Waste-Derived Biogas: Global Markets for Anaerobic Digestion Equipment--Focus on Asia

Nov 24, 2011, 06:41 ET from Reportlinker

NEW YORK, Nov. 24, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Waste-Derived Biogas: Global Markets for Anaerobic Digestion Equipment--Focus on Asia

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REPORT SCOPE

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Renewable, sustainable energy generation will be the fastest-growing energy sector over the next two decades. From 2010 to 2016, the market is projected to rise from $124 billion in 2010 to $217 billion in 2016. Price volatility, supply concerns, and the environmental aspects of fossil fuels are expected to accelerate the pace of all non-fossil fuel development. At this writing, the price of oil has hit highs of more than $100 per barrel on the world market, while U.S drivers are paying nearly $4 per gallon of gasoline. Renewable domestic energy supplies are seen as a means of overcoming these problems. Biogas, a clean fuel derived primarily from waste materials, is an important alternative to conventional fossil energy.

This BCC Research report provides an in-depth analysis of the world market for the anaerobic digestion equipment used to transform waste materials into sustainable energy. Although energy crops are utilized widely in Germany and some other countries for biogas production, this study will only cover gas recovered from wastes. The study also examines the equipment needed to collect landfill gas (LFG), biogas formed naturally at landfill sites.

Four waste types are evaluated as feed materials for the waste-to energy process: sewage, industrial wastewater, agricultural wastes (crop residuals and manure), and landfill gas. Three different end uses for the gas are also examined: municipal electricity production, on-site electricity (and heat) production, and transportation fuel.

The biogas industry is better developed in other parts of the world than in North America. In addition to the U.S. and Canada, this report will cover Europe, where the industry is best developed; Asia, where the largest number of plants are operating; Africa, where the anaerobic process is rapidly gaining popularity; and other world regions where biogas recovery is emerging.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

The need to responsibly dispose of mounting volumes of waste and the requirement to procure sustainable, secure energy supplies are two of the most important issues facing governments and industries around the globe. The production of energy from a number of waste streams (i.e., municipal and domestic sewage, industrial wastewater, landfills, livestock manure, and agricultural residues) is a process that addresses both of these challenges.

In the current waste-to-energy market, anaerobic digestion offers the most sustainable conversion process. Because the technology can be tailored to suit waste streams of all volumes, systems may be sized for use in households, commercial enterprises, utilities, and industry.

In this context, it is important to have an overview of the market and the drivers that support adoption of the best strategies by governments responsible for sustainable waste handling and energy supply solutions. It is also important for industry players and technology developers to understand current as well as future trends in order to strategize their investments. BCC has published reports that provide broad overviews of waste-to-energy markets. This is the first to focus exclusively on anaerobic digestion as an enabling technology.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This study intended to useful to a broad audience. Because they stand to see the greatest profit from expansion of the biogas industry, manufacturers and suppliers of anaerobic digesters and providers of anaerobic digestion technology would likely benefit the most from the data contained in this study. Companies with plant components, ancillary equipment, and related products also might profit from the information collected here.

These include manufacturers and suppliers of biogas condensation and upgrading equipment and technology, biogas distributors, water and power engineering firms, suppliers of power plants and electricity generating equipment, environmental management firms, companies specializing in anaerobic digestion equipment and other water and wastewater treatment equipment, companies developing additives (chemicals, enzymes, etc.) to enhance gas production yields and process efficiencies.

SCOPE AND FORMAT OF REPORT

The scope of this report includes the market for biogas to energy for four different feed sources: municipal and domestic sewage, industrial wastewater, landfill gas, and agricultural wastes, a category that includes animal manures and crop residues. In countries where energy crops are co-digested with manure and other organic farm wastes, they are considered to be part of the market. The biogas market also is broken down by end use: municipal power generation, on-site heat and power production, and transportation applications.

A discussion of the market by world region includes overviews of North America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and individual profiles for countries most active in each region. Present market status, biogas production potential, and policies and incentives that support the industry are given for each country. All market valuations and projections cover the years from 2000 to 2016. Market figures are based on the revenues derived from equipment sales and are projected in 2011 constant dollars (i.e., inflation is not computed into the projection figures). The revenue figures are derived from estimated revenues of the key players in a particular year.

A technology overview, presentation on the structure of the industry, and brief profiles for major participating companies also are included.

For the purposes of the report, biogas equipment will be limited to anaerobic digesters and the gas collection equipment needed in landfill gas recovery projects. The machinery used to transform the gas to electricity: reciprocating and other types of gas engines, turbine and microturbines, and fuel cells, are not included in the analysis. Systems for biogas upgrading also are not included in the study.

