Reportlinker Adds Liquefied Natural Gas Market Worldwide

Jun 07, 2010, 13:14 ET from Reportlinker

NEW YORK, June 7 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Liquefied Natural Gas Market Worldwide

http://www.reportlinker.com/p0203694/Liquefied-Natural-Gas-Market-Worldwide.html

Natural gas accounts for 20% of the world's marketed energy, with more than 120 quadrillion Btu of natural gas is consumed globally. It is a critical fuel in the generation of electric power and heat. Furthermore, it is used in industry as an energy source and/or feedstock for manufacturing fertilizer, pulp and paper, metals, chemicals, textiles, plastics and pharmaceuticals, among others.

Nearly 120 quadrillion Btu of natural gas is consumed globally. Some gas-producing countries, such as those in the Middle East and Africa, are able to satisfy all of their natural gas demand through domestic supply. Others, such as Japan and South Korea, are almost entirely reliant on natural gas imports to fuel power plants, industrial processes and provide heat. Still others, including those in Europe and North America, are able to partially meet natural gas demand with domestic supply while supplementing the rest with imports.

Over a quarter of global natural gas demand is fulfilled by imported natural gas. Countries in Europe and Eurasia are by far the leading importers of natural gas and import about 450 billion cubic meters of the fuel, or about 40% of the region's natural gas requirements, annually. This region is followed in natural gas imports by the Asia Pacific and North America regions. Together the three regions account for 95% of global natural gas imports.

Because of its low density and high volume, natural gas is costly and inefficient to store and transport over long distances in its gaseous state. Moreover, crossing international borders via pipeline amplifies commercial and investment risks and complexities. Pipeline construction and maintenance costs, along with technical challenges, escalate with distance. Further, when the pipeline must traverse countries which are not involved as gas producers or consumers, concessions may be difficult and costly to obtain.

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas which has been converted to liquid form for ease of storage or transport. Liquefying natural gas allows access to natural gas from regions with vast production potential to end markets too distant to be connected by pipeline. The global market for LNG accounts for nearly 10% of total annual worldwide natural gas consumption. Pipeline gas continues to account for the majority of global natural gas trade. However, nearly 30% of natural gas trade is now provided by LNG.

Despite the global economic recession in 2008 and 2009, global demand for LNG increased by nearly 22% in volume terms from 2005 to 2009. North American imports are expected to more than double from 16 Bcm in 2009 to 40 Bcm in 2013. Over the past five years, significant investments in the LNG supply chain have been made around the world and global liquefaction capacity has increased by 40%.

LNG has assumed an increasingly significant role in the energy security of several nations around the world. LNG markets are expected to show robust growth over the next several years, driven largely by supply push. Driven by relatively low prices and a global economic recovery, LNG demand is expected to catch up with supply-chain capacity by 2014. LNG markets will likely experience renewed investments in supply-chain infrastructure in the years beyond 2015.

While the US currently accounts for less than 6% of global LNG imports, US domestic natural gas demand and supply dynamics have dramatically influenced global LNG investments over the past few years. Given the concurrent and rapid increases in US unconventional gas production capacity and LNG regasification and storage capacity, the US is likely to continue to re-shape global LNG trading in years to come.

Liquefied Natural Gas Market Worldwide includes a broad review of the global market for liquefied natural gas. Key technologies leveraged within the LNG supply chain, including liquefaction, shipping and regasification technologies are discussed. An overview of the LNG market structure, mechanisms and key participants is provided. Additionally, recent investments in LNG liquefaction capacity, shipping capacity, and regasification capacity across regions and major participating nations are discussed.

The report provides historic and forecast global energy demand 2005 to 2015 and energy demand drivers and trends are reviewed. Further, world energy supply sources 2005 to 2015 are discussed and the linkage between domestic natural gas production, import dependence and LNG trading are outlined. Finally, historic and forecast international LNG trade volumes and values are presented for the period 2005-2015.

