Waste-Derived Biogas: Global Markets for Anaerobic Digestion Equipment--Focus on Europe

Nov 24, 2011, 06:45 ET from Reportlinker

NEW YORK, Nov. 24, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Waste-Derived Biogas: Global Markets for Anaerobic Digestion Equipment--Focus on Europe

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REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

THIS REPORT CONTAINS:

* An overview of anaerobic digestion equipment in the european biogas plant market by plant configuration and by digester type

* Analysis of market trends, with data from 2000, estimates for 2005, 2010 and 2011, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2016

* A breakdown of the European market by waste type, including municipal wastewater, industrial wastewater, livestock wastes, and landfill leachate, as well as by biogas end use, including municipal power generation, on-site power generation, and motive power

* Discussion of industry structure and competitive analyses of plant suppliers and equipment manufacturers

* Comprehensive company profiles

* A patent survey by application and by company.

REPORT SCOPE

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Renewable, sustainable energy generation will be the fastest-growing energy sector over the next two decades. From 2010 to 2016, the market is projected to rise from $124 billion in 2010 to $217 billion in 2016. Price volatility, supply concerns, and the environmental aspects of fossil fuels are expected to accelerate the pace of all non-fossil fuel development. At this writing, the price of oil has hit highs of more than $100 per barrel on the world market, while U.S drivers are paying nearly $4 per gallon of gasoline. Renewable domestic energy supplies are seen as a means of overcoming these problems. Biogas, a clean fuel derived primarily from waste materials, is an important alternative to conventional fossil energy.

This BCC Research report provides an in-depth analysis of the world market for the anaerobic digestion equipment used to transform waste materials into sustainable energy. Although energy crops are utilized widely in Germany and some other countries for biogas production, this study will only cover gas recovered from wastes. The study also examines the equipment needed to collect landfill gas (LFG), biogas formed naturally at landfill sites.

Four waste types are evaluated as feed materials for the waste-to energy process: sewage, industrial wastewater, agricultural wastes (crop residuals and manure), and landfill gas. Three different end uses for the gas are also examined: municipal electricity production, on-site electricity (and heat) production, and transportation fuel.

The biogas industry is better developed in other parts of the world than in North America. In addition to the U.S. and Canada, this report will cover Europe, where the industry is best developed; Asia, where the largest number of plants are operating; Africa, where the anaerobic process is rapidly gaining popularity; and other world regions where biogas recovery is emerging.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

The need to responsibly dispose of mounting volumes of waste and the requirement to procure sustainable, secure energy supplies are two of the most important issues facing governments and industries around the globe. The production of energy from a number of waste streams (i.e., municipal and domestic sewage, industrial wastewater, landfills, livestock manure, and agricultural residues) is a process that addresses both of these challenges.

In the current waste-to-energy market, anaerobic digestion offers the most sustainable conversion process. Because the technology can be tailored to suit waste streams of all volumes, systems may be sized for use in households, commercial enterprises, utilities, and industry.

In this context, it is important to have an overview of the market and the drivers that support adoption of the best strategies by governments responsible for sustainable waste handling and energy supply solutions. It is also important for industry players and technology developers to understand current as well as future trends in order to strategize their investments. BCC has published reports that provide broad overviews of waste-to-energy markets. This is the first to focus exclusively on anaerobic digestion as an enabling technology.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This study intended to useful to a broad audience. Because they stand to see the greatest profit from expansion of the biogas industry, manufacturers and suppliers of anaerobic digesters and providers of anaerobic digestion technology would likely benefit the most from the data contained in this study. Companies with plant components, ancillary equipment, and related products also might profit from the information collected here.

These include manufacturers and suppliers of biogas condensation and upgrading equipment and technology, biogas distributors, water and power engineering firms, suppliers of power plants and electricity generating equipment, environmental management firms, companies specializing in anaerobic digestion equipment and other water and wastewater treatment equipment, companies developing additives (chemicals, enzymes, etc.) to enhance gas production yields and process efficiencies.

SCOPE AND FORMAT OF REPORT

The scope of this report includes the market for biogas to energy for four different feed sources: municipal and domestic sewage, industrial wastewater, landfill gas, and agricultural wastes, a category that includes animal manures and crop residues. In countries where energy crops are co-digested with manure and other organic farm wastes, they are considered to be part of the market. The biogas market also is broken down by end use: municipal power generation, on-site heat and power production, and transportation applications.

