statements of operations.  

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Other Financial and Operating Data

(unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)

September 9,

December 31,

2011

2010

Equity

Common shares outstanding

702.7

675.6

Common shares outstanding assuming conversion of non-controlling interest OP Units (a)

713.5

686.3

Preferred OP Units outstanding

.02

.02

Security pricing

Common (b)

$         10.69

$           17.87

3 1/4% Exchangeable Senior Debentures (c)

$      1,017.5

$        1,179.4

2 5/8% Exchangeable Senior Debentures (c)

$      1,002.1

$           991.9

2 1/2% Exchangeable Senior Debentures (c)

$      1,038.9

$        1,416.6

Dividends declared per share for calendar year

Common (d)

$             .09

$               .04

Class E Preferred (e)

$                -

$               .95

Debt

Senior notes

Rate

Maturity date

Series K

7 1/8%

11/2013

$                -

$              250

Series O

6 3/8%

3/2015

650

650

Series Q

6 3/4%

6/2016

800

800

Series S

6 7/8%

11/2014

498

498

Series T

9%

5/2017

390

388

Series V

6%

11/2020

500

500

Series W (f)

5 7/8%

6/2019

496

-

Exchangeable senior debentures (g)(h)

3 1/4%

4/2024

175

325

Exchangeable senior debentures (g)(i)

2 5/8%

4/2027

413

502

Exchangeable senior debentures (g)

2 1/2%

10/2029

337

329

Senior notes

10%

5/2012

7

7

Credit facility (j)

2.1%

9/2012

119

58

4,385

4,307

Mortgage debt and other

Mortgage debt (non-recourse) (k)

3.2-10.8%

2/2012-12/2023

1,016

1,025

Other

7.0-7.8%

10/2014-12/2017

87

145

Total debt (l)(m)

$         5,488

$           5,477

Percentage of fixed rate debt

90%

90%

Weighted average interest rate

6.4%

6.2%

Weighted average debt maturity

4.3 years

4.4 years

Quarter ended

Year-to-date ended

September 9,

September 10,

September 9,

September 10,

2011

2010

2011

2010

Hotel Operating Statistics for All Properties (n)

Average daily rate

$       171.84

$             163.16

$       178.24

$         168.52

Average occupancy

75.9%

73.6%

72.9%

71.1%

RevPAR

$       130.43

$             120.10

$       129.94

$         119.88

(a)  Each OP Unit is redeemable for cash or, at the option of the Company, 1.021494 common shares of Host. At September 9, 2011 and December 31, 2010, there were 10.6 million and 10.5 million common OP Units, respectively, held by non-controlling interests that were redeemable into 10.8 million and 10.7 million shares, respectively, of Host common stock.  

(b)  Share prices are the closing price as reported by the New York Stock Exchange.    

(c)  Amount reflects market price of a single $1,000 debenture as quoted by Bloomberg L.P.  

(d)  On September 19, 2011, the Company declared a third quarter common cash dividend of $0.04 per share.    

(e)  On June 18, 2010, the Company redeemed its 8 7/8% Class E cumulative redeemable preferred stock at a redemption price of $25.00 per share, plus accrued dividends.    

(f)  Reflects the $425 million and $75 million of 5 7/8% Series W senior notes issued on May 11, 2011 and May 25, 2011, respectively, net of original issue discounts totaling $4 million.    

(g)  The principal balance outstanding of the 2 5/8% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2027 (the "2007 Debentures") and the 2 1/2% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2029 (the "2009 Debentures") is $421 million and $400 million, respectively. The discounts related to these exchangeable debentures are amortized through the first date at which the holders can require Host to repurchase the exchangeable debentures for cash (April 2012 for the 2007 Debentures and October 2015 for the 2009 Debentures). The discount related to the 3 1/4% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2024 (the "2004 Debentures") has been fully amortized as of December 31, 2010.    

