Reportlinker Adds Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies: Global Markets

Mar 24, 2011, 07:27 ET from Reportlinker

NEW YORK, March 24, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies: Global Markets

http://www.reportlinker.com/p0461664/Water-and-Wastewater-Treatment-Technologies-Global-Markets.html

The global market for wastewater treatment delivery equipment, instrumentation, process equipment, and treatment chemicals will increase at a 10.4% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) to exceed $93 billion in 2016, from a 2011 value of nearly $57 billion.

The most rapid growth will occur in the delivery equipment product group. This sector is estimated at $20 billion in 2011 and is expected to increase at an 11.4% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) to reach $34 billion in 2016.

Although the smallest increase will be in the treatment chemicals group, the 9.4% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) nonetheless represents solid growth. This sector is estimated at $12 billion in 2011 and is expected to reach nearly $19 billion in 2016.

INTRODUCTION

Conventional wisdom suggests that the world is on the verge of a water crisis that will make enemies of friendly nations and leave millions dead from thirst and starvation. The historic record confirms that those who foresee such a crisis are not entirely wrong. Hundreds, perhaps thousands, of communities founded in proximity to naturally occurring water supplies simply vanished when those resources disappeared. What those who foresee a coming water crisis often overlook is that lost cities are far more the exception than the rule. At some point in its history, every one of the world's great cities faced a clear and present danger from inadequate water supplies and sanitation. But each survived by integrating water and wastewater treatment (WWT) technologies into the fabric of their infrastructure. The technical solutions for providing water in dry spells and assuring drinking waters remain uncontaminated from sewage have changed over the millennia, but surprisingly less so than most realize, with their core components consisting of only 15 basic WWT "products." In this study, we forecast the demand for those 15 products in their 40 most robust national markets through 2016, when they will be worth more than $93 billion.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

In this study, BCC Research examines and provides a 2011 through 2016 forecast for 15 products essential for constructing, maintaining, and operating WWT systems in the 40 top global markets.

REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY

In recent years, there has been increasing fear that water shortages will create mass dislocations, and perhaps ignite global conflict. While those fears have merit, they also overlook an essential historic fact. All of the problems associated with a lack of clean water or adequate sanitation are amenable to known — and in most cases fairly inexpensive — solutions. Viewed in this more pragmatic light, what many foresee as a crisis is an enormous opportunity, and one that the WWT industry is amply prepared to address.

Historically, the WWT business has relied on three profit centers: constructing new plants, upgrading existing facilities, and supplying chemicals consumed on both the water delivery and wastewater treatment sides of the business. In this study, BCC Research identifies the products that constitute the core of the WWT business and the geographic markets that offer the most robust business opportunities.

SCOPE OF REPORT

This study focuses on 15 WWT products and 40 robust national markets for those products, which will be worth more than $93 billion by 2016.

Products: The 15 products divide themselves into four self-explanatory product groups:

The process equipment product group comprises:

Primary treatment equipment

Secondary treatment equipment

Tertiary treatment equipment

Advanced treatment equipment.

The delivery equipment product group comprises:

Pipes and fittings

Pumps

Valves and controls.

The instrumentation product group comprises monitoring devices that have been optimized for use with:

Anaerobic digestion systems

Activated sludge systems

Nutrient removal systems

Sedimentation systems.

And, the WWT chemicals product group comprises:

Activated carbon

Aluminum sulfate

Calcium hydroxide 

Specialty chemicals.

The WWT industry obviously uses a far broader catalog than the 15 products listed above. A pumping station, for example, requires a structure to house the pump and concrete for the pad that supports the structure and electrical connections. The focus of this work is exclusively on products; it excludes design, engineering, and construction services not directly related to product installation. This study excludes those items along with plumbing fixtures, point-of-use appliances, and locally provided consumables, such as fuels, chlorine, and other disinfectants and fluoridation supplies.

National Markets: With two exceptions, the national markets correspond to sovereign countries. The exceptions are Hong Kong, a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China (PRC), and Taiwan, an island off the coast of mainland China whose inhabitants recognize their own sovereignty but which the PRC claims as its territory. This study refers to those nonsovereign national markets as Chin - Hong Kong and China - Taiwan.

The 40 national markets examined in this study are:

Argentina Mexico

Australia Netherlands

Austria Nigeria

Belgium Norway

Brazil Pakistan

Canada Philippines

China - Hong Kong Poland

China - Mainland Russia

China - Taiwan Saudi Arabia

Colombia South Africa

Egypt South Korea

France Spain

Germany Sweden

Greece Switzerland

India Thailand

Indonesia Turkey

Iran Ukraine

Italy United Kingdom

Japan United States

Malaysia Venezuela

METHODOLOGY 

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this study.