Report Methodology

The information in Liquefied Natural Gas Market Worldwide is based on primary and secondary research. Primary research entailed gathering information from firms and individuals involved in LNG project development, marketing, distribution and sales of LNG and natural gas, utilities, analysts and consultants to the energy industry to obtain insight into the technologies and market factors shaping the industry. Secondary research entailed data gathering from relevant sources, including government and industry publications, company literature and corporate annual reports.

What You'll Get in This Report

Liquefied Natural Gas Market Worldwide contains important insights and projections regarding the future of this market around the world. The report provides both the comprehensive analysis and data. Subscribers will benefit from extensive data, presented in easy-to-read and practical charts, tables and graphs.

Liquefied Natural Gas Market Worldwide includes a broad review of the global market for liquefied natural gas. Key technologies leveraged within the LNG supply chain, including liquefaction, shipping and regasification technologies are discussed. An overview of the LNG market structure, mechanisms and key participants is provided. Additionally, recent investments in LNG liquefaction capacity, shipping capacity, and regasification capacity across regions and major participating nations are discussed.

The report provides historic and forecast global energy demand 2005 to 2015 and energy demand drivers and trends are reviewed. Further, world energy supply sources 2005 to 2015 are discussed and the linkage between domestic natural gas production, import dependence and LNG trading are outlined. Finally, historic and forecast international LNG trade volumes and values are presented for the period 2005-2015.

How You'll Benefit from This Report

If your company is already doing business in the market for liquefied natural gas, or is considering entering the marketplace, you will find this report invaluable. It provides a comprehensive package of information and insight not offered in any other single source. You will gain a thorough understanding of the current global market for liquefied natural gas, as well as projected markets and trends through 2015.

This report will help:

  • Marketing managers understand the market forces shaping the market for liquefied natural gas and identify market opportunities.
  • Research and development professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives and explore demand for LNG.
  • Business development executives understand the dynamics of the market and identify possible partnerships.
  • Information and research center librarians provide market researchers, product managers, and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.

Chapter 1: Executive Summary

Introduction

Figure 1-1: Global Marketed Energy Use by Fuel (in quadrillion Btu)

Table 1-1: Global Natural Gas Consumption and Imports (in billion cubic meters)

LNG Supply Chain

Exploration and Production

Liquefaction

Figure 1-2: LNG Liquefaction Plant Process Overview

Figure 1-3: World LNG Exports by Country, 2009 (in % Bcma)

Shipping

Cargo Capacity

Cargo Containment Systems

Carrier Propulsion Systems

Table 1-2: World LNG Fleet, 2009-2012

Regasification

Figure 1-4: LNG Regasification Plant Process Overview

Offshore Regasification

Figure 1-5: World LNG Imports by Country, 2009 (in % Bcma)

LNG Market Structure

Market Size and Demand Trends

Global Energy Demand

Figure 1-6: World Marketed Energy Consumption, 2005-2015 (in quadrillion Btu)

Figure 1-7: World Population and Gross Domestic Product, 2005-2015 (population in millions, GDP in $ billion)

Figure 1-8: World Electricity Generation by Fuel Type, 2005, 2015 (Percent of Total)

Global Energy Supply

Figure 1-9: World Marketed Energy Use by Fuel Type, 2005-2015 (in quadrillion Btu)

Figure 1-10: World Natural Gas Reserves by Region, 2009 (Trillion Cubic Feet, Percent of Total)

Figure 1-11: World Natural Gas Production, 2009 (Trillion Cubic Feet)

Figure 1-12: Global LNG Trade Volume, 2005-2009 (Billion cubic meters)

Figure 1-13: Global LNG Trade Value, 2005-2009 (Billion USD)

Figure 1-14: Global LNG Trade Volume, 2010-2015 (Billion cubic meters)

Figure 1-15: Global LNG Trade Value, 2010-2015 (Billion USD)

Report Format

Report Methodology

Abbreviations and Definitions

Table 1-3: Abbreviations Utilized in Report

Chapter 2: LNG Technology

Introduction

Characteristics of LNG

Table 2-1: Typical Chemical Composition of LNG

LNG Technology

Exploration and Production

Figure 2-1: Natural Gas Production Process Overview

Liquefaction

Figure 2-2: LNG Liquefaction Plant Process Overview

Liquefaction Processes

APCI Multi-Component Refrigerant Process (MCRTM)