(h)  In May 2011, the Company gave notice of its intent to redeem $150 million face amount of the 2004 Debentures. In June 2011, holders of approximately $134 million of our 2004 Debentures elected to exchange their debentures for shares of the Company’s common stock totaling approximately 8.8 million shares in lieu of receiving the cash redemption proceeds, while the remaining $16 million of the called debentures were redeemed for cash.    

(i)  During the third quarter of 2011, the Company repurchased approximately $105 million face amount of the 2007 Debentures, with a carrying value of $102 million, for $106 million and recorded a loss on the repurchase of approximately $4 million. The 2007 Debentures are puttable to the Company in April 2012 and, based on the Company’s current stock price, the Company anticipates that the holders will exercise this option.  

(j)  The interest rate shown is the weighted average rate of the outstanding credit facility at September 9, 2011. At September 9, 2011, we had $481 million of available capacity under the revolver portion of the credit facility.    

(k)  Mortgage debt is secured by real estate assets with an undepreciated book value of $1.6 billion and has a weighted average interest rate of 5.3% and 4.7% at September 9, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively, maturing through December 2023. The book value of the assets securing mortgage debt does not represent the current fair value of the assets.  

(l)  In accordance with GAAP, total debt includes the debt of entities that we consolidate, but do not own 100% of the entity, and excludes the debt of entities that we do not consolidate, but have a non-controlling ownership interest and record our investment therein under the equity method of accounting. As of September 9, 2011, our non-controlling partners’ share of consolidated debt is $67 million and our share of debt in unconsolidated investments is $323 million.  

(m)  Total debt as of September 9, 2011 and December 31, 2010 includes net discounts of $70 million and $95 million, respectively.  

(n)  The operating statistics reflect all consolidated properties as of September 9, 2011 and September 10, 2010, respectively. The operating statistics include the results of operations through their date of disposition for one property disposed of and one property transferred to the European joint venture in 2011 and two properties disposed of in 2010.    

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Reconciliation of Net Loss to EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA

and Funds From Operations per Diluted Share

(unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)

Quarter ended

Year-to-date ended

September 9,

September 10,

September 9,

September 10,

2011

2010

2011

2010

Net loss

$            (35)

$              (61)

$            (32)

$            (126)

Interest expense

87

89

259

268

Depreciation and amortization

149

134

439

409

Income taxes

3

(5)

(9)

(21)

EBITDA

204

157

657

530

Acquisition costs

-

3

4

4

Losses on dispositions

-

-

-

1

Non-cash impairment charges

-

-

3

-

Amortization of deferred gains

(3)

-

(6)

-

Equity investment adjustments:

Equity in losses of affiliates

5

1

3

5

Pro rata EBITDA of equity investments

8

6

19

13

Consolidated partnership adjustments:

Pro rata EBITDA attributable to non-controlling  partners in other consolidated partnerships

(2)

(1)

(11)

(10)

Adjusted EBITDA

$            212

$              166

$            669

$              543

Quarter ended

Year-to-date ended

September 9,

September 10,

September 9,

September 10,

2011

2010

2011

2010

Net loss

$            (35)

$              (61)

$            (32)

$            (126)

Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests

2

3

-

2

Dividends on preferred stock

-

-

-

(4)

Issuance costs of redeemed preferred stock

-

-

-

(4)

Net loss available to common stockholders

(33)

(58)

(32)

(132)

Adjustments:

Losses on dispositions, net of taxes

-

-

-

1

Amortization of deferred gains and other property transactions, net of taxes

(3)

-

(6)

-

Depreciation and amortization

149

133

439

409

Partnership adjustments

1

1

4

2

FFO of non-controlling interests of Host LP

(2)

(1)

(6)

(5)

Funds From Operations

112

75

399

275

Adjustments for dilutive securities:

Assuming conversion of 2004 Debentures

1

2

4

-

Assuming deduction of interest - redeemed/exchanged 2004 Debentures

-

-

2

-

Diluted FFO

$            113

$                77

$            405

$              275

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding-EPS

702.1

654.5

688.4

651.7

Assuming issuance of common shares granted under the Comprehensive Stock Plan

1.5

2.1

1.6

2.0

Assuming conversion of 2004 Debentures

11.5

21.2

11.5

-

Weighted average outstanding shares -  redeemed/exchanged 2004 Debentures

-

-

6.8

-

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding- FFO (a)(b)

