NEW YORK, Dec. 8, 2010 /PRNewswire/ -- Spending on healthcare among the OECD (i) countries and BRIC nations of Brazil, Russia, India and China will grow by 51 percent between 2010 and 2020, amounting to a cumulative total of more than $71 trillion, according to estimates from PwC's Health Research Institute. Health spending in these areas is rising faster than gross domestic product, magnifying gaps in budget deficits and spurring governments to look to the private sector for ways to get a better value for taxpayers' money.
One trend that is emerging globally is the use of public-private partnerships (PPPs) to finance and manage health infrastructure and delivery, and, according to PwC, growth in this area could create a multi-trillion global market opportunity for private companies and investors, implement a more efficient use of taxpayer dollars, and offer better quality health systems.
In a new report published today titled, Build and Beyond: The (R)evolution of healthcare PPPs, PwC says that public health authorities around the world are increasingly contracting with private entities to manage healthcare services for defined populations or markets. These PPPs, which have largely been used for infrastructure finance, are evolving as way to slow the rising cost of healthcare and address larger problems in the health system. PPPs enable public health authorities to maintain oversight of standards while injecting private sector efficiency, fiscal discipline, new innovation and investment in efficiencies, driven by incentives to generate long-term cost savings and improve the quality of public health.
PwC, which has worked on over 100 health PPPs in 15 countries, sees the market growing substantially over the next five years, and says that the model has proven to save healthcare costs. For example, partnerships like Spain's Alzira project, which includes hospital and primary care services, have saved government 25 percent of the cost of providing care, according to project partners interviewed for the PwC report.. Already, competition for private capital has prompted governments in Europe, Asia, Africa and southeast Asia to establish PPP agencies that are charged with developing PPP policy recommendations, streamlining procurement and contracting for services.
"The public finance of private innovation and efficiency is a win-win-win for governments, private industry and patients," said David Levy, MD, global health leader, PwC. "Public-private partnerships offer the opportunity to increase access and quality of care, bend the cost curve on health spending and create accountability for health systems among groups that previously haven't had appropriate incentives to work together."
Kelly Barnes, US Health Industries Leader, PwC, added, "The keys to the success of PPPs as they move beyond building infrastructure to long-term delivery of clinical services will be in contracts that clearly establish performance goals around quality and health outcomes."
Sizing the Global Market for Healthcare PPPs
In 2010, a number of record-setting PPPs formed across three continents as a way to finance hospital infrastructure, including a new 700-bed Karolinska Solna University Hospital in Stockholm, Sweden, which is estimated to be the largest hospital PPP in the world. Other deals were announced or reached in Canada, Mexico, Africa and Spain.
While these landmark deals remain largely dominated by infrastructure projects, they are also expanding the market for private capital and expertise in health services. As the scope of the partnership projects in healthcare grows, so does the size of the potential market for private organizations.
Based on an in-depth country by country analysis of health spending trends and projections, PwC has estimated the following:
- By 2020, spending on health infrastructure among the OECD countries and BRIC nations will increase to $397 billion annually, up from $263 billion today. However, the larger market for health PPPs will be in non-infrastructure spending, estimated to be more than $7.5 trillion annually, up from $5 trillion in 2010.
- Between 2010 and 2020, the OECD and BRIC nations will spend cumulatively $3.6 trillion on health infrastructure and $68.1 trillion on non-infrastructure health spending.
- Health spending in the United States accounts for approximately half of all health spending among OECD nations, but the biggest growth will be outside of the U.S. According to PwC projections, the countries that are expected to have the highest health spending growth between 2010 and 2020 are China, where health spending is expected to increase by 166 percent, and India, which will see a 140 percent increase.
- Among OECD countries, health spending as a percent of GDP will increase to 14.4 percent by 2020, up from 9.9 percent in 2010. Among BRIC nations, health spending as a percent of GDP is expected to increase to 6.2 percent in 2020, up from 5.4 percent in 2010 as their economies grow and they build out their health systems. In actual spending, this amounts to a 117 percent increase in spending over the decade, with China leading the way in spending increases.
The PPP Health Model
A health services PPP can be described as a long-term contract (typically 15 to 30 years) between a public-sector authority and one or more private sector companies operating as a legal entity. The government provides the strength of its purchasing power, outlines goals for an optimal health system, and empowers private enterprise to innovate, build, maintain and/or manage delivery of agreed-upon services over the term of the contract. The private sector receives payment for its services and assumes substantial financial, technical and operational risk while benefitting from the upside potential of shared cost savings.
The private entity is comprised of any combination of participants who have a vested interest in working together to provide core competencies in operations, technology, funding and technical expertise. The opportunity for multi-sector market participants includes hospital providers and physician groups, technology companies, pharmaceutical and medical device companies, private health insurers, facilities managers and construction firms. Funding sources could include banks, private equity firms, philanthropists and pension fund managers.
PPPs are increasingly being developed by local governments that are closest to local health needs, rather than by national governments. The arrangement is especially attractive to public authorities responsible for the provision of care to groups of people with especially costly or unmet medical needs such as the Medicaid population in the United States, people living in areas with a shortage of primary medical care and patients with specific diseases such as HIV-AIDS or cancer.
"There is no country in the world where healthcare is financed entirely by government," added Levy. "Each territory is looking for the appropriate balance of public and private resources and has different motivation for looking at PPP solutions whether it is to share risk, expand capacity and access, increase efficiency, or accelerate innovation. PwC's experience is that health PPPs are a model that is equally compelling from New York to New Delhi, from Spain to Singapore and from Montreal to Munich."
A full copy of PwC's report including a full explanation of market sizing methodology is available for download at www.pwc.com/us/ppp.
About PwC's Health Research Institute (HRI)
PwC's Health Research Institute (www.pwc.com/hri) is an unparalleled resource for health industry expertise. By providing cutting-edge intelligence, perspective and analysis on issues impacting the health industry, HRI assists executive decision-makers and stakeholders worldwide in navigating their most pressing business challenges. PwC is one of the only firms with a dedicated global healthcare research unit, capitalizing on fact-based research and collaborative exchange among our network of professionals with day-to-day experience in the health industries.
About PwC's Health Industries Group
PwC's Health Industries Group (www.pwc.com/healthindustries) is a leading advisor to public and private organizations across the health industry, including payers, providers, academic institutions, health sciences, biotech/medical devices, pharmaceutical companies, employers and new non-traditional market participants in the dynamic healthcare space. PwC has a network of more than 4,000 professionals worldwide and 1,200 professionals in the U.S. dedicated to the health industries.
PwC's Health Industries' clients include 40 of the top 100 hospitals in the U.S. and 16 of the 18 best hospitals as ranked by US News & World Report; all 20 of the world's major pharmaceutical companies; all of the top 20 commercial payers in the U.S.; municipal, state and federal government agencies and many of the world's preeminent medical foundations and associations. Follow PwC Health Industries at http://twitter.com/PwCHealth.
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© 2010 PwC. All rights reserved. "PwC" and "PwC US" refer to PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, a Delaware limited liability partnership, which is a member firm of PricewaterhouseCoopers International Limited, each member firm of which is a separate legal entity. This document is for general information purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for consultation with professional advisors.
(i) OECD is the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, which includes 33 countries. PwC modeled spending projections for 25 OECD countries. Chile, Estonia, Hungary, Israel, Korea, Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Turkey were excluded because of lack of historical data.