DENVER, Aug. 31, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- A just-released meta-analysis study entitled "Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Clinical Trials of the Effects of Low Carbohydrate Diets on Cardiovascular Risk Factors" being published in Obesity Reviews reveals that the Atkins™ Diet is a safe and effective plan that demonstrates positive health outcomes for both weight loss and cardiovascular health.
"This article is unique in that it's not trying to pit the low carbohydrate diet head-to-head with another diet, rather it investigated whether parameters improve while on the diet, and they did. The article shows how the low carbohydrate diet improves multiple risk factors compared to the baseline diet," said Dr. William Yancy with Duke University Medical Center and a researcher for the study.
The aim of the study was to identify randomized clinical trials which analyzed the effects of a low carbohydrate diet on body weight and other markers of cardiovascular risk. There were strict criteria surrounding the selection of studies. The authors identified a total of 23 reports, corresponding to 17 clinical investigations, as meeting the pre-specified criteria.
The findings showcased that compared with the baseline diet, the Atkins Diet was shown to be associated with improvements in key health markers including significant decreases in body weight, BMI, abdominal circumference, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, plasma triglycerides, fasting plasma glucose, glycated haemoglobin, plasma insulin, and plasma CRP (an inflammation marker), as well as an increase in HDL-cholesterol. LDL cholesterol did not change significantly.
The overall picture obtained from this investigation is that low carbohydrate diets like the Atkins Diet are safe and do not negatively impact markers for cardiovascular health or other risk factors. Of particular interest is that the low carbohydrate diet was able to increase HDL-C – a goal frequently difficult to achieve. Another key finding was the decrease in waist circumference given that it is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and it has been stated that waist circumference explains obesity-related health risk more accurately than BMI.
Obesity is a growing health problem. According to the World Health Organization, in 2008, 1.4 billion adults (20 years of age and older) worldwide were overweight. Of these, more than 200 million men and nearly 300 million women were obese.
"The meta-analysis study findings demonstrate once again that the Atkins Diet is a safe and effective diet plan. Atkins is not only backed by thousands of success stories, but has consistently shown that it is effective at diminishing health risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease," said Colette Heimowitz, vice president of nutrition and education for Atkins Nutritionals, Inc.
Inclusion criteria for the studies included were that the study had to be a randomized clinical trial implemented in an adult population of at least 100 subjects, the trial was required to have at least a 3-month follow-up period after the initiation of the diet, weight loss had to be considered a major outcome, as well as examinations of variations in other cardiovascular risk factors. Exclusion criteria for the studies included subjects with a specific pathology other than obesity (such as diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cancer, epilepsy) or altered endocrinological state (such as pregnancy or menopause) were excluded, as were studies written in languages other than English, Spanish, Portuguese or French.
The article can be referenced here: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22905670
About Atkins Nutritionals, Inc.
Atkins Nutritionals, Inc. is a leader in the $2.4 billion weight control nutrition category, and offers a powerful lifetime approach to weight loss and management. The Atkins Diet focuses on a healthy diet with reduced levels of refined carbohydrates and added sugars and encourages the consumption of protein, fiber, fruits, vegetables and good fats. Backed by research and consumer success stories, this approach allows the body to burn more fat and work more efficiently while helping individuals feel less hungry, more satisfied and more energetic.
Atkins Nutritionals, Inc., manufactures and sells a variety of nutrition bars and shakes designed around the nutritional principles of the Atkins Diet™. Atkins' four product lines: Advantage®, Day Break™, Endulge™ and Cuisine™ appeal to a broad audience of both men and women who want to achieve their weight management goals and enjoy a healthier lifestyle. Atkins products are available online at atkins.com and in more than 30,000 locations throughout the U.S. and internationally. For more information, visit atkins.com.
SOURCE Atkins Nutritionals, Inc.