715.1

677.8

708.3

653.7

FFO per diluted share (a)(b)

$             .16

$               .11

$             .57

$               .42

(a)  Earnings/loss per diluted share and FFO per diluted share are adjusted for the effects of dilutive securities. Dilutive securities may include shares granted under comprehensive stock plans, preferred OP Units held by non-controlling partners, exchangeable debt securities and other non-controlling interests that have the option to convert their limited partnership interest to common OP Units. No effect is shown for securities if they are anti-dilutive.    

(b)  FFO per diluted share and earnings per diluted share were affected by certain transactions, the effects of which are shown in the table below (in millions, except per share amounts):    

Quarter ended

Quarter ended

September 9, 2011

September 10, 2010

Net Loss

FFO

Net Loss

FFO

Loss on debt extinguishments (1)

$              (5)

$                (5)

$              (7)

$                (7)

Acquisition costs (2)

-

-

(3)

(3)

Total

$              (5)

$                (5)

$            (10)

$              (10)

Diluted shares

702.1

715.7

654.5

677.8

Per diluted share

$           (.01)

$                  -

$           (.02)

$             (.02)

Year-to-date ended

Year-to-date ended

September 9, 2011

September 10, 2010

Net Loss

FFO

Net Loss

FFO

Loss on dispositions, net of tax

$                -

$                  -

$              (1)

$                  -

Non-cash impairment charges

(3)

(3)

-

-

Loss on debt extinguishments (1)

(10)

(10)

(15)

(15)

Acquisition costs (2)

(4)

(4)

(4)

(4)

Preferred stock redemption (3)

-

-

(4)

(4)

Dilutive effect of 2009 Debentures

-

(17)

-

-

Potential loss on litigation (4)

-

-

(4)

(4)

Loss attributable to non-controlling interests (5)

-

-

1

1

Total

$            (17)

$              (34)

$            (27)

$              (26)

Diluted shares

688.4

736.7

651.7

653.7

Per diluted share

$           (.03)

$             (.03)

$           (.04)

$             (.04)

(1)  Represents costs associated with the redemption of the Series K Senior Notes and 2007 Debentures in 2011 and the Series M Senior Notes in 2010.  

(2)  Represents costs incurred related to successful acquisitions.    

(3)  Represents the original issuance costs of Class E preferred stock, which were redeemed on June 18, 2010.    

(4)  Includes the accrual of a potential litigation loss in the first quarter of 2010.    

(5)  Represents the portion of the significant items attributable to non-controlling partners in Host LP  

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA  

and Funds From Operations per Diluted Share

for Full Year 2011 Forecasts (a)

(unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)

Full Year 2011

Low-end

High-end

of range

of range

Net loss

$     (22)

$       (9)

Interest expense  

372

372

Depreciation and amortization  

637

637

Income taxes

1

(2)

EBITDA

988

998

Acquisition costs

12

12

Non-cash impairment charges

3

3

Amortization of deferred gains

(7)

(7)

Equity investment adjustments:

Equity in losses of affiliates

4

4

Pro rata Adjusted EBITDA of equity investments

31

31

Consolidated partnership adjustments:

Pro rata Adjusted EBITDA attributable to non-controlling partners in other  consolidated partnerships

(16)

(16)

Adjusted EBITDA

$  1,015

$  1,025

Full Year 2011 Forecast

Low-end

High-end

of range

of range

Net loss

$     (22)

$       (9)

Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

(1)

(1)

Net loss available to common stockholders

(23)

(10)

Adjustments:

Depreciation and amortization

636

636

Amortization of deferred gains

(7)

(7)

Partnership adjustments

7

7

FFO of non-controlling interests of Host LP  

(9)

(9)

Funds From Operations

604

617

Adjustment for dilutive securities:

Assuming conversion of exchangeable senior debentures  

32

32

Diluted FFO

$     636

$     649

Weighted average diluted shares - (EPS)

692.8

692.8

Weighted average diluted shares- (FFO) (b)

741.4

741.4

Income per diluted share

$     (.03)

$     (.01)

FFO per diluted share

$      .86

$      .88

(a)  The full year 2011 forecasts were based on the below assumptions:    

 - Comparable hotel RevPAR will increase 6.25% to 6.75% for the low and high ends of the forecasted range, respectively.  

 - Comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margins will increase 80 basis points to 90 basis points for the low and high ends of the forecasted range, respectively.    

 - We expect to complete the acquisition of the Grand Hyatt Washington, D.C. in late December of 2011; therefore, only transaction costs have been included in operating results.    

 - Costs associated with debt extinguishments, acquisition costs and non-cash impairment charges will decrease earnings and FFO per share by $.03.    

 - Interest expense includes approximately $44 million related to non-cash interest expense for exchangeable senior debentures, amortization of original issue discounts and deferred financing fees.    

 - We expect to spend approximately $220 million to $240 million on ROI capital expenditures.    

 - We expect to spend approximately $300 million to $320 million on renewal and replacement expenditures in 2011.    

 For a discussion of additional items that may affect forecasted results, see Notes to the Financial Information.    

(b)  The full year 2011 forecast FFO per diluted share includes 47 million shares for the dilution of the 2004 and 2009 Exchangeable Senior Debentures.    

HOST HOTELS & RESORTS, INC.

Schedule of Comparable Hotel Adjusted Operating Profit Margin

for Full Year 2011 Forecasts (a)

(unaudited, in millions, except hotel statistics)

Full Year 2011

Low-end

High-end

of range

of range

Operating profit margin under GAAP (b)

6.7%

6.9%

Comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margin (c)

22.2%

22.3%

Comparable hotel sales

Room

$  2,712

$  2,725

Other

1,579

1,586

Comparable hotel sales (d)

4,291

4,311

Comparable hotel expenses

Rooms and other departmental costs

1,872

1,882

Management fees, ground rent and other costs

1,466

1,468

Comparable hotel expenses (e)

3,338

3,350

Comparable hotel adjusted operating profit

953

961

Non-comparable hotel results, net

126

127

Hotels leased from HPT and office buildings, net

(11)

(11)

Depreciation and amortization  

(637)

(637)

Corporate and other expenses

(98)

(98)

Operating profit

$     333

$     342

(a)  Forecasted comparable hotel results include 104 hotels that we have assumed will be classified as comparable as of December 31, 2011. No assurances can be made as to the hotels that will be in the comparable hotel set for 2011. Also, see the notes to the "Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Funds From Operations per Diluted Share For Full Year 2011 Forecasts" for other forecast assumptions.    

(b)  Operating profit margin under GAAP is calculated as the operating profit divided by the forecast total revenues per the consolidated statements of operations. See (d) below for forecasted revenues.  

(c)  Comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margin is calculated as the comparable hotel adjusted operating profit divided by the comparable hotel sales per the table above.    

(d)  The reconciliation of forecast total revenues to the forecast comparable hotel sales is as follows (in millions):  

Full Year 2011

Low-end

High-end

of range

of range

Revenues  

$  4,964

$  4,987

Non-comparable hotel sales

(506)

(509)

Revenues for hotels leased from HPT and office buildings

(218)

(218)

Hotel sales for the property for which we record rental income, net

51

51

Comparable hotel sales

$  4,291

$  4,311

(e)  The reconciliation of forecast operating costs and expenses to the comparable hotel expenses is as follows (in millions):  

Full Year 2011

Low-end

High-end

of range

of range

Operating costs and expenses

$  4,631

$  4,645

Non-comparable hotel and other expenses

(380)

(382)

Expenses for hotels leased from HPT and office buildings

(229)

(229)

Hotel expenses for the property for which we record rental income

51

51

Depreciation and amortization

(637)

(637)

Corporate and other expenses

(98)

(98)

