Reportlinker Adds Photovoltaics: Global Markets and Technologies

Dec 14, 2010, 11:47 ET from Reportlinker

NEW YORK, Dec. 14, 2010 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Photovoltaics: Global Markets and Technologies

http://www.reportlinker.com/p096564/Photovoltaics-Global-Markets-and-Technologies.html

THIS REPORT CONTAINS

Descriptions of various types of photovoltaics (PV) technologies, including monocrystalline silicon, multicrystalline silicon, thin films (e.g., amorphous silicon, cadmium telluride, copper indium diselenide) and compound semiconductor materials (e.g., gallium arsenide)

Analysis of global market trends, with data from 2009, estimates for 2010, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2015

Discussion of emerging approaches such as nanostructured films, dye-sensitized solar cells, and organic technologies

An overview of technological issues, including the latest trends, and a thorough patent analysis

A focus on the industry's manufacturing capacity and consumption by various regional markets.

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 

BCC Research's goal in conducting this study.. was to determine the current status of the global market for photovoltaics (PV) and then to assess their growth potential over a 6 year period from 2009 to 2010 and then to 2015. We last studied this industry in 2007 and were particularly interested in the impact on the market by the surging global demand for energy, improvements in solar PV technology, declining costs of photovoltaics, and the impact of climate change on alternative fuels. 

We were also interested in the impact of incentives on solar sales and installations. Our key objective was to preset a comprehensive analysis of the current market for PV and its future direction.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

PV technology dates back to the 1950s and the advent of the space program, but the concerted effort to develop this technology for industry and consumer use began during the oil embargoes of the 1970s. The eventual stabilization of oil prices had a dampening effect on investment, tax credits, and government funding for research and development. 

Despite these challenges, the development of PV and its materials continued and, in the late 1990s, R&D funding, cost-shared programs, and industry activity once again increased. The growth rate of this technology has been exceptionally high reaching annual growth rates of 30% to 40% and higher over the past two decades.

In the first decade of the 21st century, oil prices surged as demand rose at unprecedented rates. PV once again took the spotlight as an emerging technology. Companies in the PV business have focused on reaching grid parity—the meeting of cost for fossil fuel and solar energy—as a way to broaden the scope of PV. Nations and individual states began to offer serious incentives such as tariffs and tax credits for solar customers. Consequently, we were interested in looking at this industry once again to chart its potential.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

In this PV study, we present current and emerging technologies, detail the industry structure, (e.g., the leading players in equipment and materials) and analyze the competitive environment, major applications, current and future markets, growth factors and detail shipments of cells and modules for 2009, 2010 and 2015. This study will be of interest to those who make semiconductor thin film manufacturing equipment, thin films, electrical connectors, optical devices, and materials such as silicon, steel, polymers and ceramics. It will also be of interest to those companies engaged in nanotechnology and materials for flexible substrates.

In addition, utility companies, construction firms and those involved with the space program will find its contents to be of value. 

SCOPE OF REPORT

The scope of this study encompasses the major PV technologies monocrystalline silicon, multicrystalline silicon, thin films (e.g., amorphous silicon, cadmium telluride, copper indium diselenide), compound semiconductor materials (e.g., gallium arsenide) and emerging approaches such as nanostructured films, dye-sensitized solar cells and organic technologies. BCC Research analyzes each technology, examines its current and potential efficiency, assesses the current market status of each, examines its future market impact, and presents shipments of PV cells and their values for 2009, 2010 and 2015. Various technical issues are discussed and a thorough economic analysis of each technology and its impact on future growth is presented. 

In this report, we analyze the PV industry on a global basis, including manufacturing capacity and consumption by various regional markets. We examine government funding and support, industry involvement, standards, the environmental impact of solar energy, and the impact of incentives to use PV. We also discuss the potential for applications—both grid-connected and standalone. Projections of cell and module shipments by major applications are also presented for the 3 years covered in our study.

METHODOLOGY

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this study. BCC Research presents an analysis for each PV technology of the number of cells, measured in megawatts, shipped in 2009. Our estimated values are what manufacturers have paid in undepreciated dollars. Then, based on our surveys, we analyze the potential for each technology, and forecast shipments for 2010 and 2015. We also analyze the cost of manufacturing the cells and modules and present an estimated value of shipments over the forecast period. We do the same analysis for key materials used in PV technology.

