The unique report,"Future Powertrains 2017-2027" is presented in 230 very detailed wide format slides almost entirely based on the very latest information gathered and interpreted in 2016.
Only a global up-to-date view makes sense in this fast-moving subject. Therefore the multilingual PhD level analysts have travelled intensively worldwide in 2015 and 2016 to report the latest research, conferences and expert opinions and to analyse how the markets and technologies will move over the coming 15 years. A typical 10 year forecast is misleading here. For example, the analyst sees the reinvented traditional ICE powertrain in the form of the 48V mild hybrid peaking just after that and a huge market for the new energy independent vehicles will appear even later.
Conferences were attended and extensive interviews carried out in Taiwan, Korea, Japan, Germany, Ireland, UK, USA and elsewhere clarifying such things as the window of opportunity and potential performance of the different options. A chapter addresses the factors influencing powertrain design from component breakthroughs to new legislation. Another chapter covers the 48V mild hybrid and other chapters analyse strong hybrids in their various forms including fuel cell and the pure electric powertrain in its various forms to come. A final chapter looks at the key component advances now and in future from extreme engine downsizing to multiple energy harvesting/ regeneration and structural supercapacitors and batteries. A new and detailed roadmap is presented for 2016-2036 covering both technology and market development. Ten year forecasts are given for 46 categories of electric vehicle including 48V mild hybrids transitioning to be electric vehicles. No one else has this level of detail.
Uniquely, the analyst presents a bigger picture of opportunity than that addressed by other observers and participants. For example, it is commonly taught that 48V mild hybrids can provide and store four times as much electricity for new clients but we show that accepting many new high power inputs of electricity from harvesting and regeneration is equally important. Pure electric vehicles are typically seen as the end game in contactlessly charged form but, beyond that, we show the many energy independent forms appearing, some already on sale. We show how shaped components can evolve further into structural electronics and variants of the supercapacitor can compete with or enhance batteries. We benchmark what is happening in the air and on water but the focus is land vehicles on and off-road. The future is very different from that commonly portrayed and much more exciting.
Design for recyclability
Disruptive new components
New principles such as energy independence, autonomy
Changes in law such as combatting global or local air pollution
Government subsidies and tax breaks that can change suddenly
Integration of mechanical, electrical and electronic parts - simpler with certain configurations and parts. For example components that move such as batteries swelling and shrinking and motors rotating are tough to integrate into structural materials as"structural electronics" - an important new discipline.
Change in what is sought as with Porsche Engineering foreseeing a world of autonomous vehicles favouring pure electric powertrains but also commoditising the powertrain if vehicles are typically not bought by individuals any more but used on demand.
Key Topics Covered:
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 1.1. Purpose and emphasis 1.2. Choice of powertrains is influenced by many factors 1.3. Future powertrain options in land vehicles 1.4. Where cars are headed in 2030 1.5. Industrial vehicle powertrains are different 1.6. Future powertrain options in land vehicles 2016-2036: the detail 1.7. Main influences in land vehicle powertrains 1.8. Powertrain timeline 2017-2036 1.9. Death of the strong hybrid that does not plug in? 1.10. Manufacturer priorities 2016-2030 1.11. Increasing importance of power electronics: proliferation and enhancement 1.12. Structural electronics tears up the rule book 1.13. Market size 2017-2027 for electric vehicles and 48V mild hybrid cars (non-EV and EV form) 1.14. Passenger car low carbon technology roadmap 1.15. Motorsport as an indicator of what may enter general use later 1.16. Example of new car powertrains: Peugeot Citroen May 2016 1.17. Toyota view in 2017 with image of the new Prius Prime solar roof 1.18. Fuel cell vehicles enter serious production 1.19. Electric car breakeven in context in 2017-8
2. INTRODUCTION 2.1. What is a land vehicle powertrain? 2.2. Layout of the report 2.3. Entering the age of emissions control 2.4. Learnings from Electric & Hybrid Conference Germany April 2017 and others in 2017 2.5. Electric Vehicle News 2.6. TM4 and Cummins: Evolving Strategies to Benefit from EV Surge 2.7. China weeds out small EV companies, pushes big ones harder
3. TYPES OF POWERTRAIN 3.1. Pure electric or hybrid 3.2. Progression of vehicle powertrain electrification 3.3. Sequence of electrification of powertrains 3.4. Base solutions with performance variants 3.5. Many options opening up at component and system level 3.6. Small vs big vehicle electrification 3.7. Link with water and air vehicles 3.8. Influence of legislation - examples 3.9. Case study: Toyota Development of Power Control Unit for Compact-Size Vehicle
4. MILD HYBRID 48V: NEW LIFE FOR THE TRADITIONAL ICE 4.1. Mild hybrid history
5. STRONG HYBRID ELECTRIC POWERTRAINS 5.1. Strong "Full" Hybrid Electric Vehicles 5.2. Strong hybrid configurations 5.3. Comparison of storage and range extender options 5.4. Range extenders in context 5.5. Fuel cells for traction 5.6. Range extenders: not all about fuel cells!
6. PURE ELECTRIC VEHICLE PEV 6.1. Powertrain 6.2. Wide adoption, small vehicles, buses, design issues 6.3. Cars and light commercial vehicles 6.4. Energy Independent Vehicles EIV
7. SOME KEY EV POWERTRAIN DEVICES OF GENERAL USE 7.1. Introduction 7.2. Rotating electrical machines 7.3. Energy Storage 7.4. Energy Storage Beyond Batteries 7.5. Batteries 7.6. New forms of energy harvesting including regeneration 7.7. Heavily downsized engines for primary power 7.8. Lightweight multifunctional materials "structural electronics" 7.9. Increasing importance of power electronics 7.10. Interview with Professor Pietro Perlo 7.11. Wrap up: everything is changing