The 15 products examined in this study were selected because they are common to WWT treatment systems. These products were also the focus of BCC Research's most recent examination of this topic, Growing Markets for Water and Wastewater Technologies (ENV008A), published in June 2007. While some are unique to water distribution and others to the treatment of sanitary waste, most have applications in both types of plants.

Selecting the national markets to include in this study proved a more complex task. It was, of course, essential to include the most populous countries, but size alone was not the sole criterion. Five of the countries — Australia, China - Mainland, Egypt, India, and Mexico — were covered in ENV008A. The remaining countries were selected on the basis of the following 50 factors that drive the demand for WWT products.

METHODOLOGY (Continued)

The 50 parameters used to evaluate countries for inclusion in this study were:

Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) generated by the food industry

BOD generated by the chemical industry

BOD generated by the clay and glass industry

BOD generated by the metal industry

BOD generated by the paper and pulp industry

BOD generated by the textile industry

BOD generated by the wood industry

BOD generated by the other industries

Desalinization

Electricity production

Employment in agriculture

Employment in industry

Employment in services

Freshwater withdrawals for agriculture

Freshwater withdrawals for domestic purposes

Freshwater withdrawals for industry

Household final consumption expenditures

National GINI ranking (a measure of wealth concentration)

Number of rural homes with an improved water source

Number of rural homes with improved sanitation facilities

Number of urban homes with an improved water source

Number of urban homes with improved sanitation facilities

Past purchases of activated carbon

Past purchases of activated sludge instrumentation

Past purchases of advanced treatment equipment

Past purchases of aluminum sulfate

Past purchases of anaerobic digestion instrumentation

Past purchases of calcium hydroxide

Past purchases of nutrient removal instrumentation

Past purchases of pipes and fittings

Past purchases of primary treatment equipment

Past purchases of pumps

Past purchases of secondary treatment equipment

Past purchases of sedimentation instrumentation

Past purchases of specialty chemicals

Past purchases of tertiary treatment equipment

Past purchases of valves and controls

Per capital gross domestic produce (ppp method values)

Population - age distribution

Population - birth rates

Population - children under age 5 receiving diarrhea treatment

Population - death rates

Population - density

Population - geographic distribution

Population - urbanization trends

Renewable internal ground water resources

Renewable internal surface water resources

Transboundary ground water flow

Transboundary surface water flow

Water reuse.

Forecasting methodology: To forecast the future demand for the 15 key WWT products, past purchasing patterns were first projected forward based on earlier compound annual growth rates (CAGRs). The resulting values were then adjusted to reflect circumstances within the product-producing industry but more often to account for external conditions that altered the purchasing capabilities or environmental priorities within the national market where the products are purchased. The factors examined were:

Announced industrial retrenchment and expansion goals

Announced national water and sanitation goals

Impact of national economic stimulus programs

Impact of REACH, the European Union's new toxic substances rules

Impact of sovereign debt crisis on investment funds

Impact of tightening mortgage requirements limiting housing starts

National internal financing capabilities 

National standing in credit markets

Population growth

Prices

Rural-to-urban population shifts. 

ORGANIZATION OF THIS REPORT

This study contains 11 chapters and 250 tables, plus a glossary and appendix.

Chapter One: Introduction

Chapter Two: Summary

Chapter Three: Overview

Chapter Four: Water Resources

Chapter Five: Water Quality

Chapter Six: WWT Process Equipment

Chapter Seven: WWT Delivery Equipment

Chapter Eight: WWT Instrumentation

Chapter Nine: WWT Chemicals

Chapter Ten: Trends in the 500 Most Recent WWT-Related Patents

Chapter Eleven: National Markets for WWT Technology

Glossary

Appendix: The Water and Wastewater Treatment Community.

Chapter Eleven is the longest of this study. It is divided into 40 sections, one for each of the 40 national markets listed above. Each section begins with a brief description of the country's geography, climate, and economy followed by five or six tables describing the structure of the country's water resources and how water is used. A 2011 to 2016 forecast is presented for all 15 products in each national market in the form of an easy-to-read table. A Glossary that slightly expands on the one contained in BCC Research's earlier WWT market study, ENV008A, rounds out this report.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This study will be of interest to those who require a greater deal of operational-level detail about the business opportunities in the water and wastewater industry than is contained in global forecasts. In addition to providing useful information for senior executives within industries that manufacture WWT products, it will also improve the understanding of the "business side" of the WWT enterprise for officers in regulatory agencies and industry trade associations, international investors, attorneys, and other professional stakeholders.

