Military Microgrids

Sep 20, 2011, 06:23 ET from Reportlinker

NEW YORK, Sept. 20, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Military Microgrids

http://www.reportlinker.com/p0618316/Military-Microgrids.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=Machine_Tool_and_Equipment

Aggregation Platforms to Secure Mission-Critical Loads and Achieve Net Zero Energy, Renewable Energy, and Demand Response Goals

The United States Department of Defense (DOD) is the single largest consumer of petroleum in the world. U.S. military operations are also the largest consumer of all forms of energy globally. Microgrids can shrink the amount of fossil fuels consumed to create electricity by networking generators as a system to maximize efficiency. Yet they are also a vehicle to help integrate renewable energy resources (such as wind and solar) at the local distribution grid level. Simultaneously, microgrids enable military bases – both stationary and tactical – to sustain operations, no matter what is happening on the larger utility grid or in the theater of war.

As awareness about the electrical grid's vulnerability to terrorist attacks has increased in recent times, the U.S. military has become one of the strongest proponents of microgrids. Microgrids offer the ultimate secure power supply for fixed base military operations. Many army, navy, air force, and other related bases and offices already have vintage microgrids in place. What is new is that these facilities are looking to envelop entire bases with microgrids and integrate distributed energy generation on-site. These resources, when capable of safe islanding from the surrounding grid, offer the ultimate security since fuel never runs out with solar or wind resources. The opportunity to help develop these microgrids has attracted a number of powerful technology companies including Lockheed Martin, GE, Honeywell, Boeing, and Eaton.

This Pike Research report examines business and deployment models for stationary and mobile microgrids for military applications. The report analyzes market drivers, implementation requirements, and technology issues for military microgrid installations, as well as providing detailed profiles of key industry players and case studies of military microgrid projects. Detailed revenue and capacity forecasts for the market extend through 2017.

Key Questions Addressed:

- Why is the U.S. Department of Defense so aggressively developing microgrids?

- What are the key technology innovations that are enabling both fixed and mobile microgrids?

- How does the business case differ between fixed base and tactical mobile microgrids?

- Beyond defense contractors such as Lockheed Martin, GE, Honeywell, and Boeing, who are the emerging players in this field?

- How do microgrid control systems differ, and why should this matter to military operations?

- How are military operations tapping the private sector for creative financing of microgrids (and demand response) opportunities?

- How fast will the markets grow for both fixed base and mobile microgrids?

- How will proposed withdrawals of troops from Afghanistan and Iraq impact the military microgrid sector?

Who needs this report?

