Reportlinker Adds Graphene: Technologies, Applications, and Markets

Mar 24, 2011, 07:16 ET from Reportlinker

NEW YORK, March 24, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Graphene: Technologies, Applications, and Markets

http://www.reportlinker.com/p0461661/Graphene-Technologies-Applications-and-Markets.html

BCC expects the first commercially significant sales of graphene products to develop before 2015 when the market is projected to be as large as $67 million. The graphene market should start to take off after 2015, reaching nearly $675 million by 2020, reflecting a 58.7% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) between 2015 and 2020.

Graphene structural materials accounted for virtually all of the commercial market for graphene technologies in 2009-2010.  By 2015, structural materials will account for 26.1% of the market and have a value of $17.5 million. This sector is expected to increase at a 39% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) to reach $91 million by 2020.

Capacitors should account for more than half of the market for graphene technologies by 2020. This sector is estimated to be worth $26 million in 2015 and to increase at a 67% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) to reach $340 million in 2020.

INTRODUCTION 

In October 2010, two University of Manchester (U.K.) scientists, Andre Geim and Konstantin Novolselov, were awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in physics for their research on graphene. Graphene is a one-atom-thick sheet of carbon whose strength, flexibility, and electrical conductivity have opened up new horizons for high-energy particle physics research and electronic, optical, and energy applications.

Potential electronics applications of graphene include ultra-small transistors, super-dense data storage, touch screens, and wearable electronics. In the energy field, potential applications include ultracapacitors to store and transit electrical power and highly efficient solar cells.

Some researchers argue that graphene's greatest potential lies in its ability to conduct light as well as electricity. They believe that graphene can improve the efficiency of light emitting diodes (LEDs) and aid in the production of next-generation devices like flexible touch screens, photodetectors, and ultrafast lasers.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Graphene offers seemingly endless possibilities. However, intuition alone tells us that not all of these possibilities are likely to become reality. The goal of this report is to survey emerging graphene technologies and applications, identify those that are most likely to achieve significant commercial sales in the next 5 years to 10 years, and develop quantitative estimates of potential sales.

The report's specific objectives support this broad goal. These objectives include identifying the graphene technologies and applications with the greatest commercial potential in the 2010 to 2020 time frame, identifying market drivers and evaluating obstacles to their successful commercialization, and projecting their future sales.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This report is intended especially for marketing executives, entrepreneurs, investors, venture capitalists, and other readers with a need to know where the emerging graphene market is headed over the next 5 years to 10 years. Although the report is organized around specific technologies, it is largely nontechnical in nature and coverage. That is, it is concerned less with theory and jargon than with what works, how much of the latter the market is likely to purchase, and at what price. 

The report has not been written specifically for scientists and technologists. However, the report's findings concerning the market for their work, including the availability of government and corporate research funding for different technologies and applications, should interest them as well.

SCOPE OF REPORT

The report addresses emerging global markets for graphene, including the applications listed below:

Computing/data processing

Data storage

Displays

Antennas

Solar cells

Sensing and imaging

Capacitors

Research

The study format includes the following major elements:

Executive summary

Definitions

General properties of graphene

Historical milestones in the development of graphene

Emerging and developmental graphene technologies and applications that have the greatest commercial potential through 2020

Detailed market estimates and projections for each application and material during the period 2010 to 2015

General assessment of expected market trends in the longer term (2016 to 2020)

Companies that are producing or developing commercial graphene applications Patent analysis 

INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY

Projecting the market for emerging technologies, whose commercial potential has not yet been proven, is a challenging task. This is nowhere more true than the graphene field, which may help to explain why many analysts focus on supply-side technology assessments. 

However, BCC's objective in this report is to provide not just a technology assessment but also an initial commercial assessment of the potential commercial market for graphene. To accomplish this objective, BCC used a multiphase approach to identify the graphene applications with the greatest commercial potential and quantify the related markets

In the first phase of the analysis, BCC identified a long list of potential graphene applications, including those that are still under development. In the second phase, BCC eliminated those applications that appear to have little likelihood of making it into commercial use in the next 5 years to 10 years, through a literature review and interviews with industry sources. The result of phase two was a short list of graphene applications with the greatest commercial potential over the time period covered by this report.

The third phase focused on quantifying the potential market for each short-listed application and identifying the main prerequisites for commercial success. Phase three actually had two phases: 1) development of near to mid-term (2010 to 2015) projections and 2) development of longer-term (2016 to 2020) projections. The development of such long-term projections is a departure from the usual BCC report format, necessitated by the long time frame for commercialization of many of the technologies analyzed in this report. Obviously, the projections for the out-years beyond 2015 are more tentative than the projections for 2010 to 2015. 