A discussion of the market by world region includes overviews of North America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and individual profiles for countries most active in each region. Present market status, biogas production potential, and policies and incentives that support the industry are given for each country. All market valuations and projections cover the years from 2000 to 2016. Market figures are based on the revenues derived from equipment sales and are projected in 2011 constant dollars (i.e., inflation is not computed into the projection figures). The revenue figures are derived from estimated revenues of the key players in a particular year.

A technology overview, presentation on the structure of the industry, and brief profiles for major participating companies also are included.

For the purposes of the report, biogas equipment will be limited to anaerobic digesters and the gas collection equipment needed in landfill gas recovery projects. The machinery used to transform the gas to electricity: reciprocating and other types of gas engines, turbine and microturbines, and fuel cells, are not included in the analysis. Systems for biogas upgrading also are not included in the study.

METHODOLOGY

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this study. A comprehensive literature, patent, and Internet search was undertaken and key industry players were queried. Research METHODOLOGY was both quantitative and qualitative. Growth rates were calculated based on existing and proposed equipment sales during the forecast period. Key tables in the report present an overview of average capital costs for digesters of various sizes and for different applications. These figures then were multiplied by anticipated biogas recovery capacity additions during the survey period.

INFORMATION SOURCES

Information in this report was gleaned from many different sources. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings, annual reports, patent literature, business, scientific, and industry journals, government reports, census information, conference literature, patent documents, online resources, and industry participants have all been researched.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

During the past 15 years, Susan Hanft has authored more than 30 market research reports for BCC Research in the fields of membrane technology, water and wastewater treatment, and separations used in food and beverage manufacture, medicine, and biotechnology.

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION . 1

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY .. 1

INTENDED AUDIENCE .... 2

SCOPE AND FORMAT OF REPORT .... 2

METHODOLOGY 3

INFORMATION SOURCES .... 3

ANALYST CREDENTIALS 4

RELATED REPORTS .... 4

BCC ONLINE SERVICES .. 4

DISCLAIMER . 4

CHAPTER TWO: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ... 5

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ... 5

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (CONTINUED) 6

SUMMARY TABLE VALUE OF THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOGAS

AND LANDFILL GAS EQUIPMENT FOR WASTE-DERIVED

ENERGY, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 7

SUMMARY FIGURE VALUE OF THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOGAS

PLANT EQUIPMENT FOR WASTEWATER- AND BIOSOLIDSDERIVED

ENERGY, 2000–2016 ($ MILLIONS) .. 7

CHAPTER THREE: OVERVIEW 8

TABLE 1 GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION BY SOURCE,

2010 (BTU QUADRILLION, %) .... 8

FIGURE 1 GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION BY SOURCE,

2010 (BTU QUADRILLION, %) .... 9

BENEFITS .... 10

TABLE 2 GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY EMISSION

TYPE (%) ... 10

FIGURE 2 GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY EMISSION

TYPE (%) ... 11

ADVANTAGES OF BIOGAS COMPARED TO OTHER FORMS OF

RENEWABLE ENERGY .. 12

BARRIERS TO LARGE-SCALE BIOGAS PLANT DEPLOYMENT .... 13

BENEFITS OF SMALL-SCALE BIOGAS INSTALLATIONS ... 14

BARRIERS TO SMALL-SCALE BIOGAS INSTALLATIONS ... 14

GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL ... 15

TABLE 3 GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY FEED

SOURCE (TOE/YR) 15

FIGURE 3 GLOBAL BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY FEED

SOURCE (TOE/YR) 16

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE BIOGAS INDUSTRY .. 16

POLICY .... 16

INCENTIVES .... 17

HISTORY OF BIOGAS 17

ANAEROBIC DIGESTION ... 18

TABLE 4 SUITABLE FEEDSTOCKS FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION .. 19