INFORMATION SOURCES

BCC Research surveyed approximately 125 companies to obtain data for this study. Included were manufacturers of PV cells and modules, arrays and supporting equipment as well as manufacturers of PV-related materials such as silicon and glass. We also spoke with companies developing solar cells based on thin films and materials developed through nanotechnology. We also compiled data from current financial and trade information and government sources. 

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

After a successful career at IBM, Robert H. Moran has written extensively as a research analyst and editor at BCC Research. The topics of his reports range from various deposition technologies, to displays, solar energy and solid-state lighting. Mr. Moran has been writing for BCC Research for more than 20 years. He earned a B. S. Degree in Economics from the University of Pennsylvania.

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DISCLAIMER

The information developed in this report is intended to be as reliable as possible at the time of publication and of a professional nature. This information does not constitute managerial, legal, or accounting advice; nor should it serve as a corporate policy guide, laboratory manual, or an endorsement of any product, as much of the information is speculative in nature. The author assumes no responsibility for any loss or damage that might result from reliance on the reported information or its use.

Chapter- 1: INTRODUCTION -- Complimentary

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1

REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY 1

INTENDED AUDIENCE 2

SCOPE OF REPORT 2

METHODOLOGY 2

INFORMATION SOURCES 3

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 3

RELATED BCC REPORTS 3

BCC ONLINE SERVICES 3

DISCLAIMER 4

Chapter-2: SUMMARY

SUMMARY 5

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL PHOTOVOLTAIC MARKET: MODULE SHIPMENTS AND MATERIALS, THROUGH 2015 (MEGAWATTS, $ MILLIONS) 6

SUMMARY FIGURE VALUE OF GLOBAL PHOTOVOLTAIC MARKET: MODULE SHIPMENTS AND MATERIALS, 2009-2015 ($ MILLIONS) 6

Chapter-3: OVERVIEW

BACKGROUND 7

CURRENT ENVIRONMENT 8

TABLE 1 THE GLOBAL ENERGY PROBLEM 9

DEMAND FOR ENERGY CONTINUES TO GROW 9

CLIMATE CHANGE NEEDS ALTERNATIVE ENERGY 9

INADEQUATE FUEL RESERVES CALL FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY 10

Carbon Sequestration 10

Nuclear Power 10

THE NEED FOR SOLAR POWER 10

TABLE 2 ADVANTAGES OF SOLAR ENERGY 11

PV TECHNOLOGIES 11

TABLE 3 MAJOR PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGIES 12

BALANCE OF SYSTEMS 13

Module Frames 13

Interconnections 13

Encapsulation 13

PV APPLICATIONS 14

TABLE 4 KEY APPLICATIONS OF PHOTOVOLTAICS 14

PV APPLICATIONS (CONTINUED) 15

Chapter-4: PHOTOVOLTAIC INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

LEADING PHOTOVOLTAIC MANUFACTURERS 17

TABLE 5 LEADING MANUFACTURERS OF PV CELLS, MODULES AND SYSTEMS 17

TABLE 5 (CONTINUED) 18

TABLE 5 (CONTINUED) 19

PV MANUFACTURING BY REGION 20

TABLE 6 GLOBAL SHARES OF PV PRODUCTION BY REGION, 2009-2015 (%) 20

FIGURE 1 GLOBAL PV CELL/MODULE MANUFACTURING BY REGION 2009-2015 (%) 21

PV CONSUMPTION BY REGION 21

TABLE 7 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF PV CELLS BY REGION, 2009-2015 (%) 22

FIGURE 2 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF PV CELLS BY REGION, 2009-2015 (%) 22