The specific assumptions and approach BCC used to develop the projections (both near/mid-term and long term) for each graphene application are documented in detail under the various applications addressed. This way, readers can see how the market estimates were developed and, if they so desire, test the impact on the final numbers of changing the underlying assumptions.

One of the approaches used by BCC deserves special mention here. Particularly in the case of graphene applications that are still under development, BCC used the sales performance of nongraphene applications that shares some of the same functions or shares other characteristics with the graphene application as a benchmark for assessing the latter's sales potential.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

Andrew McWilliams, the author of this report, is a partner in the Boston-based international technology and marketing consulting firm, 43rd Parallel, LLC. He is the author of a number of other BCC Research market opportunity reports on advanced materials technologies, including AVM067A Metamaterials: Technologies and Global Markets; AVM066B Superconductors: Technologies and Global Markets; AVM038C Advanced Structural Carbon Products: Fibers, Foams & Composites; NAN017F Nanostructured Materials: Electronic/Magnetic/ Optoelectronic; AVM050B Smart and Interactive Textiles; AVM015E High-performance Ceramic Coatings: Markets and Technologies; AVM025G Diamond, Diamond-Like, and CBN Films and Coating Products; NAN015E Advanced Ceramics and Nano Ceramic Powders; and NAN036A Nanotechnology for Photonics.

Chapter- 1: INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1

INTENDED AUDIENCE 1

SCOPE OF REPORT 2

INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY 3

ANALYST CREDENTIALS 4

RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 4

BCC ONLINE SERVICES 4

DISCLAIMER 5

Chapter-2: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE-BASED PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 6

SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE-BASED PRODUCTS, 2009-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 7

Chapter-3: OVERVIEW

GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF GRAPHENE 8

DEFINITION 8

HISTORY 8

OCCURRENCE AND PRODUCTION 9

Established Technologies 9

Scotch Tape Method 10

Epitaxial Method 10

Graphite Oxide Reduction Method 11

Experimental Approaches 12

Metal-Carbon Melt Method 12

Pyrolysis of Sodium Ethoxide Method 12

Production of Graphene from Carbon Nanotubes 12

Production of Graphene from Table Sugar 13

Dissolving Graphite in Chlorosulphonic Acid 13

"Molecular Wedge" Method 13

Radio Frequency Catalytic Chemical Vapor Deposition 14

PROPERTIES 14

TABLE 1 GRAPHENE PROPERTIES 14

Electronic Properties 15

Chemical Properties 15

Thermal Properties 16

Mechanical Properties 16

Optical Properties 16

RELATED SUBSTANCES 17

Graphite 17

Graphene Oxide 17

Carbon Nanotubes 18

Fullerenes 18

GRAPHENE APPLICATIONS AND END USES 19

TABLE 2   POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS AND END USES OF GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES 19

TABLE 2 (CONTINUED) 20

High-performance Computing 20

Data Storage 20

Communications 21

Thermal Management 21

Photovoltaic Cells 21

Sensors 21

Imaging Equipment 22

Displays 22

Capacitors 22

Structural Materials 22

Other Applications 22

MARKET SIZE AND SEGMENTATION 23

Market Size and Growth Trends 23

FIGURE 1  TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE 2009-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 24

Applications 24

TABLE 3 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 25

FIGURE 2 GRAPHENE APPLICATION SEGMENTS (% OF TOTAL MARKET) 26

Chapter-4: GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING

SUMMARY 27

TECHNOLOGIES 27

TRANSISTORS 27

Graphene Switches 27

Quantum Confinement in Graphene Nanoribbons 28

Field-induced Modification of Graphene Structure 28

Ballistic Transistors 29

Graphene Nanomesh 29

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 30

Graphene Interconnections 30

All-graphene Integrated Circuits 30

PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VS. OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 31

APPLICATIONS AND END USES 31

COMMERCIAL STATUS 31

MARKET 32

TABLE 4 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE INTERCONNECTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 32

Chapter-5: GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR DATA STORAGE APPLICATIONS

SUMMARY 33

TECHNOLOGIES 33

GRAPHENE SPIN VALVE 34

GRAPHENE NANOCABLE MEMORY DEVICE 34

GRAPHENE NANORIBBON MEMORY 34

GRAPHENE-OXIDE-BASED MEMORY 35

PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VS. OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 35

HIGH DATA DENSITY 35

Large On-Off Power Ratio 36

Wide Temperature Range 36

Radiation Resistance 36

COMMERCIAL STATUS 36

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 37

MARKETS 37

TABLE 5 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE MEMORY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 38

Chapter-6: GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR COMMUNICATIONS APPLICATIONS

SUMMARY 39

TECHNOLOGIES 39

HIGH-SPEED PHOTODETECTORS 39

AMPLIFIERS 39

FREQUENCY MULTIPLIERS 40

PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VS. COMPETING TECHNOLOGIES 40