Comparable hotel expenses

$  3,338

$  3,350

FORECASTS

Our forecast of earnings per diluted share, FFO, FFO per diluted share, EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and comparable hotel adjusted operating profit margins are forward-looking statements and are not guarantees of future performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause actual results and performance to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forecasts. Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forecasts are based upon reasonable assumptions, we can give no assurance that the expectations will be attained or that the results will not be materially different. Risks that may affect these assumptions and forecasts include the following: potential changes in overall economic outlook make it inherently difficult to forecast the level of RevPAR and margin growth; the amount and timing of acquisitions and dispositions of hotel properties is an estimate that can substantially affect financial results, including such items as net income, depreciation and gains on dispositions; the level of capital expenditures may change significantly, which will directly affect the level of depreciation expense and net income; the amount and timing of debt payments may change significantly based on market conditions, which will directly affect the level of interest expense and net income; the amount and timing of transactions involving shares of our common stock may change based on market conditions; and other risks and uncertainties associated with our business described herein and in our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC.

REPORTING PERIODS FOR STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

The results we report in our consolidated statements of operations are based on results of our hotels reported to us by our hotel managers. Our hotel managers use different reporting periods. Marriott International, Inc. (Marriott), the manager of the majority of our properties, uses a fiscal year ending on the Friday closest to December 31 and reports twelve weeks of operations for the first three quarters and sixteen or seventeen weeks for the fourth quarter of the year for its Marriott-managed hotels. In contrast, other managers of our hotels, such as Starwood and Hyatt, report results on a monthly basis. Additionally, Host, as a REIT, is required by tax laws to report results on a calendar year. As a result, we elected to adopt the reporting periods used by Marriott except that our fiscal year always ends on December 31 to comply with REIT rules. Our first three quarters of operations end on the same day as Marriott but our fourth quarter ends on December 31 and our full year results, as reported in our consolidated statement of operations, always includes the same number of days as the calendar year.

Two consequences of the reporting cycle we have adopted are:  (1) quarterly start dates will usually differ between years, except for the first quarter which always commences on January 1, and (2) our first and fourth quarters of operations and year-to-date operations may not include the same number of days as reflected in prior years. For example, the third quarter of 2011 ended on September 9, and the third quarter of 2010 ended on September 10, though both quarters reflect twelve weeks of operations. In contrast, the September 9, 2011 year-to-date operations included 252 days of operations, while the September 10, 2010 year-to-date operations included 253 days of operations.

While the reporting calendar we adopted is more closely aligned with the reporting calendar used by the manager of a majority of our properties, one final consequence of our calendar is we are unable to report the month of operations that ends after our fiscal quarter-end until the following quarter because our hotel managers using a monthly reporting period do not make mid-month results available to us. Hence, the month of operation that ends after our fiscal quarter-end is included in our quarterly results of operations in the following quarter for those hotel managers (covering approximately 42% of our hotels). As a result, our quarterly results of operations include results from hotel managers reporting results on a monthly basis as follows:  first quarter (January, February), second quarter (March to May), third quarter (June to August) and fourth quarter (September to December). While this does not affect full-year results, it does affect the reporting of quarterly results.

REPORTING PERIODS FOR HOTEL OPERATING STATISTICS AND COMPARABLE HOTEL RESULTS

In contrast to the reporting periods for our consolidated statement of operations, our hotel operating statistics (i.e., RevPAR, average daily rate and average occupancy) and our comparable hotel results are always reported based on the reporting cycle used by Marriott for our Marriott-managed hotels. This facilitates year-to-year comparisons, as each reporting period will be comprised of the same number of days of operations as in the prior year (except in the case of fourth quarters comprised of seventeen weeks (such as fiscal year 2008) versus sixteen weeks). This means, however, that the reporting periods we use for hotel operating statistics and our comparable hotels results will typically differ slightly from the reporting periods used for our statements of operations for the first and fourth quarters and the full year. Results from hotel managers reporting on a monthly basis are included in our operating statistics and comparable hotels results consistent with their reporting in our consolidated statement of operations herein:  

