The global gallium nitride (GaN) substrates market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 12.03% over the forecast period to reach a market size of US$675.335 million in 2026, from US$304.915 million in 2019.
The market is expected to surge in the coming years, because of the increasing usage of gallium nitride substrates in healthcare, automotive, consumer electronics, general lighting, military and defense, and other industries. Some of the major end-users of gallium nitride substrates are laser, LED, radiofrequency, and power electronic devices.
Major companies have been making significant developments in the market in the past few years. The rise in innovation and investment is expected to play a major role in the overall market growth, in the coming years. In April 2021, researchers and scientists at Osaka University announced the development of a non-destructive method for the characterization of the crystalline quality of gallium nitride substrates.
The researchers in the university had used multiphoton excitation photoluminescence to analyze and evaluate gallium nitride substrate. This development is expected to have a positive impact on the market, in the coming years. Other players have also been making substantial developments in the market, in the past few years.
The rise in the automotive industry
The market is expected to surge in the coming years, because of the growth in the automotive industry, globally. According to the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers, around 92.17 million motor vehicles were manufactured in the year 2019. There has been a rise in the demand for electric vehicles, which is expected to propel market growth, in the coming years.
The rise of LED, and other related applications and features in electric and other automotive vehicles are expected to propel GaN market growth. According to the data given by the International Energy Agency, sales of electric vehicles rose to 2.1 million, worldwide, in 2019. The electric car and vehicle sales registered an approx. 40% on year-on-year growth, between 2018 and 2019. Europe is a leading and major producer of automotive vehicles, worldwide.
The region is one of the world's largest producers of motor vehicles. The industry also represents the biggest private investment in R&D. According to the European Automobile Manufacturers Association, 18.5 million motor vehicles were produced in the region, and it represented approx. 20% of the total motor vehicle production, in 2019.
In India, according to the data given by the Indian government, the country manufactured approx. 26 million vehicles, which includes commercial vehicles, passenger vehicles, two-wheelers, three-wheelers, and quadricycles in April 2019 to March 2020.
The United States is also making substantial developments in the market. According to the data given by the US government, the country is the world's second-biggest market for vehicle sales and production. Since 1982, major Korean, Japanese, and European automakers had invested over US$75 billion in the country. In the year 2018, total foreign direct investment in the country reached approx. US$114.6 billion.
Tesla and General Motors are some of the major players in the production of electric vehicles in the region. General Electric announced that it would spend over USD 20 billion through 2025, on the development and production of the next-generation and novel, advanced autonomous, and EV vehicles.
Tesla announced that the company delivered 499,550 vehicles in the year 2020. The company produced 509,737 vehicles in the year 2020. These trends are expected to have a positive impact on the market, in the coming years.
Growth in the consumer electronics and semiconductor industry
The market is expected to surge in the coming years, due to the growth in the consumer electronics market, worldwide. Gallium nitride is making significant developments in the applications for high-power transistors in high temperatures.
The growth in the semiconductor industry is expected to play a major role in the overall market growth. According to the data given by the Semiconductor Industry Association, the worldwide semiconductor sales had surged from US$125.6 billion, in the year 1998 to approx. US$412.2 billion in the year 2019, with a CAGR of around 6.5%.
Countries like Taiwan, the USA, and China are expected to make significant developments in the market, in the coming years. In 2020, China had announced that it would invest over US$1.4 trillion, over the coming six years, to develop and enhance and grow its semiconductor industry.
The United States-based companies have the biggest market of approx. 45%., according to the data given by their country's semiconductor association. The United States companies have been maintaining a strong and powerful position in design, process technology, and research and development. Growth in gallium nitride applications in consumer electronics is likely to surge in the coming years.
In India, according to the IBEF, the country's consumer electronics market had reached aroundUS$10.93 billion in the year 2019, and according to the government estimations, the market is likely to reach US$21.18 billion in the year 2025. These developments are expected to enhance the gallium nitride substrate market growth, in the next few years.