Microgrid technology vendors

Smart grid hardware and software companies

Systems integrators

Military agencies

Intelligence agencies

Utilities

Investor community

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1 Military Market Overview

1.2 Stationary Base Microgrids

1.3 Mobile Microgrids

2. Market Issues

2.1 Why Military Microgrids?

2.2 What Is a Microgrid? Definitions and Components

2.2.1 Distributed Energy Generation

2.2.2 "Islanding" Inverters

2.2.3 Smart Switches

2.2.4 Micro Storage Options

2.2.5 Microgrid "Control" Systems

2.2.6 Other Optimization and Integration Controls

2.2.7 Virtual Power Plants versus Microgrids

2.3 The Business Case for Military Microgrids

2.3.1 Stationary Base Microgrids

2.3.2 Forward Operating Base Microgrids

2.4 The Business Case for the VPP Alternative

2.5 Current Market Drivers of DOD Microgrids

2.5.1 DOD's Historic Track Record on Fostering Innovative Technologies

2.5.2 The Status Quo Grid

2.5.3 Current Unstable Geopolitical Trends

2.5.4 Increasing Frequency of Natural Disasters

2.5.5 Combat Mission Fuel Supply Vulnerability

2.5.6 DOE Support for Smart Grid

2.5.7 DOD's Energy Initiatives and Policies

2.5.7.1 ASD's Operational Energy Plans and Programs

2.5.7.2 SERDP and ESTCP Partnership

2.5.7.3 Energy Conservation Investment Program

2.5.7.4 Smart and Green Energy (SAGE)

2.5.8 DOD Microgrid Pilots

2.5.8.1 SPIDERS Case Study

2.5.8.2 Twentynine Palms Marine Corps Base and Wheeler Air Force Base

2.5.8.3 Other Microgrid Projects

2.5.9 Additional Funding Sources

2.5.10 Three Key DOD Policy Drivers for Microgrids

2.5.10.1 Net Zero Energy Mandates

2.5.10.2 25% Renewable Energy by 2025 Mandate

2.5.10.3 Defense Critical Infrastructure Program

2.5.11 Three Potential DOD Show-Stoppers

2.6 Implementation Issues

2.6.1 UL 1741 Safety Standard

2.6.2 IEEE Islanding and Storage Standards

2.6.3 NIST Cyber Security Standards

2.6.4 Indifferent (or even Hostile) Host Distribution Utilities

2.6.5 Physical and Cyber Security

3. Technology Issues

3.1 Military Microgrid Technology Overview

3.1.1 Growth in Distributed Generation

3.1.1.1 Renewable Distributed Energy Generation

3.1.1.2 Combined Heat and Power

3.1.1.3 Fuel Cells

3.2 The New Microgrid Paradigm

3.2.1 Basic Principles

3.2.2 Pros and Cons

3.2.3 Commercialization Time Horizon

3.2.4 Cost

3.2.4.1 Relative Component Cost Breakdown

3.3 Microgrid "Control" Systems

3.3.1 Basic Principles

3.3.2 Pros and Cons

3.3.3 Commercialization Time Horizon

3.3.4 Cost Ranges

3.4 Virtual Power Plants

3.4.1 DR-VPP Parameters

3.4.2 Cost

3.4.3 The Pros and Cons of VPPs

4. Key Industry Players

4.1 Large Defense Contractors

4.1.1 Honeywell

4.1.2 Lockheed Martin

4.2 Other Large Corporate Players

4.2.1 Eaton

4.2.2 General Electric

4.2.3 Rolls-Royce

4.2.4 Siemens

4.3 CHP and Controls Innovators

4.3.1 Tecogen Inc.

4.4 Proven Microgrid Technology Integrators

4.4.1 Encorp

4.5 VPP Software Providers

4.5.1 Power Analytics

4.5.2 Viridity Energy

4.6 Energy Storage Innovators

4.6.1 ZBB Energy Corp.

4.7 Technology Game Changers

4.7.1 Skybuilt Power

4.7.2 Sturman Industries

4.8 Research Institutions

4.8.1 Sandia Laboratories

5. Market Forecasts

5.1 Is the DOD the Global Microgrid Market Leader?

5.2 Methodology for Military Microgrid Forecasts

5.2.1 Exponential Growth

5.2.2 Baseline, Average, and Aggressive Growth Scenarios

5.3 Global Overview

5.3.1 North America

5.3.2 Asia Pacific

5.3.3 Rest of the World

5.4 Stationary DOD Military Microgrids

5.4.1 Case Study: Twentynine Palms Marine Corps Base

5.4.2 MW Capacity Forecast – Stationary Base Microgrids

5.4.3 Revenue Forecasts – Stationary Base Microgrids

5.5 Mobile DOD Military Microgrids

5.5.1 Case Study: ExFOB

5.5.2 Number of FOBs

5.5.3 Mobile Microgrids MW Capacity Forecasts

5.5.4 Mobile Microgrids Revenue Forecasts

6. Company Directory

7. Acronym and Abbreviation List

8. Table of Contents

9. Table of Charts and Figures

10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

U.S. Military Stationary Base Microgrid Capacity: 2011-2017