INFORMATION SOURCES

BCC surveyed several hundred organizations to obtain data for this study. Included were major manufacturers of equipment and related products. Data were compiled from current financial and trade organizations as well as from government sources. Data pertaining to household water use and sanitary facilities were extracted from statistical information compiled by the UNICEF's international household survey initiative, the World Health Organization World Health Survey and the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Agency for International Development, United National Environment Program, United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, and the U.S. State Department.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

James Wilson is a noted technology analyst and author of more than 300 articles and several books dealing with the environment, science, medicine, technology, and business. His previous BCC studies include reports on remote sensing, medical device coatings, medical sensors, mobile telematics, robotics, and intelligent wireless microsystems. A former editor of the Princeton Business Journal and a senior science and technology editor for Hearst Magazines, he is a past member of the National Association of Science Writers and the American Medical Writers Association. He has served on the adjunct faculty of Temple University and on the staffs of Drexel University and the Academy of Natural Sciences. At the Academy, Wilson was involved in organizing three national water conferences; served on the organizing committee of the National Water Alliance; authored and co-authored several studies on metals and nutrients in the aquatic environment; and wrote Ground Water: A Non-Technical Guide, ANSP Press (ISBN: 9780910006064), the first popular book dealing with ground water resources.

Chapter- 1: INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1

REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY 1

SCOPE OF REPORT 2

METHODOLOGY 3

METHODOLOGY (CONTINUED) 4

ORGANIZATION OF THIS REPORT 5

INTENDED AUDIENCE 6

INFORMATION SOURCES 6

ANALYST CREDENTIALS 7

RELATED BCC REPORTS 7

BCC ONLINE SERVICES 7

DISCLAIMER 8

Chapter-2: SUMMARY

SUMMARY TABLE WWT PRODUCTS FORECAST FOR THE TOP 40 MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 10

SUMMARY FIGURE   WWT PRODUCTS FORECAST FOR TOP 40 MARKETS, IN 2016 ($ BILLIONS) 10

Chapter-3: OVERVIEW

OVERVIEW 11

OVERVIEW (CONTINUED) 12

Chapter-4: WATER RESOURCES

WATER RESOURCES 13

FRESHWATER RESOURCES 14

TABLE 1 FRESHWATER VERSUS SALTWATER (MILLION CUBIC METERS/%) 15

TABLE 2   FRESHWATER DISTRIBUTION (MILLION CUBIC METERS/%) 15

THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE 16

The Hydrologic Cycle (Continued) 17

HOW WE USE WATER RESOURCES 18

FIGURE 1 ESTIMATED WORLD WATER USE 18

Agriculture 19

Industry 19

Domestic Water Supplies 20

Chapter-5: WATER QUALITY

WATER QUALITY 21

CHEMICAL AGENTS 22

TABLE 3   WHO GUIDELINES FOR CHEMICALS, EXCEPT CARCINOGENS (MG/L) 22

TABLE 3 (CONTINUED) 23

TABLE 3 (CONTINUED) 24

CHEMICALS WITH PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES 24

TABLE 4 PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES DUE TO LIMITED INFORMATION ON HEALTH EFFECTS (MG/L) 25

TABLE 5 PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES BECAUSE VALUE IS BELOW THAT ACHIEVABLE THROUGH PRACTICAL TREATMENT METHODS AND WATER SUPPLY SOURCE PROTECTION (MG/L) 25

TABLE 6 PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES BECAUSE DISINFECTION IS LIKELY TO RESULT IN THE GUIDELINE VALUE BEING EXCEEDED (MG/L) 26

TABLE 7 PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES BECAUSE CALCULATED GUIDELINE VALUE IS BELOW THE ACHIEVABLE QUANTIFICATION LEVEL (MG/L) 26

TABLE 8 PROVISIONAL GUIDELINES BECAUSE ACHIEVING HEALTH-BASED GUIDELINE VALUE MAY AFFECT THE APPEARANCE, TASTE, OR ODOR OF THE WATER, LEADING TO CONSUMER COMPLAINTS (MG/L) 27

