New Review of Patent Foramen Ovale - Its Correlation with Other Maladies and a Review of Detection Screening

Dec 01, 2015, 08:00 ET from touchNEUROLOGY

LONDON, December 1, 2015 /PRNewswire/ --

US Neurology, the peer-reviewed journal, has published a review highlighting the benefits of Patent Foramen Ovale- Its Correlation with Other Maladies and a Review of Detection Screening

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Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a condition that often remains undiagnosed despite studies showing it has a prevalence as high as 25 % in the adult population. Blood passing from the right to the left atria across a PFO bypasses the pulmonary circulation allowing embolic debris, deoxygenated blood, and various vasoactive substances direct access to the systemic circulation. Studies suggest that a PFO may contribute to certain illnesses such as: cryptogenic stroke, decompression illness, venous air embolism, migraine with aura, and others due to a higher prevalence in patients with these problems than in the general population. Knowledge of the presence of a PFO may become an important aspect in the clinical management of disease. Various technology tools that are utilized to assess circulatory right-to-left shunt abnormalities, such as cardiac ultrasound visualization, transcranial Doppler, and dye dilution curves, are reviewed as well as the importance of the Valsalva procedure in creating a positive right-to-left atrial pressure gradient.

The full peer-reviewed, open-access article is available here:

Note to the Editor

touchNEUROLOGY (a division of Touch Medical Media) publishes US Neurology, a peer-reviewed, open access, bi-annual journals specialising in the publication of balanced and comprehensive review articles written by leading authorities to address the most important and salient developments in the field of neurology. The aim of these reviews is to break down the high science from 'data-rich' primary papers and provide practical advice and opinion on how this information can help physicians in the day to day clinical setting. Practice guidelines, symposium write-ups, case reports, and original research articles are also featured to promote discussion and learning amongst physicians, clinicians, researchers and related healthcare professionals.

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