Profile America -- Tuesday, April 12th. On this date 150 years ago, the bloodiest chapter in American history began when Confederate troops under the command of General P.T. Beauregard fired on Fort Sumpter in the harbor at Charleston, South Carolina. The shelling began four years of civil war, pitting troops of the 11 Confederate states against those of the Union army. An estimated 3 million men served on both sides. By the time fighting largely ended in April 1865, an estimated 620,000 soldiers had died in battle or of other causes. By comparison, in World War II, when the U.S. had 16 million in uniform, 400,000 died in combat or of other causes. You can find these and more facts about America from the U.S. Census Bureau, online at www.census.gov.
Sources: Chase's Calendar of Events 2011, p. 217
Statistical Abstract of the United States 2006, t. 504
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