CARCINOGENS 27

TABLE 9 CHEMICALS THAT WHO CLASSIFIES AS CARCINOGENS (MG/L) 28

TABLE 10 CHEMICALS FOR WHICH WHO GUIDELINE VALUES HAVE NOT BEEN ESTABLISHED 29

TABLE 10 (CONTINUED) 30

TABLE 10 (CONTINUED) 31

TABLE 10 (CONTINUED) 32

CHANGING ATTITUDES TOWARD TOXIC CHEMICALS 32

CHANGING ATTITUDES TOWARD … (CONTINUED) 33

TABLE 11 EU REACH SUBSTANCES OF VERY HIGH CONCERN 34

PATHOGENS 35

TABLE 12 TYPES OF PATHOGENS THAT DAMAGE WATER QUALITY 35

TABLE 13 BACTERIAL PATHOGENS THAT DAMAGE WATER QUALITY 36

TABLE 14 PROTOZOAN PATHOGENS THAT DAMAGE WATER QUALITY 36

TABLE 15 HELMINTH PATHOGENS THAT DAMAGE WATER QUALITY 37

TABLE 16 VIRAL PATHOGENS THAT DAMAGE WATER QUALITY 37

RADIOACTIVITY 37

TABLE 17 WHO GUIDANCE FOR RADIONUCLIDES IN DRINKING WATER 38

TABLE 17 (CONTINUED) 39

TABLE 17 (CONTINUED) 40

TABLE 17 (CONTINUED) 41

TABLE 17 (CONTINUED) 42

Chapter-6: WWT PROCESS EQUIPMENT

WWT PROCESS EQUIPMENT 43

TABLE 18 DEMAND FOR WWT PROCESS EQUIPMENT IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 44

PRIMARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT 44

PRELIMINARY PHYSICAL PROCESSING 44

DEGRITING 45

SCREENING AND MACERATION 45

SEDIMENTATION 45

PRIMARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FORECAST 46

TABLE 19 FORECAST FOR PRIMARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 46

TABLE 19 (CONTINUED) 47

SECONDARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT 47

FIXED FILM SYSTEMS 47

SUSPENDED GROWTH SYSTEMS 47

ROUGHING FILTERS 48

ACTIVATED SLUDGE 48

FILTER BEDS 48

INTEGRATED FIXED-FILM ACTIVATED SLUDGE (IFAS) 48

BIOLOGICAL AERATED FILTERS (BAFS) 49

MEMBRANE BIOLOGICAL REACTORS (MBRS) 49

ROTATING BIOLOGICAL CONTRACTORS (RBCS) 49

SECONDARY SEDIMENTATION AND CLARIFICATION 50

PRIMARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FORECAST 50

TABLE 20   FORECAST FOR SECONDARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 50

TABLE 20 (CONTINUED) 51

TERTIARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT 51

ACTIVATED CARBON (AC) 51

LAGOONING 52

CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS 52

NUTRIENT REMOVAL 52

NITROGEN REMOVAL 53

PHOSPHORUS REMOVAL 53

DISINFECTION 53

CHLORINATION 54

TERTIARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FORECAST 54

TABLE 21   FORECAST FOR TERTIARY TREATMENT EQUIPMENT IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 54

TABLE 21 (CONTINUED) 55

ADVANCED WATER TECHNOLOGIES 55

DESALINATION 55

NANOELECTRIFICATION 56

MICROFILTRATION 57

OZONE 57

REVERSE OSMOSIS (RO) 57

ULTRAFILTRATION 58

ULTRAVIOLET (UV) 58

ADVANCED WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT FORECAST 59

TABLE 22 FORECAST FOR ADVANCED TREATMENT EQUIPMENT IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 59

TABLE 22 (CONTINUED) 60

Chapter-7: WWT DELIVERY EQUIPMENT

TABLE 23 DEMAND FOR WWT DELIVERY EQUIPMENT IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 61

PIPES AND FITTINGS 61

PIPES AND FITTING FORECAST 62

TABLE 24   FORECAST FOR PIPES AND FITTINGS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 62

TABLE 24 (CONTINUED) 63

PUMPS 63

PUMP FORECAST 64

TABLE 25 FORECAST FOR PUMPS IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 64

TABLE 25 (CONTINUED) 65

VALVES AND CONTROLS 65

VALVE AND CONTROL FORECAST 66

TABLE 26   FORECAST FOR VALVES AND CONTROLS IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 66

TABLE 26 (CONTINUED) 67

Chapter-8: WWT INSTRUMENTATION

TABLE 27 DEMAND FOR WWT INSTRUMENTATION IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 69

GENERIC INSTRUMENTATION NEEDS 69

ANAEROBIC DIGESTION SENSORS 70

GASEOUS PRODUCTS (H2, CH4, CO2, AND H2S) 70

ALKALINITY/TITRIMETER 71

CALORIMETRY 71

FLUORESCENCE 71

VOLATILE FATTY ACIDS (VFAS) 71

BIOSENSORS 72

TABLE 28 FORECAST FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION SENSORS IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 72