ANAEROBIC MICROORGANISMS ... 19

PROCESS STEPS .. 20

BATCH OR CONTINUOUS METHODS . 21

TEMPERATURE .... 22

PH LEVELS .. 22

SOLIDS CONTENT .... 23

RETENTION TIME .... 23

BIOGAS YIELDS ... 24

STAGES ... 24

ANAEROBIC DIGESTERS .. 25

Anaerobic Lagoon .. 25

Covered Lagoon Digester 25

Plug-Flow Anaerobic Digester .. 26

Anaerobic Contact Digester . 27

Anaerobic Filter 27

UASB Reactor ... 27

Hybrid Reactor .. 28

Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactors . 28

Anaerobic Baffled Reactor .... 28

Anaerobic Migrating Blanket Reactor 28

CSTR .. 29

Expanded Granular Sludge Bed Reactor . 29

Internal Circulation Reactor 30

RESIDENCE TIME 30

FEEDSTOCKS .. 30

Feedstocks (Continued) ... 31

END PRODUCTS ... 32

Biogas . 32

TABLE 5 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF BIOGAS (%) 32

FIGURE 4 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF BIOGAS (%) ... 33

Post Treatment 33

Upgrading .. 34

Digestate . 35

Acidogenic Anaerobic Digestate .... 35

Methanogenic Digestate . 35

Water .. 36

FIGURE 5 THE BIOGAS VALUE CHAIN .... 36

FINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS AND COSTS ... 36

FINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS AND COSTS (CONTINUED) 37

CHAPTER FOUR: MARKET BY FEED SOURCE . 38

AGRICULTURE . 38

INDUSTRIAL WASTES ... 39

MUNICIPAL SEWAGE .... 39

LANDFILLS .. 40

TABLE 6 MARKET BY FEED SOURCE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) . 41

FIGURE 6 MARKET BY FEED SOURCE, 2000–2016 ($ MILLIONS) 41

MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER ... 42

AD TREATMENT OF WASTEWATER.... 42

INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER .. 43

TABLE 7 INDUSTRIAL WASTE FEEDSTOCKS FOR ANAEROBIC

DIGESTION: DRY MATTER CONTENT, ORGANIC DRY MATTER

CONTENT, BIOGAS YIELD, AND METHANE CONTENT.. 44

AGRICULTURAL WASTES .. 45

TABLE 8 ANIMAL WASTE FEEDSTOCKS FOR ANAEROBIC

DIGESTIO: DRY MATTER CONTENT, ORGANIC DRY MATTER

CONTENT, BIOGAS YIELD, AND METHANE CONTENT.. 45

TABLE 8 (CONTINUED) ... 46

TABLE 9 PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS FOR MANURE-BASED

BIOGAS PLANTS .... 46

TABLE 10 ENGINEERING, EQUIPMENT AND CONSTRUCTION

COSTS FOR MANURE-BASED BIOGAS PLANTS ($) .... 47

LANDFILL GAS. 47

ANAEROBIC DIGESTION IN A LANDFILL.... 47

TABLE 11 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF LANDFILL BIOGAS .... 48

FIGURE 7 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF LANDFILL BIOGAS (%) .. 49

LANDFILL GAS TO ENERGY SYSTEMS ... 50

Passive Collection Systems .. 50

Active Collection Systems .... 51

CHAPTER FIVE: MARKET BY END USE ... 52

MARKET BY END USE ... 52

TABLE 12 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION

EQUIPMENT BY END USE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) . 53

FIGURE 8 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION

EQUIPMENT BY END USE, 2000–2016 ($ MILLIONS) .. 53

MUNICIPAL POWER GENERATION 53

MUNICIPAL POWER GENERATION (CONTINUED) .. 54

ON-SITE HEAT AND POWER GENERATION . 55

TABLE 13 EFFICIENCY COMPARISON OF ELECTRICITY ONLY

PLANTS AND CHP PLANTS (%) ... 56

FIGURE 9 EFFICIENCY COMPARISON OF ELECTRICITY ONLY

PLANTS AND CHP PLANTS (%) ... 56

MOTIVE POWER ... 56

BENEFITS OF USING NATURAL GAS AS

TRANSPORTATION FUEL . 57

BENEFITS OF USING BIOMETHANE AS A

TRANSPORTATION FUEL . 58

GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS .. 58

TABLE 14 GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS, 2000–2010 (MILLION