APPLICATIONS AND END USES 41

COMMERCIAL STATUS 41

MARKET 41

TABLE 6 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE COMMUNICATIONS APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 41

Chapter-7: GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR THERMAL MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS

SUMMARY 42

FIGURE 3 GLOBAL SALES OF GRAPHENE THERMAL MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS, 2009–2020 ($ MILLIONS) 42

FIGURE 3 (CONTINUED) 43

TECHNOLOGIES 43

GRAPHENE NANOPLATELET THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS 43

MULTILAYER GRAPHENE HEAT SPREADERS AND HEAT SINKS 44

PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VS. OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 45

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 45

COMMERCIAL STATUS 45

MARKETS 45

TABLE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE THERMAL MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 46

Chapter-8: GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC APPLICATIONS

SUMMARY 47

FIGURE 4 GLOBAL SALES OF GRAPHENE PHOTOVOLTAIC APPLICATIONS, 2009–2020 ($ MILLIONS) 47

TECHNOLOGIES 48

FLEXIBLE ORGANIC PHOTOVOTAIC CELLS 48

POLYMER PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS BASED ON SOLUTION—PROCESSABLE GRAPHENE AND P3HT 49

DYE-DOPED GRAPHITE/GRAPHENE SOLAR CELLS 49

PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VS. OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 50

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 50

COMMERCIAL STATUS 51

MARKETS 51

TABLE 8 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 52

Chapter-9: GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSOR APPLICATIONS

SUMMARY 53

FIGURE 5 GLOBAL SALES OF GRAPHENE-BASED SENSORS, 2009–2020 ($ MILLIONS) 53

TECHNOLOGIES 54

CHEMICAL AND GAS SENSORS 54

Electrochemical Sensors 54

Mass Sensors 54

Nanopore Sensors 55

RADIATION SENSORS 56

BIOSENSORS 56

DNA-sensitized Graphene Vapor Sensors 56

PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VS. COMPETING TECHNOLOGIES 57

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 57

COMMERCIAL STATUS 57

MARKETS 58

TABLE 9 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR SENSING APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 58

Chapter-10: GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMAGING APPLICATIONS

SUMMARY 59

TECHNOLOGIES 59

GRAPHENE FREQUENCY MULTIPLIERS 59

GRAPHENE-BASED PLASMON AMPLIFIERS 60

OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 60

PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VS. OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 61

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 61

COMMERCIAL STATUS 62

MARKET 62

TABLE 10 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE-BASED THZ IMAGING TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 63

Chapter-11: GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES DISPLAY APPLICATIONS

SUMMARY 64

TECHNOLOGIES 64

ROLL-TO-ROLL PRODUCTION 64

SPRAY COATING 65

TRANSFER PRINTING 65

ELECTROPHORETIC DEPOSITION 65

HYBRID GRAPHENE-CARBON NANOTUBE FILM 66

PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VS. OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 66

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 66

COMMERCIAL STATUS 67

MARKET 67

TABLE 11 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR DISPLAY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 68

Chapter-12: GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR CAPACITIVE APPLICATIONS

SUMMARY 69

FIGURE 6 GLOBAL SALES OF GRAPHENE CAPACITIVE APPLICATIONS, 2009-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 69

TECHNOLOGIES 70

PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VS. OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 71

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 72

COMMERCIAL STATUS 72

MARKETS 73

TABLE 12 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR CAPACITIVE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 73

Chapter-13: GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR STRUCTURAL MATERIAL APPLICATIONS

SUMMARY 74

FIGURE 7 GLOBAL SALES OF GRAPHENE POLYMER COMPOSITES, 2009–2020 ($ MILLIONS) 74

TECHNOLOGIES 75

GRAPHENE-FILLED POLYMER COMPOSITES 75

Graphene-polystyrene Composites 75

Other Graphene-polymer Composites 76

TABLE 13 TYPES OF CARBON NANOTUBE AND FULLERENE COMPOSITES AND THEIR PROPERTIES 76

GRAPHENE MATRIX COMPOSITES 76

PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VS. OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 77

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 78

COMMERCIAL STATUS 78

MARKETS 79

TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE POLYMER COMPOSITES, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 79

Chapter-14: GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR OTHER APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS

SUMMARY 80

TABLE 15 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGIES FOR OTHER APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 80

HYDROGEN STORAGE 80

TECHNOLOGIES 81

Oxidized Graphene Sheets 81

Other Developments 82

PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VS. OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 82

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 83

COMMERCIAL STATUS 83

MARKET 83

TABLE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE-BASED HYDROGEN STORAGE TANKS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 84

ANTIBACTERIALS 84

TECHNOLOGIES 84

PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VS. OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 85