TABLE 28 (CONTINUED) 73

ACTIVATED SLUDGE SENSORS 73

DISSOLVED OXYGEN (DO) 73

RESPIROMETRY 74

BIOLOGICAL OXYGEN DEMAND 74

CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND 74

TOTAL ORGANIC CARBON 75

UV ABSORBANCE 75

TABLE 29 FORECAST FOR ACTIVATED SLUDGE SENSORS IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 75

TABLE 29 (CONTINUED) 76

NUTRIENT REMOVAL SENSORS 76

ION-SELECTIVE ELECTRODES (ISE) 77

UV ABSORPTION FOR NO3 77

TITRIMETRIC SENSOR 77

TABLE 30 FORECAST FOR NUTRIENT REMOVAL SENSORS IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 78

SEDIMENTATION SENSORS 79

SLUDGE BLANKET 79

SETTLOMETER 79

IMAGE ANALYSIS 79

FLOC SIZE 79

TABLE 31 ON-LINE MONITORING EQUIPMENT FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT 80

TABLE 32   FORECAST FOR SEDIMENTATION SENSORS IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 80

TABLE 32 (CONTINUED) 81

Chapter-9: WWT CHEMICALS

TABLE 33 DEMAND FOR WWT CHEMICALS IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 82

ACTIVATED CARBON 83

WATER-SOLUBLE ACTIVATED CARBON 84

PRINCIPLES OF ACTIVATED CARBON FILTRATION 84

ACTIVATION 84

TABLE 34 FORECAST FOR ACTIVATED CARBON IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 85

TABLE 34 (CONTINUED) 86

ALUMINUM SULFATE 86

TABLE 35 FORECAST FOR ALUMINUM SULFATE IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 86

TABLE 35 (CONTINUED) 87

CALCIUM HYDROXIDE 87

TABLE 36 FORECAST FOR CALCIUM HYDROXIDE IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 88

TABLE 36 (CONTINUED) 89

SPECIALTY CHEMICALS 89

CORROSION INHIBITORS 89

ORGANIC FLOCCULANTS 89

SCALE INHIBITORS 90

TABLE 37 FORECAST FOR SPECIALTY CHEMICALS IN THE TOP 40 NATIONAL MARKETS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 90

TABLE 37 (CONTINUED) 91

Chapter-10: TRENDS IN THE 500 MOST RECENT WWT PATENTS

TRENDS IN THE 500 MOST RECENT WWT PATENTS 92

TRENDS IN THE 500 MOST RECENT … (CONTINUED) 93

TABLE 38 THE 500 MOST RECENTLY ISSUED LIQUID PURIFICATION PATENTS (ISSUED BY USPTO FROM AUGUST 10, 2010, TO NOVEMBER 30, 2010) 94

TABLE 38 (CONTINUED) 95

TABLE 38 (CONTINUED) 96

TABLE 38 (CONTINUED) 97

TABLE 38 (CONTINUED) 98

TABLE 38 (CONTINUED) 99

TABLE 38 (CONTINUED) 100

TABLE 38 (CONTINUED) 101

TABLE 38 (CONTINUED) 102

TABLE 38 (CONTINUED) 103

TABLE 38 (CONTINUED) 104

TABLE 38 (CONTINUED) 105

TABLE 38 (CONTINUED) 106

TABLE 38 (CONTINUED) 107

Chapter-11: NATIONAL MARKET FORECASTS FOR WWT TECHNOLOGY

THE POLITICAL DIMENSION 108

THE FINANCIAL DIMENSION 109

HOW NATIONAL MARKET SECTIONS ARE ORGANIZED 109

TABLE 39 SAMPLE NATIONAL MARKET FORECAST SUMMARY, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 110

ARGENTINA 110

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 111

TABLE 40   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 111

TABLE 41   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 112

TABLE 42   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 112

TABLE 43   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 113

TABLE 44 WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES, BILLION CUBIC METERS PER YEAR)) 113

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 113

TABLE 45 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR ARGENTINA, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 114

AUSTRALIA 114

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 115

TABLE 46   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 115

TABLE 47 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 115

TABLE 48   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 116

TABLE 49   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 116

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 117

TABLE 50 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR AUSTRALIA, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 117

AUSTRIA 117

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 118

TABLE 51 KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 118

TABLE 52 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 118

TABLE 53 WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 119

TABLE 54 WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 119

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 120

TABLE 55 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR AUSTRIA, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 120

BELGIUM 120

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 121

TABLE 56   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 121

TABLE 57 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 121

TABLE 58 WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 122

TABLE 59 WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 122

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 123

TABLE 60   PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR BELGIUM, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 123

BRAZIL 123

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 124

TABLE 61   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 124

TABLE 61 (CONTINUED) 125

TABLE 62   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 125

TABLE 63   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 125

TABLE 63 (CONTINUED) 126

TABLE 64 WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 126

TABLE 65   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 126

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 127

TABLE 66 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR BRAZIL, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 127