VEHICLES) .... 58

FIGURE 10 GLOBAL GROWTH OF NGVS, 2000–2010 (MILLION

VEHICLES) .... 59

TABLE 15 MARKET PENETRATION OF TOTAL VEHICLE FLEET IN

COUNTRIES WITH A 1% OR GREATER NGV MARKET SHARE,

2010 (%) 60

FIGURE 11 MARKET PENETRATION OF TOTAL VEHICLE FLEET IN

COUNTRIES WITH A 1% OR GREATER NGV MARKET SHARE,

2010 (%) 61

POLICIES AND INCENTIVES FOR THE USE OF

BIOMETHANE AS A TRANSPORTATION FUEL 61

MARKET BY WORLD REGION 62

MARKET BY WORLD REGION (CONTINUED) ... 63

MARKET BY WORLD REGION (CONTINUED) ... 64

TABLE 16 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION

EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGION, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) ... 65

FIGURE 12 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS

PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT BY WORLD REGION, 2000–2016 ($

MILLIONS) .... 65

CHAPTER SIX: BIOGAS IN EUROPE .... 66

BIOGAS IN EUROPE .. 66

GERMANY .... 67

U.K. . 67

ITALY .. 68

FRANCE ... 68

SPAIN .. 69

BENELUX 69

SCANDINAVIA .. 70

OTHER COUNTRIES .. 71

TABLE 17 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION

EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) ... 71

FIGURE 13 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BIOGAS

PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IN EUROPE, 2000–2016 ($ MILLIONS) .. 72

TABLE 18 SHARE OF THE EUROPEAN BIOGAS MARKET BY FEED

SOURCE, 2010 (NO. OF FACILITIES/%) 73

FIGURE 14 SHARE OF THE EUROPEAN BIOGAS MARKET BY FEED

SOURCE, 2010 (%) .. 73

EU-WIDE POLICIES THAT SUPPORT BIOGAS .. 73

TABLE 19 EU AND NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGETS

FOR 2020, AS OF 2010 (%) .... 74

FIGURE 15 EU AND NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGETS

FOR 2020, AS OF 2010 (%) .... 75

EU POTENTIAL FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION .... 76

TABLE 20 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY TOP 15 BIOGAS

PRODUCING COUNTRIES IN THE EU BY 2020 (KTOE) ... 77

FIGURE 16 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL BY TOP 15 BIOGAS

PRODUCING COUNTRIES IN THE EU BY 2020 (KTOE) ... 78

TABLE 21 EXISTING AND FORECAST BIOGAS ELECTRICITY

GENERATING CAPACITY IN THE EU, 2010-2020 (NO. OF PLANTS,

MW) .. 79

TABLE 22 ANNUAL SLUDGE PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2010 (KG

DRY SOLIDS PER CAPITA) .. 79

FIGURE 17 ANNUAL SLUDGE PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2010

(KG DRY SOLIDS PER CAPITA) .... 80

PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS IN THE EU . 81

TABLE 23 CRUDE BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN THE EU BY COUNTRY,

2000 AND 2001 (KTOE) 81

TABLE 23 (CONTINUED) . 82

FIGURE 18 CRUDE BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN THE EU BY

COUNTRY, 2000 AND 2001 (KTOE) .... 82

TABLE 24 PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS IN THE EU,

2006 AND 2007 (KTOE) 83

FIGURE 19 PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS IN THE

EU, 2006 AND 2007 (KTOE) .. 84

TABLE 25 GROSS ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOGAS IN

THE EU, 2006 AND 2007 (KTOE) ... 85

FIGURE 20 GROSS ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOGAS IN

THE EU, 2006 AND 2007 (KTOE) ... 86

TABLE 26 PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS IN THE EU,

2008 AND 2009 (KTOE) 87

FIGURE 21 PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS IN THE

EU, 2008 AND 2009 (KTOE) .. 88

TABLE 27 GROSS ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOGAS IN

THE EU, 2008 AND 2009 (KTOE) ... 89

FIGURE 22 GROSS ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM BIOGAS IN

THE EU, 2008 AND 2009 (KTOE) ... 90

TABLE 28 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PER INHABITANT BY COUNTRY,

