Photonic Crystals: Materials, Technologies and Global Markets

Nov 24, 2011, 06:54 ET from Reportlinker

NEW YORK, Nov. 24, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Photonic Crystals: Materials, Technologies and Global Markets

http://www.reportlinker.com/p0568364/Photonic-Crystals-Materials-Technologies-and-Global-Markets.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=Chemical_and_Material

Use this report to:

Understand the market size for overall components and modules using photonic crystals for each individual component and module, and volume terms wherever possible

Identify and understand photonic crystal components and modules like LED, solar and photovoltaic (PV) cells, displays, biosensors, image sensors, optical fibers, discrete and integrated optical components as well as lasers and supercontinuum sources

Analyze the stakeholder landscape in photonic crystal commercialization endeavors

Identify patent activity involving photonic crystals.

Introduction

Photonic crystals are crystals that are characterized by the presence of nanoscale patterns of segments with varied dielectric constants.

It is beyond doubt that the theoretical premise of photonic crystals is not of modern vintage. The study of photonic crystals, in some ways, draws from the study of properties of light itself.

The fundamentals that govern the working of photonic crystals are not new at all. Most of them are rooted in the theory of electromagnetics. Photonic crystal behavior is thus governed by optical phenomena such as diffraction, dispersion, refraction, reflection as well as by Fresnel's equation on reflectance and transmittance and Maxwell's equations on electromagnetics.

With such a long-standing pedigree, it is intriguing that photonic crystals have struggled to occupy their rightful place in the various domains that they promise to influence now. There are two fundamental reasons for this occurrence:

• Difficulty in fabrication of photonic crystal enabled products

• Rapid strides in the area of electronic fabrication

Technology product designers are looking at photonic crystals to emerge as the gateway towards fabrication of the next generation of devices presently catered to by semiconductor-based technology.

Photonic crystals and their employment is probably the most ambitious and radical endeavor undertaken by stakeholders in their quest for solutions to the miniaturization dilemma.

Photonic crystals are one of the few realistic materials that promise seamless optical switching. Optical switching is the proverbial Holy Grail that will influence large-scale adoption of optical circuits in domains dominated by semiconductors and electronics.

The ability of photonic crystals to manipulate wavelengths based on the dielectric constant of the medium is its most potent appealing feature. Another appealing factor surrounding photonic crystals is that their properties can be managed to a large extent by altering the physical dimensions of the zones of different dielectric values.

BCC Research report provides information about the progress of a technology that is acquiring increasing surety and self-confidence across multiple domains i.e. Photonic Crystals. This report forecasts that photonic crystals will witness an upswing in industry interest across several domains and applications.

This report is useful to Photonic crystal technology experts to identify the key components and modules that hold greatest promise for their technology adoption. This report may also be helpful for end application device vendors that can benefit from the superior material attributes of photonic crystals and enhance the value of their products.

The information for this report has been collected through both primary and secondary research methodologies. Industry experts were interviewed; secondary sources included industry consortia, individual company financial statements, published opinions, and other published sources.

Scope of Study

The scope of this report is broad and includes:

Analysis of the global photonic crystals market with data from 2010 and 2011, and projections of 5 years compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2016

Forecast of the market size for Photonic crystal enabled components and modules such as LEDs, solar and PV cells, displays, biosensors, image sensors, optical fibers, discrete and integrated optical components as well as lasers and supercontinuum sources

Detailed analysis of the present-day state of the art in photonic crystal applications

Analysis of the major stakeholder classes engaged in photonic crystal commercialization. It also analyses the activities of key players in this domain

Patent Analysis highlighting the patenting activity underway in the area of photonic crystals.