METHODOLOGY

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this study. A comprehensive literature, patent, and Internet search was undertaken and key industry players were queried. Research METHODOLOGY was both quantitative and qualitative. Growth rates were calculated based on existing and proposed equipment sales during the forecast period. Key tables in the report present an overview of average capital costs for digesters of various sizes and for different applications. These figures then were multiplied by anticipated biogas recovery capacity additions during the survey period.

INFORMATION SOURCES

Information in this report was gleaned from many different sources. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings, annual reports, patent literature, business, scientific, and industry journals, government reports, census information, conference literature, patent documents, online resources, and industry participants have all been researched.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

During the past 15 years, Susan Hanft has authored more than 30 market research reports for BCC Research in the fields of membrane technology, water and wastewater treatment, and separations used in food and beverage manufacture, medicine, and biotechnology.

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION . 1

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY .. 1

INTENDED AUDIENCE .... 2

SCOPE AND FORMAT OF REPORT .... 2

METHODOLOGY 3

INFORMATION SOURCES .... 3

ANALYST CREDENTIALS 4

RELATED REPORTS .... 4

BCC ONLINE SERVICES .. 4

DISCLAIMER . 4

CHAPTER TWO: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ... 5

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ... 5

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (CONTINUED) 6

SUMMARY TABLE VALUE OF THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOGAS

AND LANDFILL GAS EQUIPMENT FOR WASTE-DERIVED

ENERGY, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 7

SUMMARY FIGURE VALUE OF THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOGAS

PLANT EQUIPMENT FOR WASTEWATER- AND BIOSOLIDSDERIVED

ENERGY, 2000–2016 ($ MILLIONS) .. 7

CHAPTER THREE: OVERVIEW 8

TABLE 1 GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION BY SOURCE,

2010 (BTU QUADRILLION, %) .... 8

FIGURE 1 GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION BY SOURCE,

2010 (BTU QUADRILLION, %) .... 9

BENEFITS .... 10

TABLE 2 GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY EMISSION

TYPE (%) ... 10

FIGURE 2 GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY EMISSION

TYPE (%) ... 11

ADVANTAGES OF BIOGAS COMPARED TO OTHER FORMS OF

RENEWABLE ENERGY .. 12

BARRIERS TO LARGE-SCALE BIOGAS PLANT DEPLOYMENT .... 13

BENEFITS OF SMALL-SCALE BIOGAS INSTALLATIONS ... 14

BARRIERS TO SMALL-SCALE BIOGAS INSTALLATIONS ... 14

GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL ... 15

TABLE 3 GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY FEED

SOURCE (TOE/YR) 15

FIGURE 3 GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY FEED

SOURCE (TOE/YR) 16

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE BIOGAS INDUSTRY .. 16

POLICY .... 16

INCENTIVES .... 17

HISTORY OF BIOGAS 17

ANAEROBIC DIGESTION ... 18

TABLE 4 SUITABLE FEEDSTOCKS FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION .. 19

ANAEROBIC MICROORGANISMS ... 19

PROCESS STEPS .. 20

BATCH OR CONTINUOUS METHODS . 21

TEMPERATURE .... 22

PH LEVELS .. 22

SOLIDS CONTENT .... 23

RETENTION TIME .... 23

BIOGAS YIELDS ... 24

STAGES ... 24

ANAEROBIC DIGESTERS .. 25

Anaerobic Lagoon .. 25

Covered Lagoon Digester 25

Plug-Flow Anaerobic Digester .. 26

Anaerobic Contact Digester . 27

Anaerobic Filter 27

UASB Reactor ... 27

Hybrid Reactor .. 28

Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactors . 28

Anaerobic Baffled Reactor .... 28

Anaerobic Migrating Blanket Reactor 28

CSTR .. 29

Expanded Granular Sludge Bed Reactor . 29

Internal Circulation Reactor 30

RESIDENCE TIME 30

FEEDSTOCKS .. 30

Feedstocks (Continued) ... 31

END PRODUCTS ... 32

Biogas . 32

TABLE 5 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF BIOGAS (%) 32

FIGURE 4 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF BIOGAS (%) ... 33

Post Treatment 33

Upgrading .. 34

Digestate . 35

Acidogenic Anaerobic Digestate .... 35

Methanogenic Digestate . 35

Water .. 36

FIGURE 5 THE BIOGAS VALUE CHAIN .... 36

FINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS AND COSTS ... 36

FINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS AND COSTS (CONTINUED) 37