2007 AND 2009 (TOE/1,000 INHABITANTS).... 91

FIGURE 23 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PER INHABITANT BY COUNTRY,

2007 AND 2009 (TOE/1,000 INHABITANTS).... 92

COUNTRY PROFILES 92

AUSTRIA . 93

Policies and Incentives .... 93

TABLE 29 AUSTRIAN FITS FOR ELECTRICITY FROM BIOGAS

($/KWH) .... 93

BELGIUM 94

Policies and Incentives .... 94

CYPRUS .. 95

Policies and Incentives .... 95

CZECH REPUBLIC .... 95

Policies and Incentives .... 96

DENMARK ... 96

TABLE 30 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN DENMARK BY FEED

SOURCE, 2010 (NO.) .... 97

FIGURE 24 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN DENMARK BY FEED

SOURCE, 2010 (NO.) .... 97

Policy and Incentives .. 98

TABLE 31 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN DENMARK BY FEED

MATERIAL TYPE, 2000-2010 (PJ/YR) ... 98

FIGURE 25 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN DENMARK BY FEED

MATERIAL TYPE, 2000-2010 (PJ/YR ) .. 99

ESTONIA .... 100

Policies and Incentives .. 100

FINLAND ... 100

TABLE 32 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN FINLAND BY FEED

SOURCE, 2010 (NO./%) . 101

FIGURE 26 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN FINLAND BY FEED

SOURCE, 2010 (%) 101

TABLE 33 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN FINLAND BY 2015

(TWH) . 102

FIGURE 27 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN FINLAND BY

2015 (TWH) .. 103

Policies and Incentives .. 103

FRANCE 103

TABLE 34 BIOGAS PLANTS IN FRANCE BY FEED SOURCE, 2010

(NO.) ... 104

FIGURE 28 BIOGAS PLANTS IN FRANCE BY FEED SOURCE, 2010

(NO.) ... 104

Policies and Incentives .. 105

TABLE 35 PROPOSED FEED-IN TARIFFS IN FRANCE ($/KWH) 105

GERMANY . 106

TABLE 36 GERMAN BIOGAS PLANTS BY WASTE TYPE, 2010 (NO.) .... 106

FIGURE 29 GERMAN BIOGAS PLANTS BY WASTE TYPE, 2010 (NO.) .. 107

TABLE 37 BIOGAS PLANTS IN GERMANY, 1992–2010 (NO., MW) .... 108

FIGURE 30 BIOGAS PLANTS IN GERMANY, 1992–2010 (NO.) 108

Policies and Incentives .. 108

TABLE 38 GERMAN FEED IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS ENERGY

($/KWH) .. 109

Challenges .. 110

Ongoing R&D .. 110

GREECE 110

Policies and Incentives .. 111

HUNGARY . 111

TABLE 39 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN HUNGARY BY

FEED SOURCE (TWH, %) .. 112

FIGURE 31 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN HUNGARY BY

FEED SOURCE (%) .... 112

Policies and Incentives .. 113

IRELAND ... 113

TABLE 40 BIOGAS PLANTS IN IRELAND BY TYPE, 2010 (NO./%) .. 113

FIGURE 32 BIOGAS PLANTS IN IRELAND BY TYPE, 2010 (%) .... 114

TABLE 41 BIOGAS AND METHANE POTENTIAL FROM FARM

SLURRIES AND SLAUGHTER WASTES IN IRELAND, 2010 AND

2020 .... 114

FIGURE 33 BIOGAS AND METHANE POTENTIAL FROM FARM

SLURRIES AND SLAUGHTER WASTES IN IRELAND, 2020 (MMN3) 115

Policies and Incentives .. 115

TABLE 42 FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS SUPPORT IRELAND

($/KWH) .. 115

ITALY .... 116

TABLE 43 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN ITALY BY FEED SOURCE, 2010

(%) .. 117

FIGURE 34 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN ITALY BY FEED SOURCE,

2010 (%) ... 117

TABLE 44 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN ITALY BY FEED

SOURCE (MILLION MT/YR, %) .. 118

FIGURE 35 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN ITALY BY FEED

SOURCE (%) 118

Policies and Incentives .. 119

TABLE 45 ITALIAN FEED-IN TARIFFS FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION

($/KWH) .. 119

LATVIA .. 119

TABLE 46 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN LATVIA BY FEED

SOURCE (MILLION M3/YR, %) .... 120

FIGURE 36 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN LATVIA BY FEED

SOURCE (%) 121

Policies and Incentives .. 121

LITHUANIA .... 121

Policies and Incentives .. 122

LUXEMBOURG ... 122

Policies and Incentives .. 122

THE NETHERLANDS ... 123

Policies and Incentives .. 123

TABLE 47 DUTCH PRICE SUPPORTS FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION ($) .... 124

NORWAY .... 124

TABLE 48 END USE OF BIOGAS IN NORWAY, 2010 (%) 125

FIGURE 37 END USE OF BIOGAS IN NORWAY, 2010 (%) ... 125

TABLE 49 POTENTIAL ENERGY PRODUCTION IN NORWAY BY

WASTE RESOURCES AND BY-PRODUCTS (%) . 126

FIGURE 38 POTENTIAL ENERGY PRODUCTION IN NORWAY BY

WASTE RESOURCES AND BY-PRODUCTS (%) 126

Policies and Incentives .. 127

POLAND 127

TABLE 50 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN POLAND BY FEED

SOURCE AND END USE, 2010 (NO., MW) . 128

FIGURE 39 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN POLAND BY FEED

SOURCE AND END USE, 2010 (NO.) ... 128

Policies and Incentives .. 129

PORTUGAL 129

Policies and Incentives .. 129

ROMANIA .. 130

Policies and Incentives .. 130

SLOVAKIA . 130

Policies and Incentives .. 131

SLOVENIA . 131

TABLE 51 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN SLOVENIA BY FEED SOURCE,

2009 (NO., %) .... 131

FIGURE 40 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN SLOVENIA BY FEED SOURCE,

2009 (%) ... 132

Policies and Incentives .. 132

SPAIN .... 133

TABLE 52 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN SPAIN BY FEED

SOURCE .. 133

FIGURE 41 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN SPAIN BY FEED

SOURCE (M3/YEAR) . 134

Policies and Incentives .. 134

SWEDEN .... 135

TABLE 53 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN SWEDEN BY FEED SOURCE,

2010 (NO./%) .... 135

FIGURE 42 BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN SWEDEN BY FEED SOURCE,

2010 (%) ... 136

TABLE 54 END USES FOR BIOGAS IN SWEDEN, 2010 (%) 136

FIGURE 43 END USES FOR BIOGAS IN SWEDEN, 2010 (%) ... 137

TABLE 55 NATURAL GAS/BIOGAS FILLING STATIONS IN SWEDEN,

1995–2010 (NO.) 138

FIGURE 44 NATURAL GAS/BIOGAS FILLING STATIONS IN

SWEDEN, 1995–2010 (NO.) . 138

TABLE 56 AMOUNTS OF VEHICLE GAS SOLD, 1995–2009 (1,000 M3) .. 139

FIGURE 45 AMOUNTS OF VEHICLE GAS SOLD, 1995–2009 (1,000 M3) 139

Policies and Incentives .. 140

SWITZERLAND ... 140

Policies and Incentives .. 141

U.K. ... 141

TABLE 57 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN THE U.K. BY FEED

SOURCE, 2009 (NO.) .. 141

FIGURE 46 BIOGAS PRODUCTION PLANTS IN THE U.K. BY FEED

SOURCE, 2009 (NO.) .. 142

TABLE 58 BIOGAS CAPACITY IN THE U.K., OPERATIONAL, INBUILD,

AND IN PLANNING STAGES, 2010 (MT) ... 142

FIGURE 47 BIOGAS CAPACITY IN THE U.K., OPERATIONAL, UNDER

CONSTRUCTION, AND IN PLANNING STAGES, 2010 (MT) 143

TABLE 59 TOTAL METHANE PRODUCTION FROM AD IN THE U.K.,

2010 .... 143

FIGURE 48 TOTAL METHANE PRODUCTION FROM AD IN THE U.K.