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION . 1

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES .. 1

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY .. 2

SCOPE OF THE REPORT 2

SCOPE OF THE REPORT (CONTINUED) .. 3

INTENDED AUDIENCE 4

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES 4

ABOUT THE AUTHOR .. 4

RELATED REPORTS .. 4

BCC ONLINE SERVICES . 5

DISCLAIMER .. 5

CHAPTER TWO: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 6

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR COMPONENTS AND

MODULES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2016 ($

MILLIONS) . 6

SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR COMPONENTS AND

MODULES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, 2009-2016 ($

MILLIONS) . 7

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (CONTINUED) .. 8

CHAPTER THREE: THEORETICAL OVERVIEW OF PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS 9

BASICS OF THE PHOTONIC CRYSTAL 9

WHY ARE PHOTONIC CRYSTALS PROMISING? 10

THE LARGER CONTEXT 10

SPECIFIC ATTRIBUTES OF PHOTONIC CRYSTALS . 11

TABLE 1 IMPORTANT BENEFITS OF THE PHOTONIC BAND GAP IN

PHOTONIC CRYSTAL STRUCTURES .. 11

TABLE 2 MARKETABLE FUNCTIONAL ATTRIBUTES OF PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS 12

MARKET OVERVIEW . 12

THE VERTICALS . 13

TABLE 3 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPONENTS AND MODULES USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY THE BUSINESS VERTICAL,

THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) .. 13

PHOTONIC CRYSTAL DIMENSIONS 14

TABLE 4 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPONENTS AND MODULES USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH

2016 ($ MILLIONS) . 15

GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS . 15

TABLE 5 DOLLAR SALES OF COMPONENTS AND MODULES USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY GEOGRAPHICAL REGION, THROUGH

2016 ($ MILLIONS) 16

Americas .. 16

EMEA . 16

APAC .. 17

ANALOGY OF PHOTONICS WITH ELECTRONICS 17

THEORETICAL PREMISE . 17

ELECTRON MOVEMENT IN SEMICONDUCTORS .. 18

WHERE DO PHOTONIC CRYSTALS FIT IN? 19

PRACTICAL RELEVANCE . 19

THE EFFECT OF THE DIELECTRIC CONSTANT OF THE MEDIUM

ON LIGHT 20

THEORETICAL PREMISE . 20

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE REFRACTIVE INDEX AND

DIELECTRIC CONSTANT .. 20

PRACTICAL RELEVANCE . 21

DIFFRACTION . 21

THEORETICAL PREMISE . 21

PRACTICAL RELEVANCE . 22

PHOTONIC BANDS AND BAND GAP .. 23

THEORETICAL PREMISE . 23

PRACTICAL RELEVANCE . 23

CRYSTAL MATERIAL . 24

THEORETICAL PREMISE . 24

PRACTICAL RELEVANCE . 24

Silicon and the Carbon Family 25

The Titanium Family 25

The Boron Family 25

THE DIMENSIONAL ASPECT .. 26

THEORETICAL PREMISE . 26

PRACTICAL RELEVANCE . 26

TABLE 6 TYPES OF PHOTONIC CRYSTAL STRUCTURES 26

Three-dimensional Photonic Crystals .. 27

FABRICATION AND ITS GENERATIONS . 28

HISTORY OF PHOTONIC CRYSTAL DEVELOPMENT .. 28

MECHANICS OF PHOTONIC CRYSTAL FABRICATION . 28

Designed Defects.. 29

Point Defects 29

Linear Defects . 29

Superprism Effect 30

PHOTONIC CRYSTAL FIBERS FABRICATION .. 30

ELECTRON BEAM LITHOGRAPHY 31

INNOVATIVE APPROACHES TO PHOTONIC CRYSTAL

FABRICATION .. 32

NANO IMPRINT LITHOGRAPHY . 32

Nano Imprint Lithography Solutions from Obducat .. 33

DIRECT THREE-DIMENSIONAL MOLDING 34

AUTOCLONING 34

SELF-ASSEMBLY 35

Self-assembly (Continued) . 36

CHAPTER FOUR: PHOTONIC CRYSTALS COMPONENTS AND

MODULES .. 37

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS COMPONENTS AND MODULES . 37

LEDS .. 38

MARKET DYNAMICS 38

Overall Picture .. 38

TABLE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR LEDS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2016 . 38