CANADA 127

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 128

TABLE 67   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 128

TABLE 68   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 128

TABLE 69   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 129

TABLE 70   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 129

TABLE 71   SIGNIFICANT DESIGN, BUILD OPERATE PROJECTS 130

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 130

TABLE 72 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR CANADA, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 130

CHINA - HONG KONG 131

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 132

TABLE 73 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR CHINA-HONG KONG, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 132

CHINAâ"€MAINLAND 133

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 133

Water Resources and Water … (Continued) 134

TABLE 74   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (%) 135

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 135

TABLE 75   PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR CHINA–MAINLAND, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 135

TABLE 75 (CONTINUED) 136

CHINA - TAIWAN 136

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 137

TABLE 76   PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR CHINA–TAIWAN, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 137

TABLE 76 (CONTINUED) 138

COLUMBIA 138

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 139

TABLE 77   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 139

TABLE 78   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 139

TABLE 79   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 140

TABLE 80   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 140

TABLE 81   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 141

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 141

TABLE 82 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR COLUMBIA, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 141

EGYPT 142

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 143

TABLE 83   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 143

TABLE 84   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 143

TABLE 85   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 144

TABLE 86   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 144

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 145

TABLE 87 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR EGYPT, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 145

FRANCE 145

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 146

TABLE 88   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 146

TABLE 89   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 146

TABLE 90   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 147

TABLE 91   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 147

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 148

TABLE 92   PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR FRANCE, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 148

GERMANY 148

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 149

TABLE 93   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 149

TABLE 94   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 150

TABLE 95   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 150

TABLE 96   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 151

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 151

TABLE 97 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR GERMANY, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 151

TABLE 97 (CONTINUED) 152

GREECE 152

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 153

TABLE 98   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 153

TABLE 99   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 153

TABLE 100   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 154

TABLE 101   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 154

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 155

TABLE 102 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR GREECE. THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 155

INDIA 155

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 156

TABLE 103   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 156

TABLE 104   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 157

TABLE 105   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 157

TABLE 106   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 158

TABLE 107   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 158

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 158

TABLE 108 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR INDIA, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 159

INDONESIA 159

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 160

TABLE 109   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 160

TABLE 110   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 161

TABLE 111   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 161

TABLE 112   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 162

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 162

TABLE 113 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR INDONESIA, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 162

IRAN 163

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 164

TABLE 114   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 164

TABLE 115   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 164

TABLE 116   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 164

TABLE 116 (CONTINUED) 165

TABLE 117   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 165

TABLE 118   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 165

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 166

TABLE 119 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR IRAN, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 166

ITALY 166

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 167

TABLE 120   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 167

TABLE 121   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 168

TABLE 122   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 168

TABLE 123   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 169

TABLE 124   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 169

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 169

TABLE 125 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR ITALY, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 170

JAPAN 170

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 171

TABLE 126   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 171

TABLE 127   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 171

TABLE 128   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 172

TABLE 129   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 172

TABLE 130   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 173

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 173

TABLE 131 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR JAPAN, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 173

MALAYSIA 174

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 174

TABLE 132 KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 174

TABLE 133   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 175

TABLE 134   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 175

TABLE 135   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 176

TABLE 136   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 176

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 176

TABLE 137   PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR MALAYSIA, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 177

MEXICO 177

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 178

TABLE 138   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 178

TABLE 139   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 179

TABLE 140   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 179

TABLE 141 WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 180

TABLE 142   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 180

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 180

TABLE 143   PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR MEXICO, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 181

NETHERLANDS 181

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 182

TABLE 144   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 182

TABLE 145   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 183

TABLE 146   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 183

TABLE 147   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 184

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 184

TABLE 148 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR THE NETHERLANDS, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 184

TABLE 148 (CONTINUED) 185

NIGERIA 185

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 186

TABLE 149   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 186

TABLE 150   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 186

TABLE 151   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 187

TABLE 152   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 187

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 188

TABLE 153 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR NIGERIA, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 188

NORWAY 188

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 189

TABLE 154   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 189

TABLE 155   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 190

TABLE 156   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 190

TABLE 157   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 191

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 191

TABLE 158 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR NORWAY, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 191

PAKISTAN 192

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 193

TABLE 159   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 193

TABLE 160   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 193

TABLE 161   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 194

TABLE 162   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 194

TABLE 163   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 195

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 195

TABLE 164 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR PAKISTAN, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 195

PHILIPPINES 196

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 196

TABLE 165   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 196

TABLE 165 (CONTINUED) 197

TABLE 166   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 197

TABLE 167   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 197

TABLE 167 (CONTINUED) 198

TABLE 168   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 198

TABLE 169   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 198

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 198

TABLE 170   PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR THE PHILIPPINES, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 199