MARKET SHARES 23

TABLE 8 ESTIMATED TOP TEN GLOBAL PV PRODUCTION BY COMPANY, 2009 (MEGAWATTS/%) 23

DEVELOPING ADVANCED PV TECHNOLOGY 24

TABLE 9 SELECTED ORGANIZATIONS DEVELOPING SOLAR CELLS AND RELATED TECHNOLOGIES 25

COMPANY PROFILES 26

AMONIX COMPANY 26

ASCENT SOLAR TECHNOLOGIES 27

BP SOLAR US 27

CHINA SUNERGY 28

CONERGY AG 29

ENXCO 29

EVERGREEN SOLAR INC. 30

FIRST SOLAR INC. 30

ISOFOTON SOLAR 31

JA SOLAR PV TECHNOLOGY 32

KYOCERA SOLAR 32

MIASOLE 33

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORP. 34

MOTECH INDUSTRIES, INC. 34

OERLIKON SOLAR 35

Q-CELLS 35

SCHOTT SOLAR PV INC. 36

SHARP SOLAR CORPORATION 37

SOLARIA CORPORATION 37

SUNPOWER CORPORATION 38

SUNTECH POWER HOLDINGS CO. LTD. 38

TATA BP SOLAR, BANGALORE 39

UNITED SOLAR OVONIC LLC 40

WURTH SOLAR GMBH & CO. KG 41

YINGLING GREEN ENERGY HOLDINGS CO. LTD. 41

SUMMARY 42

Chapter-5: PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGY

THE PV EFFECT 43

SILICON AND THE PV EFFECT 44

Creating Charge Carriers 45

Forming the Electric Field 45

Driving the Charge Carriers 46

Energy Band Gaps 46

TABLE 10 IMPORTANCE OF SELECTING MATERIALS WITH PROPER BAND GAP ENERGY 47

MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON TECHNOLOGY 47

PRODUCING A MONOCRYSTALLINE SOLAR CELL 48

TABLE 11 ELEMENTS COMMON TO ALL PV CELLS 49

The Importance of Electrical Contacts 49

TABLE 12 MAJOR PARAMETERS FOR SOLAR CELL MATERIALS 50

MULTICRYSTALLINE SOLAR CELLS 51

MANUFACTURING MULTICRYSTALLINE CELLS 52

Cast Process 52

Ribbon Crystal Silicon 52

The Evergreen Solar Approach 52

THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS 53

TABLE 13 OBJECTIVES OF THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS 54