Figure 2-3: APCI MCRTM Process

Phillips Optimized Cascade® Process

Figure 2-4: Phillips Optimized Cascade® Process

Statoil/Linde Mixed Fluid Cascade Process (MFCP)

Figure 2-5: Statoil/Linde Mixed Fluid Cascade Process (MFCP)

Shell Double Mixed Refrigerant Process (DMR)

Black & Veatch PRICO® Process

Figure 2-6: Black & Veatch PRICO® Process

Axens Liquefin(TM) Process

Shipping

Ship Capacity

Cargo Containment Systems

Table 2-2: Summary of LNG Carrier Containment Systems

Moss® Containment System

Figure 2-7: Schematic of Moss® Containment System

Membrane Containment Systems

Figure 2-8: Schematic of Mid-Ship Section of a Membrane Containment System

NO96 System

Table 2-3: GTT Membrane-Design LNG Carrier Containment Systems

Mark III System

CS1 System

Carrier Propulsion Systems

Dual-Fuel Diesel Electric (DFDE)

Slow Speed Diesel with Reliquefaction (DRL)

Regasification

Figure 2-9: LNG Regasification Plant Process Overview

Receiving

Storage

Single Containment Tank

Double Containment Tank

Full Containment Tank

Membrane Tank

In-Ground Tank

Vaporization

Open Rack Vaporizers

Submerged Combustion Vaporizers

Intermediate Fluid Vaporizers

Ambient Air Vaporizers

Offshore Regasification

Odorization and Send-Out

Chapter 3: LNG Market Structure

Introduction

Figure 3-1: Global Marketed Energy Use by Fuel (in quadrillion Btu)

Table 3-1: Global Natural Gas Consumption and Imports (in billion cubic meters)

Early Development of LNG Market

Table 3-2: Significant Milestones in Early LNG Market Development

Table 3-3: Global Natural Gas Consumption and Imports (in billion cubic meters)

LNG Supply Chain

LNG Project Costs

Figure 3-2: LNG Supply Chain Project Costs (in % total cost)

Sales and Purchase Agreements

Table 3-4: Representative LNG Contracts in Effect, 2010 (in Mtpa)

LNG Short-Term Market

Figure 3-3: World LNG Volume Traded on Short-Term Market, 2000-2008 (in billion cubic meters)

Pricing

LNG Trade

Liquefaction and Export

Table 3-5: LNG Exporting Countries, 2009

Figure 3-4: World LNG Exports by Country, 2009 (in % Bcma)

Figure 3-5: World Liquefaction Capacity by Region, 2009 (in Bcma)

New Liquefaction Capacity

Russia

Indonesia

Norway

Yemen

Peru

Shipping

Table 3-6: World LNG Fleet, 2009-2012

Figure 3-6: Average Capacity of LNG Ships Delivered, 1980-2009 (in cubic meters)

Import and Regasification

Table 3-7: LNG Importing Countries, 2009

Figure 3-7: World LNG Imports by Country, 2009 (in % Bcma)

Asia

Figure 3-8: World Regasification Capacity by Region (in % Bcma)

China

India

Europe

Belgium

Italy

United Kingdom

North America

Canada

Mexico

United States

Figure 3-9: US LNG Import Capacity, 2000-2009 (in Bcfd)

Table 3-8: US LNG Marine Import Terminals, 2009 Year-End Capacity (in Bcfd)

Table 3-9: Proposed US Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Development, 2010

Central and South America

Argentina

Brazil

Chile

Chapter 4: Market Size and Demand Trends

Introduction

Demand Drivers and Trends

Global Energy Demand

Figure 4-1: World Marketed Energy Consumption, 2005-2015 (in quadrillion Btu)

Table 4-1: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

Member Countries, 2010

Figure 4-2: World Marketed Energy Consumption by Economic Region, 2005, 2010, 2015 (in quadrillion Btu)

