WASHINGTON, July 28, 2016 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- In September 1968, Congress authorized President Lyndon B. Johnson to proclaim National Hispanic Heritage Week, observed during the week that included Sept. 15 and Sept. 16. In 1989, Congress expanded the observance to a month-long celebration (Sept. 15-Oct. 15) of the culture and traditions of those who trace their roots to Spain, Mexico and the Spanish-speaking nations of Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
Sept. 15 is the starting point for the celebration because it is the anniversary of independence of five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on Sept. 16 and Sept. 18, respectively.
63.9% The percentage of those of Hispanic or Latino origin in the United States who were of Mexican origin in 2014. Another 9.5 percent were Puerto Rican — 3.7 percent Cuban, 3.8 percent Salvadoran, 3.2 percent Dominican and 2.4 percent Guatemalan. The remainder was of some other Central American, South American or other Hispanic or Latino origin. Source: 2014 American Community Survey, Table B03001 http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/B03001
47.7% The percentage of Hispanic households that were married-couple households in 2015. Among all households in the United States, 48.2 percent were married-couple households. Source: Families and Living Arrangements, Table H-3 www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/households.html
57.6% The percentage of Hispanic married-couple households that had children younger than age 18 present in 2015, whereas for all married-couple households it was 64.3 percent. Source: Families and Living Arrangements, Table H-3 www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/households.html
66.8% The percentage of Hispanic parent/child family groups that included two parents in 2015, whereas for all parent/child family groups, it was 69.5 percent. Source: Families and Living Arrangements, Table FM-2 www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/families.html
39.3 million The number of U.S. residents age 5 and older who spoke Spanish at home in 2014. This is a 126.3 percent increase since 1990 when it was 17.3 million. Those who hablan español en casa constituted 13.1 percent of U.S. residents age 5 and older. More than half (58 percent of all Spanish speakers and 57 percent of Hispanic Spanish speakers) spoke English "very well."
64.3% The percentage of the 10.3 million noncitizens under the age of 35 who were born in Latin America and the Caribbean and are living in the United States in 2010-2012. Source: Noncitizens Under Age 35: 2010-2012, American Community Survey Brief www.census.gov/prod/2014pubs/acsbr12-06.pdf
8.4% The percentage of voters in the 2012 presidential election who were Hispanic. Hispanics comprised 4.7 percent of voters in 1996. Source: The Diversifying Electorate—Voting Rates by Race and Hispanic Origin in 2012 (and Other Recent Elections), Population Characteristics, Table 3 www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/p20-568.pdf
Following is a list of observances typically covered by the Census Bureau's Facts for Features series:
African-American History Month (February) Super Bowl (1st Sunday in February) Valentine's Day(Feb. 14) Women's History Month (March) Irish-American Heritage Month (March) St. Patrick's Day(March 17) Earth Day(April 22) Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month (May) Older Americans Month (May) Mother's Day(2nd Sunday in May) Hurricane Season Begins (June 1) Father's Day(3rd Sunday in June) TheFourth of July(July 4) Anniversary of Americans with Disabilities Act (July 26) Back to School (August) Labor Day(1st Monday in September) Grandparents Day (1st Sunday afterLabor Day) Hispanic Heritage Month (Sept. 15-Oct. 15) Unmarried and Single Americans Week (3rd week of September) Halloween(Oct. 31) American Indian/Alaska Native Heritage Month (November) Veterans Day(Nov. 11) Thanksgiving Day(4th Thursday in November) The Holiday Season (December)
Editor's note: The preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to sampling variability and other sources of error. Facts for Features are customarily released about two months before an observance in order to accommodate magazine production timelines.