BY FEED SOURCE, 2010 (TOE) ... 144

TABLE 60 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN THE U.K. (MT/YR,

%) ... 144

TABLE 60 (CONTINUED) .... 145

FIGURE 49 BIOGAS PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN THE U.K. BY

FEED SOURCE (DRY MT/YR) 145

Policies and Incentives .. 145

TABLE 61 ENERGY PRODUCED UNDER ROCS IN THE U.K., 2005-

2009 (GWH) .. 146

THE COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES .. 147

Biogas Production Potential in Russia .. 148

Biogas Production Potential … (Continued) ... 148

CHAPTER SEVEN: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE ... 149

INDUSTRY STRUCTURE .. 149

COMPANY PROFILES .. 150

AAT GMBH & CO. .... 151

ADI SYSTEMS, INC. 151

AGROENERGIEN MEINERS . 152

AMERESCO, INC. .... 152

AREVA RENEWABLES 153

ARROWBIO 153

AXPO KOMPOGAS AG . 154

BEDMINSTER INTERNATIONAL .. 155

BEKON .. 155

BIOGAS ENERGY, INC. .... 156

BIOGAS NORD .... 156

BIOGAS POWER . 157

BIOGAS TECHNOLOGY LTD. .... 157

BIOGEN GREENFINCH .... 158

BIOTHANE 158

BIOVAKKA OY .... 159

BRUECKNER BIOTEC . 159

BTA INTERNATIONAL 160

BURNS & MCDONNELL ... 160

BWSC BURNMEISTER & WAIN 161

CARGILL, INC. .... 161

CCI BIOENERGY, INC. 162

CHEVRON ENERGY SOLUTIONS .. 162

CITEC INTERNATIONAL, LTD. OY .... 163

CLEAR HORIZONS .. 163

DMK INGERIERIA, S.L. .... 163

EA ENGINEERING, SCIENCE, AND TECHNOLOGY 164

EBARA CORP. 164

ECOCORP, INC. .. 164

ECOLAB 165

EGGERSMANN ... 165

ENBASYS GMBH 166

ENPURE, LTD. .... 166

ENTEC BIOGAS GMBH 167

ENVIRO CONTROL, LTD. . 167

ENVIRONMENTAL ENERGY ENGINEERING CO. (E3) . 168

ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCTS & TECHNOLOGY CORP.

(EPT) . 168

ENVITEC BIOGAS ... 169

FARMATIC BIOTECH ENERGY AG .... 169

GENERAL ELECTRIC CO. 170

GHD, INC. .. 170

GOODTECH ASA . 171

GUASCOR .. 171

HAASE ENERGIETECHNIC GMBH .... 171

HIRAD, LTD. ... 172

INTREPID TECHNOLOGY AND RESOURCES . 172

KRIEG & FISCHER INGENIEURE GMBH ... 173

KRUGER, INC. 173

MONSAL, LTD. .... 174

MWH ENERGY SOLUTIONS . 174

MWK BIOGASANLAGEN ROSENHEIM GMBH 175

NAHTEC 175

NIRAS .... 176

ORGANIC WASTE SYSTEMS (OWS) ... 176

OVIVO ... 177

PAQUES BV .... 177

PRESECO OY .. 178

PRO-ACT MICROBIAL, INC. .. 179

RCM INTERNATIONAL .... 179

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC. . 180

ROEDIGER BIOENERGIE GMBH ... 180

ROS ROCA ENVIROTEC ... 180

SANSUY 181

SCHMACK BIOGAS AG 181

SCHWARTING BIOSYSTEM GMBH .... 182

SCS ENGINEERS 183

SIEMENS AG .. 184

SINTEX INDUSTRIES, LTD... 184

STRABAG UMWELTANLAGEN GMBH ... 185

SUEZ ENVIRONNEMENT 185

TAKUMA CO, LTD. .. 186

UEM GROUP .. 186

UTS BIOGASTECHNIK GMBH .. 187

VALORGA INTERNATIONAL S.A.S. ... 188

WABIO BIOENERGIETECHNIK GMBH .. 188

WASTE ENERGY SOLUTIONS, LLC ... 189

WASTE MANAGEMENT ... 189

WEHRLE WERK AG 189

WELTEC BIOPOWER GMBH 190

ZORG BIOGAS AG .... 190

Zorg Biogas AG (Continued) ... 191

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