Vertical Breakdown 39

TABLE 8 DOLLAR SALES OF LEDS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS,

BY BUSINESS VERTICAL, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) .. 39

TABLE 9 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF LEDS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, BY BUSINESS VERTICAL, THROUGH 2016

(MILLIONS OF UNITS) 40

Dimension Breakdown . 41

TABLE 10 DOLLAR SALES OF LEDS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS,

BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS). 41

TABLE 11 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF LEDS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2016

(MILLIONS OF UNITS) 41

Regional Breakdown .. 42

TABLE 12 DOLLAR SALES OF LEDS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS,

BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) .. 42

TABLE 13 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF LEDS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2016

(MILLIONS OF UNITS) 43

INTRODUCTION .. 43

Appealing Factors 44

Theory behind LED Operations .. 44

Organic Light–emitting Diode (OLED) .. 45

VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS . 46

Value Added by Photonic Crystals (Continued) . 47

Photonic Crystals as Diffraction Gratings. 48

Photonic Band Gap Based Filtering . 48

Benefits of Applications of Photonic Crystals in LEDs .. 49

SOLAR AND PV CELLS . 49

MARKET DYNAMICS 49

Overall Picture .. 49

TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SOLAR AND PV CELLS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2016 .. 49

Vertical Breakdown 50

TABLE 15 DOLLAR SALES OF SOLAR AND PV CELLS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY BUSINESS VERTICAL, THROUGH

2016 ($ MILLIONS) . 50

TABLE 16 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF SOLAR AND PV CELLS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY BUSINESS VERTICAL, THROUGH

2016 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 51

Dimension Breakdown . 52

TABLE 17 DOLLAR SALES OF SOLAR AND PV CELLS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH

2016 ($ MILLIONS) . 52

TABLE 18 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF SOLAR AND PV CELLS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH

2016 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 53

Regional Breakdown .. 53

TABLE 19 DOLLAR SALES OF SOLAR AND PV CELLS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH

2016 ($ MILLIONS) . 53

TABLE 20 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF SOLAR AND PV CELLS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH

2016 (MILLIONS OF UNITS) 54

INTRODUCTION .. 55

Traditional Solar Cells . 55

Thin Film Cells: the Path towards Alternatives to Silicon .. 56

Organic Solar and PV Cells 56

VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS . 57

Implications of Employment of Photonic Crystals in Solar

Cells . 58

DISPLAYS 59

MARKET DYNAMICS 59

Overall Picture .. 59

TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR DISPLAY PANELS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2016 .. 59

Vertical Breakdown 60

TABLE 22 DOLLAR SALES OF DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, BY BUSINESS VERTICAL, THROUGH 2016 ($

MILLIONS) .. 60

TABLE 23 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISPLAY PANELS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY BUSINESS VERTICAL, THROUGH

2016 (MILLION UNITS) .. 61

Dimension Breakdown . 62

TABLE 24 DOLLAR SALES OF DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2016 ($

MILLIONS) .. 62

TABLE 25 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISPLAY PANELS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH

2016 (MILLION UNITS) .. 63

Regional Breakdown .. 63

TABLE 26 DOLLAR SALES OF DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($

MILLIONS) .. 63

TABLE 27 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISPLAY PANELS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH

2016 (MILLION UNITS) . 64

INTRODUCTION .. 64

LCD . 65

LCD (Continued) 66

VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS . 67

Photonic Inks . 67

Photonic Ink from Opalux .. 68

Electrical Activation 68

Mechanical Activation 69

Chemical Activation . 69

BIOSENSORS 70

MARKET DYNAMICS 70

Overall Picture .. 70

TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2016 .. 70

Vertical Breakdown 71

TABLE 29 DOLLAR SALES OF BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, BY BUSINESS VERTICAL, THROUGH 2016 ($

MILLIONS) .. 71

Dimension Breakdown . 72

TABLE 30 DOLLAR SALES OF BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2016 ($

MILLIONS) .. 72

Regional Breakdown .. 72

TABLE 31 DOLLAR SALES OF BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($