POLAND 199

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 200

TABLE 171   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 200

TABLE 172   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 200

TABLE 173   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 201

TABLE 174   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 201

TABLE 175   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 202

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 202

TABLE 176   PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR POLAND, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 202

RUSSIA 203

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 204

TABLE 177 KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 204

TABLE 177 (CONTINUED) 205

TABLE 178   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 205

TABLE 179   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 205

TABLE 179 (CONTINUED) 206

TABLE 180   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 206

TABLE 181   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 206

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 206

TABLE 182   PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR RUSSIA, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 207

SAUDI ARABIA 207

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 208

TABLE 183   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 208

TABLE 184   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 208

TABLE 185   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 209

TABLE 186   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 209

TABLE 187   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 210

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 210

TABLE 188   PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR SAUDI ARABIA, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 210

SOUTH AFRICA 211

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 212

TABLE 189   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 212

TABLE 190   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 212

TABLE 191   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 212

TABLE 191 (CONTINUED) 213

TABLE 192   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 213

TABLE 193 WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 213

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 214

TABLE 194   PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR SOUTH AFRICA, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 214

SOUTH KOREA 214

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 215

TABLE 195   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 215

TABLE 196   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 216

TABLE 197   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 216

TABLE 198   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 217

TABLE 199   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 217

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 217

TABLE 200   PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR SOUTH KOREA, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 218

SPAIN 218

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 219

TABLE 201   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 219

TABLE 202   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 220

TABLE 203   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 220

TABLE 204   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 221

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 221

TABLE 205 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR SPAIN, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 221

TABLE 205 (CONTINUED) 222

SWEDEN 222

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 223

TABLE 206   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 223

TABLE 207   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 223

TABLE 208   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 224

TABLE 209   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 224

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 225

TABLE 210 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR SWEDEN, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 225

SWITZERLAND 225

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 226

TABLE 211   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 226

TABLE 212   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 227

TABLE 213   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 227

TABLE 214   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 228

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 228

TABLE 215 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR SWITZERLAND, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 228

TABLE 215 (CONTINUED) 229

THAILAND 229

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 230

TABLE 216 KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 230

TABLE 217   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 230

TABLE 218   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 231

TABLE 219   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 231

TABLE 220   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 232

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 232

TABLE 221 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR THAILAND, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 232

TURKEY 233

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 234

TABLE 222   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 234

TABLE 223   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 234

TABLE 224   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 235

TABLE 225   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 235

TABLE 226   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 236

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 236

TABLE 227 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR TURKEY, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 236

UKRAINE 237

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 238

TABLE 228   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 238

TABLE 229   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 238

TABLE 230   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 239

TABLE 231   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 239

TABLE 232   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 240

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 240

TABLE 233 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR UKRAINE, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 240

UNITED KINGDOM 241

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 241

TABLE 234   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 241

TABLE 235   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 242

TABLE 236   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 242

TABLE 237   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 243

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 243

TABLE 238   PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR UNITED KINGDOM, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 243

TABLE 238 (CONTINUED) 244

UNITED STATES 244

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 244

TABLE 239   KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 244

TABLE 240   CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 245

TABLE 241 WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 245

TABLE 242   WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 246

TABLE 243   WASTEWATER PRODUCTION AND TREATMENT (CONFIRMED QUANTITIES) 246

TABLE 244   SIGNIFICANT DESIGN, BUILD OPERATE PROJECTS 246

TABLE 244 (CONTINUED) 247

TABLE 244 (CONTINUED) 248

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 248

TABLE 245 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR UNITED STATES, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 249

VENEZUELA 249

WATER RESOURCES AND WATER USE TABLES 250

TABLE 246 KEY WATER USE STATISTICS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 250

TABLE 247 CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS (UNITS AS INDICATED) 251