U.S. Military Stationary Base Microgrid Annual Revenue: 2011-2017

U.S. Military Mobile Microgrid Capacity: 2011-2017

U.S. Military Mobile Microgrid Annual Revenue: 2011-2017

Renewable Distributed Energy Generation Capacity Additions, World Markets: 2009

U.S. DOD Annual Facility Renewable Energy Purchases by Market Sector: 2010-2030

U.S. Military Fuel Cell Deployment Capacity: 2011-2017

DR-VPP Growth, All Scenarios, World Markets: 2010-2015

Selected U.S. DOD Investments in Sustainable Energy: 2005-2012

Total U.S. DOD Renewable Energy Procurement: 2005-2030

U.S. Military Stationary Base Microgrid Capacity: 2011-2017

U.S. Military Stationary Base Microgrid Annual Revenue: 2011-2017

U.S. Military Forward Operating Bases: 2011-2017

U.S. Military Mobile Microgrid Capacity: 2011-2017

U.S. Military Mobile Microgrid Annual Revenue: 2011-2017

U.S. Military Stationary Base Microgrid Capacity, Baseline Scenario: 2011-2017

U.S. Military Stationary Base Microgrid Capacity, Average Scenario: 2011-2017

U.S. Military Stationary Base Microgrid Capacity, Aggressive Scenario: 2011-2017

U.S. Military Stationary Base Microgrid Annual Revenue, Baseline Scenario: 2011-2017

U.S. Military Stationary Base Microgrid Annual Revenue, Average Scenario: 2011-2017

U.S. Military Stationary Base Microgrid Annual Revenue, Aggressive Scenario: 2011-2017

DOD Energy Costs: 2009

DOD Operations Energy Costs: 2009

DOD Facility & Installations Costs: 2009

DOD Built Infrastructure: 2009

PQR Hierarchy

A Solar PV Military Microgrid Schemata

Microgrid Hub Technologies, Surface Warfare Center, Crane, Indiana

DOD Fatalities Linked to Fuel Supply, Afghanistan: FY 2005-FY 2009

DOD Fuel Consumption, Afghanistan: FY 2004-FY 2009

Diagram Displaying Schneider Electric VPP

Areas of Grid Congestion in the United States

Increased Frequency of Natural Disasters

DOE Microgrid Projects

ARRA Microgrid Project Share Is ~7% (18 of 132 Projects)

Key Components of the DOD's SPIDERS Initiative

Map of Army, Navy, and Air Force Base Microgrid Research Projects

U.S. Air Force Fiscal Strategy for Renewable Energy

Conventional and Microgrid Paradigms

Current Microgrid Project/Test Center Landscape, United States

Microgrid Payback Periods and Market Penetration

CERTS Microgrid Test Bed Layout at AEP

Germany's "Regenerative Combined Power Plant"

Typical Remote Microgrid Load/Generation Profile

Skybuilt's Mobile Power Station

Sturman Engine Renewable-Ammonia Storage Diagram

Sandia's "Energy Surety" Microgrid

Fisher-Pry S Curve for Microgrids

GE's Military Microgrid Architecture

List of Tables

Military Stationary Base Microgrid Capacity, Baseline Scenario, United States: 2011-2017

Military Stationary Base Microgrid Capacity, Average Scenario, United States: 2011-2017

Military Stationary Base Microgrid Capacity, Aggressive Scenario, United States: 2011-2017

Military Stationary Base Microgrid Annual Revenue, Baseline Scenario, United States: 2011-2017

Military Stationary Base Microgrid Annual Revenue, Average Scenario: 2011-2017

Military Stationary Base Microgrid Annual Revenue, Aggressive Scenario: 2011-2017

Military Forward Operating Bases, World Markets: 2011-2017

Military Mobile Microgrid Capacity, United States: 2011-2017

Military Mobile Microgrid Annual Revenue, United States: 2011-2017

Military Energy Goals, United States

Operational Energy Strategies, United States Department of Defense: 2011

Defense Energy Programs and Organizations, United States

Microgrid Projects, Military Segment

SWOT Analysis for Military Stationary Base Microgrids

SWOT Analysis for Mobile Microgrids

VPP versus Central Station Power Plant

SWOT Analysis for Military VPPs

Top Four U.S. Military Energy Initiatives

Honeywell SWOT Analysis

Lockheed Martin SWOT Analysis

Eaton SWOT Analysis

GE SWOT Analysis

Rolls-Royce SWOT Analysis

Siemens SWOT Analysis

Tecogen SWOT Analysis

Encorp SWOT Analysis

Power Analytics SWOT Analysis

Viridity Energy SWOT Analysis

ZBB Energy Corp. SWOT Analysis

Skybuilt Power SWOT Analysis

Sturman Industries SWOT Analysis

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