MILLIONS) .. 73

INTRODUCTION .. 73

VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS . 74

SRU Biosystems .. 74

University of Illinois .. 75

IMAGE SENSORS .. 76

MARKET DYNAMICS 76

Overall Picture .. 76

TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR IMAGE SENSORS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2016 .. 76

Vertical Breakdown 77

TABLE 33 DOLLAR SALES OF IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, BY BUSINESS VERTICAL, THROUGH 2016 ($

MILLIONS) .. 77

TABLE 34 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF IMAGE SENSORS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY BUSINESS VERTICAL, THROUGH

2016 (MILLION UNITS) .. 78

Dimension Breakdown . 79

TABLE 35 DOLLAR SALES OF IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2016 ($

MILLIONS) .. 79

TABLE 36 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF IMAGE SENSORS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH

2016 (MILLION UNITS) .. 79

Regional Breakdown .. 80

TABLE 37 DOLLAR SALES OF IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION,THROUGH 2016 ($

MILLIONS) .. 80

TABLE 38 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF IMAGE SENSORS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH

2016 (MILLION UNITS) . 81

INTRODUCTION .. 81

Lenses 82

Image Sensors 83

Charged Coupled Devices . 83

CMOS Sensors 84

RGB Readout . 85

VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS . 86

Limitations of CMOS Sensors .. 86

Suitability of Photonic Crystal Sensors .. 86

Suitability of Photonic Crystal Lenses 87

Photonic Crystal Image Sensor from Panasonic 87

Autocloning Technology from Photonic Lattice .. 87

Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals from Micron 88

OPTICAL FIBERS .. 89

MARKET DYNAMICS 89

Overall Picture .. 89

TABLE 39 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OPTICAL FIBERS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2016 .. 89

Vertical Breakdown 90

TABLE 40 DOLLAR SALES OF OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, BY BUSINESS VERTICAL ($ MILLIONS) 90

TABLE 41 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF OPTICAL FIBERS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY BUSINESS VERTICAL, THROUGH

2016 (KM-PAIR MILLIONS) . 91

Dimension Breakdown . 92

TABLE 42 DOLLAR SALES OF OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2016 ($

MILLIONS) .. 92

TABLE 43 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF OPTICAL FIBERS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH

2016 (KM-PAIR MILLIONS) . 92

Regional Breakdown .. 93

TABLE 44 DOLLAR SALES OF OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($

MILLIONS) .. 93

TABLE 45 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF OPTICAL FIBERS USING

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH

2016 (KM-PAIR MILLIONS) . 94

INTRODUCTION .. 94

Introduction (Continued) . 95

Introduction (Continued) . 96

VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS . 97

Benefits of Usage of Photonic Crystals 97

The Birefringence Value Addition 98

Low Birefringence 98

Large Birefringence 98

Photonic Crystal Fiber Classes 99

TABLE 46 IMPORTANT FEATURES OF PHOTONIC CRYSTAL

FIBERS 100

Commercialization Issues 100

Photonic Crystal Fiber Portfolio of NKT Photonics .. 101

Photonic Crystal Fiber Sensors . 102

Medical Application of Photonic Crystal Fiber:

OmniGuide 102

DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL COMPONENTS 103

MARKET DYNAMICS . 103

Overall Picture 103

TABLE 47 GLOBAL MARKET FOR DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED

OPTICAL COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS,

THROUGH 2016 . 103

Vertical Breakdown . 104

TABLE 48 DOLLAR SALES OF DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED

OPTICAL COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY

BUSINESS VERTICAL, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 104

TABLE 49 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED

OPTICAL COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY

BUSINESS VERTICAL, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION UNITS) 105

Dimension Breakdown .. 106

TABLE 50 DOLLAR SALES OF DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED

OPTICAL COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY

CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) . 106

TABLE 51 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED

OPTICAL COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY

CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION UNITS) 106

Regional Breakdown 107

TABLE 52 DOLLAR SALES OF DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED

OPTICAL COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY

GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) . 107

TABLE 53 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED

OPTICAL COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY

GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2016 (MILLION UNITS) .. 108

INTRODUCTION 108

Drivers for Photonic Integration .. 109

VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS .. 109

Transceivers . 110

Polarizers .. 110

Planar Polarizers 111

Fiber Polarizers 111

Multiplexers . 111

Modulators 112

Photonic Integrated Circuits from NeoPhotonics 113

LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM SOURCES .. 113

MARKET DYNAMICS . 113

Overall Picture 113

TABLE 54 GLOBAL MARKET FOR LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM

SOURCES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2016 113

Vertical Breakdown . 114

TABLE 55 DOLLAR SALES OF LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM

SOURCES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY BUSINESS

VERTICAL, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 114

Dimension Breakdown .. 115

TABLE 56 DOLLAR SALES OF LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM

SOURCES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY CRYSTAL

DIMENSION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) . 115

Regional Breakdown 115

TABLE 57 DOLLAR SALES OF LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM

SOURCES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, BY GEOGRAPHIC

REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) .. 115

INTRODUCTION 116

Laser Applications 116

Operating Principle . 117

Continuous Wave and Pulsed Lasers 118

Types of Lasers .. 119

VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS .. 119

Fiber Lasers: the Template for Photonic Crystals to

Penetrate into the Laser Domain . 119

Benefits of Fiber Lasers .. 119

Morphology of Fiber Laser. 120

Double Clad Optical Fibers: a Special Case for Fiber

Lasers 120

Application of Photonic Crystal Fiber in Fiber Laser .. 121

Benefits of Photonic Crystal Fiber Lasers over

Conventional Fiber Lasers 122

Benefits of Photonic …(Continued) .. 123

Photonic Crystal Fiber Lasers and Supercontinuum

Generation . 124

Self Phase Modulation . 125

Raman Scattering .. 126

Four Wave Mixing . 126

Photonic Crystal Fibers and Supercontinuum . 126

Photonic Crystal Fibers … (Continued) . 127

CHAPTER FIVE: VENDOR AND STAKEHOLDER ANALYSIS 128

ODE TO UNIVERSITIES AND RESEARCH LABORATORIES .. 128

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FROM RESEARCH

LABORATORIES . 128

TABLE 58 RESEARCH CENTERS WITH EXTENSIVE TECH

TRANSFER IN PHOTONIC CRYSTALS 129

OPTICAL FIBER AND LASER SPECIALISTS 129

INTEGRATED SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

MANUFACTURERS .. 130

OPTIC FOCUSED START-UPS . 130

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ACCUMULATORS 130

LED MAJORS .. 130

HIGH-TECH DEFENCE AND AEROSPACE SUPPLIERS .. 131

END USER DEVICE DEVELOPERS . 131

COMPANY ACTIVITY SUMMARY 131

ADVANCED PHOTONIC CRYSTALS (APC) . 131

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 131

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 131

Business Profiles Catered to .. 132

Future Initiatives . 132

Qualitative Analysis 132

AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES .. 132

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 132

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 133

Business Profiles Catered to .. 133

Qualitative Analysis 133

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA (CANON) .. 134

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 134

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 134

Business Profiles Catered to .. 135

Qualitative Analysis 135

CORNING INCORPORATED . 135

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 135

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 136

Business Profiles Catered to .. 136

Qualitative Analysis 137

EPISTAR . 137

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 137

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 137

Business Profiles Catered to .. 138

Qualitative Analysis 138

FIANIUM . 138

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 138

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 139

Business Profiles Catered to .. 139

Qualitative Analysis 139

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC .. 140

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 140

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 140

Business Profiles Catered to .. 141

Qualitative Analysis 141

HEWLETT-PACKARD DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, L.P. (HP

LABS) . 141

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 141

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 142

Business Profiles Catered to .. 142

Qualitative Analysis 142

ICX PHOTONICS 143

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 143

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 143

Business Profiles Catered to .. 144

Qualitative Analysis 144

LG INNOTEK 144

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 144