TABLE 248   WATER SOURCES (UNITS AS INDICATED) 251

TABLE 249 WATER USE BY SECTOR (UNITS AS INDICATED) 252

2011 TO 2016 WWT PRODUCT FORECAST 252

TABLE 250 PRODUCT-LEVEL FORECAST FOR VENEZUELA, THROUGH 2016 (BY PRODUCT GROUP, $ MILLIONS) 253

Chapter-12: GLOSSARY

GLOSSARY 254

GLOSSARY 254

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 255

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 256

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 257

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 258

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 259

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 260

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 261

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 262

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 263

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 264

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 265

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 266

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 267

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 268

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 269

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 270

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 271

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 272

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 273

GLOSSARY (CONTINUED) 274

Chapter-13: APPENDIX

APPENDIX: THE WATER AND WASTEWATER COMMUNITY 275

THE WATER AND WASTEWATER COMMUNITY 275

ACQUEAU 276

ACCIONA AGUA 277

ADVANCED DRAINAGE SYSTEMS 278

AMERICAN CONCRETE PIPE ASSOCIATION 278

AMERICAN CONCRETE PRESSURE PIPE ASSOCIATION 278

AMERICAN MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY ASSOCIATION 279

AMERICAN PUBLIC WORKS ASSOCIATION 279

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS 280

AMERICAN WATER RESOURCES ASSOCIATION 280

AMERICAN WATER RESOURCES … (CONTINUED) 281

AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION 282

AMERICAN WATER WORKS COMPANY 282

AQUA AMERICA 283

AQUAFIN 283

AQUANTIS GMBH 283

AGUAS DE PORTUGAL 284

AQUATEAM 284

ASOCIACION ESPANOLA DE ABASTECIMIENTOS DE AGUA Y SANEAMIENTO 285

ASSOCIATION OF WATER TECHNOLOGIES 285

ATKINS 286

APTWATER INC. 286

AUSTRALIAN WATER ASSOCIATION 287

BEFESA AGUA 287

BERLIN CENTRE OF COMPETENCE FOR WATER 288

BEST WATER TECHNOLOGY 288

BLACK & VEATCH 288

BRITISH GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 289

CALGON CARBON CORPORATION 289

CANADIAN WATER RESOURCES ASSOCIATION 290

CANAL DE ISABEL II 290

CEMAGREF 291

CENTRE FOR ECOLOGY AND HYDROLOGY 291

CERES 292

CETAQUA 292

CH2M HILL 292

COMPANHIA DE SANEAMENTO BASICO DO ESTADO DE SAO PAULO 293

COPA-COGECA 293

CSTB 294

CULLIGAN WATER TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 294

DANISH WATER FORUM 294

DANISH WATER AND WASTEWATER ASSOCIATION 295

DELTARES 295

DHI 295

DVGW 296

EBARA JITSUGYO CO., LTD. 296

ENERKEM 297

ENPAR TECHNOLOGIES INC. 297

EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF NATIONAL WATER AND WASTE WATER ASSOCIATIONS AND USERS 298

EUROPEAN CHEMICALS AGENCY 298

EUROPEAN COMMISSION WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM 298

EUROPEAN MEMBRANE HOUSE 299

EUROPEAN WATER ASSOCIATION 299

FEDERUTILITY 300

GE WATER & PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES 301

GLOBAL WATER PARTNERSHIP 301

GRONTMIJ 302

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL HYDROLOGY 302

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF HYDROLOGICAL SCIENCES 303

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF HYDROLOGISTS 303

INTERNATIONAL DESALINATION ASSOCIATION 303

INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION 304

INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY 304

INTERNATIONAL WATER ASSOCIATION 305

INTERNATIONAL WATER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE (IWMI) 306

INTEVRAS 306

ITT INDUSTRIES 306

KEMIRA 307

KRÜGER 308

KURITA WATER INDUSTRIES LTD 308

KWR WATERCYCLE RESEARCH INSTITUTE 308

LAYNE CHRISTENSEN COMPANY 309

LG SOUND 309

MACAULAY LAND USE RESEARCH INSTITUTE 310

MONTGOMERY WATSON HARZA 311

NALCO 311

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CLEAN WATER AGENCIES 312

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF WATER COMPANIES 312

NORIT N.V. 313

NORWEGIAN INSTITUTE FOR WATER RESEARCH 313

PALL CORPORATION 314

PENTAIR INC. 314

PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES 314

PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA … (CONTINUED) 315

SALINE WATER CONVERSION CORPORATION 316

SEVERN TRENT 316

SCHLUMBERGER WATER SERVICES 317

SIEMENS WATER TECHNOLOGIES CORP 317

SUEZ ENVIRONMENT 318

SVENSK VATTEN 319

THAMES WATER UTILITIES 319

THIRD WORLD CENTRE FOR WATER MANAGEMENT 320

UNITED NATIONS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION 320

UNITED NATIONS WATER 321

UNITED STATES ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS – HYDROLOGIC ENGINEERING CENTER 321

UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 322

FEDERAL LAWS 323

EXECUTIVE ORDERS 324

UNITED WATER INC. 325

UNITED UTILITIES PLC 325

VEOLIA ENVIRONMENT 326

WATER AND WASTEWATER EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION 327

WATER ENVIRONMENT FEDERATION 328

WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BOARD 328

WATTS WATER TECHNOLOGIES 329

WORLD WATER COUNCIL 329

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