AMORPHOUS SILICON 54

Properties of Amorphous Silicon 55

TABLE 14 MAJOR ADVANTAGES OF AMORPHOUS SILICON 55

Early Problems 55

Solution Efforts 56

TABLE 15 AMORPHOUS SILICON R&D ACTIVITIES 56

TABLE 16 TYPICAL STRUCTURE OF A TRIPLE JUNCTION A-SI CELL 57

COPPER INDIUM DISELENIDE 57

TABLE 17 CELL STRUCTURE OF POLYCRYSTALLINE THIN FILM 57

Fabricating CIS Cells 58

CIS R & D 58

CADMIUM TELLURIDE CELLS 59

Manufacturing Cadmium Telluride Cells 59

Environmental Concerns 59

Research Activities 60

TABLE 18 RESEARCH ACTIVITIES FOR CADMIUM TELLURIDE CELLS 60

SOLAR CELL EFFICIENCIES 60

PHOTOVOLTAIC CONVERSION EFFICIENCY DEFINED 61

TESTING DEVICE PERFORMANCE 61

Typical Procedures 61

Spectral Responsivity Systems 62

TABLE 19 SYSTEMS FOR MEASURING SPECTRAL RESPONSE 62

Features and Advantages 63

Current versus Voltage Systems 63

TABLE 20 INSTRUMENTS FOR CELL I-V MEASUREMENTS 64

Features and Advantages of I-V Systems 64

Standard Outdoor Measurement Systems 64

TRADITIONAL SILICON AND THIN FILM SOLAR CELL EFFICIENCIES 65

TABLE 21 TYPICAL AND MAXIMUM CELL CONVERSION EFFICIENCIES FOR THE TRADITIONAL PV MATERIALS 65

Single Solar Cell Efficiency Limit 66

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS AND MODULE STRUCTURES 67

GALLIUM ARSENIDE SOLAR CELLS 67

TABLE 22 KEY PROPERTIES OF GALLIUM ARSENIDE 67

GaAs Challenges 67

MULTIJUNCTION DEVICES 68

Advantages of Multijunction Devices 68

TABLE 23 MAJOR BENEFITS OF MULTIJUNCTION SOLAR CELLS 69

Triple Junction Cell Design 69

TABLE 24 COMPOSITION AND PROJECTED EFFICIENCIES OF A TRIPLE JUNCTION CELL 70

CONCENTRATORS 70

TABLE 25 TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF FLAT PLATE VERSUS SOLAR CONCENTRATORS 71

BALANCE-OF-SYSTEMS 71

MOUNTING STRUCTURES 72

STORAGE DEVICES 72

POWER CONDITIONERS 73

EMERGING PV TECHNOLOGIES 73

OBJECTIVES OF EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES 73

TABLE 26 KEY GOALS OF EMERGING PV TECHNOLOGIES 74

BACK CONTACT CELL 74

TABLE 27 KEY ADVANTAGES OF BACK CONTACT CELL 74

Importance of Lasers 74

DYE-SENSITIZED CELLS 75

Properties of the Dye-sensitized Cell 75

TABLE 28 SCHEMATIC OF DYE-SENSITIZED CELL 75

Cell Efficiencies 76

Classification 76

Fabrication 76

Advantages of Dye-Sensitized Cells 77

TABLE 29 KEY BENEFITS OF DYE-SENSITIZED CELLS 77

QUANTUM DOTS FOR SOLAR CELLS 77

Properties 77

Synthesis of Quantum Dots 78

TABLE 30 METHODS OF SYNTHESIZING QUANTUM DOTS 78

Advantages of QD Solar Cells 78

TABLE 31 ADVANTAGES OF COLLOIDAL QDS OVER ORGANIC DYES USED IN PV CELLS 79

FLEXIBLE VERSUS RIGID SUBSTRATES 79

TABLE 32 ADVANTAGES OF FLEXIBLE POLYMER-BASED CELLS OVER CONVENTIONAL SOLAR CELL DESIGNS 79

ORGANIC PHOTOVOLTAICS 80

SILICON WIRE ARRAYS 80

PROSPECTS FOR EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES 80

TABLE 33 PROSPECTS FOR EMERGING SOLAR TECHNOLOGIES 81

PATENT ANALYSIS 81

PATENTS BY TECHNICAL CATEGORY 81

TABLE 34 PHOTOVOLTAIC PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY, 2007–2015 82

PATENTS BY REGION 83

TABLE 35 PV PATENTS BY REGION 83

PATENTS BY COMPANIES 84

TABLE 36 COMPANIES THAT WERE AWARDED TWO OR MORE PV PATENTS 84

TABLE 36 (CONTINUED) 85

SAMPLE PATENT ABSTRACTS 85

Photovoltaic Module Architecture 86

Concentrating Type Solar Collection and Daylight System within Glazed Building Envelopes 86

Planar Solar Concentrator Power Module 86

Solution Based Fabrication of Photovoltaic Cells 87

Photovoltaic Thin Film Cell Produced from Metallic Blend using High-temperature Printing 87

Metal Contact Structure for Solar Cell and Method of Manufacture 88

Chapter-6: INDUSTRY COMPETITIVENESS

U.S. GOVERNMENT PV SUPPORT 89

THE SOLAR AMERICA (SAI) INITIATIVE 89

Benefits of the SAI 90

TABLE 37 MAJOR BENEFITS OF THE SAI 90

NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY (NREL) 90

The U.S. PV Community 91

INTERNATIONAL PHOTOVOLTAICS SUPPORT 91

EUROPEAN ACTIVITIES 92

The European Photovoltaic Technology Platform 92

TABLE 38 GOALS OF THE PV TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM 92

EUROPEAN PHOTOVOLTAIC INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION 93

TABLE 39 BENEFITS OF MEMBERSHIP IN THE EUROPEAN PHOTOVOLTAIC INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION 93

JAPANESE PV EFFORTS 93

TABLE 40 REASONS FOR JAPANESE INVESTMENT IN PHOTOVOLTAICS 94

The Subsidy Program 94

TABLE 41 QUALIFICATIONS FOR JAPANESE PV SUBSIDIES 95

OTHER INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT 95

TABLE 42 ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF INTERNATIONAL PV SUPPORT 95

PV ECONOMICS AND COSTS 96

SOLAR REBATES AND INCENTIVES 96

TABLE 43 BASIC GLOBAL PV REBATES AND INCENTIVES 96

THE U.S. EXAMPLE 97

Federal and State PV Incentives 97

INCENTIVES AND THE ECONOMIC SITUATION 97

Economic Problems 98

Expected Outcome 98

TABLE 44 PROJECTED ECONOMIC OUTCOMES FOR PV 98

STANDARDS AND SAFETY 99

INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS EFFORTS 99

The Global Approval Program (PV GAP) 99

Other Organizations 100

TABLE 45 STANDARDS AND CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT ORGANIZATIONS 100