  • Hotel results for the third quarter of 2011 reflect 12 weeks of operations for the period from June 18, 2011 to September 9, 2011 for our Marriott-managed hotels and results from June 1, 2011 to August 31, 2011 for operations of all other hotels which report results on a monthly basis.
  • Hotel results for the third quarter of 2010 reflect 12 weeks of operations for the period from June 19, 2010 to September 10, 2010 for our Marriott-managed hotels and results from June 1, 2010 to August 31, 2010 for operations of all other hotels which report results on a monthly basis.
  • Hotel results for year-to-date 2011 reflect 36 weeks of operations for the period from January 1, 2011 to September 9, 2011 for our Marriott-managed hotels and results from January 1, 2011 to August 31, 2011 for operations of all other hotels which report results on a monthly basis.
  • Hotel results for year-to-date 2010 reflect 36 weeks of operations for the period from January 2, 2010 to September 10, 2010 for our Marriott-managed hotels and results from January 1, 2010 to August 31, 2010 for operations of all other hotels which report results on a monthly basis.

COMPARABLE HOTEL OPERATING STATISTICS

We present certain operating statistics (i.e., RevPAR, average daily rate and average occupancy) and operating results (revenues, expenses, adjusted operating profit and associated margins) for the periods included in this report on a comparable hotel basis. We define our comparable hotels as properties (i) that are owned or leased by us and the operations of which are included in our consolidated results, whether as continuing operations or discontinued operations for the entirety of the reporting periods being compared and (ii) that have not sustained substantial property damage or business interruption, or undergone large-scale capital projects during the reporting periods being compared. Of the 121 hotels that we owned on September 9, 2011, 104 have been classified as comparable hotels. The operating results of the following hotels that we owned or leased as of September 9, 2011 are excluded from comparable hotel results for these periods:

  • Hilton Melbourne South Wharf (acquired in April 2011);
  • New York Helmsley Hotel (acquired in March 2011);
  • Manchester Grand Hyatt San Diego (acquired in March 2011);
  • The portfolio of seven hotels in New Zealand (acquired in February 2011);
  • JW Marriott, Rio de Janeiro (acquired in September 2010);
  • W New York, Union Square (acquired in September 2010);
  • Westin Chicago River North (acquired in August 2010);
  • Atlanta Marriott Perimeter Center (business interruption due to significant renovations);
  • Chicago Marriott O'Hare (business interruption due to significant renovations);
  • Sheraton Indianapolis Hotel & Suites (business interruption due to significant renovations); and
  • San Diego Marriott Marquis & Marina (business interruption due to significant renovations).

The operating results of the Le Meridien Piccadilly, which was transferred to the Euro JV Fund II, one hotel we disposed of during the third quarter of 2011 and two hotels we disposed of during 2010, as well as the 53 Courtyard by Marriott properties leased from HPT, are not included in comparable hotel results for the periods presented herein. Moreover, because these statistics and operating results are for our hotel properties, they exclude results for our non-hotel properties and other real estate investments.  

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

Included in this press release are certain "non-GAAP financial measures," which are measures of our historical or future financial performance that are not calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP, within the meaning of applicable SEC rules. They are as follows: (i) FFO and FFO per diluted share, (ii) EBITDA, (iii) Adjusted EBITDA and (iv) Comparable Hotel Operating Results. The following discussion defines these terms and presents why we believe they are useful supplemental measures of our performance.

FFO and FFO per Diluted Share

We present FFO and FFO per diluted share as non-GAAP measures of our performance in addition to our earnings per share (calculated in accordance with GAAP). We calculate FFO per diluted share for a given operating period as our FFO (defined as set forth below) for such period, as adjusted for the effect of dilutive securities, divided by the number of fully diluted shares outstanding during such period. NAREIT defines FFO as net income (calculated in accordance with GAAP) excluding gains (losses) from sales of real estate, the cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles, real estate-related depreciation and amortization and adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. We present FFO on a per share basis after making adjustments for the effects of dilutive securities and the payment of preferred stock dividends, in accordance with NAREIT guidelines.  