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 145

Business Profiles Catered to .. 145

Qualitative Analysis 145

LUMINUS DEVICES INC . 146

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 146

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 146

Business Profiles Catered to .. 147

Qualitative Analysis 147

LUXTALTEK CORPORATION .. 147

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 147

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 147

Business Profiles Catered to .. 148

Qualitative Analysis 148

MICROCONTINUUM AND LIGHTWAVE POWER . 148

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 148

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 149

Business Profiles Catered to .. 149

Qualitative Analysis 150

LOCKHEED MARTIN AND SANDIA CORPORATION . 150

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 150

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 151

Business Profiles Catered to .. 151

Qualitative Analysis 151

MICRON TECHNOLOGY . 152

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 152

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 152

Business Profiles Catered to .. 152

Qualitative Analysis 152

NEC CORPORATION .. 153

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 153

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 153

Business Profiles Catered to .. 153

Qualitative Analysis 154

NEOPHOTONICS .. 154

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 154

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 154

Business Profiles Catered to .. 154

Qualitative Analysis 155

NKT PHOTONICS . 155

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 155

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 155

Business Profiles Catered to .. 156

Qualitative Analysis 156

OBDUCAT .. 156

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 157

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 157

Business Profiles Catered to .. 157

Qualitative Analysis 157

OMNIGUIDE . 158

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 158

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 158

Business Profiles Catered to .. 158

Qualitative Analysis 158

OPALUX .. 159

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 159

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 159

Business Profiles Catered to: . 159

Future Initiatives . 160

Qualitative Analysis 160

PANASONIC (PREVIOUSLY MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC

INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD.) 160

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 160

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 161

Business Profiles Catered to .. 161

Qualitative Analysis 161

PHILIPS LUMILEDS LIGHTING COMPANY, LLC . 162

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 162

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 162

Business Profiles Catered to .. 163

Qualitative Analysis 163

PHOTEON TECHNOLOGIES GMBH 164

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 164

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 164

Business Profiles Catered to .. 165

Qualitative Analysis 165

PHOTONIC LATTICE, INC. 165

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 165

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 166

Business Profiles Catered to .. 166

Qualitative Analysis 166

ROHM CO., LTD. 166

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 166

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 167

Business Profiles Catered to .. 167

Qualitative Analysis 167

SAMSUNG .. 168

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 168

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 168

Business Profiles Catered to: . 168

Qualitative Analysis 169

SRU BIOSYSTEMS 169

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 169

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 169

Business Profiles Catered to .. 169

Qualitative Analysis 170

TDK CORPORATION .. 170

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 170

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 170

Business Profiles Catered to .. 171

Qualitative Analysis 171

XEROX CORPORATION AND PALO ALTO RESEARCH

CENTER (PARC) . 172

Overall Profile of the Institution.. 172

Focus on Photonic Crystals . 172

Business Profiles Catered to .. 173

Qualitative Analysis 173

CHAPTER SIX: U.S. PATENT ANALYSIS . 174

INTRODUCTION . 174

TRENDS BY FUNCTIONAL CATEGORIES 175

TABLE 59 U.S. PATENTS IN PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY PATENT

CATEGORY, 1976 TO MARCH 2011 . 180

TRENDS BY YEAR .. 181

TABLE 60 U.S. PATENT TRENDS IN PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY

YEAR OF GRANT, 1976 TO MARCH 2011 (NUMBER OF PATENTS

AWARDED) 181

TRENDS BY COUNTRY .. 181

TABLE 61 SHARES OF U.S. PATENTS IN PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY

COUNTRY OF GRANT, 1976 TO MARCH 2011 182

TRENDS BY ASSIGNEE . 182

TABLE 62 LIST OF ASSIGNEES FOR THE U.S. IN PHOTONIC

CRYSTALS, 1976 TO MARCH 2011.. 183

TABLE 63 ASSIGNEES OF FOUR OR MORE U.S. PATENTS IN

PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, 1976 TO MARCH 2011 .. 186

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