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 85

COMMERCIAL STATUS 86

MARKETS 86

TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE-BASED ANTIBACTERIAL APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 86

RFID TAGS 87

TECHNOLOGIES 87

PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VS. OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 87

END USES AND APPLICATIONS 88

COMMERCIAL STATUS 88

MARKET 88

TABLE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE-BASED RFID ANTENNAS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 89

CATALYST SUPPORTS 89

TECHNOLOGIES 89

Reduced Graphene Oxide-Supported Platinum Catalyst 89

Nitrogen-doped Graphene Nanoplatelet—Supported Catalyst 90

PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES VS. ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS 90

APPLICATIONS AND END USES 91

COMMERCIAL STATUS 91

MARKET 91

TABLE 19 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF PLATINUM CATALYST MATERIALS AND NANOSTRUCTURED SUPPORT MATERIALS USED IN FUEL CELLS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 92

TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE CATALYST SUPPORT MATERIALS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 92

Chapter-15: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

NUMBER AND SIZE OF COMPANIES 93

FIGURE 8 GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF COMPANIES WITH PRODUCTION OR ACTIVE R&D ACTIVITES IN GRAPHENE (%) 93

COMPANY PROFILES 94

ADVANCED MICRO DEVICES 94

ALLOTROPICA TECHNOLOGIES 94

ANGEWANDTE MIKRO- UND OPTOELEKTRONIK GMBH 95

ANGSTRON MATERIALS, INC. 95

BASF SE 95

CVD EQUIPMENT CORP. 96

DURHAM GRAPHENE SCIENCE 96

GENERAL MOTORS CO. 96

GLOBAL FOUNDRIES, INC. 97

GRAFTECH INTERNATIONAL, LTD. 97

GRAPHENE DEVICES, LTD. 97

GRAPHENE ENERGY, INC. 98

GRAPHENE FRONTIERS 98

GRAPHENE INDUSTRIES, LTD. 98

GRAPHENE SOLUTIONS, LLC 99

GRAPHENE SUPERMARKET 99

GRAPHENE WORKS, INC. 99

GRAPHENEA 100

HARBIN MULAN FOREIGN ECONOMIC AND TRADE CO. 100

HRL LABORATORIES, LLC 100

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORP. 101

NANOTEK INSTRUMENTS, INC. 101

NUPGA 102

QUANTUM MATERIALS CORP. 102

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD. 102

SANDISK CORP. 103

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS, INC. 103

UNIDYM 103

VORBECK MATERIALS 104

XG SCIENCES, INC. 104

ZS GENETICS, INC. 105

Chapter-16: APPENDIX: PATENTS

PATENT ANALYSIS 106

TRENDS OVER TIME 106

FIGURE 9 TREND IN NUMBER OF U.S. GRAPHENE PATENTS ISSUED ANNUALLY, 2003-2010 106

FIGURE 9 (CONTINUED) 107

TECHNOLOGY TRENDS 107

FIGURE 10 U.S. PATENTS FOR AND PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR GRAPHENE BASIC AND PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES VS. TECHNOLOGY IMPLEMENTATIONS (%) 107

FIGURE 10 (CONTINUED) 108

FIGURE 11 U.S. PATENTS FOR GRAPHENE APPLICATIONS BY TYPE OF APPLICATION (%) 109

FIGURE 11 (CONTINUED) 110

IP PORTFOLIOS 110

FIGURE 12 MAJOR GRAPHENE IP PORTFOLIOS (NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS/PATENT APPLICATIONS) 111

FIGURE 12 (CONTINUED) 112

TYPES OF ENTITIES 112

FIGURE 13 U.S. GRAPHENE PATENT HOLDERS/ASSIGNEES BY TYPE OF ENTITY (%) 113

NATIONALITIES 114

FIGURE 14 U.S. GRAPHENE PATENT AND PATENT APPLICATION HOLDERS BY NATIONALITY (%) 114

FIGURE 14 (CONTINUED) 115

SUMMARY OF RELEVANT PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS 116

ISSUED PATENTS 116

TABLE 21 U.S. PATENTS ISSUED THROUGH DEC. 31, 2010 FOR GRAPHENE-RELATED INVENTIONS 116

TABLE 21 (CONTINUED) 117

TABLE 21 (CONTINUED) 118

TABLE 21 (CONTINUED) 119

TABLE 21 (CONTINUED) 120

TABLE 21 (CONTINUED) 121

TABLE 21 (CONTINUED) 122

PATENT APPLICATIONS 122

TABLE 22 U.S. PATENT APPLICATIONS PENDING AS OF DEC. 31, 2010, FOR GRAPHENE-RELATED INVENTIONS 122

TABLE 22 (CONTINUED) 123

TABLE 22 (CONTINUED) 124

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