CHAPTER FOUR: MARKET BY FEED SOURCE . 38

AGRICULTURE . 38

INDUSTRIAL WASTES ... 39

MUNICIPAL SEWAGE .... 39

LANDFILLS .. 40

TABLE 6 MARKET BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) . 41

FIGURE 6 MARKET BY FEED SOURCE, 2000–2016 ($ MILLIONS) 41

MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER ... 42

AD TREATMENT OF WASTEWATER.... 42

INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER .. 43

TABLE 7 INDUSTRIAL WASTE FEEDSTOCKS FOR ANAEROBIC

DIGESTION: DRY MATTER CONTENT, ORGANIC DRY MATTER

CONTENT, BIOGAS YIELD, AND METHANE CONTENT.. 44

AGRICULTURAL WASTES .. 45

TABLE 8 ANIMAL WASTE FEEDSTOCKS FOR ANAEROBIC

DIGESTIO: DRY MATTER CONTENT, ORGANIC DRY MATTER

CONTENT, BIOGAS YIELD, AND METHANE CONTENT.. 45

TABLE 8 (CONTINUED) ... 46

TABLE 9 PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS FOR MANURE-BASED

BIOGAS PLANTS .... 46

TABLE 10 ENGINEERING, EQUIPMENT AND CONSTRUCTION

COSTS FOR MANURE-BASED BIOGAS PLANTS ($) .... 47

LANDFILL GAS. 47

ANAEROBIC DIGESTION IN A LANDFILL.... 47

TABLE 11 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF LANDFILL BIOGAS .... 48

FIGURE 7 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF LANDFILL BIOGAS (%) .. 49

LANDFILL GAS TO ENERGY SYSTEMS ... 50

Passive Collection Systems .. 50

Active Collection Systems .... 51

CHAPTER FIVE: MARKET BY END USE ... 52

MARKET BY END USE ... 52

TABLE 12 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION

EQUIPMENT BY END USE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) . 53

FIGURE 8 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION

EQUIPMENT BY END USE, 2000–2016 ($ MILLIONS) .. 53

MUNICIPAL POWER GENERATION 53

MUNICIPAL POWER GENERATION (CONTINUED) .. 54

ON-SITE HEAT AND POWER GENERATION . 55

TABLE 13 EFFICIENCY COMPARISON OF ELECTRICITY ONLY

PLANTS AND CHP PLANTS (%) ... 56

FIGURE 9 EFFICIENCY COMPARISON OF ELECTRICITY ONLY

PLANTS AND CHP PLANTS (%) ... 56

MOTIVE POWER ... 56

BENEFITS OF USING NATURAL GAS AS

TRANSPORTATION FUEL . 57

BENEFITS OF USING BIOMETHANE AS A

TRANSPORTATION FUEL . 58

GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS .. 58

TABLE 14 GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS, 2000–2010 (MILLION

VEHICLES) .... 58

FIGURE 10 GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS, 2000–2010 (MILLION

VEHICLES) .... 59

TABLE 15 MARKET PENETRATION OF TOTAL VEHICLE FLEET IN

COUNTRIES WITH A 1% OR GREATER NGV MARKET SHARE,

2010 (%) 60

FIGURE 11 MARKET PENETRATION OF TOTAL VEHICLE FLEET IN

COUNTRIES WITH A 1% OR GREATER NGV MARKET SHARE,

2010 (%) 61

POLICIES AND INCENTIVES FOR THE USE OF

BIOMETHANE AS A TRANSPORTATION FUEL 61

MARKET BY WORLD REGION 62

MARKET BY WORLD REGION (CONTINUED) ... 63

MARKET BY WORLD REGION (CONTINUED) ... 64

TABLE 16 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION

EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) ... 65

FIGURE 12 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS

PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGION, 2000–2016 ($

MILLIONS) .... 65

CHAPTER SIX: BIOGAS IN ASIA . 66

CHINA . 66

CHINA (CONTINUED).... 67

INDIA .. 68

JAPAN . 69

OTHER COUNTRIES .. 70

TABLE 17 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION

EQUIPMENT IN ASIA, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 70

FIGURE 13 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS

PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN ASIA, 2000–2016 ($ MILLIONS) .... 71