We believe that FFO per diluted share is a useful supplemental measure of our operating performance and that the presentation of FFO per diluted share, when combined with the primary GAAP presentation of earnings per share, provides beneficial information to investors. By excluding the effect of real estate depreciation, amortization and gains and losses from sales of real estate, all of which are based on historical cost accounting and which may be of lesser significance in evaluating current performance, we believe such measures can facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods and with other REITs, even though FFO per diluted share does not represent an amount that accrues directly to holders of our common stock. Historical cost accounting for real estate assets implicitly assumes that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. As noted by NAREIT in its April 2002 "White Paper on Funds From Operations," since real estate values have historically risen or fallen with market conditions, many industry investors have considered presentation of operating results for real estate companies that use historical cost accounting to be insufficient by themselves. For these reasons, NAREIT adopted the definition of FFO in order to promote an industry-wide measure of REIT operating performance.

EBITDA

Earnings before Interest Expense, Income Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA) is a commonly used measure of performance in many industries. Management believes EBITDA provides useful information to investors regarding our results of operations because it helps us and our investors evaluate the ongoing operating performance of our properties and facilitates comparisons between us and other lodging REITs, hotel owners who are not REITs and other capital-intensive companies. Management uses EBITDA to evaluate property-level results and as one measure in determining the value of acquisitions and dispositions and, like FFO per diluted share, it is widely used by management in the annual budget process.

Adjusted EBITDA

Historically, management has adjusted EBITDA when evaluating our performance because we believe that the exclusion of certain additional items described below provides useful supplemental information to investors regarding our ongoing operating performance and that the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA, when combined with the primary GAAP presentation of net income, is beneficial to an investor's complete understanding of our operating performance and is a relevant measure in calculating certain credit ratios. We adjust EBITDA for the following items, which may occur in any period, and refer to this measure as Adjusted EBITDA:

  • Real Estate Transactions – We exclude the effect of gains and losses, including the amortization of deferred gains, recorded on the disposition of assets and property insurance gains in our consolidated statement of operations because we believe that including them in Adjusted EBITDA is not consistent with reflecting the ongoing performance of our remaining assets. In addition, material gains or losses from the depreciated value of the disposed assets could be less important to investors given that the depreciated asset often does not reflect the market value of real estate assets (as noted above for FFO).
  • Equity Investment Adjustments – We exclude the equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated investments in partnerships and joint ventures as presented in our consolidated statement of operations because it includes our pro rata portion of depreciation, amortization and interest expense. We include our pro rata share of the Adjusted EBITDA of our equity investments as we believe this more accurately reflects the performance of our investment. The pro rata Adjusted EBITDA of equity investments is defined as the EBITDA of our equity investments adjusted for any gains or losses on property transactions multiplied by our percentage ownership in the partnership or joint venture.
  • Consolidated Partnership Adjustments – We deduct the non-controlling partners' pro rata share of the Adjusted EBITDA of our consolidated partnerships as this reflects the non-controlling owners' interest in the EBITDA of our consolidated partnerships. The pro rata Adjusted EBITDA of non-controlling partners is defined as the EBITDA of our consolidated partnerships adjusted for any gains or losses on property transactions multiplied by the non-controlling partners' positions in the partnership or joint venture.
  • Cumulative Effect of a Change in Accounting Principle – Infrequently, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) promulgates new accounting standards that require the consolidated statement of operations to reflect the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle. We exclude these one-time adjustments because they do not reflect our actual performance for that period.
  • Impairment Losses – We exclude the effect of impairment losses recorded because we believe that including them in Adjusted EBITDA is not consistent with reflecting the ongoing performance of our remaining assets.  In addition, we believe that impairment charges are similar to gains (losses) on dispositions and depreciation expense, both of which are also excluded from EBITDA.
  • Acquisition Costs – Effective January 1, 2009, the accounting treatment under GAAP for costs associated with completed property acquisitions changed and these costs are now expensed in the year incurred as opposed to capitalized as part of the acquisition. Beginning in 2011, we have excluded the effect of these costs because we believe it is not reflective of the ongoing performance of our properties. This is consistent with the EBITDA calculation under the prior GAAP accounting treatment which expensed these costs over time as part of depreciation expense, which is excluded from EBITDA.