PV TECHNOLOGY 100

BIPV AND UTILITIES BIG MARKETS 100

CONTINUING GROWTH OF THIN FILM AND ORGANIC PRODUCTS 101

PV MARKET GROWTH FACTORS 101

DRIVING FORCES 102

IMPACT OF MARKET GROWTH FACTORS 102

TABLE 46 IMPACT OF CONTRIBUTING FACTORS ON PV GROWTH 103

Chapter-7: PV MARKETS

PV MARKET CHARACTERISTICS 104

PV DEMAND CONTINUES TO GROW 105

TABLE 47 GLOBAL PV CELL/MODULE SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2009 (MEGAWATTS) 105

FIGURE 3 GLOBAL PV CELL/MODULE SHIPMENTS, 2003–2009 (MEGAWATTS) 106

AN INCENTIVES-BASED BUSINESS 106

TABLE 48 INSTALLED GLOBAL PV CAPACITY BY COUNTRY, 2009 107

FIGURE 4 INSTALLED GLOBAL PV CAPACITY BY COUNTRY, 2009 (GW) 107

Recession and High Prices Threaten Incentives 108

Will PV Become Self-Sustaining? 108

SILICON SUPPLY PROBLEM 109

TABLE 49 ESTIMATED SILICON USAGE, 2009 (%) 109

FIGURE 5 SILICON USAGE BY APPLICATION, 2009 (%) 110

MORE EFFICIENT CAPEX PRODUCTION TOOLS 110

More Efficient Capex Production Tools (Continued) 111

UTILITY INTERACTION 112

TABLE 50 CHALLENGES FACING UTILITIES 112

Feed-in Tariffs and Net Metering 113

Solar Electric Power Association 114

TABLE 51 MISSION OF THE SOLAR ELECTRIC POWER ASSOCIATION 114

REDUCED PV COSTS KEY TO FUTURE 115

TABLE 52 AVERAGE INSTALLED PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFICIENCIES AND COSTS 1995–2020 115

Cost-Competitive Aspects 116

Future Implications 116

A CONSTANTLY CHANGING INDUSTRY 117

The Push for New Technologies 117

SUMMARY OF PV MARKET CHARACTERISTICS 118

TABLE 53 SUMMARY OF PV MARKET CHARACTERISTICS 118

CURRENT AND FUTURE APPLICATIONS 119

GRID-CONNECTED APPLICATIONS 119

Distributed Generation 119

TABLE 54 BENEFITS OF DISTRIBUTED GENERATION 119

Rooftop Systems 120

Panel Capacities 120

Panel Types 121

TABLE 55 KEY ADVANTAGES OF ROOFTOP SYSTEMS 122

Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) 122

TABLE 56 TYPICAL BIPV SYSTEM 123

Types of BIPV Systems 123

Other Exterior Options 124

TABLE 57 MAJOR ADVANTAGES OF BIPV 124

UTILITY APPLICATIONS 125

Utility Transmission and Distribution 125

Utility Scale PV Power 126

TABLE 58 BENEFITS OF BUILDING A UTILITY-SCALE PV PLANT 126

Concentrating Photovoltaic Power (CPV) for Utility Scale Energy 127

TABLE 59 BASICS OF CPV TECHNOLOGY 128

OFF-GRID SYSTEMS 128

Off-Grid Residential PV 129

TABLE 60 TYPES OF OFF-GRID RESIDENTIAL PV SYSTEMS 129

PV Produced DC Electricity 129

Off-Grid Industrialized or Residential PV with Generators 130

Off-Grid Communication Systems 130

TABLE 61 SOME COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS POWERED BY PV 131

