National Study Documents Abuse In Contracting Practices of Certain State Attorneys General

Dec 02, 2010, 12:01 ET from American Tort Reform Association

Actions Range from Seemingly "Pay-to-Play" to Good-Government Practices

WASHINGTON, Dec. 2, 2010 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Today the American Tort Reform Association (ATRA) released a study documenting inappropriate uses of contracts between certain state attorneys general and political campaign contributors who stand to make millions by being selected to litigate cases on behalf of state governments.  Some state attorneys general, in contrast, operate at the highest ethical standards, according to the report's research by ATRA's AG Agenda Watch project.

The study, entitled Beyond Reproach? Fostering Integrity and Public Trust in the Offices of State Attorneys General, examines ethical, fairness and conflict issues related to state attorneys general hiring private attorneys. It reports the findings of campaign finance research linking large donations by plaintiffs' firms and lawyers to some attorneys general who subsequently handed out state contracts potentially worth millions of dollars in fees to those same lawyers.

"Some members of the plaintiffs' bar have exploited their relationships with some attorneys general.  They bankroll attorneys general campaigns, which not coincidentally leads to highly lucrative state contracts that are frequently awarded without any public disclosure," observed ATRA President Sherman Joyce. "In certain states, attorneys general relationships with private attorneys appear to be highly questionable or unethical, but may be nearly impossible to trace due to state campaign finance laws.  In other states, the record of past attorney general practices contrasts with recent promises of ethics reform by state leaders – creating a cautionary tale of 'practice versus promise' that voters and good-government advocates should closely watch."

Beyond Reproach? spotlights six states – Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, New York and West Virginia – with varying public records of attorney general and plaintiff lawyer partnerships, ranging from outright abuse to apparent impropriety to cause for concern. Collectively, events in these states point to variations of an alarming nationwide trend characterized by a cyclical flow of cash between attorneys general and plaintiffs' lawyers. This "unholy alliance" jeopardizes public trust in the attorneys' general offices across the country.

"At the top of the 'to-do' list for attorneys general should be setting policies that engender stronger public confidence in the office of the attorney general – particularly in those special circumstances when the hiring of private lawyers to litigate on behalf of the state is justified.  In those cases it should be done on a competitive, transparent, accountable and value-driven basis," said Jerry Kilgore, the former Attorney General of Virginia and an adviser to ATRA.

In addition to documenting abuse, Beyond Reproach? also points to positive examples where reforms, policies or practices successfully govern outside counsel contracts to prevent abuse. In 2007, ATRA introduced the Attorney General Transparency Code as a system of good-government principles to serve as a guide to help state attorneys general avoid pitfalls historically associated with outside counsel contracts. The Transparency Code serves as model policy to ensure that contracts are adequately disclosed, fundamentally fair and provide value to taxpayers.

Importantly, the National Association of Attorneys General (NAAG) recently called attention to private attorney hiring and included the topic in an orientation session for new attorneys general at its winter meeting from November 29 - December 2 in Fort Lauderdale, Fla.  ATRA commends NAAG's acknowledgement of this issue and calls NAAG's decision to develop training on the use of outside counsel a step in the right direction toward safeguarding against future abuses.  

Moreover, as attorneys general work to institute sound policies in their offices, they can also serve as influential advocates for legislation to permanently codify the principles embodied in ATRA's Transparency Code. The adoption of legislation, such as the American Legislative Exchange Council's Private Attorney Retention Sunshine Act, is an additional step that can be taken to correct the problem and protect against future indiscretion.


The American Tort Reform Association, based in Washington, D.C., is the only national organization dedicated exclusively to tort and liability reform through public education and the enactment of legislation. Its members include nonprofit organizations and small and large companies, as well as trade, business and professional associations from the state and national level.

AG Agenda Watch is a project of the American Tort Reform Association that monitors the litigation and political agendas of state attorneys general who, since the mid-1990s, have increasingly, if quietly, worked with personal injury lawyers to target entire industries with lawsuits, sometimes turning accepted legal practices and theories on their heads while seeking to create public policy through the courts instead of legislatures.  At the same time, AG Agenda Watch seeks to identify exemplary ethical actions on the part of state attorneys general and make the legal community and the public aware of those best practices.

SOURCE American Tort Reform Association