Figure 4-3: World Marketed Energy Consumption by Economic Sub-Region, 2005-2015 (in quadrillion Btu)

Energy Demand Drivers

Population Growth

Figure 4-4: World Population by Economic Region, 2005-2015 (in millions)

Economic Growth

Figure 4-5: World Gross Domestic Product by Economic Region, 2005-2015 (in $ billion)

Global Energy Supply

Figure 4-6: World Marketed Energy Use by Fuel Type, 2005-2015 (in quadrillion Btu)

Liquid Fuels

Table 4-2: World's Proved Oil Reserves, 2010

Figure 4-7: World Oil Prices, 1995-2015 (in 2007 USD per barrel)

Coal

Table 4-3: Top Five Producers of World Hard Coal, 2010

Natural Gas

Global Natural Gas Reserves

Table 4-4: World's Proved Reserves of Natural Gas, 2009

Figure 4-8: World Natural Gas Reserves by Region, 2009 (Trillion Cubic Feet, Percent of Total)

Global Natural Gas Consumption

Figure 4-9: World Electricity Generation by Fuel Type, 2005, 2015 (Percent of Total)

Figure 4-10: Global Natural Gas Consumption, 2005-2015 (Trillion cubic feet)

Global Natural Gas Production

Figure 4-11: World Natural Gas Production, 2009 (Trillion Cubic Feet)

Regional Natural Gas Demand Trends

Figure 4-12: Share of Imported Natural Gas, 2005, 2010, 2015 (Percent)

Table 4-5: Global Natural Gas Imports by Region and Type, 2008 (in billion cubic meters)

North America

Europe

Asia

Central and South America

Historic and Current LNG Market Size

Figure 4-13: Global LNG Trade Volume, 2005-2009 (Billion cubic meters)

Asia

Europe

North America

Figure 4-14: Global LNG Trade Value, 2005-2009 (Billion USD)

LNG Market Projections

Figure 4-15: Global LNG Liquefaction Capacity, 2005-2015 (Billion cubic meters per Annum)

Figure 4-16: Global LNG Trade Volume, 2010-2015 (Billion cubic meters)

Figure 4-17: Global LNG Trade Value, 2010-2015 (Billion USD)

Chapter 5: Participant Profiles

Overview

Table 5-1: Description of Companies Profiled

BP

Table 5-2: BP Profile

Corporate Background

Product and Brand Portfolio

Performance

Figure 5-1: BP Revenues, 2005-2009 ($ billion)

Company News

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Personnel Changes

Citigroup

Table 5-3: Citigroup Profile

Corporate Background

Product and Brand Portfolio

Performance

Figure 5-2: Citigroup Revenues, 2005-2009 ($ billion)

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Personnel Changes

ConocoPhillips

Table 5-4: ConocoPhillips Profile

Corporate Background

Product and Brand Portfolio

Performance

Figure 5-3: ConocoPhillips Revenues, 2005-2009 ($ billion)

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Personnel Changes

Duke Energy

Table 5-5: Duke Energy Profile

Corporate Background

Product and Brand Portfolio

Performance

Figure 5-4: Duke Energy Revenues, 2005-2009 ($ billion)

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Personnel Changes

Foster Wheeler AG

Table 5-6: Foster Wheeler AG Profile

Corporate Background

Product and Brand Portfolio

Performance

Figure 5-5: Foster Wheeler AG Revenues, 2005-2009 ($ billion)

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Personnel Changes

General Electric

Table 5-7: General Electric Profile

Corporate Background

Product and Brand Portfolio

Performance

Figure 5-6: General Electric Revenues, 2005-2009 ($ billion)

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Personnel Changes

Royal Dutch Shell plc

Table 5-8: Royal Dutch Shell plc Profile

Corporate Background

Product and Brand Portfolio

Performance

Figure 5-7: Royal Dutch Shell plc Revenues, 2005-2009 ($ billion)

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Personnel Changes

Appendix: Selected Corporate Addresses

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