PV with Battery Storage 131

TABLE 62 ESTIMATED USES OF PV ON NATIONAL PARK LANDS (%) 132

Remote Village Electrification 132

TABLE 63 MAJOR ADVANTAGES OF OFF-GRID VILLAGE ELECTRIFICATION 133

Water Pumping 134

SPACE APPLICATIONS 135

TABLE 64 MAJOR ADVANTAGES OF PV IN SPACE APPLICATIONS 135

Multijunction and Concentrator Cells 135

NEW APPLICATIONS 136

Advantages of Flexibility 137

PHOTOVOLTAIC BUYING DECISIONS 137

TABLE 65 MAJOR FACTORS IN PV SYSTEM BUYING DECISIONS (%) 138

PV MARKET FORCES 138

POSITIVE FACTORS 139

LIMITING FACTORS 140

PHOTOVOLTAIC MARKET PROJECTIONS 141

GROWTH TRENDS 141

TABLE 66 KEY GROWTH TRENDS IN THE PHOTOVOLTAIC INDUSTRY 142

THE INCENTIVE FACTOR 142

FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS 143

TABLE 67 CURRENT FACTS IMPACTING PV INDUSTRY GROWTH RATE 144

TABLE 68 FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS—GROWTH OF PV CELLS 145

MARKET FORECASTS 146

MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON SHIPMENTS 146

Key Factors in Our Projections 146

TABLE 69 FORECAST—GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON CELLS/MODULES, THROUGH 2015 (MEGAWATTS) 147

FIGURE 6 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF MONCRYSTALLINE SOLAR CELLS 2009-2015 (MEGAWATTS) 147

MULTICRYSTALLINE SILICON SHIPMENTS 148

Major Factors in Our Projection 148

TABLE 70 FORECAST—GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF MULTICRYSTALLINE SILICON SOLAR CELLS THROUGH 2015 (MEGAWATTS) 149

FIGURE 7 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF MULTICRYSTALLINE SOLAR CELLS, 2009-2015 (MEGAWATTS) 150

THIN FILM SHIPMENTS 151

Flexible Cells is a Key Issue 151

Other Thin Film Considerations 151

Amorphous Silicon 151

Cadmium Telluride 152

Copper Indium Diselenide 152

Compound Semiconductor Materials 152

TABLE 71 FORECAST—GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2015 (MEGAWATTS) 153

FIGURE 8 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF THIN FILMS PV CELLS BY TYPE, 2009-2015 (MEGAWATTS) 154

EMERGING TECHNOLOGY SHIPMENTS 155

Assumptions 155

TABLE 72 FORECAST—GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF PV CELLS MADE FROM EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2015 (MEGAWATTS) 155

FIGURE 9 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF PV CELLS MADE FROM EMERGING TECHNOLOGY, 2009-2015 (MEGAWATTS) 156

SHIPMENTS AT A GLANCE 157

TABLE 73 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF PV CELLS BY MAJOR TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2015 (MEGAWATTS) 157

FIGURE 10 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF PV CELLS BY TECHNOLOGY, 2009-2015 (MEGAWATTS) 158

Percent of Market 159

TABLE 74 GLOBAL SHARES OF CELL/MODULE SHIPMENTS BY MAJOR TECHNOLOGY, 2009-2015 (%) 159

FIGURE 11 GLOBAL SHARES OF PV CELLS BY TECHNOLOGY, 2009-2015 (%) 159

VALUE OF SHIPMENTS 160

Balance of Systems Costs 161

TABLE 75 GLOBAL MARKET VALUE OF CELL/MODULE SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2015 (MEGAWATTS, AVERAGE PRICE $ MILLIONS) 161

Balance of Systems … (Continued) 162

FIGURE 12 GLOBAL MARKET VALUE OF CELL/MODULE SHIPMENTS, 2009-2015 (% MILLIONS/W) 163

SHIPMENTS OF PV MODULES BY APPLICATION 163

TABLE 76 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF PV CELLS BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2015 (MEGAWATTS) 164

FIGURE 13 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF PV CELLS BY APPLICATION, 2009-2015 (MEGAWATTS) 164

PROJECTION SUMMARY 165

Projection Summary (Continued) 166

MATERIALS PROJECTIONS 167

MATERIAL CLASSIFICATION 167

COST BASIS 168

VALUE OF PV MATERIALS 168

TABLE 77 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PV CELL/MODULE MATERIALS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2015 ($ MILLIONS) 168

FIGURE 14 MARKET FOR PV CELL/MODULER MATERIALS, 2009-2015 ($ MILLIONS) 169

Value of PV Materials (Continued) 170

Chapter-8: APPENDIX

GLOSSARY 171

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