CHINA . 71

POLICIES AND INCENTIVES . 71

INDIA .. 72

POLICIES AND INCENTIVES . 73

JAPAN . 73

POLICIES AND INCENTIVES . 74

EMERGING ASIA .. 74

TABLE 18 DOMESTIC BIOGAS PLANTS INSTALLED THROUGH SNV

IN EMERGING ASIA, 2008–2010 (NO.) ... 75

FIGURE 14 DOMESTIC BIOGAS PLANTS INSTALLED THROUGH

SNV IN EMERGING ASIA, 2008–2010 (NO.) 75

NEPAL 76

Policies and Incentives .... 76

VIETNAM 76

Policies and Incentives .... 76

BANGLADESH . 77

Policies and Incentives .... 77

CAMBODIA .. 77

Policies and Incentives .... 78

LAO PDR . 78

Policies and Incentives .... 78

PAKISTAN ... 79

Policies and Incentives .... 79

INDONESIA . 79

Policies and Incentives .... 80

OTHER COUNTRIES . 80

CHAPTER SEVEN: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 81

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE .... 81

COMPANY PROFILES .... 82

AAT GMBH & CO. . 83

ADI SYSTEMS, INC. .. 83

AGROENERGIEN MEINERS ... 84

AMERESCO, INC. . 84

AREVA RENEWABLES .. 85

ARROWBIO .. 85

AXPO KOMPOGAS AG ... 86

BEDMINSTER INTERNATIONAL .... 87

BEKON .... 87

BIOGAS ENERGY, INC. . 88

BIOGAS NORD . 89

BIOGAS POWER ... 89

BIOGAS TECHNOLOGY LTD. . 90

BIOGEN GREENFINCH . 90

BIOTHANE .. 91

BIOVAKKA OY . 91

BRUECKNER BIOTEC ... 92

BTA INTERNATIONAL .. 92

BURNS & MCDONNELL 93

BWSC BURNMEISTER & WAIN .. 93

CARGILL, INC. . 93

CCI BIOENERGY, INC. .. 94

CHEVRON ENERGY SOLUTIONS .... 94

CITEC INTERNATIONAL, LTD. OY . 95

CLEAR HORIZONS .... 95

DMK INGERIERIA, S.L. . 95

EA ENGINEERING, SCIENCE, AND TECHNOLOGY .. 96

EBARA CORP. .. 96

ECOCORP, INC. .... 96

ECOLAB .. 97

EGGERSMANN 97

ENBASYS GMBH .. 98

ENPURE, LTD. . 98

ENTEC BIOGAS GMBH .. 99

ENVIRO CONTROL, LTD. ... 99

ENVIRONMENTAL ENERGY ENGINEERING CO. (E3) . 100

ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCTS & TECHNOLOGY CORP.

(EPT) . 100

ENVITEC BIOGAS ... 101

FARMATIC BIOTECH ENERGY AG .... 101

GENERAL ELECTRIC CO. 102

GHD, INC. .. 102

GOODTECH ASA . 103

GUASCOR .. 103

HAASE ENERGIETECHNIC GMBH .... 103

HIRAD, LTD. ... 104

INTREPID TECHNOLOGY AND RESOURCES . 104

KRIEG & FISCHER INGENIEURE GMBH ... 105

KRUGER, INC. 105

MONSAL, LTD. .... 106

MWH ENERGY SOLUTIONS . 106

MWK BIOGASANLAGEN ROSENHEIM GMBH 107

NAHTEC 107

NIRAS .... 108

ORGANIC WASTE SYSTEMS (OWS) ... 108

OVIVO ... 109

PAQUES BV .... 109

PRESECO OY .. 110

PRO-ACT MICROBIAL, INC. .. 111

RCM INTERNATIONAL .... 111

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC. . 112

ROEDIGER BIOENERGIE GMBH ... 112

ROS ROCA ENVIROTEC ... 113

SANSUY 113

SCHMACK BIOGAS AG 114

SCHWARTING BIOSYSTEM GMBH .... 114

SCS ENGINEERS 115

SIEMENS AG .. 116

SINTEX INDUSTRIES, LTD... 116

STRABAG UMWELTANLAGEN GMBH ... 117

SUEZ ENVIRONNEMENT 117

TAKUMA CO, LTD. .. 118

UEM GROUP .. 118

UTS BIOGASTECHNIK GMBH .. 119

VALORGA INTERNATIONAL S.A.S. ... 120

WABIO BIOENERGIETECHNIK GMBH .. 120

WASTE ENERGY SOLUTIONS, LLC ... 121

WASTE MANAGEMENT ... 121

WEHRLE WERK AG 121

WELTEC BIOPOWER GMBH 122

ZORG BIOGAS AG .... 122

Zorg Biogas AG (Continued) ... 123

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