Limitations on the Use of FFO per Diluted Share, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA

We calculate FFO per diluted share in accordance with standards established by NAREIT, which may not be comparable to measures calculated by other companies who do not use the NAREIT definition of FFO or calculate FFO per diluted share in accordance with NAREIT guidance. In addition, although FFO per diluted share is a useful measure when comparing our results to other REITs, it may not be helpful to investors when comparing us to non-REITs. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA, as presented, may also not be comparable to measures calculated by other companies. This information should not be considered as an alternative to net income, operating profit, cash from operations or any other operating performance measure calculated in accordance with GAAP. Cash expenditures for various long-term assets (such as renewal and replacement capital expenditures), interest expense (for EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA purposes only) and other items have been and will be incurred and are not reflected in the EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and FFO per diluted share presentations. Management compensates for these limitations by separately considering the impact of these excluded items to the extent they are material to operating decisions or assessments of our operating performance. Our consolidated statement of operations and cash flows include interest expense, capital expenditures, and other excluded items, all of which should be considered when evaluating our performance, as well as the usefulness of our non-GAAP financial measures. Additionally, FFO per diluted share, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as a measure of our liquidity or indicative of funds available to fund our cash needs, including our ability to make cash distributions. In addition, FFO per diluted share does not measure, and should not be used as a measure of, amounts that accrue directly to stockholders' benefit.

Comparable Hotel Operating Results

We present certain operating results for our hotels, such as hotel revenues, expenses, adjusted operating profit (and the related margin) and food and beverage adjusted profit (and the related margin), on a comparable hotel, or "same store," basis as supplemental information for investors. Our comparable hotel results present operating results for hotels owned during the entirety of the periods being compared without giving effect to any acquisitions or dispositions, significant property damage or large scale capital improvements incurred during these periods. We present these comparable hotel operating results by eliminating corporate-level costs and expenses related to our capital structure, as well as depreciation and amortization. We eliminate corporate-level costs and expenses to arrive at property-level results because we believe property-level results provide investors with supplemental information into the ongoing operating performance of our hotels. We eliminate depreciation and amortization because, even though depreciation and amortization are property-level expenses, these non-cash expenses, which are based on historical cost accounting for real estate assets, implicitly assume that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. As noted earlier, because real estate values have historically risen or fallen with market conditions, many industry investors have considered presentation of operating results for real estate companies that use historical cost accounting to be insufficient by themselves.

As a result of the elimination of corporate-level costs and expenses and depreciation and amortization, the comparable hotel operating results we present do not represent our total revenues, expenses, operating profit or operating profit margin and should not be used to evaluate our performance as a whole. Management compensates for these limitations by separately considering the impact of these excluded items to the extent they are material to operating decisions or assessments of our operating performance. Our consolidated statements of operations include such amounts, all of which should be considered by investors when evaluating our performance.

We present these hotel operating results on a comparable hotel basis because we believe that doing so provides investors and management with useful information for evaluating the period-to-period performance of our hotels and facilitates comparisons with other hotel REITs and hotel owners. In particular, these measures assist management and investors in distinguishing whether increases or decreases in revenues and/or expenses are due to growth or decline of operations at comparable hotels (which represent the vast majority of our portfolio) or from other factors, such as the effect of acquisitions or dispositions. While management believes that presentation of comparable hotel results is a "same store" supplemental measure that provides useful information in evaluating our ongoing performance, this measure is not used to allocate resources or to assess the operating performance of each of these hotels, as these decisions are based on data for individual hotels and are not based on comparable hotel results. For these reasons, we believe that comparable hotel operating results, when combined with the presentation of GAAP operating profit, revenues and expenses, provide useful information to investors and management.

SOURCE Host Hotels & Resorts, Inc.



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